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!LL!f!0;s HISTOR 










Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, 


Presidents of the I5nited 



E greatest of English historians, MACAULAY, and one of the most brilliant writers of 
the present century, has said: "The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL 
RECORD o f j^is county has been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, our 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their 
enterprise and industry, brought the county to rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 
many, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way," content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy "they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains sc much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers flatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograpb 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 

December, 1892. CHAPMAN BROS. 


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HE Father of our Country was 
born in Westmorland Co., Va., 
Feb. 22, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
(Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler,' who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
mathemat ; cs, His spelling was rather defective 

Remarkable stories are told of his great physica: 
strength and development at an early age. He was 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was 1 4 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandoned. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 1751, though only 19 years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia was 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and- the journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The 


irip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says : " I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was leveling my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
took advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
to resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and important part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
jf Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia.Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a member of the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress lo pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under ever)' possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, 1783, Washington, in 
a parting address of surpassing beauty, resigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public life. 

In February ) i789, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a new 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country ; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owing to the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean ; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining years free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sul - 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in his throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his Body was borne with military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and character, which have be"n able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tan, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry. 
He commanded respect without any appearance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without U^ing .dull, 






OHN ADAMS, the second 
^2 p President and the first Vice- 
"" President of the United States, 
was born in Braintree ( now 
,, Quincy ),Mass., and about ten 
miles from Boston, Oct. 19, 
1735. His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1 640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams, His 
father Was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
'school of affliction," from which he endeavored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
jils, of diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of the operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive powers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (1765), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
tion turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward holding a town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very populai 
throughout the Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos. 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocates of the popular cause, and 
*as chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himselt 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against the 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he mcved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of ave 
appointed June n, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with the 
glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday,'.' he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil 
be decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
God. It ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows 


games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of light and glory. I can see that the end is 
worth more than all the means ; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
ddegate to France, and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms and money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such proposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the waters of 
Bath. While in England, still drooping and des pond- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,hemade the trip. 

February 24, 1785, Congress appointed Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
his own country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President. Again 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President,though not without much opposition. 
Serving in this office four years,he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue with 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
power of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
classof atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished their 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his bed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " IN- 
DEPENDENCE FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his attendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourth of July God bless it God bless you all.' 
In the course of the day he said, " It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
"Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spirit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests,was intellectual and expres- 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and h'-s 
manners were frequently abrupt and unconrteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Jefferson. 






born April 2, 1743, at Shad- 
well, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were Peter and 
Jane (Randolph) Jefferson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
end Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obode of fashion 
and splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet he 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences,that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to hard study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls; and 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was chosen 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 
1772 he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow 

Upon Mr! Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell, there 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, which 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest yet 
elegant archifecture, which, next to Mount Vernon 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed upon a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was appointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed July 
4, 1776, What must have been the feelings of that 


man what the emotions that swelled his breast 
\vho was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
soverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
uf the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, as Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Monticello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. i, 1794. In 1797, he was choseTi Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the Union; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
~outhwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
forty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
.ic, and all that time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and upon the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of the 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer,. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their festivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained nc 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the next 
day, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expressed the earnest wish tha'; 
he might be permitted to breathe the aif of the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a* noble 
life ! To die on.that day, the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day which his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom ; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for the good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole countenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage ; and ~:.:s command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic ; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable thg care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 





of the Constitution," and fourth 
President of the United States, 
was born March 16, 1757, and 
died at his home in Virginia, 
June 28, 1836. The name of 
James Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
country during which the founda- 
tions of this great republic were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
planter, residing upon a very fine es- 
tate called " Montpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest personal and 
(wlitical attachment existed between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
1 8 he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

Blue Ridge. 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, but three 
hours' sleep out of the 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 1771, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsf 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-work oi 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he directed especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mind 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almost unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was a candidate for the General Assembly. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consequently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was appointed to the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their appreciation of his 


intellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
the time appointed. Every State but Rhode Island 
-vas represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention ; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little power at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable power of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occupied 
so prominent a position in the very peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disposition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects ; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat ; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the i8th of June, 1812, President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 1813, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infanl 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling v/ith the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
i8r3, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
ditator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the door to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war. He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, 1 8 15, the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 







AMES MONROE, the fifth 
President of The United States, 
was born in Westmoreland Co., 
Va., April 28, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
=> many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was born. When, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
in ; and the lories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
political emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 

for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights and White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was pro- 
moted a captain of infantry ; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Germantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp ; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Upon 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay *side the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as a volun- 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 1782, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Legislature of Virginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in the Executive 
Council. He was thus honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period displayed some of that ability 
and aptitude for legislation, which were afterwards 
employed with unremitting energy for the public good, 


he was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
the Congress of the United States. 

Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
Thinking, with many others of the Republican party, 
that it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
supporters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became a member 
of the United States Senate ; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of the Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little power, and the State 
Governments as much power, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, the com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light equilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
than that which we had endured. Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxitjus that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstrations. 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three years. He was again sent to France tu 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. .Their united efforts were sue 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars; the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This .he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Department 
were also put upon him. He was -truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return ol 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec- 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United States ; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.' 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At that 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not wish 
to have European powers longer attempting to sub 
due portions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows : " That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by European 
powers of an unfriendly disposition toward the United 
States." This doctrine immediately affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the United States. 

At the end of his second term Mr. Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until 1830 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in 
law. In that city he died,on the 4th of July, 183? 





J, 2, Al 




sixth President of the United 
States, was born in the rural 
home of his honored father, 
John Adams, in Quincy, Mass., 
on the nth cf July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted 
worth, watched over his childhood 

during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of age, he stood with 
his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunker's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his father for Europe, 
through a fleet of hostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
his father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
country, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
John Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to study; then accpmpained his father to Holland, 
where he entered, first a school in Amsterdam, then 
the University at Leyden. About a year from this 
time, in 1781, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
yea's of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
to Holland through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Again he resumed 
nis studies, under a pri"ate tutor, at Hague. Thence, 

in the spring of 1782, he accompanied his father U 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintanct 
with the most distinguished men on the Continent- 
examining architectural remains, galleries of paintings 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he again 
became associated with the most illustrious men of 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the human mind. After 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, and 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an American college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable profession, he might be 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reached 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney, 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial treaty with 
Great Britian. After thus spending a fortnight ii 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal as 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the*court of Berlin, but requesting 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. While waiting he was married to an 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughte 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in London 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eminently fitted her to move in ti.s 
elevated sphere for which she w;*s <?.s'inecL 



He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, havingful- 
filled all the purposes of his mission, he solicited his 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
the Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations ; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All through life the Bible constituted an important 
part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in Jane, 1819, for the United States. On the 
1 8th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr. Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before ;he close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams brought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety-nine; John Quincy Adams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty -one ; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
lombined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. There is nothing more disgraceful in 
'V"J past history of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams ; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. When at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
portentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. The 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in its moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury, 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination , 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 
he slept, the prayer which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2ist of February, 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by paraly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is the end of earth /'then after a moment's 
pause he added, "/ am content." These were the 
last words of the grand "Old Man Eloquent." 







seventh President of the 
United States, was born in 
Waxhaw settlement, N. C., 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were poor emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty. 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly, and there was but very 
little in his character, made visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
1781, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
Dlow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, one on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successful iv> obtaining their exchange, 

and took her sick boys home. After a long illness. 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother soon 
left him entirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, such as 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 1784, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 1788, he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
which Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
with the Sharp Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur-, 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the eleven 
counties. Andrew Jackson was one of the delegates. 
The new State was entitled to but one member is 
the National House of Representatives. Andrew Jack- 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 



sessions, a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seat, Gen. Washington, whose 
second term of office was then expiring, delivered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after lie was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held for six years. 

When the war of 1812 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
jffered his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and after a delay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
the men were ordered back to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opinions ; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of " Old Hickory." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
tlers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Alabama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the bends of theTallapoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
With an army of two thousand men, Gen. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
days. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on the 27th of March. 1814. The bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres of 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable breast- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suplyof arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
power of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832.* In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded oy one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, where 
he died June 8, 1845. The-last years of Mr. Jack- 
son's life were that of a devoted Christian man. 





eighth President of the 
United States, was born at 
Kinderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
1782. He died at the same 
place, July 24, 1862. His 
body rests in the cemetery 
at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
about half way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

.-fe was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
iaw. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were required of him 
before he could be admitted to the bar. Inspired with 
d lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued his studies with indefatigable industry. After 
spending six years in an office in bis native village, 

he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years of 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren was from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listening to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused the 
cause of State Rights ; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy both in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th<; 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years 
constantly gaining strength by contending in tin 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep ovei 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In 1812, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In 1815, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to Albany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the most 
piominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 


the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that " universal suffrage" which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of the 

In 1821 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in thi* convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
conspicuous position as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
die Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
.-ermined opposer of the Administration, adopting the 
'State Rights " view in opposition to what was 
deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whether 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians. 
It was supposed that no one knew so well as he how 
to touch the secret springs of action; how to pull all 
the wires to put his machinery in motion; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secredy and 
stealthily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
few thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
appointed Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. This 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
appointed Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination, and he returned 

home, apparently untroubled ; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson ; and with smiles for all and 
frowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which had refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably more than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu 
live. On the 2oth of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in- 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
patriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald. 
he still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth ; enjoying in a healthy old 
age, probably far more happiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life. 





SON, the ninth President of 
the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Va., Feb. 9, 1773. 
His father, Benjamin Harri- 
son, was in comparatively op- 
ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, \v as early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 
speaker. , 

Mr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
William Henry, of course enjoyed 
in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soon after the death of his father. He 
then repaired to Philadelphia to study medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
Jobert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the *emonstrances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
saving obtained a commission of Ensign from Presi- 

dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death lie resigned his commission. He was then ap- 
pointed Secretary of the North-western Territory. This 
Territory was then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called " The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was ap 
pointed by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rapidly increasing white population. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to this office first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlements in that almost boundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. One of these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a French 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrison 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. Aboi" 


the year 1806, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. One of 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the' other, Olliwacheca, or "The Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
and had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
anorator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree -tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator : he was, 
in the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the superhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, 1812, his army began its inarch. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made fora meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations. Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise. 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a. chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and j'zst then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompanied by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
jus yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not doubting a 
speedy and an entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the bayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing th*" foe, 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can - 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves from the 
forest, sear'Jiing out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made- 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances, Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison Commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharing 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while, 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in ;i 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle. Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member oi 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, -which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 1819, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency againsi 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re -nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler forthe Vice Presidency 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; bu' 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webstei 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which any President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects, Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisy-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States, 




OHN TYLER, the tenth 
Presidentof the United States. 
He was born in Charles-city 
Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored child of af- 
fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and partly with Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, lie 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
et of the court in which he was 
^ot retained. When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with the Democratic party, opposing a national 
bank, internal improvements by the General ^kivern- 

ment, a protective tariff, and advocating a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term h- found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes, Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opponent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the principles of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice of 
his profession. There was a cplit in the Democratic 


Jarty. His friends still regarded him as a' true Jef- 
fersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; audit was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
1839. The majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the North : but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In i84r, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time, President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus .cund himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
unexpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
April was inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his long life he had been 
opposed tc the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
sistent, honest man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own ? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
mony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccommended a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incorporation of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it with 
his veto. He suggested, however, that he would 

approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. All the members of his 
cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more. 
however ; he brought himself into sympathy with his 
old friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from th<; 
harassments of office, tothe regret of neitherparty, ar.U 
probably to his own unspeakable relief. His first wife, 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, President Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, Sherwood For- 
est, Charles-city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unnsual attractions. With sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State, 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cai- 
houn had inaugurated, President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress,- 
and while engaged in active measures to desiroy, b" 
force of arms, the Government over which he liad 
once presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 







AMES K. POLK, the eleventh 
President of the United States, 
was born in Mecklenburg Co., 
N. C., Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 
ents were Samuel and Jane 
(Knox) Polk, the former a son 

of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 

at the above place, as one of the 

first pioneers, in 1735. 

In the year 1806, with his wife 

and children, and soon after fol- 

lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk farnly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huts, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a superior woman, of strong common 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
him methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
tather, fearing that he might not be able to endure a 


sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 1818, with the highest honors, be 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Folk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably beer 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was popularly called the Napoleon of the stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial and 



:ourterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
nature in the joy s and griefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, -Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinued 1 , in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of Tennessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
member, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always in his seat, always courteous ; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr. Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 1 4th of Octo- 
ber, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. In 1841, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the countryin favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message, President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
other States. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and wa: 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Folk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation, 1 
then of " invasion, "was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It was by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr. Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good. With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera that fearful scourge was then sweeping up 
the Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15111 of June, 1849, in the fiftv-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen, 


Of 1HE 


President of the United States, 
was born on the 24th of Nov., 
1784, in Orange Co., Va. His 
father, Colonel Taylor, was 
a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, feailess and self-reliant, and 
manifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
the Indians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to bo recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood on his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and lie joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in 1812, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
'.ed by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of i8r2, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large numbers, moved upon the fort. Their 
approach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down ; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block-houses- 
Until six o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, MajorTaylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 


tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank of 
colonel. In the Black Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty -four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and m 
employments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1836, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
iiac 1 promised they should do. The services rendered 
here secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
tc the rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the peninsula, Gen. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
,uid was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Alabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
from the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
imposed upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United States. Soon the war with Mexico 
was brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mexicans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
simplicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
the sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
pread the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
Whig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful popularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 
bred, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
Presidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen toil; de- 
claring that he was not at al! qualified for such an 
office. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
for forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
who had been long years in the public service found 
? heir claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, 
Gen. Cass and Ex-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy, expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles, Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the gth of July, 1850. 
His last words were, " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people ; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: " With a good store of 
common sense, Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head ; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out* 
side pocket, in any such case, this critic held the 
offender to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated phrase, 
' touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. In shorf 
few men have ever had a more comfortarA<~ 1 ~>^i. 
saving contempt for learning of every kind. 






teenth Presidentof the United 
States, was born at Summer 
Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the 7th of January, 1800. His 
father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
cumstances. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. AbiatharMillard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she possessed an intellect 
of very high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
1831 ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect institutions ; and books were scarce 
and expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy; 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Near the mill there was a small villiage, where some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisure moment was occupied with 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory , and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened that 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, Judge Walter 
Wood, who was struck with the prepossessing ap- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own, 
no friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion about 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university halls 
ind then enters a law office, who is by no meaas as 


well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he was 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature , still the testimony comes from all parties, 
that his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degree the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress. He entered that troubled 
arena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past expe- 
rience as a representative gave him stiength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear upon the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in trumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
names of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1849, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillmore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opposition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power to conciliate 
the South ; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacyof all measuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was %o rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous com promise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmcre's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr. Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. . 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed that 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any- 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March 8, 1874. 





fourteenth President of the 
United States, was born in 
Hillsborough, N. H., Nov. 
23, 1804. His father was a 
Revolutionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity ; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Christian wom- 

an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar ; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most popular young men in the college. 
The purity of his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied : it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. The 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of political life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he espoused the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1837, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1834. he married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn ever)' 
station with which her husband was honoied. Of the 


three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States ; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. Fie also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 2yth of May, 1847. 
He took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce 'reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the. advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a " Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the I2th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
snd in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Trun the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy be 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was 
an " irrepressible conflict" between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

SucVi was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension, of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident ; and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen 
erous to a fault, he contributed liberally for the al 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns 
people were often gladened by his material bounty 



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AMES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
teenth President of the United 
States, was born in a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
eastern ridge of the Allegha- 
nies, in Franklin Co., Penn., on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The place 
where the humble cabin of his 
father stood was called Stony 
Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic spot in a gorge of the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland ; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little property save his 
Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantages. When James was eight years of age, his 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
to study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

own strong arms. 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects wi '- 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the highest 
honors of his clast. 1 . He was then eighteen years ol 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1812, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the State. When but 
twenty-six years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate ore of the 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles of 
impeachment. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In. 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House. 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some important case. In 1831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
quired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the Presidency, 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all parties. Upon his return, in 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the United Status 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Webster. 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advocated the meas- 
ures proposed by President Jackson, cf iv..ik/ng repri- 



sals against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country ; and defended the course 
of the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the sup- 
porters of his administration. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct collision with Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from the journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
against Gen. Jackson for removing the deposits. 
Earnestly he opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the prohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received; and 
that the reply should be returned, that Congress had 
no power to legislate upon the subject. " Congress," 
said he, " might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Folk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Grande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the perpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1050, 
which included the fugitive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
upon his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Bucrianan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
our country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
ceived 1 14 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The popular vote stood 
1,340,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th. 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
vears were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in political principles and action for years, were 
seeking the destruction of the Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws 
he could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominated Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to offer them 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. This 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with 
his hand upon his sword hilt, he exclaimed. "The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, 1860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston: Fort Sumpter 
was besieged ; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized ; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should triumph over the flag of the rebellion 
He died at his Wheailand retreat, June i, i863. 





a j ABRAHAM "> 

p < LINCOLN. )> ? 


sixteenth President of the 
United States, was born in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
1809. About the year 1780, a 
man by the name of Abraham 
Lincoln left Virginia with his 
family and moved into the then 
wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily approached by 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of Abraham Lincoln, the 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth forever be enrolled 
with the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the poorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
.ess, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus spent the whole of his youth as a 
2iborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he built a log- 
cabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
voman, gentle, loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
"All that I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son " I owe to my angel-mother. " 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana Wher- 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon became the scribe of the uneducated 
community around him. He could not have had a 
better school than this to teach him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few ; but these he fead 
and re-read until they were almost committf 1 ^ tc 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly faroil) 
was the usual lot of humanity. Thi're were joys anfl 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sistt'v 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mai 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1830 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and theit 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with corn, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value of 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power He saw the ruin 
which ardent spirits were causing, and became 
strictly temperate ; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
God's word, " Thou shall not take the name of tlv. 
Lord thy God in vain ;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired laborei 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield, 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boat 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them down 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
sissippi to New Orleans. Whatever Abraham Lin- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to give 
great satisfaction to his employers. In this adven 



ture his employers were so well pleased, that upon 
his return they placed a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Jackson the appointment of Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In r854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in r856, he took an actiye part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
ilavery question, and he took the broad ground of 
.he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6th of June, 1860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H. Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
prominent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him : 
and as little did he dream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fix upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
r,nly, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 263 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that vas poured upon this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In February, 1861, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was fraught 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to "get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided to 
take him from Harrisburg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent any possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train haa 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great anxiety was felt by all loyal people, 
In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr. Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important positions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the responsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, bo'.h personal and national. Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination,and he at last fell a victim 
to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would Le present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, witti his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 
Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will fitly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country will 
live with that of Washington's, its father; hisco-:ntry- 
men being unable to decide which s t1>e greater. 




B - - - , 


teenth President of the United 
States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 1808, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
in such circumstances, that they 
cou'd not cr;nf:r ,:ej\ the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost his life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. TT nul teri years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy abour the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow- workmen, 
^earned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of speeches. The owner, 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the boose, 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed ou 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreatior to devote such time as he could to 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located at 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pos 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs ; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 "stumped the State," advocating Martin Tan 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thoSv. 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important post for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these responsible posi 
tions, he discharged his duties with distinguished abi. 


ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
fl.nd become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
Would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the free States of the North should return to the 
South persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir, 1 ' 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston- Baltimore convention of 18(^0, ne 
(was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
presidency. In 1861, when the purpose of the South- 
2rn Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished ; that the Government will not 
always bear with its l enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter inconsistency with, and the most violent 

opposition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress ; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginning of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotent!--, 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 51)1 of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 A.M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect- 





eighteenth President of the 
United States, was born on 
the 2gth of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
solid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resaca de la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
fle performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the aninsil, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 

From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
ro aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States ; and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, 111. This was in the year 1860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army: though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my tword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 
He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
State in behalf of the Government. On the ic*^ of 


June, 1 86 1, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a Major-General, and the military 
listrict of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
ai:d enter upon tbf duties of his new office 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened H'ith closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago. 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second term 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term, Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation wenf in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 



the nineteenth President of 
the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
and had a large following. Misfor- 
iflne cvvtcaking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
.and in i6<So, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George wai; born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724. and was a manufac- 
turer of scythes; at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel ai/d grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back to 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious, 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me- 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 1812, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 


subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
Iboy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
him, said in a bantering way, " That's right ! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. " You 
ivait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he w<:nt to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
sister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were, almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
j'n his education ; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
'studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; but he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838,3! the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated ftt the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office pf Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

Irj 1845, after graduating at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 

Vi 1849 he moved to Cincinnati, where his ambi- 
tion founq a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence upon his subse- 
quent Mfe. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
'Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Webb, of 
Chilicothe; the othev was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members such, men as c hief Justice Salmon 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman 
hood. The Literary Cluu brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulne^s and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judgs of 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac. 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office ol 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Council 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
trie zenith of his professional lif .. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sumpter found him eager to take -ID 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. In 
October, 1861, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of the ygth Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-Gen eral, "forgallant and distinguished services 
during the campaigns of 1864, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, " I 
shall never corne to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

In r867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular Democrat. 
In 1869 was re-erected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard beater of the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He S2rved his 
full term, not, however, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his administration was an average QI\; 






tieth President of the United 
States, was born Nov. 19, 
1831, in the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
ents were Abram and Eliza 
(Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
,ic about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
.uzen the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
:iard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
jleared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built. 
The household comprised the father and mother and 
heir four children Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and 
"ames. In May, 1823, the father, from a cold con- 
.racted in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
this time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
fell how much James was indebted to his brother's 
toil and self-sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
vers live in Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he' struggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor, 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until hs 
was about sixteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtair 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city, 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he went: 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, .of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his way 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1854, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the highest hb.- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says of him in reference to his religion; 


" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
my judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
his character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many .of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
church of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
tarian charity for all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. 1 1, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut.-Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14, 1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in action, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
'Humphrey Marshall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a member of the 
General Court-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the "Chief of Staff." 

The military fcistory of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Ge Garfield was 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from tht 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for sixty years 
mainly by two men Elisha Whittlesey and Joshui. 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. There he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question whici. 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before t, 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to whici: 
you will not find, if you wish instruction, the argu~ 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Upon Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of the 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, i88r, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favor with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Elaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the peop' 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J.,on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the foul deed. 






twenty-first Presi^-in. of the 
United States, was born in 
Franklin Courty, Vermont, on 
thefifthofOdober, 1830, and is 
the oldest of a family of two 
sons and five daughters. His 
father was the Rev. Dr. William 
Arthur, aBaptistcJ',rgyman,who 
emigrated to tb'.s country from 
the county Antrim, Ireland, in 
his i8th year, and died in 1875, in 
Newton ville, neat Albany, after a 
long and successful ministry. 
JIK, Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S< henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration of that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and entered the office of ex-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
I being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success- 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon afterward marred the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon* 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but he too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 



followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed him Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New York, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
20, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, 1880. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on the continent. It 
was composed of the 'sading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
,vas Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
Afarch 4, i88t, as President and Vice-President. 
A. few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, those moment* of 
anxious suspense, when the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to hi? 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as nevei 
before in it's history over the death of any othei 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the Vice President to assume the responsibilities o) 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York. 
Sept. 20, 1881. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were, on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in his ow;-. 
hands ; and, as embarrassing as were the condition of 
affair? he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely hat but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself. 





LAND,the twenty-second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work! Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
influence. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
the first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in- 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
N. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 



calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
he left the city to seek his fortune. ?n?t< % '* / v<-' r ? 
to a city. He first tnougnt 01 Cleveland, (Jhio v as 
th^re was some charm in that name for him; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
tsk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock-breeder of that place. The latter did not 
speak enthusiastically. " What is it you want to do, 
jnyboy?" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
lav," was the reply, "Good gracious!" remarked 
ih* old gentleman ; " do you, indeed ? What ever put 
that into your head? How much money have you 
got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, while he could "look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told Ihem what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Graver's persistency won, and 
he was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
Save the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat he had 
none yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
out in due time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
possibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
1," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
elected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital pi'-.'.shment upon two 
cainunals. I.i 1881 he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, on the Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
-'* T r '*i:r ?ffics q.? w|) as that of Sheriff, his 
perrormaiice oi duty fcas generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an ini-jui 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time to* 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the people and to wors3 
than squander the people's money." The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 1882, 
and his administration cf the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout tlie nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
n, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention &' 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.: and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Elaine. President Clove- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 1885, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief Executive of ihe United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th ol 
March, 1885. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts; 
Secretary of the Navy, William C. Whitney, of N^w 
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin ; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controversy be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 






twenty-third President, is 
the descendant of one of the 
historical families of this 
country. The head of the 
family was a Major General 
Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 

ers and fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
well's power it became the duty of this 
Harrison to participate in the trial of 
Charles I, and afterward tc sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this with his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, 1660. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that appears in history is Benja- 
rrin Harrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom be was named. Benjamin Harrison 
was a member of the Continental Congress during 
the years 1 774-5-6, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
wa three times elected Governor of Virginia, 
Gen William Henry Harrison, the son of the 

distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a su& 
cessful career as a soldier during the War of 1812, 
and with a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territory, was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His career was cut short 
by death within one month after liis inauguration. 
President Harrison was born at North Bend. 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. 20, 183, His life up to 
the time of his graduation by the Miami University, 
at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lad of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college to tho 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female schoo 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined tc en- 
ter upon the study of the law. He went to Cin 
einnati and then read law for two years. At tht 
expiration of that time young Harrison received tt . 
only inheritance of his life; his aunt dying left uin. 
a lot valued at $800. He regarded this legacy as 4 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, ak3 
this money and go to some Eastern town an * 'oc- 
gin the practice of law. He sold his lot, and with 
the money in his pocket, he started out witu his 
young wife to fight for a place in the world- Tie 



decided to go to Indianapolis, which was even at 
that time a town of promise. He met with slight 
encouragement at first, making scarcely anything 
the first year. He worked diligently, applying him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading rank in the legal pro- 
lession. He is the father of two children. 

In 1860 Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speakei He can- 
vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of the rawest of material, 
out Col. Harrison employed all his time at first 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
drilled and organized in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his bravery 
at Peachtree Creek he was made a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field 
he Supreme Court declared the office of the Su- 
preme Court Reporter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
ing Indiana with his regiment until the fall or 18*64 
he had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nominated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State, and was elected 
for another term. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
jnan, but on the way was stricken down with scarlet 
iever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
incidents of the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined r, re-election as 
,-eporter, and resumed the practice of Iaw In 1876 
iie was a candidate for Governor. Although de- 
feated, the brilliant campaign he made won Tor him 
a National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
pecial.y in the East, to make speeches. In 1880, 
as usual, he took an active part In the campaign, 
and was elected to the United States Senate. Here 
iic sei-ved six years, and *ras known as one of the 
blest men, best lawyer'; ivnd strongest debaters in 

that body. With the expiration of his Senatorial 
term he returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of the strongest firms in 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in June anu 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican party, was great in every partic- 
ular, and on this account, and the attitude it as- 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move- 
ment became popular, and from all sections of the 
country societies, clubs and delegations journeyed 
thither to pay their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatly 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke daily all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and hie 
power as a debater, he was called upon at an un- 
commonly early age to take part in the discussion 
of the great questions that then began t j agitate 
the country. He was an uncompromising anti 
slavery man, and was matched against some of t!:e 
most eminent Democratic speakers of his Staw 
No man who felt the touch of his blade derred tc 
be pitted with him again. With all his e'-oq-ence 
as an orator he never spoke for oratorical effect, 
but his words always went like bullets to the mark 
He is purely American in his ideas and is a splec 
did type of the American statesman. Gifted wit'n 
quick perception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, 
he is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the Nation. Many of these speeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. Many of his terse 
statements have alreadr become aphorisms. Origi- 
nal in thought, precise iu logic, terse in statement, 
yet withal faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as 
the sound statesman and brill Ian orator o UK day 




HE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a. record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their prime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of the first days 
af settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Th : pyramids of Egypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. ~ The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Men: phis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find tht 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea r 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, thougl 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
h-is the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
thir.k it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: -to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose live* 1 
are unworthy of public record. 








EWIS H. THOMAS. As an example of the 
usefulness and prominence to which men 
of character and determination may attain, 
it is but necessary to chronicle the life of Lewis 
H. Thomas, one of the representative agriculturists 
and stock-raisers of Bois D'Arc Township, Mont- 
gomery County. He belongs to a highly cultured 
and intellectual family, whose members all possessed 
superior intelligence and became distinguished 
in the different callings in which they engaged. 
Born in Greene County, 111., May 24, 1827, he 
is the son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Isley) Thomas, 
natives respectively of South Carolina and Tenn- 
essee. When a boy, the father went with his 
parents to Kentucky, and later went to Mad- 
ison County, III., where he married Miss Eliza- 
beth Isley. In 1818, he removed from there to 
Greene County, 111., and bought Government 
land, paying therefor $1.25 per acre. He was one 
of the first settlers of that vicinity and built the 
first log cabin north of Macoupin Creek. 

The original of this notice was reared to man's 
estate in his native county, amid scenes of pioneer 
life, and he was early inured to hard labor. His 
primary education was received in the subscription 
schools of Greene County, and this was afterward 
supplemented by a course in Carrollton Academy. 
Since then he has been a great reader and observer 
and is well posted on all the current topics of the 
day. In the spring of 1851 he came to Montgom- 
ery County, having previously entered from the 
Government a large tract of land in what is now 
Bois D'Arc Township, and he first resided in a 

little board shanty. He began at once improving 
and developing the farm and later erected a sub- 
stantial frame house. The soil was rich and pro- 
ductive, and he being energetic and enterprising, 
everything prospered under his hands. The frame 
building was replaced by a handsome brick struc- 
ture, but this was destroyed by fire, and in 1888 
his present handsome brick residence was erected. 
Reading in the Prairie Fanner of the celebrated 
hedge fence then raised by Prof. Turner and others, 
lie conceived the idea of fencing his farm with the 
same. The hedge was then known as "Osage 
hedge," but it subsequently received the name of 
'Bois D'Arc," through our subject, and the town- 
ship afterward acquired the name through the 
hedge fence and was named Bois D'Arc Township 
by our subject. He has his entire farm fenced 
with this hedge*. 

Mr. Thomas owns one of the finest farms in the 
State, consisting of nine hundred and seventy- 
four acres, and he also owns seven hundred and 
twenty acres elsewhere in the township; besides 
forty-two town lots in Emporia, Kan., and one- 
fifth interest in thirty-four hundred acres near 
Warren, Minn. He is a self-made man and all 
his accumulations are the result of energy 
and industry intelligently applied. In carry- 
ing on his very extensive farming enterprises 
he has not lost sight of the stock-raising in- 
dustry and raises a high grade of Hereford cattle, 
and a superior grade of Norman horses, Shropshire 
and Oxford Down sheep, and Poland-China, Berk- 
shire, Chester White and Victory hogs. He has a 



good grade of roadster horses. All his farming 
operations are conducted in a progressive and supe- 
rior way, as is very quickly seen when one glances 
over his possessions. In his political affilia- 
tions he is a Democrat and was elected Supervisor 
of Bois D'Arc Township by that party. He has 
served as Township Treasurer of schools for 
twenty-six years. He is an active worker in the 
Bois D'Arc Baptist Sunday-school and for four- 
teen years in succession the annual Sunday-school 
picnic has been held in his beautiful grcve. He 
was one of the founders of the church and has al- 
ways been liberal in his contributions to its sup- 

During the long years he has spent in this 
county, Mr. Thomas has seen the country bloom 
and blossom like the rose, and has taken a deep 
interest in its progress and development. In 1856 
he received the gold medal from the Illinois Agri- 
cultural Society for having the largest amount of 
well-set and cultivated hedge on one farm, this 
being the first and only gold medal offered that 
year by that society. In the same year he received 
the silver medal given for one thousand rods of 
the best hedge fence in the State, this being given 
by the Illinois State Agricultural Society. In 
1858, he received 'the gold medal for the best and 
greatest variety of cultivated timber in a grove 
in the State, given by the same society. 

Mr. Thomas and his fine farm have acquired a 
State reputation and well they merit it. He is 
known far and wide for his hospitality, genial 
good-nature, and his great generosity, and his in- 
telligence, enterprise and many estimable qualities 
have gained for him a popularity not derived 
from any factitious circumstance, but a spontan- 
eous and permanent tribute to his merit. For a 
number of years he was engaged in surveying and 
continued this for many years in the northern 
portion of Montgomery Count}', locating and sur- 
veying all the roads in Bois D'Arc Township as 
well as surveying many school sites, a work for 
which he was well qualified. 

The marriage of Mr. Thomas united him with 
Miss Sarah Ann, daughter of Isham and Sarah 
(Vaughn) Linder. She was a lady of noble char- 
acter, and her death, which occurred February 27, 

1887, was a heavy bereavement to her husband 
and children. Of the latter there are six, as 
follows: Etta L., now the wife of Edward Kend- 
rick, of Buffalo, N. Y.; John I., William II., Mary 
L., Samuel and Minerva C. 

On October 3. 1889, Mr. Thomas was married to 
Agnes E. Ball, daughter of Richard M. and Maria 
(Evans) Ball, who were natives of Wales. Mrs. 
Thomas was born in Brecknockshire, Wales, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1851. She' came to America with her par- 
ents when she was four years of age. They located in 
Virden, 111., at which place she received her public- 
school training. She was for three years a student 
at Normal University, Normal, 111., and was grad- 
uated from that institution at the head of her 
class in 1877. She taught in the public schools 
for sixteen years, the last seven of her work in 
that line being done in the Washington School, Chi- 
cago. She saw that Chicago was a growing city 
and in 1888 purchased a lot in Lakeside, a suburb 
of Chicago. It is a section of an ellipse three hun- 
dred and forty-five feet front and is but two blocks 
from the famous Sheridan Road, which is the boul- 
evard from Chicago to Ft. Sheridan. Its market 
value is now three hundred per cent, of its cost. 
Religiously, she is connected with the Methodist 
Church and is liberal in its support. 

Mrs. Thomas is the youngest of a family of 
fourteen children, ten of whom are still living. 
They are as follows: Frederick, a machinist of 
Springfield, Mo., who has served a number of terms 
as President of the School Board and is identified 
with all the public interests of Springfield; Mrs. 
.. Arabella Lloyd, of Thomasville, 111.; William E., 
who died in London, England, in 1891; Thomas, 
a retired farmer of Girard, 111., who served three 
years in the army; Richard, a blacksmith of 
Virden, 111., and an active worker in the cause of 
temperance, who has served a number of terms as 
a member of the Town Board and one term as 
Supervisor of his township, Maria, who died in 
Wales in 1852; Mary, wife of Robert Brooks, of 
Kane, 111.; Francis, wife of A. J. Witt, of Virden, 
111.; Ann, wife of Calvin W. Tunnel], who died 
near Vfrden in 1872; John, a banker of Farmers- 
ville, who in a public capacity has been Director 
of Schools, Supervisor of his township and has 



settled more dead men's affairs than any citizen 
of Macoupin County; James, a twin brother of 
Henry, who died in Virden in 1856; Henry, a 
prominent farmer and stock-raiser near Girard; 
and George, a retired farmer near Girard, who has 
been Treasurer of the State Grange for nearly 
twenty years. 

The members of the Ball family are ardent Re- 
publicans. The family is noted for its clearness 
of perception, its keenness of insight, its largness of 
heart and its soundness of judgment. The father 
of this family died eight months after the fam- 
ily came to America. The mother is still living, 
at the advanced age of eighty-eight years. Her 
mind is still active and she retains her interest in 
current events. 

^ILLIAM H. TERRY, who controls and op- 
erates a fine farm on sections 8 and 9, 
Raymond Township, Montgomery County, 
was born near Jersey ville, Jersey County, 111., on 
the 18th of November, 1838. The Terry family 
is of Welsh origin, some of the ancestors having 
come to America in the latter part of the seven- 
teenth century and located in Connecticut. It was 
in honor of this family that the old town of 
Terry ville. Conn., was named. Many of its members 
have been prominent in the history of this country. 
The great-grandfather of our subject was with 
Washington at Valley Forge and did good service 
in the War for Independence. Gen. Terry, the 
noted Indian fighter, was also a member of the 
same family. 

After the Revolution, the Terry family went to 
Virginia, where Jasper M. Terry, the father of our 
subject, was born. When he was a small child his 
parents removed to Kentucky, and in 1832, when 
eighteen years of age, he came to Illinois and lo- 
cated in what is now Jersey County, but was then 
Greene County. He accumulated quite a large 
fortune prior to his death, which occurred in 1876. 

His wife, who bore the maiden name of Mary A. 
Wagner, was a native of Allen County, Ky., and 
was of German extraction. 

The Terry family numbered nine children, all 
of whom are yet living: Jo)in W. is a man of 
much learning and is a Baptist preacher by pro- 
fession. He was a missionary to Spain for many 
years and was there located in 1868, when the 
Spanish Government banished all Protestant mis- 
sionaries from the country. He then returned to 
the United States and went to New Mexico, where 
he established the First National Bunk at Socorro. 
He is now a wealthy banker and real-estate dealer. 
Anslam K., A. O., T. J., and T. F. constitute the 
firm of attorneys and real-estate men who do 
business under' the name of Terry Bros., in East St. 
Louis. They are wealthy citizens and very prom- 
inent. A. O. is a graduate of Ann Arbor Univer- 
sity.- T. J. and T. F. are graduates of Shurtleff 
College. Henry C. resides on the old homestead 
in Jersey County. Mary Emma is the wife of 
William Hatcher, a hotel keeper of Springfield, 
III. Frances A. is the wife of Dr. E. Weir, of 

Our subject did not have the advantage of a 
college education as his younger brothers did, as 
when he was a youth, his father had not yet ac- 
quired his fortune, but he managed to obtain 
a fair English education in the schools of Jersey- 
ville, and is now a well-informed man. He assisted 
his father on the home farm until March, 1861, when 
he came to Montgomery County and located on a 
farm in what is now Pitman Township. In De- 
cember of the same year, he married Miss Milberry 
Sharp, a native of Macoupin County, 111., whose 
parents came to this State in an early day from 

After the breaking out of the late war, Mr. Terry 
abandoned farming to enter the service of his 
country. He enlisted on the 12th of August, 
1862, in Company F, One Hundred and Twenty- 
second Illinois Infantry, of which he was commis- 
sioned Sergeant, and for three years lie valiantly 
served his country, participating in many battles 
and engagements. When the war was over, he 
was honorably discharged, on the 8th of August, 
1865. lie then returned to his home, where he 



continued to reside until the spring of 1877, when, 
after his father's death, he removed to his present 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Terry have been born five 
children, namely: William J., who is engaged in 
farming near Pana, 111.; Rena who is engaged in 
teaching music; George L., an electrician; John 
Charles, a musician of much talent and the leader 
of the Raymond Band; and Fannie Agnes, a teacher 
of recognized ability in the public schools. Mr. 
Ten-}' is a man of more than ordinary ability, and 
his success in life has come to him as the reward 
of his own efforts. Socially, he is a prominent 
member of the Grand Army, being Commander of 
Raymond Post No. 504. 

FOSTER is a well-known and suc- 
cessful farmer of Audubon Township, 
Montgomery County, and is a veteran of 
the Civil War. He was born in County Tyrone in 
the North of Ireland in 1838, being the youngest 
of four sons and next to the youngest in a family 
of seven children born to James and Margaret 
Foster. His parents brought him to America 
when he was a child, consequently he knows no 
other land and is as loyal to the Stars and Stripes 
as if he had been born in Uncle Sam's Dominion. 
After emigrating to this country, his parents at 
once located in Scioto County, Ohio, where his 
father secured employment in an iron foundry 
and at the same time cultivated a small farm, on 
which the family was reared. 

George and his brothers and sisters obtained 
such education as the common schools afforded. 
After the death of the husband and father in 1857, 
the widow with her children moved to Adams 
County, Ohio, where our subject tilled the soil on 
a rented farm until the opening of the Civil War. 
On the 29th of July, 1862, his name might be found 
on the muster rolls of Company E, Ninety-first 
Ohio Infantry as a private. He was at once 
sent to Virginia and from there to Fa3'etteville, W. 

Va., where for nearly a year and a half the3" were 
holding the forts, doing garrison and scouting 
duty. They then started on a raid on the line of 
the Virginia <fe Tennessee Railroad, their object- 
ive point being Dublin Depot, which they reached 
after a forced march of forty miles in one day. 
They burned the depot and railroad bridge and 
returned by way of White Sulphur Springs, intend- 
ing to connect with Hunter at Staunton, but their 
supplies being cut off they had to again return to 
West Virginia to. meet the supply train. They 
then proceeded on their way and joined Hunter 
at the above-named place. During the journey a 
small battle was fought at Lexington, and the 
enemy was driven in front of them to Lynch- 

In the battle of Staunton Mr. Foster's regiment 
was in the advance and many of its members were 
slain. They were then compelled to retreat, dur- 
ing which time they suffered many hardships, be- 
ing greatly in need of food. After reaching 
Parkersburg they took the train to Harper's 
Ferry, at which time they were under command of 
Gen. Sheridan, and with him took part in the bat- 
tle of Stephen's Station, not far from Winchester. 
The battle of Winchester next occupied their at- 
tention, after which they crossed into Maryland 
and for some time thereafter were in camp at 
Harper's Ferry. After participating in a number 
of fierce engagements, the second battle of Win- 
chester was fought, and here our subject received 
an injury from the concussion of a shell and was 
sent to the hospital at Philadelphia. Later he re- 
joined his regiment, and during the following win- 
ter was on duty along the line of the Baltimore & 
Ohio Railroad, in the vicinity of Cumberland, Md. 
In the spring of 1865 he was sent to Winchester, at 
which place the news of Lee's surrender reached 
him. He was soon mustered out at Columbia and or- 
dered to Camp Denison, where he was discharged 
in 1865. 

With the consciousness of having served his 
country faithfully for three years, Mr. Foster re- 
turned to his home and there remained about one 
year, at the end of which time he located in Mont- 
gomery County, 111., where he worked as a farm 
hand until 1867. During that year he was united 



in marriage with Miss Lucitta Pettingale, the 
daughter of a prominent and well-to-do farmer, 
who was also a native of Ohio. At the death of 
her father she inherited the fine farm on which 
they are now residing in Audubon Township. 
They are the parents of five children: Maggie E., 
a prominent school teacher of the county; Joseph 
O., who assists his father on the farm; Hattie J., 
Daisy and James Ross. 

Politically Mr. Foster has ever been a Republican, 
his first vote having been cast for the martyred 
President, Abraham Lincoln. He is a member of 
the Grand Arni3' of the Republic, belonging to No- 
komis Post, in which he has held the offices of 
Senior Vice, Junior Vice and minor positions. As 
a soldier he was brave, true and faithful; as a cit- 
izen he is public-spirited, industrious and honor- 
able; as a tiller of the soil he is progressive, thrifty 
and energetic; and as a husband and father he is 
kind, considerate and generous. His friends are 
many, his enemies few, and he is generous in aid- 
ing those who are not so fortunate as himself. 

ORON CASE. The name that heads this 
sketch is that of one of the early settlers of 
jj^ this vicinity, whose entire life in this 
county has been such as to win him the respect and 
esteem of all who are favored with his acquaint- 
ance. Coming here when the country was wild 
and unsettled, he has borne his part in the devel- 
opment of the land and assisted in bringing it to 
its present high rank among the counties of this 
choice section. 

Our subject was born in Washington County, 
N. Y., April 6, 1833, and his parents, Naoman and 
Mary (Foster) Case, were natives of the Empire 
State also. The paternal grandfather is said to 
have been a soldier in the Revolutionary War and 
fought for independence. When about five years 
of age, our subject came with his parents to the 
Buckeye State. They settled in Northwestern 
Ohio and there Loron Case remained until about 

fifteen years of age, when he started out to fight 
life's battles for himself. He first went to Wiscon- 
sin, where he found employment on a farm and 
received as compensation $9 per month. He was 
thus engaged for about two years, when the rich 
soil of the Prairie State caused him to settle within 
its borders. He first located in Greene County, but 
remained there a short time only, when he came to 
Montgomery County, and almost his first employ- 
ment was assisting in setting out the first hedge 
fence, Bois D 'Arc hedge, for L. H. Thomas and 
also for S. R. Thomas. 

On the 22d of Fcbruaiy, 1863, our subject was 
united in marriage with Miss Mary J. Sterling, a 
native of Ohio, who came with her parents to Illi- 
nois when she was a small girl, and has since been 
a resident of this State. To Mr. and Mrs. Case 
have been born nine children, seven of whom are 
living and are as follows: Maria, wife of Joseph 
Deatherage; Ella, wife of John Clouse; Anna, 
Clara, Elbert, Otis and Cora. 

About 1865, Mr. Case and family settled in 
Bois D'Arc Township, and they have made their 
home here ever since. He owns a fine piece of land, 
and all his farming operations are conducted in a 
manner reflecting much credit upon his manage- 
ment. Thorough-going and progressive, he has 
accumulated all his property by his own exertions 
and can now enjoy the fruits of his labor. He 
has held a number of township offices and at the 
present time is Highway Commissioner, and for 
many years has served as School Director. He has 
always been a public-spirited citizen and is a pa- 
tron of education and all worthy enterprises. He 
is alive to the interests of the county, is willing to 
do his part in forwarding all enterprises for the 
public good, and is an important factor of Mont- 
gomery County. 

Mr. Case is now very comfortably off and his 
honesty and liberality in all things have won him 
a host of friends. In the public offices he has held, 
he has discharged the duties of the same in a man- 
ner above criticism, and with a thoroughness 
highly creditable to all concerned. In politics, he 
adheres to the principles of the Democratic party 
and has advocated the principles of the same up 
to date. During his residence in this county, Mr. 



Case has seen almost incredible changes for im- 
provement, and where was once a vast wilderness 
of woods now can bo seen finely cultivated farms 
and comfortable homes. 

'IL_ERMAN POGGENPOHL. Our subject is 
jY one of the leading German-American citi- 
Jy%7 zens in Harvcl Township, Montgomery 
(|(g) Count}'. He has a fine farm located on 
section 30, of this township, which bears evidence 
of the industry and unswerving attention that lie 
bestows upon it. Mr. Poggenpohl is a native of 
Prussia, having been born there April 7, 1833. He 
is a son of Francis and Margaret Poggenpohl, both 
of whom were also natives of Prussia. 

Our subject passed the first eighteen years of his 
life in his native land, and received the usual 
training of German boys, who looked forward to 
the military conscription. Possibly it was because 
he had different ambitions that he, like so many 
other German youths, found that a change would 
be advisable at that age. He emigrated to Amer- 
ica in 1852, taking passage on a sailing-vessel, and 
after a voyage that lasted fifty-seven days, landed 
in New Orleans. He proceeded at once to Greene 
County, 111., and was in the employ of Mr. John 
Thomas for nineteen months, receiving in return 
for his labor $9 per month with his board. 

In 1853, our subject lost his parents. They had 
come to America at the same time as did he, and 
after a residence of a few months in Greene 
County, the entire family had come to Montgom- 
ery County and settled on the farm where our 
subject now lives. His father secured a quarter- 
section of land from the Government, paying for 
it $1.25 per acre. When they went to live upon 
it they found it raw prairie land and young Her- 
man turned the first furrow on the farm. 

Of the family born to his parents, Mr. Poggen- 
pohl is the eldest; Mary is the wife of J. H. Todt; 
Anthony, Joseph and Margaret were next in 
order of birth. The last-named is now a widow. 

Our subject was reared to man's estate and made 
familiar with all the duties of farm life. He is a 
thoroughly practical man in his knowledge and 
ideas appertaining to agriculture. Pioneer days 
and pioneer style of living are perfectly familial- 
topics to Mr. Poggenpohl. He received a fair ed- 
ucation before leaving his native land, and since 
coining to America has acquired a great deal. He 
is loyal as an American citizen, and, retaining a 
deep love for the Fatherland, his allegiance is en- 
tirely given to the land of his adoption. 

Our subject has been twice married and is the 
father of a large family of children, whose names are 
as follows: John, Antony, Frank, Charles, William, 
Mary, Margaret, Christina, Lena, Annie, Katie, 
Emma and Bertha. Mr. Poggenpohl is the owner 
of seven hundred and seventy-two acres of well- 
cultivated land. The home farm comprises four 
hundred and four acres. His successes in life are 
entirely due to his own efforts. He is well es- 
teemed in the township and county, has been 
Director of Schools for years, and is a strong ad- 
vocate of any improvement in educational meth- 
ods. For a number of years he was Township 
School Trustee and has been Highway Commis- 
sioner a number of times. Politically, our subject 
is a Democrat. In his religious preference, he is a 
Roman Catholic. He is a kind-hearted and public- 
spirited citizen. 

JCHARD S. D. ROBERTS was bom in 
Henry County, Ky., September 15, 1822, 
and died September 17, 1892, when two 
days past three-score and ten. He was a 
prominent farmer of Bond County, and resided on 
section 3, Mulberry Grove Township. His father 
was an earl}' settler of this county, having come 
"hither in 1822 and settled on Government land, 
but did not make this place his permanent home. 
After residing here for about two years, he re- 
moved to Vanburensberg, Montgomery Count}-, 
where he remained for many years. 



The father of our subject was born in Bards- 
town, Ky., in 1780, and was there reared to man- 
hood. In his native State he married Sarah Sim- 
mons, who was born in Henry County, Ky., and 
died after her removal to Montgomery County, 
111. All of her thirteen children grew to maturity 
and all married with one exception. 

Grandfather Simmons was one of the soldiers in 
the war for independence and when the last rec- 
ord of him was received lie was still living, at the 
unusual age of one hundred and fifteen years. 
Whether the climate of their home tends to lon- 
gevity, or whether that fabled spring whose waters 
give everlasting youth was shown this remarkable 
man and his wife, can not be discovered, but true 
it is that the grandmother of our subject, the wife 
of the patriarch, lived seven years over a century. 
This certainly is a most interesting fact, and one 
of which the family of Mr. Roberts is justly 

The grandfather of our subject, Benjamin 
Roberts, was a native of Virginia and came to 
Kentucky at an early day, even before the great 
Daniel Boone performed such valorous deeds in 
that State. The ancestry of the family was Eng- 
lish-Welsh, and that combination has always made 
a race which has borne well its part in the battle 
of life. The surviving members of the family to 
which our subject belonged are a sister who bears 
gracefully her eighty years, and a brother who 
lives in Colorado and admits his seventy-six years 
as another might acknowledge his fiftieth. 

Our subject was the eleventh child in a family 
of thirteen children, and was two years old when 
he came to Illinois. His first school experience 
was not very pleasant, as the two-mile walk 
through the woods was a long one for a child, and 
the place not very inviting when he reached it. 
The house was made of logs, the puncheon seats 
were hard, and the master made up in authority 
what he lacked in knowledge, and altogether the 
road to learning in those days was a hard one to 
travel. What education the children received was 
really earned. In the days of which this is written, 
when large families were the rule, as soon as boys 
grew to be of use their school days were over. 
This was the case with our subject, and his help 

was required on the farm because the whole work 
had to be done by manual labor, as this was before 
the days of machinery. July 27, 1842, Mr. Roberts 
was joined in matrimony with Miss Mary R. 
White, who was born and reared in Loudoun 
County, Va. This worthy lady bravely bore her 
part in the pioneer life of the day, and won the 
regard of all with whom she came in contact. 

After his marriage, our subject located where 
the family now resides. He built a log house and 
there lived until the breaking out of the Mexican 
War. Then with patriotic fervor he enlisted in 
Company E, Third Illinois Infantry, and served 
for twelve months. Entering as Corporal he was 
promoted to be Fourth Sergeant, and received his 
discharge at New Orleans in 1846. After the 
close of the war, he returned home, and by in- 
dustry became the owner of a farm of two hun- 
dred and fifty-two acres of land, all of which he 
cultivated. It was wood and prairie, but he made 
a beautiful home out of what was once a wilder- 

The beginning of Mr. Roberts' life was as that 
of many others of the self-made men of the 
county. His means were small, but lie possessed 
energy, sagacity, and an abundance of industry, and 
has made himself the owner of one of the finest 
farms in the county. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts became 
the parents of the following children: Mary K. is the 
wife of Hardin Eltuore, whose sketch appears else- 
where in this work; James H. is a merchant at New- 
port, 111.; Julia Stark is the wife of P'rederick Durr, 
of Bond County; Elizabeth, formerly the wife of 
Frederick Kimball. is now deceased, and of the 
three children that she left, one is married; George 
W. died at the age of eighteen years; Richard S. 
and Stephen Douglas live in Bond County. 

Our subject was a general farmer and stock- 
raiser. He was a Democrat in his political faith, 
and was always ready to give his opinions upon 
the general topics of the day. The branch of the 
church known as the United Baptist was the re- 
ligious denomination with which our subject af- 
filiated and in which he held the office of Deacon. 
He was prominent in his church for many years 
and contributed to its support liberally, while he 
also aided in the Sun day -school work. 



One of the important families in Bond County 
bore the name of Gilham, and were the first 
settlers here. At this time there are none of the 
old name to give a sketch, and as this family is 
connected by marriage with the family of the sub- 
ject, it does not seem out of place to insert it 
here. Charles Gilliam built the first mill in the 
county, where is now Mulberry Grove, about five 
hundred yards northwest of Mr. Roberts' house. 
He was a prominent man, well regarded and re- 
spected by all, and was a member of the Presby- 
terian Church. A sister of our subject married 
Newton Gilliam, and one of his brothers married 
Sarah Gilham. All of these are now deceased. 

The full name of our subject is Richard Steph- 
ens Dorsey, and he was the namesake of a good 
old man, the family physician in the old home in 
Henry County, Ky. Our subject ever honored his 
name by his life. Throughout this beautiful and 
prosperous county, none were more highly re- 
garded in the neighborhood than he. 

I most prominent politicians of Bond County, 
j is probably better known in the political 
circles of the State than any other man of 

his years. He is also one of the most prosperous 
farmers of Central Township. Born in Madison 
County, 111., December 11, 1857, he is the son of 
John J. Lindly, who was also a native of Madi- 
son County and was born in 1832. 

Two Lindly brothers came from England to 
America in Colonial times and settled in North 
Carolina, and from one of these was descended John 
Lindly, the grandfather of our subject. He was a 
farmer by occupation, and in those days, when 
every man was skilled in the use of fire-arms, he 
was an experienced hunter through the wilds of 
the Pine Tree State. So expert did he become in 
the use of his musket in search of beavers, that the 
sobriquet of "Beaver John" was given him by his 
neighbors. At a very early day in the history of 

Madison County he went there on horseback and 
took up Government land, erecting his log 
cabin by the side of Silver Creek. He resided 
there only a few years and then entered land on 
Pleasant Ridge in the same county. 

Grandfather Lindly served in the Black Hawk 
War, as well as in the various skirmishes with the 
savages at that time, and was well known to 
many of the Indians, with some of whom he be- 
came very friendly. In his hunting and trap- 
ping expeditions he became well acquainted with 
the natives, and probably understood them 
better than did many settlers. His business of 
selling beaver fur was very profitable for those 
early days, although he did not become an Astor 
by the handling of furs. His death occurred in 
1866, when he reached his seventy -second year. 
The grandmother of our subject, who was in her 
maidenhood Sarah Gunterman, was born in Ken- 
tucky and is now living in good health and 
sound mind in Lebanon, St. Clair County, 111., at 
the age of ninety-three years. 

The father of our subject gained the rudiments 
of his education in the log schoolhouse, but later 
attended the academy in Troy, 111. He became a 
farmer and cultivated the land belonging to the 
old homestead in Madison County, and owns four 
hundred acres there. He moved into Lebanon 
in 1867, and now lives the comfortable life of a 
retired farmer of means. His life has been a suc- 
cessful one, and now he enjoys the income of his 
property without the labor of attending to it per- 
sonally. The mother of our subject was Mary 
Amanda Palmer, and she was born on the site of 
the present city of Joliet, 111. Her father entered 
land there and built the first bridge. She became 
the mother of four children: Joseph, Madison 
M., Cicero and Mary. 

Our subject was reared and educated partly in 
Madison and partly in St. Clair County. He first 
attended the public schools and then went to Me 
Ken dree College at Lebanon, where he took the sci- 
entific and law courses, graduating from the former 
in June, 1877, and from the latterin 1878. His youth 
prevented him from being admitted to the Bar, his 
age being only twenty, and he spent a year reading 
law with ex-Gov. Fletcher in St. Louis, after which 



he was admitted to practice in the State of Missouri. 
The marriage of Judge Lindly took place Decem- 
ber 22, 1880, to Miss Alice J. McNeil, who was 
born in this county June 9, 1855, and three chil- 
dren have been born of this union, although only 
one, a flue boy, Abram, is still living. Alice died 
at the age of two and One-half years, and she was 
preceded by an infant. The parents of Mrs. Lind- 
ly, Abraham and Elizabeth (Etzler) McNeil, were 
among the earliest settlers in the county. 

After his marriage, our subject settled on the 
old homestead in Madison County, where he lived 
for two years, and then bought his present farm, 
located two miles south of Greenville, and settled 
here in July, 1880. Judge Lindly has five hun- 
dren and eighty acres of land, all under cultiva- 
tion with the exception of eighteen, and the 
whole farm is in one body. He carries on a sys- 
tem of mixed farming and stock-raising. Two 
hundred and forty acres have been cleared since the 
Judge took charge of the place, and he has erected 
good buildings and has so improved it that it 
now ranks as one of the best fiirms in the county. 
The yield of wheat for the past year on one hun- 
dred and seventy acres of land was four thousand 
and eighty bushels. 

Judge and Mrs. Lindly are members of the 
Christian Church, and to its support contribute 
liberally. He is a very important factor in the 
Republican ranks of the State, and was an Elector 
on the Blaine and Logan ticket in 1884. He was 
elected to the position of County Judge for four 
years in 1886. Many cases came before him, and 
his duty was performed without fear or favor. 
At Chicago, in 1888, he was present at ..the Na- 
tional Convention as a delegate, and he has been 
a delegate to ever}' State convention since 1884. 
He was a candidate for State Treasurer in 1890, 
and he was nominated for Congress in the Eigh- 
teenth District in the same year, but, like many 
other Republicans in that year, he was defeated 
by a combination of circumstances which history 
will explain in the future. This district has only 
once in twenty years been carried by a Republican. 

Judge Lindly received the Republican vote 
twenty-one times in the Legislature in the winter 
of 1890-91 for United States Senator, He was 

President of the Farmers' Mutual Benefit As- 
sociation of the State from 1889 to October, 1891, 
and the organization grew from twenty thousand 
to seventy thousand members during his adminis- 
tration. He has "stumped" the State in every cam- 
paign since 1880, and is in demand as a speaker 
at all kinds of meetings. At present he holds the 
office of Chairman of the Congressional Commit- 
tee, and is one of the rising men of the State, of 
whom future great expectations are held. 

AMUEL H. LIBBEY is a farmer living near 
Reno, in Bond County, this State, and as a 
veteran who served gallantly in the late 
war, commands the regard of all people of 
patriotic instincts. Mr. Libbey is a native of this 
county, having been born near the place where he 
now lives October 22, 1840. He was the sixth 
child in the family of nine children born to 
William P. and Sallie (Drown) Libbey. 

William P. Libbey was a native of the Pine 
Tree State, and he went across the border into New 
Hampshire in order to get a wife. In 1836, they 
came to Illinois and settled on the farm where our 
subject was born. Later, they went to Elm Point, 
and there Mr. Libbey, Sr., died in 1862, while his 
wife did not long survive him, as she passed away 
in the same year. All of their children, with the 
exception of two, still survive and are named as 
follows: Amanda F., William Albert, Sarah A., 
I. H., John B., Edward P., and our subject. The 
eldest sister is the widow of Leonard Jernigan, 
and now lives at Newton, Kan.; William resides at 
Coffeen, Montgomery County; Sarah A., the widow 
of A. A. McLean, lives at Newton, Kan.; I. H. 
is a farmer living near Newton, Kan.; John, who 
served in the First Cavalry during the late war, 
is a real-estate agent at Altamont, Kan.; and Ed- 
ward P., a farmer living near Newton. 

June 1 1, 1861, Mr. Libbey went into the army and 
served in Company D,of the Twenty-second Illinois 
Infantry. He enlisted as a private and gave three 



years of good service and was discharged July 7, 
1864. He participated in many of the hard-fought 
battles of the war, among them those of Belmont, 
Island No. 10, Pittsburg Landing, Farmington, 
Corinth, Nashville, Stone River, Chickamaugaand 
Missionary Ridge. 

After coming out of the army, the original of 
our sketch resumed his farming, but later became 
engaged in the mercantile business, which he fol- 
lowed until 1880, when he bought his present 
farm which adjoins the town of Reno. Our sub- 
ject was married on the 17th of March, 1862, tak- 
ing the step after he had entered the Government 
service. His bride was Miss Nancy Elizabeth Mc- 
Cracken, like himself a native of Bond County, 
and born near the present site of Sorento. Mr. and 
Mrs. Libbey hare been the parents of four chil- 
dren, whose- names were Minnie M., James Will- 
iam, Ella and John Albert. The eldest daughter 
died after a brief period of married happiness with 
Dr. R. Seymour; J. W. married Ida Jett and lives 
on a farm near Reno; Ella married G. M. Redfearn, 
but is now deceased; John Albert, who has just 
reached his majority, is still a young bachelor at 
home. Ella left one daughter, Minnie Ella, whom 
the grandparents have adopted as their own. 

Mr. Libbej- springs from a long line of Whig 
ancestors who became Republicans upon the organ- 
ization of that party, and there has never yet been 
a member of his family disloyal to his party and 
principles. He lives anew in the experiences of 
his military career in his reunion with his soldier 
comrades, being a devoted Grand Army man. His 
wife is a member of the Presbyterian Church of 

. GREENWOOD. One of the men 
who by personal sacrifice and by persevering 
industry wrested a home and fortune from 
the wilderness, and one who will long be re- 
membered by those among whom he made his 
home, is he whose name heads this brief sketch. 

During life he was a prominent farmer and an 
early settler of this county. 

The birth of our subject took place May 8, 1812, 
in Boston, Mass. His father, John Greenwood, 
was born near the same city, December 14, 1780. 
The latter was a carpenter by trade and engaged 
in that occupation in his native county before 
coming to Illinois. In 1833, Mr. Greenwood, Sr., 
came to Alton, 111., on a prospecting tour, and in 
1836 he returned to Illinois, where he worked at 
his trade for the following two years. The jour- 
ney from Massachusetts was made by cars, and boats 
down the Ohio River and up the Mississippi, and 
location was made on the present farm of our sub- 
ject in 1839. 

At that time the whole country around here 
was covered with woodland and there were no im- 
provements whatever, but as both men were car- 
penters the erecting of a neat frame house was 
a very easy task for them. The father continued 
to reside with his son until his death summons 
came at the age of eighty-one years. Our subject 
came to this place at the same time as his father, 
and after spending several years in Alton, settled 
on his present farm, which he cleared and devel- 
oped as rapidly as possible. At one time he 
owned six hundred and forty acres of land, but 
sold off all but four hundred and twenty aci;es. 
He was known as a hard worker and good manager. 
June 10, 1845, Mr. Greenwood was married to 
Miss Harriet Birge, whose parents were James and 
Abilena (Eaton) Birge, and both were natives of 
Vermont. They came to Illinois in 1834, and 
reached Greenville November 9. The journey 
was made by wagon and eight weeks were consumed 
on the way. They saw a great many deer and 
also some wolves. Mr. Birge made settlement 
near Greenville, on the old St. Louis road, where 
he became the owner of eighty acres and did much 
of the clearing and development of that place. 
He was a typical New Englander, of quiet disposi- 
tion, but firm in his convictions. Mr. Birge died 
on his homestead about 1850, his wife having died 
in 1842, at the age of sixty years. She reared a fam- 
ily of seven children, and she and her husband 
were both members of the Presbyterian Church. 
In politics, Mr. Birge was a Whig, 



Mrs. Greenwood's early life was spent on the 
farm and she came here when fourteen years of 
age with her parents. She attended the district 
school in Vermont and spent several years in the 
old primitive log schools of this county after com- 
ing here. After marriage she settled here and has 
resided here ever since. Five children were 
born to her and her husband, four of whom are 
still living, namely: Elizabeth A.; Mi Hard F.; Mary, 
who became Mrs. Henry Floyd; and Rebecca, who 
became Mrs. Arthur Wait. The death of Mr. 
Greenwood occurred August 22, 1886. He had 
been a consistent member of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which his wife still holds membership. 
A Republican in politics, he was always ready to 
uphold the principles of his party. 

Mrs. Greenwood carries on the work of the 
farm with the assistance of her son, Millard F., 
in an efficient manner since her husband's death. 
She has seen the most of the development of this 
part of the county and is very well known and 
much esteemed. Her husband has been much 
lamented by the whole community, as he was a 
man whose character was above reproach in every 
way and one who served as a fit representative of 
the best class of pioneers of this county. 

^ILLIAM N. POTTER is a prominent and 
wealthy farmer of Bond County and a 
member of an old settled family. The 
beautiful home of our subject, with its trees and 
flowers, proclaims to the stranger that it is the 
abode of culture and refinement. 

The subject of this notice resides upon the farm 
where he was born, December 29, 1841. His 
father was James M. Potter, a native of Kentucky, 
who was born in 1811, and was a farmer and car- 
penter. At the latter trade he was very success- 
ful, as he was of an ingenious turn of mind, and he 
also carried on the business of running carding ma- 
chines. He came into the State about 1830 and 
into Montgomery County in 1838, but only lived 

there a short time, and then came on here. At 
this place he entered three hundred and seventy- 
five acres of prairie land from the Government, 
and then married and settled in this place in 1840. 
There were many deer and wolves in this region 
at this time, but Mr. Potter was no hunter and he 
did not molest them as they seemed afraid of him. 
Here he built a frame house and made the first 
improvement on the land. 

James Potter raised considerable stock, but at 
that time St. Louis was the nearest market; there 
were no railroads to carry anything, and it was 
necessary for the farmers to haul all their produce 
to this far distant market. This necessitated a 
trip of some four days and a camp by the way. 
His early political opinions were those of the 
Whigs and later he became a member of the Re- 
publican party and was a man of great firmness 
and determination in following what he believed 
to be right. His death took place in March, 1857. 

The mother of our subject was Malinda Paisley, 
who married James Potter September 24, 1840, 
and who was born in this township, October 13, 
1819. Her father was William Paisley, of whom 
a sketch will be found in the notice of Robert 
Paisley. Two children were reared by Mr. and Mrs. 
Potter, William N. and Nancy A. The latter mar- 
ried Robert Forsythe and lives in Logan County, 
111. Mrs. Potter is still living and resides with 
her children. 

Our subject was reared on the farm and was ed- 
ucated in the subscription schools and then at- 
tended the Mt. Zion Academy for two seasons, 
during his eighteenth and nineteenth years. His 
father died when he was seventeen years old and 
he was obliged to take charge of the place himself. 
When the war broke out he was one of the first to 
enlist and joined Company E, First Illinois Cav- 
alry, and served one year, being mustered out 
at St. Louis. He was on duty all through Mis- 
souri and was in the battle of Lexington, being 
captured there, but was paroled and was mustered 
out of the army in July, 1862. In 1867 he was 
married to Miss Edia Z. Johnson, who was born 
in Hancock County, 111., November 20, 1847. Five 
children have resulted from this marriage, James 
H., Dora, Isabel, Flora and Robert. 



Our subject has three hundred and seventy-five 
acres of prairie land and has eighty acres in tim- 
ber. He has made all of the substantial improve- 
ments upon the place and now has a farm second 
to none in the county. He has raised both stock 
and grain and has a thorough understanding of 
the management of the former. In 1878 he went 
to Harvey County, Kan., and dealt in cattle and 
hogs until 1883, buying and shipping them. His 
present beautiful residence was built in 1884, when 
he also erected a large granary and buggy house. 
The home is a charming one and the people are 
worthy dwellers in it. Mrs. Potter is a lover of 
flowers and her taste is seen in the beautiful ar- 
rangement of her lawn. She is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church and a lovely Christian lady. 
In politics, Mr. Potter votes the Republican ticket 
and upholds the principles of that party. 

Almost all of the advancement in the county 
has come under the notice of Mr. Potter and he 
lias done his share toward the development of his 

, ROF. J. L. TRAYLOR. It is a fact credit- 
)' able to the character of the American peo- 
ple that in settling up the country one of 
the first objects they have endeavored to 
achieve has been that of making provision for the 
education of the youth. In the pioneer days, when 
the settlements were small and the children scat- 
tered, there was an endeavor on the part of the 
Western communities to secure for their chil- 
dren such advantages of education as were avail- 
able. Much attention was paid to this important 
subject, and that this attention has not been al- 
lowed to lessen with increase of population may 
be learned by noting the school houses that crown 
every hill-top. Prominent among those who have 
ever evinced much interest in educational matters, 
stands Prof. J. L. Tray lor, who is now the able and 
efficient Superintendent of Schools of Montgomery 
County, 111. 

Prof. Traylor is a native of this county, born in 
East Fork Township, April 7, 1858, and is a son 

of Joel C. Traylor, a native of the Blue Grass State. 
About 1844, the latter came to Montgomery 
County, 111., and located in East Fork Township, 
where he kept a general store for forty years. He 
died in April, 1887. In politics, he was a Demo- 
crat, and his first Presidential vote was for Jackson. 
He was School Treasurer for thirty years in the 
township, and was a worthy and consistent mem- 
ber of the Universalist Church. He married Miss 
Sarah Ohmart, a native of Ohio, and the daughter 
of George Ohmart, who was born in Pennsylvania. 
Mrs. Traylor came to Montgomery Countj' when 
fourteen years of age, and was married in this 
county to Mr. Traylor in 1846. She is now resid- 
ing on the old home place. The paternal grandpar- 
ents of our subject, James and Nancy (Cardwell) 
Traylor, were natives of the Old Dominion, and the 
latter was a cousin of John Randolph, of Roanoke. 
Our subject's great-grandfather, Humphrey Tra}'- 
lor, was also bora in Virginia, and was a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, serving under Shelby. 

Of the thirteen children born to his parents, ten 
sons and three daughters, seven of whom are liv- 
ing, our subject was eighth in order of birth. His 
first educational advantages were received in the 
common schools, but later he attended for ten 
weeks the old Hillsboro Academy. After this he 
started out as a teacher, and followed this profes- 
sion for fifteen years, teaching for seven and a-half 
years in Walnut Grove. He taught his last term 
there. He was very successful as an educator, and 
won an enviable reputation in that capacity. The 
happy domestic life of our subject began on the 
14th of April, 1878, when he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mary F. Hicks, a native of Tennessee. 
Five children have blessed this union, two sons 
and three daughters: Lewy, Claire, Lyman, Jessie 
and Alma. 

Mr. Traylor is a Democrat in politics, and be- 
fore reaching the age of twenty-one years he was 
elected Assessor of the township. In November, 
1890, he was elected County Superintendent of 
Schools. He is a gentleman well qualified for the 
position; he is pleasant and painstaking in his 
milliners, and has the requisite ability to properly 
conduct that business, He is at present Trustee 
of the village of Coffeen. Our subject is a mem- 
der of the Lodge No. 1,143, M. W. of A., and is 
also a member of Lodge No. 4., K. of P. He is the 
owner of forty-one acres of land, and is progress- 
1 ive and enterprising. He has ever been deeply in- 
terested in educational work, and since his nine- 
teenth year has devoted his time to this work. 




0^ THE 




'OHN P. DAVIS. Our subject is a native 
of Crawford Count}-, Pa., where he was 
born March 10, 1825. Without doubt, his 
parents settled in that wild portion of what 
\v.-i> then considered the West after having fol- 
lowed in the wake of Washington's expedition 
thither, when he went to inspect the French force 
preparatory to centralizing the power of the Eng- 
lish forces. The writer well appreciates the con- 
ditions of life at that time and place. Crawford 
County is among the foothills of the Alleghany 
Ridge; the winters are long and severe and the 
summers too short for such crops as the farmers 
raise here in Southern Illinois. The houses were 
built very differently then from what they now 
are, and it was not unusual for the lads snatching 
the last forty winks of their morning nap to find 
themselves in the winter time covered with a 
downy blanket of snow, which had drifted through 
the cracks and openings of the attic roof. But 
these hardships proved to have. developed a sturdy 
race of man, to whom ordinary difficulties are but 
small obstacles. 

Our subject's father was by name David G. 
Davis, and his mother's maiden name was Rhoda 
Craven. The former died in Crawford County, 
Pa. The widow removed to Montgomery County, 
this State, where she passed away. Of a family of 
ten children, John P. was the eldest. He was 
reared upon the home farm in his native county 
and State, remaining there until twenty-one years 
of age. Thence he went to Wilmington, Del., and 
during his residence in that State made good his 
time in learning the plasterer's trade, to which he 
served a faithful apprenticeship. For several years 
he engaged in his trade in Wilmington and New 
Jersey, and then returned to his native place and 
was engaged in his trade for three years. 

The West was beginning to offer most alluring 
inducements to the young men who had ambitions 
above the every-day routine, and of these oursub- 
ject was one. He came to Litchfield, this State, 
where he followed his trade for three years and 
then purchased one hundred and twenty acres on 
section 10, of North Litchfield Township. He has 
endeavored to make this his paradise on earth and 
it has been his home eyer since. IJis attention 

has been given chiefly to general farming. The 
buildings upon his place are very good, his house 
cozy and pleasant, and his barns and outhouses in 
good repair. He has added to his original pur- 
chase until his acres now number two hundred 
and sixty. 

Mr. Davis' life has been enriched by the com- 
panionship of a good wife. Her maiden name was 
Ann Dolbow, and she is a native of Salem 
County, N. J., where she was born June 23, 1820, 
the daughter of Gabriel and Mary Dolbow. Our 
subject and his wife have reared six children to 
lives of usefulness and honor. The eldest child 
died in infancy. The remaining ones are: George 
D., Gideon S., Wesley C., Orlenna, Charles O. 
and William J. Orlenna is the wife of S. R. 
Blackwelder. Two sons and a daughter reside in 
Pratt County, Kan. 

The original of this sketch has been a faithful 
custodian of several of the minor offices in the gift 
of the township. In politics, he is a Democrat, 
and likes to think of the principles of his party in 
the beauty and simplicity of its originator. Both 
our subject and his wife are members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and have found great 
comfort in the social as well as religious associa- 
tions there encountered. 

(IIOMAS G. LAWS. Among the shrewd, 
successful and far-seeing young business 
men of this section is Mr. Thomas G. Laws, 
whose life of industry and usefulness and whose 
record for honesty and uprightness have given 
him a hold upon the community which all might 
well desive to share. He is a native-born resident 
of Montgomery County, 111., his birth occurring 
in East Fork Township December 5, 1851, and the 
reputation he has enjoyed has been not only that 
of a wide-awake, thorough-going business man, but 
of an intelligent and thoroughly-posted man in all 
public affairs. He is engaged in merchandising 
in C'offeen, and is also a live-stock nn(\ grain 
dealer of considerable prominence, 



Mr. Laws is the eldest son and second child born 
to William and Mary (McCaslin) Laws, both na- 
tives of Kentuck3', the father born in Todd and 
the mother in Caldwell County. After their mar- 
riage, the parents settled in a little round-log 
house on sixty acres of raw land, and immediately 
began making improvements. They experienced 
all the hardships of pioneer life, and lived to see 
the wilderness blossom like the rose. They now 
have a very comfortable home, and are enjoying 
the accumulations of previous years. Nine chil- 
dren were born to their union: Sarah E.,our sub- 
ject, Lucinda M., Alfred W., Fielding F., Mary E., 
Charles L., William II., and Albert P. (deceased). 
All these children were reared on the old home 
place. The father is a Republican in his political 
views, takes an active part in all the laudable en- 
terprises, and is a public-spirited citizen. 

The youthful days of our subject were spent on 
the home place, and in addition to a common-school 
education he entered the Hillsboro Academy, 
where his education was completed. He remained 
under the parental roof until his marriage in April, 
1873, to Miss Sarah McCurry, a native of Mont- 
gomery County, 111. She died in 1878. leaving 
two sons, Clement and William, both at home at 
the present time. The second marriage of our sub- 
ject was to Miss Nellie Wesner, a native of Fayette 
County, 111. This union has been blessed by the 
birth of four children, two sons and two daugh- 
ters: Mary, Ralph, Gladys and Vivian. 

Our subject followed farming in East Fork 
Township for many years, and as he had been 
reared and trained to the duties of farm life from 
an early age, and understood every detail of the 
same, it was not to be wondered at that he was suc- 
cessful in that pursuit. However, he moved to 
Donnellson in 1880, embarked in the grain busi- 
ness, and remained there until 1889, when he 
moved to Coffeen, where he engaged in the live- 
stock and grain business. Later, he started a gen- 
eral store in connection with his other business, 
and is doing a very successful and prosperous busi- 
ness. He ships to Toledo, Baltimore and many 
other points, and is one of the leading men of the 
county. He owns five buildings in Coffeen and 
the' best business block in the village. He is 

widely and favorably known in the county, and 
fully merits the success which has attended all his 
enterprises. Like his father, he is a stanch sup- 
porter of the principles of the Republican party 
and a useful and prominent citizen. Socially, he 
is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America 
and the Knights of Pythias. 

OHN C. McLEAN, ESQ., is one of the most 
prominent and progressive farmers of the 
section in which he lives, as well as an hon- 
ored veteran of the late war. He resides in 
Lagrange Township, Bond County, and was born 
in Montgomery County, 111., June 13, 1843. His 
father, William R. McLean, was born in North Car- 
olina in 1823, and his grandfather was William 
McLean, a native of Scotland, who came to this 
country and settled in Guilford County, N. C., 
about 1800. He carried on farming there and died 
at an advanced age. 

The father of our subject was reared on a farm 
and came to Montgomery County in 1841, mak- 
ing the trip of course by wagon. Here he entered 
eighty acres of Government land and built a small 
frame house. This was one of the very first 
erected on the prairie in Hillsboro Township, and 
here he resided until his death in 1876. His gun 
was his trusty friend, and many were the deer he 
shot and the wolves he drove away. 

At his death Mr. McLean owned two hundred and 
forty acres of land which he had worked hard to 
secure and cultivate. His nearest market was St. 
Louis and to that city all grain and pork had to 
be hauled, and this necessitated a trip of five days 
with a night camp by the way. In 1876, he died, 
at the age of fifty-three years, after a useful 
and honest life. His religious convictions made 
him a Calvinist, and very strict was he in his 
ideas of right and wrong. In politics, he was 
a Whig, and later became a Republican, and at- 
tended to his duties as a citizen as faithfully as 
he performed every act of his life. 



Tlie mother of our subject, Emily J. Barry, 
was horn in Kentucky, the State that is noted 
for its beautiful women, and she was brought to 
Montgomery County when only a little girl. Her 
family consisted of ten children, and seven of 
these grew up. They are: John C., Samuel II., 
Nancy J., Mary J., Joseph R., Melissa J.and Ida E. 
This worth}- lady is still living honored among 
her children, a devoted member of the Presbyter- 
ian Church. Her father was Richard Barry, a na- 
tive of Kentucky of German extraction. His set- 
tlement in Montgomery County was among the 
h'rst made there, and he became the possessor of two 
hundred acres of land before his death. 

Our subject was reared on a farm and attended 
the old log schoolhouse with its primitive appli- 
ances for educating the young of that day, and 
he was among the most studious of the pupils. 
When the Civil War broke out he was among 
the first to spring to the defense of his land, 
and Octobsr 1, 1861, he enlisted in Company E, 
Forty-ninth Illinois Infantry, and was mustered 
in at St. Louis and served in the Western divi- 
sion of the army. He was one of the valiant men 
who fought at Ft. Donelson, and Pittsburg Land- 
ing, and siege of Corinth, and then was put on 
patrol duty along the railroads for a long time; 
later he was in the battle at Little Rock and in 
the Meridian campaign with Sherman, and then 
was with the Red River campaign and took pait 
in all the battles. His regiment was in the 
struggles at Cold water, Miss., later was sent on 
the Missouri campaign after Price, and then to 
Nashville after Hood, and from Columbia, Tenn., 
to Paducah, Ky., where they were permitted to re- 
main at garrison duty until the close of the war, 
when he was mustered out in September, 1865. Our 
subject is now in receipt of a $6 pension a month- 
After the war the farm seemed most attractive 
to Mr. McLean, and south of Hillsboro he carries 
on his agricultural pursuits. September 27, 1867, 
he married Miss Sarah E. Laws, who was a native 
of Montgomery County, and eight children have 
been added to the family, although Emma and Jes- 
sie are numbered with the dead. Those living are 
Freddie, Bertie, Clarence, Estic, Samuel and Char- 
ley. Our subject settled upon sixty acres of the 

old homestead and bought sixty acres more where 
he lived -until 1881, when he sold there and 
bought his present place in the spring of that 
year. Here he has one hundred and sixty acres, 
and about all of it is improved and our subject has 
done the most of the clearing of it. He raises 
grain and fine stock and not only farms his own 
one hundred and sixty but about as much more 
which he rents. 

Mr. and Mrs. McLean are members of the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian Church and in that connec- 
tion are highly regarded. In his political belief 
he is a Republican and he has been in his present 
office of Justice of the Peace for the past four 
years. Also he is one of the three Road Commis- 
sioners, having miles of road to oversee and is 
now serving his third term in that office. He is 
connected with the Grand Army of the Republic 
Post in Greenville, and is one of the most highly 
regarded men of his section, his friends being- 

QUIRE J. AV. WIIITLOCK. Prominently 
engaged in the real-estate, loan and in- 
surance business in this city is Squire 
J. W. Whitlock, who is well established, 
and who has earned a well-merited reputation for 
the conscientious and efficient manner with which 
he conducts all affairs entrusted to his care. Al- 
though our subject has only been established here 
since 1890, his business has already taken a very 
important hold upon the community, for in the 
very nature of things it was impossible that a 
man of such calibre as Mr. Whitlock could en- 
gage in any business without making an indel- 
ible impression upon the favorable opinion of 
the residents and business men of the locality. 
His business is far-reaching in its nature, and he 
has always on his list a number of very choice 
lots for investment. In insurance matters he is 
well to the front, is agent for some of the lead- 



ing companies, and can always quote premiums 
at lowest rates. 

Our subject was born in Montgomery County, 
Ohio, near Brookville, January 4, 1839, and was 
fifth in order of birth of seven children born to 
Elias and Mary (Johnson) Whitlock, the father a 
native of New Jersey, born in the year 1797, and 
the mother a native of Delaware, born in 1805. 
Our subject's grandfather, William Whitlock, 
came to Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1810, when there 
was but one hotel in the city, and later located on 
a farm about twelve miles from the city, where 
he remained during the remainder of his life. 
Luke Johnston, the maternal grandfather of Squire 
Whitlock, was an early settler of Hamilton County, 
Ohio, locating there about 1810. 

Elias Whitlock was reared in his native State, 
but came to Ohio witli his father, and was mar- 
ried in that State, in 1827, to Miss Johnston, who 
was reared in Hamilton County, Ohio. Later, this 
ambitious young couple settled in Montgomery 
County, Ohio, on entered land, and there con- 
tinued to make their home until 1870, when they 
moved to Piqua, Miami County, Ohio, and there 
passed the remainder of their days, the father Ay- 
ing in 1880, and the mother in 1886. Of the 
seven children born to them, six sons and one 
daughter, all reached mature years, married and 
became the heads of families. All are now living 
but one daughter, Sarah, who died in 1888. The 
other children are: Isaac J., at Piqua, Ohio; Will- 
iam, Professor of the Ohio University, of Dela- 
ware; Stephen II., pastor of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church at Clinton, 111.; John W., our 
subject; Arthur O., who resides four miles east of 
C'offeen and is a farmer; and Rev. Elias D., of Del- 
aware, pastor of William Street Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. 

The youthful days of our subject were spent on 
the home place in Ids native county, and his first 
educational advantages were received in the dis- 
trict schools. Later, he attended the Normal 
School at Piqua, Ohio, and when eighteen years 
of age began learning the carpenter's trade. This 
he followed until the breaking out of the late war, 
when he enlisted in Company C, Fifteenth United 
>States Infantry, as a private. He was wounded in 

the battle of Shiloh, in 1862, by a canister-shot 
and was disabled from further duty. lie was dis- 
charged in 1863, and returned to his home in the 
Buckeye State. In the year 1865, lie was mar- 
ried to Miss Emma Fiet, a native of Montgomery 
County, Ohio, and remained in that State until 
1872. when ho decided to move to Montgomery 
County, 111. After reaching the Prairie State, he 
located in Hillsboro,and there engaged in the car- 
penter's trade, which he followed for four years. 
In 1876, Mr. Whitlock moved his family toCof- 
feen, where he now resides, and was engaged in 
liis trade until 1890, when he embarked in the 
real-estate business. He is also connected with 
the Safety Loan Association, of St. Louis, and is 
carrying on a successful business. In politics, he 
is a Republican and an active worker for his party. 
He was elected Justice of the Peace in 1890, and 
is also Notary Public. Mr. and Mrs. Whitlock are 
consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Their union has been blessed by the 
birth of six children, three sons and three daugh- 
ters, as follows: Lizzie H., wife of W. II. Snider, 
of Coffeen; Mary, deceased; Wesley W., of Cof- 
feen; Maggie, deceased; Orvis B., of Coffeen; and 
Charley J., at home. 

I? GUIS SEDENTOP. It is an undeniable 


I (@ truth that the life of any man is of great 
l> -AX benefit to the community in which he re- 
sides, when all his efforts are directed toward ad- 
vancing its interests, and when he lives according 
to the highest principles of what he conceives to 
be right, helping others and practicing the Golden 
Rule in very truth. Such a man is Louis Sedentop, 
who is a self-made, prosperous and leading citizen 
of BoisD' Arc Township, where he has resided 
for forty years. His name has become a familiar 
one to the people of Montgomery County, as well 
as the surrounding counties, and his genial and 
sincere nature, no less than the occupations and 
enterprises in which he lias been engaged, has 
tended to bring about tljjs result, He is the 



founder of the thriving village of Farmersville, 
and much credit is due him for its present pros- 
perity. Without a doubt, he has done more for 
the village than any living man, and is possessed 
of strong convictions and the courage to maintain 
any position he may take. 

Mr. Sedeutop was born in Brunswick, Germany, 
May 3, 1835, and his parents, Christopher and 
Dora Sedentop, were natives also of the Father- 
land. In the year 1852, when not yet of age, 
young Sedentop decided to cross the ocean to 
America. He took passage at Bremen, and fifty 
days later landed at New Orleans. From there he 
went up the Mississippi River to St. Louis, which 
was then a small town, and was engaged in differ- 
ent occupations there. During the winter, he 
came to the Sucker State, and in the spring of 
1853 stopped in Macoupin County for about three 
months. I n 1853, he came to Montgomery County, 
this State, with only about $10 in money. 
For several years he worked as a farm hand and 
was obliged to work very hard to get a start. He 
had received a good education in the German 
language in his native country, and after coming 
here he acquired a fair knowledge of the English 

His marriage with Miss Honora Leonard was 
celebrated on the 16th of March, 1859. She was 
born on the green isle of Erin, County Limerick, 
and was the daughter of Patrick and Catherine 
Leonard, both natives of Ireland. She came to 
America in 1857. This union resulted in the 
birth of the following children: Jane, wife of 
Charles Clark; Josephine, Dennis, William, Dora, 
Katie, Maggie, Nora, and Louis M. (deceased). 
For seven years Mr. Sedentop worked as a farm 
hand for Frank Fassett, who resided near Zanes- 
ville, 111., and subsequently rented land of the 
same man for over three years. During this time, 
by industry and economy, he had accumulated 
considerable means and lie then purchased eighty 
acres in Macoupin Count}'. This land was un- 
cultivated and he went earnestly to work to im- 
prove and develop it. After remaining on it for 
three years, he removed to Montgomery County, 
and first settled on eighty acres one-half mile west 
of his present farm in the spring of 1869. 

All Mr. Sedentop's accumulations are the result 
of years of hard labor, for he is a self-made man 
in the true sense of the term, and his possessions 
have been obtained by industry, economy and 
perseverance on the part of himself and his most 
estimable wife. Me has made all the improve- 
ments on his fine farm, and on this the present 
village of Farmersville was started and laid out in 
1887, Mr. Sedentop being the promoter of the 

When our subject first came to America, he was 
a Lutheran, but since his marriage he has joined 
the Roman Catholic Church, of which his wife is 
also a member. In politics, he is an ardent Demo- 
crat, and takes an active interest in the success of 
his party. He is public-spirited and enterprising, 
and takes a deep interest in everything pertaining 
to the public good. Mr. Sedentop is prominently 
identified with the stock-raising interests of the 
county, and is raising a fine grade of sheep. All 
his farming operations are conducted in a manner 
showing him to be a man of excellent judgment 
and much good sound sense. He has met with the 
success attending perseverance and industry, and 
is now one of the substantial men of the county. 
His broad acres and his pleasant and attractive 
home are a standing monument to his industry and 
good management. He is one of the most intelli- 
gent, self-made men of Montgomery County, and 
in every walk of life has conducted himself in an 
upright and honorable manner. 

ies ago it was said that a " prophet is not 
without honor save in his own country." 
This, however, seems to have lost its force 
in the present generation in America, for talent 
and genius are recognized very quickly and fos- 
tered, and, it is to be regretted, flattered, until some 
times the divine spirit is lost in egotism. 

Mr. Kessinger, who is the editor of the Litch- 
field Monitor, is one of the best products of the 



city and one of which the city is very proud. He 
was born here September 25, 1867, and is a son of 
Thomas G. Kessinger, who was a prominent set- 
tler and located here at an early Any. Mr. Kes- 
singer, Sr., was born in Grayson County, Ky., 
January 1, 1832, his family being of German ori- 
gin. Grandfather Josiah Kessinger. who is eighty 
years old, still lives twelve miles southeast of 
Litchfield. On first coming to this State, he set- 
tled near Scottville, Macoupin County, in 1837. 
There he resided for some time, engaged in farm- 

Our subject's father made his home for a num- 
ber of years with his uncle, William B. Peebles, of 
Shaw's Point Township, and while there learned 
the blacksmith's trade. He married Miss Rebecca 
Cheney, of Macoupin County, but born in New 
York May 5, 1834. After his marriage he settled 
in Zanesville, this county, and was emplo3'ed at his 
trade. He came here in 1856, when the country was 
crude, the village having been platted in 1854. 
Here he established a blacksmith shop. He was 
in early days an Abolitionist, at a time when there 
were few with those views here, and when it cost a 
man considerable to maintain his views. In 1870, 
he engaged in the general merchandise business 
and labored actively until near the time of his 
death, which occurred May 16, 1890. He left a 
widow and two children: Josiah S., now a mer- 
chant of Raymond, and our subject. 

Samuel Kessinger acquired his early education 
while under the home roof, and then attended 
Blackburn University at Carlinville, 111. lie as- 
sumed proprietorship of the Monitor March 1, 
1887, he being at that time the youngest editor in 
the State of Illinois. Mr. Kessinger carried on 
the main work of the sheet until September 1, 
1891, when he became sole owner. The paper is 
now an eight -page, six-column quarto. It is based 
upon the Republican principles as far as politics are 
concerned, but, first of all, is a newsy sheet. It 
has a wide circulation through the western part 
of Montgomery County, and also through the 
eastern part of Macoupin County. 

Our subject became a benedict June 27, 1888, at 
which time he was united in marriage to Miss Bes- 
sie Caldwell, of Zanesville, daughter of Dr. G. W. 

Caldwell. Two children brighten and gladden 
their home, a boy named Harold, and a little girl 
called Ruth. Both Mr. and Mrs. Kessinger are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The 
latter, like her husband, is a graduate of Blackburn 

Iff AMES T. STANSIFER. One of the most 
prominent men in the city of Litchfield, 111., 
is the gentleman whose well-known name 
opens this sketch. He represents the city 
as Alderman from the Third Ward, and is a mem- 
ber of the real-estate, insurance and loan firm of 
Wood & Stansifer. 

James T. Stansifer was born in Florence, Boone 
County, Ky., October 24, 1842. He was the son of 
Henry and Lucy (Richardson) Stansifer. and 
passed his childhood daj's there beneath the pa- 
rental roof. His father followed the occupation of 
carpenter, and was a man much respected in his 
community. His last days were spent in Boone 

The early education of our subject was obtained 
in Boone County, but at the age of fourteen years 
he left school and went to Auglaize Count}-, Ohio, 
and located at Wapakoneta, and remained in that 
town for a space of two years. He then came to 
Centralia, 111., in the winter of 1860, and there en- 
listed in Company C, Twenty-second Illinois In- 
fantry, at first for State service and then for the 
three years of the war. He was sent to Cairo, 
Bird's Point, and then with the Anny of the Missis- 
sippi to New Madrid and Island No. 10. He was 
through the siege of Corinth (promoted to be Sec- 
ond Lieutenant), and was at Nashville under Gen. 
Palmer, and was then put into McCook's Division 
of Sheridan's Corps. He went through the 
Stone River campaign, and was one of the brave 
unfortunates who were wounded on the bloody 
field of Chickamauga. He was then discharged 
from the army for disabilitj^ after a long and pain- 



ful time in the hospital. This release was obtained 
February 27, 1804, and he then became a farmer 
in Montgomery County in this State. This occu- 
pation he carried on until August 1, 1890, when 
lie went into his present partnership with Mr. 
Wood in the insurance and loan business. 

Mr. Stansifer still owns a farm of one hundred 
and forty acres in Zanesville Township, which is 
well managed, although the residence of Mr. Stan- 
sifer is in Litchfield. He is also part owner of the 
Wood <fe Stansifer Addition, and is a stockholder 
in the Homestead Loan Association. He is a man 
of good business qualifications, and stands high in 
the commercial circles of the count}'. 

On November 18, 1866, Miss Abigail Barnett, 
of Barnett, Montgomery County, 111., became Mrs. 
James T. Stansifer, and three interesting children 
have been added to the household. They are 
Stephen H., Minnie and Albert R., all fine repre- 
sentatives of the Prairie State. 

The family of Mr. Stansifer are consistent mem- 
bers of the Christian Church and followers of the 
moral precepts promulgated by the great and good 
founder, Alexander Campbell. The war record of 
our subject is a fine one, and will be remembered 
by his companions in arms as well as by those who 
have profited by the sacrifices he made. The true 
American can never grow indifferent toward her 
veteran soldiers. 

, ANIKL P. WOODMAN. One of the most 
useful men in a community is the lum- 
berman and the honest dealer in all build- 
ing supplies. The original of the name 
that opens this sketch carries on a business in lum- 
ber, cement and builder's hardware in the town of 
Litchfield, 111. He has been located in this place 
since 1861, and has been very successful in his 
business ventures here. 

Mr. Woodman was born in Newbury, Essex 
County, Mass., September 11, 1834, and was the 
son of Sewall and Ilulda (Perley) Woodman. His 

father was engaged in farming and was also a 
stone-builder and contractor, and took contracts 
for stone-work on dams and on coasts and in in- 
teriors. The grandfather was also a workman of 
the same kind, and it was he who built the Boston 
milldam. The father, Sewall. remained with his 
wife in the old home in Massachusetts and died 
there in 1888, a just man, well known and re- 
spected. His wife only survived him three weeks. 
Our subject obtained his education at Dummer 
Academy, a preparatory school, and after he fin- 
ished his course he came to St. Louis. There he 
engaged as a clerk in a wholesale house, dealing in 
dry goods and straw goods, and in this place he 
remained for four years. He then changed his 
location, but not his business. He went into the 
same kind of business in Louisville, Ky., and re- 
mained with that establishment for a number of 
years and only left it in July, 1861, to come to 
Litchfield. He was pleased with the appearance 
of the place and remained until 1863, when he 
went to Alton and opened a lumber yard with R. 
G. Perley, which continued for sixteen years. 
Then the Litchfield yard was operated until 1879, 
when Mr. Perley died, and our subject became sole 
owner of the yard until he disposed of it in 1889. 
It is a large plant and the most importa'nt one in 
this part of the county. II was bought by the 
Litchfield Lumber Company and will be carried 
on by them. Since the sale Mr. Woodman has 
been settling up his business, which in a long 
career has grown irksome. lie has been interested 
in many enterprises in this little city, one of them 
being the Car Company. He was a stockholder in 
the Beach, Davis & Co.'s Bank and in the Litch- 
field Coal Company, and was among the first of 
those who took stock. He was trusted with sup- 
plying the furnishings of many of the large build- 
ings in the town, and sold the most of the mate- 
rial for the large mills. 

Mr. Woodman has been one of the useful men 
of the community. He has acceptably held the 
position of Alderman of the Third Ward, and has 
been a member of the Library Board, and was on 
the School Committee when he was in the Coun- 
cil, as he was known to favor all educational mat- 
ters. He was not brought up under the shadow of 



Boston without feeling her influence. His mar- 
riage to Miss S. M. Knowlton, of Bunker Hill, 
111., whose grandfather commanded Connecticut 
troops at Bunker Hill, Mass., was the happiest 
event in his life, and three children have been 
born to them, but only one of these is now living, 
named Mary P. 

f| AMES B. McDAVID, President of the Cof- 
feen Coal Company, and a prominent agri- 
I culturist, stock-raiser and large land-holder 
of Montgomery County, 111., may be truth- 
fully said to know and be known by almost 
every individual in his section of the country. 
He is a native of the soil, and was born in East 
Fork Township, March 31, 1821, and for over 
sixty-five continuous years resided upon or within 
a few miles of the old family homestead, which 
his father located in 1819, and which has since 
been known as McDavid 's Point. 

The ancestors of our subject settled at an early 
day in Virginia. His grandfather, Patrick Mc- 
David, was a millwright by trade, and was sup- 
posed to be a Scotchman by birth. William Mc- 
David, father of James B., born in 1790, left the 
Old Dominion when about sixteen years of age 
and went to Missouri, journeying afterward lo 
Tennessee. During the next twelve years, he passed 
much of his time in warfare. He was a man of strong 
principles, earnest in his convictions and unswerv- 
ing in duty. Those who are familiar with the rec- 
ord of his life know he fought bravely in the War 
of 1812, and again in 1815 at the battle of New 
Orleans, nor did he fear to face the savages in the 
noted Black Hawk War. 

Peace having been declared, William McDavid 
took unto himself a wife, and, traveling by slow 
stages to Montgomery County, entered one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land in East Fork Town- 
ship. He paid the Government for his claim in 
two installments and built a little log house in 
which James B. was born. In this humble home 

the old pioneer lived for forty-six years, and died 
there in February, 1866. His death was a loss to 
the entire community, with whose public affairs he 
had so long been identified. He was a County Com- 
missioner two terms, always took an active interest 
in politics, and was ever a firm Jackson man. In 
religious belief he was a Presbyterian. 

The maiden name of our subject's mother was 
Elizabeth Johnson. She was born in Ohio, Sep- 
tember 20, 1800. Sharing all the privations of a 
pioneer life, she yet lived to a good old age, pass- 
ing pe:icef ully away October 11, 1883. Her father, 
Jesse Johnson, was a Virginian and fought bravely 
in the Black Hawk War. William and Elizabeth 
McDavid had nine children and all but one grew 
to manhood and womanhood in the little log 
cabin. William C., the eldest, resides in East 
Fork Township, near his birthplace. James B. is 
the subject of our sketch. John T. has a pleasant 
home in Irving Township. Jesse J. and Nancy were 
twins, and the former fought in the Mexican war. 
In 1852 he crossed the country to California. For 
nine years no tidings of him have reached his 
early home. Nancy was the wife of John H. 
Barringer. Emily J. married Joshua II. Wilson. 
Harriet M. became the wife of William B. Polland. 
Thomas W. is yet living on the old homestead. 
The daughters are all dead. 

James B. obtained a rudimentary education in 
the subscription school of the pioneer settlement. 
He assisted his father at farming until twenty- 
seven years of age. He was married February 29, 
1848, to Miss Mai'3' A. Burke, daughter of Andrew 
and Rachael Burnett Burke. Mrs. McDavid was 
born in Smith County, Tenn., December 26, 
1827. Her parents removed to Montgomery 
Count3 r when Mary was but two years old. Mr. 
and Mrs. McDavid settled upon a farm within 
sight of the old home, but in 1887 removed to 
Hillsboro where they now reside. 

They have but one child, William A., born in 
1854. This gentleman manages a Keeley Insti- 
tute at Carbondale. His wife was Miss Martha J. 
Wilson. Their son Joseph is about seventeen 
years old. Our subject is a large stockholder in 
the Loan and Trust Company's Bank of Hillsboro 
and together with his son and nephew holds the 











controlling interest in the Coffeen Coal Company. 
Mr. McDavid has three fine farms all under culti- 
vation and owns one hundred and sixty acres of 
timber. He presented his son with a one hundred 
and sixty acre tract some time ago. 

James B. McDavid is a Democrat and held the 
official position of County Treasurer ten years. 
He was County Assessor the same length of time 
and was the Township Assessor for two seasons. 
In the discharge of his public duties he was ever 
prompt and faithful. Our subject is a Mason, 
member of Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 51, Hills- 
boro. He and his wife are Presbyterians and in 
both social and church relations occupy a high 

YRUS H. JORDAN. Elsewhere in this vol- 
ume is given a biographical sketch of two 
of the brothers of our subject with an out- 
line of the family history, therefore we will con- 
fine ourselves in this account to the personal his- 
tory of our subject. He is a resident in Pitman 
Township, Montgomery Count}', having a fine 
farm on section 24. Although a native of Mary- 
land, the major portion of his life has been spent 
in the locality where he now resides. During the 
years that have elapsed since he reached a think- 
ing age, he has seen many changes, not only in the 
country but in the state of society and in political 

Our subject spent most of his early manhood 
days in Greene County, this State, and while still 
a lad became familiar with everything pertaining 
to agricultural work, that having been his calling 
all his life thus far. It was he who broke the 
first sod on his father's farm in Harvel Township, 
and for six seasons he ran a breaking plow, mak- 
ing ready for cultivation about three hundred and 
sixty-five acres of raw land each season. He is 
not a man who would hesitate to undertake a hard 
or disagreeable task, knowing it to be to the ad- 

vantage of the country or himself. Many are the 
pioneer scenes which he recalls, some tinged with 
humor and others pathetic in their hardship. 

The original of this sketch received his knowl- 
edge of book lore and the principles that have 
aided him in his mental development in a log 
schoolhouse in Greene County. The conditions 
under which he studied Lindley Murray, the speller 
and the old arithmetic, were such as to show that 
he appreciated the expected result, for certainly 
there was no comfort in the process of acquiring 
it. The benches were merely slabs held up by 
wooden pegs. There were no desks and no win- 
dows, the light coming from an opening made by 
the cutting out of a log. However, Mr. Jordan 
eagerly seized upon every literary production that 
came within his reach, and many were the nights 
that he read by the light of the blazing logs in the 
fireplace. It is not always the man who has at- 
tended college who has the best education, but 
rather he whose mind seizes upon truth and turns 
it to his own advantage. 

Our subject has served in several official capaci- 
ties. He has been Hoad Commissioner of Pitman 
Township, and was one of the first School Trustees. 
He is independent in his political ideas, voting for 
principle rather than part}'. His fine farm com- 
prises five hundred and eighty-five acres of land, 
where he raises most of the cereals that form the 
staples of life. He also has some good stock, for 
which he finds a ready market, and his operations 
in dealing in stock are quite extensive, as he buys 
and ships to Eastern markets. 

Mr. Jordan was married December 4, 1857, to 
Miss Jane B. Hankinson, a native of Ohio. Of 
eight children born of this union only one son 
survives, Fremont. March 29, 1882, our subjeefc 
married Miss Clara Hawley, who died June 15, 

Sr^jfeOBERT M. ANDERSON. Two years ago 

j|Wf Pitman Township, Montgomery County, 

'C!M\\ was robbed by death of one of her most 

citizens, a man whose interest was 
so wide extending in the affairs not only of his 



borne, but of the county, State and country at large, 
that his loss was greatly felt in his locality. 
It cannot but be of interest to the present genera- 
tion, as well as being a valuable lesson presented 
by the life of a good man, to here give an outline 
of his history, touching upon the salient features 
as connected with his public life. 

Mr. Anderson was a native of Alton, 111., and 
was born October 11, 1851. He was a son of Peter 
and Elizabeth Anderson, who came to Pitman 
Township as early pioneers'. The father lias been 
deceased for a number of years; the mother still 
survives, and is numbered among the oldest pio- 
neers of the county. She is a woman of strong 
and noble character, whose example and teaching 
were well repeated in the life of her son. 

Our subject came to Montgomery County with 
his parents when but a small boy. The early home 
was upon a farm, where the trials and self-denials 
incident to early pioneer life were thoroughly ex- 
perienced. He attended the district schools in the 
county, and grew up an intelligent and loyal citi- 
zen, ready to take his part in the active duties of 
life. Mr. Anderson was married, November 28, 
1880, to Miss Frances II. Stevens. The lady was 
a native of New York State, having been born 
February 23, 1854. Her parents were William H. 
and Elizabeth Stevens, both natives of New York 
State. They emigrated in 1857 to Minnesota, set- 
tling in Bcnton County, and engaging in farming 
as pioneers. 

Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Ander- 
son, four of whom are living at the present time. 
They aie Richard P., Harry, Grace and Robert. 
James is the deceased son. These children with 
the widow felt most keenly the loss of that beloved 
father and companion, to whom they owed all that 
was best and dearest in life. When the black- 
winged angel hovered over the homestead Octo- 
ber 24, 1890, and took therefrom the husband and 
father, the family was indeed bereft. The mourn- 
ing, however, was not confined to these loving 
hearts, for so highly was he esteemed in his neigh- 
borhood and locality that the grief of his passing 
away was universal. 

Of his worldly possessions Mr. Anderson left 
kis family one hundred and twenty-five acres of 

land, bearing a comfortable home. He took a 
great deal of interest in the local politics of his 
section, being an ardent Republican, who left no 
stone unturned in working for his party. Mrs. 
Anderson is a member of the Episcopal Church, and 
a most useful worker therein. Our subject's char- 
acter was noted for its integrity. He was a mem- 
ber of the Modern Workmen. In business as in so- 
cial life, he enjoyed the greatest confidence and re- 
spect of his fellow-men. Fraternally, he was a 
prominent member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and his interment was conducted in 
accordance with the rites and ceremonies of that 
order. He had been a number of times delegated 
by his fellow-citizens to represent them in county 
and State conventions. 

r/ ILLIAM A. NORTHCOTT, of Greenville, 

111., is the States Attorney of Bond County, 
and the senior member of the law firm of 
Northcott <fe Fritz. He was born January 28, 1854, 
in Murfreesboro, Tenn., and is the son of Gen. 
Robert S. and Mary C. (Cunningham) Northcott. 
The father and mother were both natives of Ruth- 
erford County, Tenn. The former received such 
limited education as could, at that early day, be 
obtained in the count}' schools. He was a man of 
great intellectual activity, well versed in all scien- 
tific and literary questions, and for many years 
prior to the outbreak of the Rebellion he was the 
editor of the Rutherford Telegraph, a newspaper of 
which he was the founder. He was a candidate 
on the Union ticket as a delegate to the State 
Convention which was to decide the question 
whether or not Tennessee should remain loyal to 
the Government. Before the assembling of this 
convention their work was anticipated by the 
Legislature of Tennessee, which was very strongly 
in favor of secession. This Legislature accordingly 
passed an ordinance by which Tennessee was placed 
on the Confederate side. Gen. Northcott's Union 
sentiments made it seem best that he should leave 



his native State, which lie therefore did, going 
North to Vevay, Ind., at which point he had rela- 
tives. Soon after the train which was hearing him 
northward had left Nashville, the authorities of 
that city received a telegram from Jefferson Davis 
to arrest him, but, luckily for Gen. Northcott and 
his friends, the telegram came too late. 

After a few months' residence in Indiana, at the 
request of Senator Carlisle, of West Virginia, Gen. 
Northcott removed to Clarksburg, in that State, and 
there established a newspaper which he named the 
Clarksburg Telegraph, and which is still in existence. 
Gov. Pierpont, of West Virginia, gave Gen. North- 
cott a commission as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Twelfth West Virginia Regiment. He was taken 
a prisoner of war in the battle of Winchester, and 
was confined for nine months in Libby Prison. 
Since his release, he has written many articles de- 
scribing his captivity. While he was there con- 
fined. Gen. Straight, of Indianapolis, and many 
others made their memorable escape from the 
prison by means of a tunnel. Gen. Northcott had 
assisted in planning and digging the tunnel, but 
at the time of the escape was unable to reap the 
fruit of his labor on account of being very ill and 
confined to his bed. He was afterward exchanged 
with other prisoners and was breveted Brigadier- 
General by the President, and at one time com- 
manded a brigade in the same division with Pres- 
ident Hayes. 

After the close of the war, Gen. Northcott took a 
prominent part in the politics of West Virginia and 
was elected a delegate to the National Republican 
Conventions of 1868 and 1872. For a period of ten 
years, extending from 1868 to 1878, he was Regis- 
trar in Bankruptcy for the District of West Virginia. 
He was an Aid-de-Camp on the staff of Gen. Fair- 
cliilds, Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, and is at present a member of the 
National Executive Council of that organization. 
He still resides at Clarksburg, W. Va., at the ad- 
vanced age of sevent3 r -three years, and has retired 
from active business. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was Ho- 
sea Northcott, who was born in Wilmington, N. C., 
and was a brother of Benjamin Northcott, a Meth- 
odist minister of note who lived in Kentucky. Ho- 

sea Northcott settled in Tennessee in an early day, 
and was present at the famous duel between Pres- 
ident Jackson and Richardson, in which affair he 
always blamed the former very much for his action. 
He never voted for the Democratic party during 
his lifetime and his illustrious example lias been 
followed by his son and grandson. Hosea North- 
cott was a nephew of James Northcott, of England, 
a somewhat celebrated writer of fables. His father, 
William Northcott, emigrated from England to 
North Carolina, and from him are descended the 
numerous families of that name now living in the 
United States. 

The mother of William A. Northcott, who bore 
the name of Mary Cunningham before her mar- 
riage, was of Scotch ancestry. Her father, Dr., 
Cunningham, died when she was quite young. 
She was next to the youngest in a large family. 
One of her older brothers was a soldier in the War 
of 1812 and fought with Jackson at New Orleans. 
Septimus, her youngest brother, was a soldier in 
the Mexican War and has never been heard from 
since that time. It has never been known whether 
he was killed in battle or taken prisoner. Her 
eldest brother, James, like her father, belonged to 
the medical profession, and died at Mount Vernon, 
111., at the age of seventy-six years, leaving several 
children who now reside in that Stale. Mrs. 
Northcott's mother was a cousin of Mrs. Gen. 
Logan, who also bore the name of Mary Cunning- 
ham before her marriage with the General. Mrs. 
Northcott was a woman of great energy and cour- 
age. While her husband was in the army and a 
prisoner, she took care of her little family and so 
carefully managed her finances as to accumulate 
enough money to purchase a home out of the sal- 
ary which her husband sent to her. That home- 
stead is still owned by the family. Her death oc- 
curred on the 5th of August, 1881, after an illness 
of several months. 

The subject of this sketch, William A. Northcott, 
is said to resemble his mother very much in phy- 
sical appearance and is fortunate enough to pos- 
sess in a great degree her energy and concentration 
of purpose. From his father he inherited a taste 
for literature, public speaking and writing. He 
attended school at the Northwestern Academy, in 



Clarksburg, W. Va., until thirteen years of age. 
He was then a page in the State Senate at Wheel- 
ing, W. Va., for two years, and there cultivated his 
taste for public speaking and his love of parlia- 
mentary debate. In September, 1869, he entered 
the United States Naval Academy, at Annapolis, 
Md., where he remained until June, 1873. During 
this time, he made several voyages on the Atlantic, 
visiting parts of Europe, the Madeira Islands, and 
also going to portions of British America. From 
1873 to 1877, he taught school and studied law at 
Clarksburg, W. Va. In July, 1877, he was admitted 
to the Bar and after practicing law with consider- 
able success in that State, he removed in June, 
1879, to Greenville, 111., where he has engaged in 
the practice of law up to the present time. In 
1888, the President appointed him as Supervisor 
of the Census for the Seventh District of Illinois, 
which position he filled to the great satisfaction 
of the department, and for his services received a 
very complimentary letter from Supt. Walker. 
In April, 1882, our subject was elected States 
Attorney of Bond County, which position he still 
holds. In June, 1890, the President selected him 
to serve as a member of the Board of Visitors of 
the United States Naval Academy. On this com- 
mission were such distinguished men as Admiral 
Kimberly, Senators Hale and Blackburn, Congress-* 
men Boutclle, Wallace, Rush and others. At the 
same time the newly-elected Senator of New 
Hampshire, Mr. Galliuger, also served on this 
board. Mr. Northcott was selected as the orator 
to deliver the address to the graduating class by 
the vote of this board. This was a high honor to 
be thus selected from such distinguished men. So 
well did Mr. Norlhcott fulfill the task assigned 
him that his address was generally considered to 
be one of the finest ever delivered on such an oc- 
casion. It was published and favorably com- 
mented upon in most of the leading papers of 
the country. He is an orator of considerable 
note and is always active on the stump in ever}' 
campaign in behalf of the Republican party. In 
1884, he spoke at Centralia and Belleville with 
Gen. Logan and was continuously in the campaign 
of that year and also in that of 1888. He be- 
lieves strongly in the protective tariff and in the 

principle that the right of the Federation is superior 
to the right of the State. While he is earnestly 
devoted to the Republican part}', he is not a rad- 
ical partisan and is so fair in his relations to his 
Democratic acquaintances that he has always polled 
a large Democratic vote in his political contests. 

As a lawyer, Mr. Northcott is very successful, 
being earnest and indefatigable in his labors for 
his clients, and by this means he is enabled to win 
in a large majority of cases, and is engaged on 
one side or the other of nearly every case on the 
docket of courts in this county. He also takes an 
active part in the real-estate business and is one of 
the hardest workers in Greenville, but he has his 
various business interests so systematized that they 
are all conducted in a proper manner. 

In March, 1880, Mr. Northcott married Julia A. 
Dressor, the daughter of Nathaniel Dressor, the 
largest land-owner of Bond County and President 
of the First National Bank of Greenville. Mrs. 
Northcott departed this life on the 15th of March, 
1881, leaving an infant son who is still living. In 
September, 1882. our subject married his present 
wife, whose maiden name was Ada Stoutzenburg, 
of Marine, 111., and by this union has been born 
one child, Amy Allen, now five years old. The 
child of the former marriage is Nathaniel Dressor 
Northcott. Our subject and his worthy lady have 
a very pleasant home and they delight to enter- 
tain their many friends and visitors. Mrs. North- 
cott is a musician of considerable reputation and 
comes from a family noted for their musical abili- 
ties. The families of both our subject and his 
wife are members of the Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Northcott had three brothers and two sisters, 
of whom all survive with the exception of one 
sister. Mrs. Naomi Everett is the Principal of the 
High School at Huntington, W. Va. In the sum- 
mer of 1890, the readers of the Cincinnati Post 
voted for the most popular lady teacher in the 
States of Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia and Ken- 
tucky. The Post promised to give a free trip to 
Europe to the one receiving the highest number of 
votes. Mrs. Everett was the proud recipient of 
one hundred and seventy-five thousand votes and 
was therefore awarded the prize. G. A. Northcott, 
although only a young man, is at the head of a 



large clothing establishment in Ilinitington, W. Va. 
Another brother, Robert II., is Cashier of a bank 
at Akron, Colo. The youngest brother, Elliott, is 
studying law in the University of Michigan, at 
Ann Arbor. 

On the 13th of November, 1890, Mr. Northcott 
was elected Head Consul of the Modern Woodmen 
of America. This places him at the head of the 
largest fraternal insurance society in the North- 
west, comprising in its membership fifty thousand 
of the best citizens of the States of Illinois, Mich- 
igan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North and South Da- 
kota, Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas. Until the sum- 
mer of 1888, Mr. Northcott had never been a mem- 
ber of secret societies, but since that time has 
united with the Modern Woodmen of America; 
the Odd Fellows; the Masons; Knights of Pythias 
and Sons of Veterans. 

B. MONDAY, JR. The gentleman of whom 
we write is the pleasant and obliging Manager 
of the Western Union Telegraph Office at 
Litchfield, 111., and he has held this position for 
nine years. 

Our subject was born in Milledgeville, Ga., June 
17, 1863, and is the son of C. B. and Victoria 
(Bivins) Munday. His father was engaged in gen- 
eral merchandising in his native place. Our sub- 
ject went to South Carolina when he was twelve 
years old, and then by himself he made his way to 
Tipton, Ind., where his education was finished, 
lie went into the drug business while at Tipton, 
and remained there for two years, but in 1883 he 
carue to this place and engaged in telegraphing. 
He had learned this craft in South Carolina, and 
from the time of his arrival he took charge of the 
office here. He employed then three men, but now 
the business has so increased that it is necessary to 
keep a force of five men. He has charge of the dis- 
trict between Alhambra and Springfield, on the St. 
Louis & Chicago Railroad, rind the St. Louis and 
Peoria lines, There is so much activity in this dis- 

trict that the Manager finds little time for play, 
but he has so arranged his affairs that he can real- 
ize profits from other lines of business in which he 
has a silent interest. Among these we may men- 
tion the Munday Bros, and the Threshing Ma- 
chine Companies, in each of which he was one of the 
original stockholders. The former was incorpor- 
ated early in 1892 with a capital stock of $15,- 
000, and is doing a general grain and brokerage 
business. He is also interested in the two city 
Building and Loan Associations, and in the North 
and South Chicago Association, in which he is the 
Vice-president of the local board. 

Mr. Munday has taken a great interest in the 
educational affairs of the city, and at present is 
Secretary of the Board of Education. Our subject 
was married January 31, 1883, to Miss Bride 
Buscher, of Atlanta, Ind., and three bright little 
ones are now members of the family: Guy, Joseph 
and Mary. 

The Roman Catholic Church of St. Mary's 
claims the family of our subject as members. In 
his dealings with his fellow-citizens, Mr. Munday 
has shown a public spirit that has made him to be 
regarded with respect, and in his social relations 
he is one of the principal factors of Litchfield 
society. His relations with his employers have 
been of the pleasantest nature, and their reliance 
upon his fidelity and ability is shown in the 
many years of service which they have required of 

B. TRAVERS, a representative 
and stock-raiser of Pitman Town- 
ship, living on section 7, is a native of 
Dorsetshire, England, who was born December 22, 
1828, and was the son of Joseph and Eliza Travers, 
both of whom were natives of England. 

Our subject was reared to years of maturity in 
his native county and was taught the principles 
of good farming. He went to school in England, 
but was interrupted in his education, so that his 



knowledge is almost all self gained. The father 
thought that America would give the family better 
opportunities than did Britain, so they took pas- 
sage at Liverpool, England, in 1850 for the United 
States and arrived in New York City after a trip 
of twenty-four days. The "greyhounds" of the 
ocean were not yet built, and scarcely conceived of 
in the brains of the daring navigator. 

The destination of the Travers family was 
Macoupin County, and thither they came as soon 
as they landed in Illinois. They were among the 
early settlers, but the father and mother did not 
live long enough in the new land to enjoy the re- 
sults of their venture, the mother dying in 1851, 
and the father, missing her encouragement, died in 
1855. The children who survive are George B., 
Joseph, Mathew, James; Eliza, the wife of Henry 
Weiss; and Elizabeth, the widow of John Morris. 

After arriving in Illinois, our subject began 
work on a farm, and engaged with Henry Law, of 
Macoupin County, to work for $1 1 per month. 
After the death of his father, . our subject as- 
sumed the management of the family, and be- 
came their mainstay. To him they all looked 
for assistance, and nobly did he perform the 
offices of both parents. His marriage took place 
June 9, 1858, to Miss Frances J. Swafford, born 
in Kentucky, the daughter of Hiram and 
Mary (Hudspeth) Swafford, her parents being 
early settlers of Macoupin County, 111. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Travers five children were born: Albert 
E., Edwin C., George E., Frederick J., and Jennie M. 

For several years after marriage our subject 
farmed as a renter in Macoupin County, but in 
1869 he moved to Montgomery County and set- 
tled on a farm, and there he now resides. He owns 
one hundred and sixty acres of land, and this is 
a reward of honest labor. He commands the re- 
spect of all who know him and his example shows 
to others what may be accomplished in overcoming 
adverse circumstances. In his political opinions 
Mr. Travers is a Republican and always votes 
with the parly which he thinks protects the inter- 
ests of the poor man in his efforts to better his 
condition. The Patrons of Husbandry, an agri- 
cultural association, claims Mr. Travers as a valued 
member, and for twenty years he has served his 

township as School Director. For nearly two 
years he lias been the efficient Highway Commis- 
sioner of Pitman Township and for one year he 
acted as Township Collector. The success of Mr. 
Travers' life has been obtained through honest in- 
tegrity and persevering labor, and his whole career 
has marked him as a man in whom his fellow- 
citizens can take pride. 

ON. EDWARD LANE. The Buckeye State 
has given to Montgomery County, 111., 

'' many estimable citizens, but she has con- 
tributed none more highly respected, or, 
for conscientious discharge of duty in every rela- 
tion of life, more worthy of respect and esteem 
than Hon. Edward Lane, a prominent lawyer of 
Hillsboro. He is at present Congressman of the 
Seventeenth District of Illinois, and is discharg- 
ing the duties of his office with ability, fidelity 
and excellent judgment. At an early age he was 
left an orphan, and it was through his own efforts 
that he acquired a good education, his entire ca- 
reer being such as to win him the respect and 
esteem of all who are favored with his acquaint- 
ance. He is a self-made man in every sense of 
the term, and although his experience in life has 
been a varied one, it is at the same time one that 
reflects only credit upon him as a man. 

Mr. Lane is a native of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
were also his parents, John and Catherine Lane, 
both of whom are now deceased, the father dying 
when a young man, or in 1846. He was a very 
successful business man, and was engaged in mer- 
chandising in his native city at the time of his 
death. Five children were born to their union 
three daughters and two sons and all grew to 
manhood and womanhood. When but four years 
of age, our subject was left an orphan, and he 
drifted along, caring for himself, until he carne to 
Montgomery County, 111., this being when he was 
about sixteen years of age. lie first found em- 
ployment in a livery stable in Hillsboro, and then 



worked in a brickyard for some time. Realizing 
that a better education was necessary, this ambi- 
tious young gentleman entered Ilillsboro Academy, 
and by the money obtained by day work, attended 
the school for four years, thus laying the founda- 
tion for his subsequent prosperous career. 

When twenty-two years of age, young Lane 
commenced the study of law, and at the same time 
taught a country school, to furnish him with the 
necessary funds to carry on his legal studies. On 
the 1st of February, 1865, he was admitted to the 
Bar, and commenced practicing in Ilillsboro, where 
many able and eminent lawyers graced the Bar. 
Thus surrounded, the young lawyer saw the diffi- 
culties in his path, but with a zeal, earnestness and 
perseverance rarely equaled, he applied himself to 
the intricate labors of his profession, and soon 
became one of the ablest lawyers in the district. 
His superior abilities being recognized, he was 
elected City Attorney in 1867, and held that posi- 
tion several years. Two years later, he was elected 
County Judge, and held that position for four 
years. He not only acted as Judge, but he was a 
Judge in every true acceptation of the term firm, 
dignified and courteous to the members of the 
Bar, and polite, impartial and just to litigants. It 
is safe to say that no County Judge in Illinois 
ever commanded more respect, or filled the office 
with more distinguished ability. His decisions on 
legal questions alwa3 r s commanded the highest 
respect, and his clear, strong intellect and excel- 
lent command of the English language enabled 
him to make the simplest understand the principles 

In the capacity of practitioner, Judge Lane is 
eminently successful. Fluent, easy and strongly 
argumentative, his speeches to courts and juries 
rarely fail to carry conviction. In 1874, he was 
elected Supervisor, filled that office one term, and in 
1886 was elected to Congress, and is now serving his 
third term. He is an- eminent man, and an orna- 
ment to the Bench and Bar of Illinois, whose sky is 
studded with so many luminous names. Neither dur- 
ing his early struggles for an education, nor in sub- 
sequent 3'ears, has Judge Lane ever gone in debt, 
and one of his familiar sayings is. "Debt makes a 
slave of a man." lie has a beautiful residence in 

Hillsboro, a large two-story brick, of modern 
architecture, with a lovely lawn and everything to 
render one comfortable and happy. This charm- 
ing residence is presided over by his most estima- 
ble wife, formerly Miss Tucie Miller, who became 
his wife in October, 1870. She is a daughter of 
Samuel K. Miller, of Lawrenceville, 111. To Judge 
and Mrs. Lane have been born two interesting 
children a son and a daughter Guy C. and 

I AM G ARTNER, one of the most prom- 
inent and enterprising farmers of South 
Litchfield Township, resides on section 19, 
where he has a fine farm and an elegant home. 
Born in the kingdom of Prussia, on the 7th 
of November, 1845, lie passed his early youth in 
his native land. He was the youngest of the fam- 
ily of three children born unto Charles and Char- 
lotta Gartner. His father died when William 
was only six months old, and his two sisters died 
in this country. His mother married again, be- 
coming the wife of Henry Stockamp, and to them 
was born one child. 

Our subject acquired a good education in the 
schools of his native land, and in 1859, when thir- 
teen years of age, came with his mother and step- 
father to Ameiica. The family located in South 
Litchfield Township, where for a short time Will- 
iam attended the public schools, but he was soon 
obliged to begin life for himself. His mother died 
at his home in 1869. Mr. Gartner entered upon 
his business career us a farm hand, working by the 
month for five years for small wages. In 1864, 
having acquired a small capital, he made his first 
purchase of land, consisting of eighty acres, which 
formed the nucleus of his present fine farm. He 
is now one of the extensive farmers of the com- 
munity. His first home was a little frame house 
12x14 feet, and in it, with him, lived his mother 
and step-father. This dwelling still stands upon 
the farm, and, in contrast to his present beautiful 



and commodious residence, indicates the enterprise 
and well-directed efforts which have brought him 
success. From time to time he has added more 
land until now he owns four hundred acres, which 
are under a high state of cultivation. All the ac- 
cessories of a model farm may there be found, and 
the place is complete in all its appointments. 

As a companion and helpmate on life's journey, 
Mr. Gartner chose Miss Mary Schweppe, also a na- 
tive of Prussia. Their union was celebrated in 1869 
and unto them have been born two children : Henry 
W., who was born February 11, 1873, and William 
F., who was born January 5, 1877. The family are 
all members of the German Lutheran Church, and 
are highly respected people, who hold an enviable 
position in social circles. Mr. Gartner is a stanch 
Republican in politics. He has made a study of 
the history of the two parties and is an earnest 
advocate of the principles which he endorses by 
his ballot. He has filled the office of School Di- 
rector for a number of years, and the cause of edu- 
tion finds in him a warm friend. His success in 
life has all been acquired through his own efforts, 
and he certainly deserves great credit for the fact 
that through his industry and enterprise he has 
won the property which is to-day his. His exam- 
ple is well worthy of emulation, and we are pleased 
to enter this record of his life in the history of his 
adopted county. 

N. RANDLE. The first question that 
agitates a public is the question of food 
supplies, and it can but be admitted that 
the well-appointed grocery store is the 
principal factor in solving the problem. Due refer- 
ence is made to the substantial and well-conducted 
house of which Mr. Randle is the proprietor, and 
which has gained in popular favor until it is one 
of the leading concerns of the kind in the county. 
He was born in Jersey County, this State, January 
19, 1842, ou a farm near the town of JerseyyJUe, & 

son of James G. and Jennie (AVhite) Randle, the 
former being of Scotch descent. Just when his 
ancestors settled in this country is a matter of con- 
jecture, but there is little doubt that his grand- 
father, Peter Randle, was born in North Carolina 
about the close of the Revolutionary War. In 
that State, James G. Randle was also born, in 181 1, 
and in 1820 he and his parents are found on the 
bleak prairies of Illinois, near what is now Edwards- 
ville, Madison County. About the year 1832, 
they took up their abode in Jersey County, and 
here James G. was married to Miss White, who was 
born in this State, to which her parents emigrated 
from Georgia at an eariy day. Both James Randle 
and his wife lived to a ripe old age, the former 
passing to his reward in Nokomis in 1879, and the 
latter in Jersey County about 1875. 

H. N. Randle was brought up to a knowledge of 
the calling of agriculture and received a fair com- 
mon-school education. At the age of eighteen 
years, he commenced to learn the mason's trade in 
Jerseyville, which occupation he successfully fol- 
lowed in that place and in Nokomis until about 
ten years ago, when he entered the extensive 
establishment of G. S. Upstom, of Nokomis, as 
manager of his grocery department, where he con- 
tinued for eight years, his services being very sat- 
isfactory and highly appreciated by his employer. 
At the end of this time, he established himself in 
the grocery and queensware business on his own 
account and brought, besides energy and intelli- 
gence, long experience to bear, evidence of which is 
amply attested by the liberal patronage he already 
controls. To show in what high esteem he is held 
by his townsmen and fellow-citizens, it is but 
necessary to state that for four years, ending in 
the spring of 1892. he was Mayor of the town, and 
has held the office of Town Clerk, Tax Collector, 
and is at present filling the office of Assessor. He 
has always been a Republican of pronounced type, 
as was his father before him. His grandfather 
abhorred the institution of slavery so much that it 
was his chief reason for leaving his native State. 

II. N. Randle has been married twice, his first 
union being celebrated in 1864 in Jersey County, 
111., Miss Catherine Irwin, a daughter of Samuel C. 
Irwin, becoming his wife. She was born in Jersey 





County and died in 1874, leaving two children, 
one boy and one girl, the former of whom, Charles, 
is a young man of about twenty-four years of age, 
and is a jeweler of Lexington, III. The daughter, 
Nellie, is a young lady aged twenty-one years, 
and. having completed her education, is now at 
home. Miss Delia Coon became Mr. Handle's sec- 
ond wife in 1879. She was born in Jersey County, 
and is an intelligent and agreeable lady. Mr. 
Randle is active in the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows' lodge, and he is also a worthy member of 
the honorable order of the Knights of Pythias. He 
is a whole-souled, generous and public-spirited 
gentleman, and as a business man spares no effort 
to please and satisfy each and every one of his 
numerous patrons. The premises occupied by him 
are of ample dimensions and contain a fine stock of 
staple and fancy groceries, which will bear favor- 
able comparison with that displayed by any similar 
establishment in his section. Popular prices pre- 
vail and business is always done on the square. 

yMLLIAM II. BREWER, Vice-president of 
the Hillsboro National Bank, has been 
closely identified with all the active inter- 
ests of this city for more than half a century. He 
was born in Trigg County, Ky., January 4, 1826. 
His paternal grandfather, William Brewer, and his 
father, the Hon. William Brewer, were natives of 
North Carolina. Grandfather Brewer was reared 
in the old Tar State, where after his marriage he 
settled with his wife on a farm, and in that home 
a son was born in 1803, and named William. 

About 1807 the family removed to Kentucky. 
Father, mother and children, together with a few 
household effects, were slowly but safely trans- 
ported by wagon to their destination. William 
Brewer, the son, was an adept in the daily lessons 
of pioneer life and grew up a fearless, self-made 
man, well deserving the positions of trust ac- 
corded to him in later years. In those early days 
every ambitious boy desired a trade; William 

Brewer learned that of a saddle and harness- 
maker, and it is safe to say that he did his work 
faithfully and well. In Cadiz, Trigg County, he 
married Delia, daughter of Samuel Hough, a na- 
tive Virginian, but an early settler of Ohio. The 
mother of our subject was born in Virginia in 

William Brewer and his young wife lived for a 
time in Elkton, Todd County, Ky., but in 1834 
removed to Crawford County, 111., whence they 
later came to Hillsboro and settled permanently 
in Montgomery County in 1839. Mr. Brewer 
bought a general store, in which he conducted 
business for nine years, selling out at that time to 
his son, William H., who had shortly before at- 
tained his majority. 

Although retired from mercantile pursuits, Mr. 
Brewer, Sr., led a busy life. He was an ardent 
Republican and took an active interest in politics. 
He served as Justice of the Peace, was a County 
Representative, and also filled the responsible posi- 
tion of Probate Judge with honor and integrity. 
He and his wife were both members of the Meth- 
odist Church, and active in its good work. Mrs. 
Brewer died in 1859. Judge Brewer survived her 
man}' years, entering into rest in 1883. Three 
of his children lived to adult age, viz.: Sarah E., 
wife of A. A. K. Sawyer, of Hillsboro; Mary, who 
married S. M. Grubbs, of Litchfield; and William 
H., the subject of our sketch. The last-named 
finished his studies in Hillsboro Academy, and 
soon after attaining his majority became pro- 
prietor of the general store in which he transacted 
business twelve years. At the expiration of that 
time, he disposed of his store and gave his atten- 
tion to farming and stock-raising, making the han- 
dling of Short-horn cattle a specialty for a time. 

The first wife of our subject was a sisler of 
Judge Phillips. She was united in marriage with 
Mr. Brewer November 17, 1857, and died in 1867. 
She was the mother of four children, all of whom 
are deceased. Mr. Brewer's second marriage took 
place July 14, 1875. His bride was the daughter 
of G. V. Brookman and the widow of W. W. 
Brown. This estimable lady is a native of Hills- 
boro and has two children by her first marriage: 
Ellen, wife of Otto Walter, of Omaha; and J. T. 



Brown, a resident of Ilillsboro. Mr. and Mrs. 
Brewer have one daughter, Mary. 

Our subject owns five valuable farms, much of 
the land being under a high state of cultivation. 
Three hundred and sixtj'-four acres are located on 
section 14, Hillsboro Township; three hundred and 
twenty in East Fork Township; eighly on section 
26, Irving Township; about one hundred and 
twenty on section 5, Hillsboro Township; and 
eighty on section 34, Hillsboro Township. Besides 
these extensive farming properties, Mr. Brewer 
owns a valuable business block and other city 
real estate. Following in the footsteps of his hon- 
ored father, he is a Republican in politics. He is 
a worthy member and Trustee of the Methodist 
Church, one of the oldest religious organizations 
in the cit}'. Mr. and Mrs. Brewer are foremost in 
social and church enterprises, and active in all 
good works. 

NDREW B. COPELAND, who is engaged 
in general merchandizing in Walshville, 
has spent his entire life in this county, hav- 
ing the honor of being one of its native 
citizens. He was born in Grisharn Township, June 
30, 1835, and is a son of Samuel II. and Nancy 
H. (Gray) Copeland, the former a native of Ken- 
tucky, and the latter of Tennessee. Both father and 
mother came to Illinois in 1828. They were married 
in the year 1834, locating upon the farm where 
our subject was born. Their family numbered three 
daughters, but only one is now living: Elizabeth 
M., wife of A. T. Strange, who resides near AValsh- 
ville. The father of this family died in 1847, and 
the mother afterward became the wife of George 
Forehand. By their union were born four children, 
three of whom are yet living: Emma O., wife of 
G. H. Webster, of Nokomis; Unity J., wife of 
Franklin Morrison, of Sorento, Bond County; and 
George II., of Denver, Colo. 

The subject of this sketch was quite delicate in 
his youth, and as he had to ride on horseback five 

miles to school his educational privileges were nec- 
essarily limited, but by reading, observation and 
experience in later years he has made himself a 
well-informed man and keeps himself well posted 
on all the current events of the day. His first 
business training was received as clerk in a drug 
store in Hillsboro, where he was employed for four 
years. In 1861, he engaged in clerking in the 
store of C. T. Hodges, of Walshville, where he was 
employed for one year, when, in 1892, he became 
proprietor of this store and is now carrying on 
general merchandising. Previously he also engaged 
in agricultural pursuits thirty years, from 1862 to 

On the 1st of January, 1884, Mr. Copeland was 
married to Mrs. Sophronia Butler, nee Canon. 
They have but one child, Edgar Boone. In 
Grisham Township they have a very pleasant 
home and the parents are highly respected citizens. 
Mr. Copeland has faithfully served his fellow-citi- 
zens as Justice of the Peace for twelve years, was 
Treasurer of the school for a period of six years, 
and has also filled the office of Constable. In pol- 
itics he is a stalwart Republican, and in his social 
relations is a Mason, belonging to the lodge of 
Walshville, of which he is Treasurer. In the line 
of general merchandising, Mr. Copeland has had 
much experience. Since he started in business for 
himself, his trade has constantly increased, and by 
his fair dealing and courteous treatment he has 
secured a liberal patronage, which he certainly 
well deserves. 

>ILLIAM H. GUTHRIE. "All the world's 
a stage, and all the men and women in it 
players." It matters not whether the fig- 
ure that one presents on the stage is in central 
position, or whether it is but a tiny part that goes 
lo make the whole perfect, if it is filled to the best 
of the player's ability he deserves as much credit 
AS though he were the hero and central person of 



the play. Our subject disturbs himself but little 
over the game of chance called politics, and leaves 
to others whose researches in scientific fields have 
been more extended than his own to settle ques- 
tions that belong to that line. He is content in 
doing the best lie can in his own sphere; in being 
a good man, loyal to his country, a peace-loving 
and peace-making citizen. 

Mr. Guthrie is a representative farmer and stock- 
raiser of Harvel Township, Montgomery County, 
owning a fine farm on section 29. He is a native 
of Greene County, and was born October 3, 1840, 
being a son of Milton and Catherine (Fisher) 
Gutlirie, both of whom were natives of Kentucky. 
Milton Guthrie came to Illinois and located in 
Madison County with his father in boyhood, and 
there spent the major portion of his life. Our 
subject is the third son in his father's family, and 
of a large family the following five children sur- 
vive: John, William H., Joshua, Mary and Demp- 
sey. Mary is now the wife of John K. Moore. 
Mrs. Milton Guthrie still survives. She is now 
past eighty years of age, but retains her faculties 
to a remarkable degree. 

The State was young when our subject came 
hither, and its main development has taken place 
under his close observation. From a wild and un- 
cultivated prairie it has changed to a fruitful gar- 
den spot, worthy of the best cultivated places in 
Old England, and is possessed of a metropolis that 
rivals in many respects the great cities of the East 
and Europe. Our subject himself has been peace- 
fully engaged all his life in the avocation of a 
farmer, his attention being directed chiefly to gen- 
eral farming, while he bestows much attention on 
his fine and well-selected stock. Like most of the 
youth of Illinois who grew up under pioneer 
auspices, his educational advantages were limited. 
Our subject was married November 9. 1865, his 
bride being Miss Elizabeth Martin, a native of 
Greene County and a daughter of Josiah and 
Eliza Martin. Six children have filled to over- 
flowing the couple's domestic happiness. They 
are, John O., Joseph M. (deceased), Luella, Laura 
15., Dennis E. and Lizzie M. 

In the fall of 1861, our subject came to Mont- 
gomery County and settled in Raymond Town- 

ship. He remained there for a number of years 
and then removed to Harvel Township, locating 
on his present farm. By his constant efforts he has 
metamorphosed the virgin prairie into its present 
highly productive state. He is the owner of three 
hundred and twenty acres of land which bear 
good improvements. He has a pleasant home that 
is comfortably furnished with all the necessities 
as well as some of the luxuries of modern life. 
Politically, our subject is a stanch adherent of the 
Republican doctrines. He has served his township 
as School Director and in other ways has proved 
himself a loyal citizen. 

AVID R. WILKINS, M. D., is one of the 
most successful and prosperous physicians 
of this section. His training has been med- 
ical, as his father has long been known as 
one of the most skillful practitioners of the county, 
and it is not too much to say, remembering his 
popularit}', that he has probably inherited some of 
the qualities which have gone far to make his 
success assured. The steady nerve, the quick eye 
and the tender, sympathizing touch which make 
a physician so affectionately regarded, are qual- 
ities which no school of medicine can give, if 
they are not a part of the man himself. With this 
introduction, we pass on to the brief sketch of the 
life of one whose past augurs well for the future. 
David R. Wilkins was born in Medaryville, 
Ind., March 28, 1855, and was the son of Dr. Da- 
vid Wilkins, of Greenville, 111. At the age of two 
months he was brought by his parents into Mul- 
berry Grove, this county, and later accompanied 
them in their removal into Greenville. At that 
place he attended school, and received every ad- 
vantage until he was eighteen years of age, when 
he went into a drugstore to learn the uses of med- 
icine, and here he remained for four years. Dur- 
ing this time he was reading medical books in the 
regular course, and l)3 r the time two years of his 
drug stove experience were passed he was ready to 



attend a course of medical lectures in the Missouri 
Medical College, and two years later, in 1878, he 
graduated from there. 

Looking about for a pleasant and profitable sit- 
uation, our young M. D. selected Old Ripley, in 
this county, and remained there until 1881, at which 
time he joined his aged father in Greenville, and 
practiced there for three years. However, his pa- 
tients at Ripley demanded his return, and he came 
back for one year, but in 1885 he came to Poca- 
hontas. September 15, 1881, he was married to Miss 
Jennie Harned, who was born in Old Ripley Town- 
ship April 22, 1861, and three children are now 
happy little members of the Doctor's household, 
and their names are Lillian, John and Paul. 

The Doctor's practice extends over a wide extent 
of country, and is constantly increasing. He is a 
valued member of the Methodist Church, and at- 
tends upon its services and contributes to its sup- 
port. The home of Dr. Wilkins is very attractive, 
and has lately been so re-modeled that it is most 
convenient, with office, drug room and consulting 
room in communication. He takes great interest 
in the Masonic order, in which he lias long been 
prominent, being now Secretary of the lodge at 
this place, and belongs to the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, and is one of the social factors 
of his community. 

1 NTHONY ALMOND. This part of the 
Prairie State has proved a mine of wealth 
to thousands of industrious farmers who 
have come hither from the East and from 
foreign countries, and by dint of hard work and 
enterprise have developed the resources which na- 
ture so liberally provided. One of the salient 
features of the agriculturists of Montgomery 
County is their energy and push, or, as the Amer- 
ican puts it, "go-aheadativeness." This county 
forms a striking example of the truth of the as- 
sertion, and Mr. Almond furnishes us with a 
striking case in point. Like many of the promi- 

nent citizens of the county, he is of foreign birth, 
Sussex Count}', England, being his native place, 
and was born on the llth of February, 1830. His 
parents, Anthonj' and Winnifrcd (Paine) Almond, 
were also natives of England, where they spent 
their entire lives, the father engaged as a team- 

The youthful days of our subject were passed 
in his native country, and not having very good 
educational advantages, he is mainly self-edu- 
cated. He early learned the teaming business, at 
which he was engaged for some time, but seeing 
a better opening for a struggling young man in 
America, he went to Liverpool in 1851 and took 
passage in a vessel bound for this country. After 
an ocean voyage of a little over seven weeks, he 
landed in New Orleans, went from thereto Mis- 
souri, and thence shortly after to Jersey County, 
111., where he worked as a farm hand for about two 
years, receiving $12 per month as pay, that being 
about the average wages. While in that county, 
he subsequently farmed on rented land for some 
time, and in 1856 came to Montgomery County. 
He settled on his present farm in Bois D' Arc 
Township, and there he has made his home ever 

On the 17th of January, 1856, Mr. Almond was 
united in marriage with Miss Alice Stanley, a na- 
tive of New Jersey, born December 8, 1836, and 
the daughter of Thomas and Alice (Cook) Stanley, 
natives of England. Several years previous to 
her birth, her parents took passage for America, 
located in New Jersey, where they resided until 
1845, and then removed to Jersey County, 111., 
where they passed the remainder of their days. 
Of their children four survive: Matthew C'.; Jane, 
wife of Oliver Randolph; Alexia, wife of Mark 
Risley; and Mrs. Almond. One of her brothers, 
Robert Stanley, entered three hundred and twenty 
acres of land from the Government, and our sub- 
ject now has one hundred and sixty acres of this. 

Mr. Almond's marriage resulted in the birth of 
eight children, who are named in the order of 
their births as follows: James, Mary, George, Car- 
oline, Etta. Ella, Robert and Hattie. When our 
subject first settled in Montgomery County, lie 
began developing raw prairie land, and by indus- 























try and good management soon had his place in a 
good state of cultivation. The soil was rich and 
productive, the climate all that could be desired, 
and fortune favored him. Although one of the 
early settlers, he has kept thoroughly apace with 
the times, and all his farming operations are con- 
ducted in a thorough and progressive manner. 
His worthy wife has been a true helpmate to him, 
and as they now have sufficient of this world's 
goods, they are comfortable and happy. They are 
members of the Patrons of Husbandry at Diver- 
non, 111., and are prominent in all good work. 

In politics, Mr. Almond is a Democrat. Since 
coming here, he has witnessed many changes in 
the country, and has been a potent factor in its 
growth and development. Our subject has two 
brothers and two sisters living, all residing in 
England, viz.: Harriet; Jemima, wife of George 
Eldridge; John and Thomas, all worthy and excel- 
lent citizens. 

RANCIS DRESSOR. The well-watered val- 
ley of Shoal Creek Township is an admir- 
able locality in which to raise stock. The 
tender juicy grasses make the finest tissue, if they 
do not give that strength and endurance obtained 
from the blue limestone deposits found in the Blue 
Grass region. So profitable is the business in Bond 
County, that our subject, Mr. Dressor, gives to it 
almost his exclusive attention and he is one of the 
most prominent farmers and stock men of the 
locality. He was born in the State of Maine, May 
30, 1827, and is one of the family of eight children 
born to Rufus and Tamar (Cothren) Dressor. Of 
this family there are now two brothers and two 
sisters living, namely: Joshua P., who is a farmer 
living near Reno, and Nathaniel, a wealthy stock- 
man near Wisetown,of this same county. Polly is 
the widow of the late James Cruthis, and Olive is 
the wife of J. B. Denny, of Sorento. 

When the subject of this sketch was a lad of ten 
years of age his parents started Westward from 

Maine, coming hither with team, and living, during 
the overland journey, in their wagon, as do the 
gypsies of to-daj'. After two months spent on the 
way they settled on a tract of land that is only a 
mile or so distant from Mr. Dressor's present home. 

The Dressor family is of English extraction, 
the great-grandfather Dressor having been born in 
England in 1740. He later came and settled in 
Massachusetts, and there the grandfather was born 
in 1 768, and our subject's father July 29, 1 795. The 
latter died in Bond County, October 13, 1858. His 
wife, who was born in Farmington, Me., February 
12, 1797, also died in Bond County, July 17, 1880. 
She was of Scotch and Irish ancestry; thus it is 
readily seen that from both sides of the family Mr. 
Dressor has the goodly inheritance of nationalities 
noted for their superior traits and natures. 

The original of this sketch was brought up on 
the home farm. He received but a limited educa- 
tion, the advantages offered in this way in the 
pioneer settlements being of the scantiest and most 
ordinary character. August 23, 1853, Mr. Dressor 
took upon himself the bonds of matrimony and 
was united in marriage to Miss Martha A. Rose- 
brough, who was born in Perry County, Mo., Jan- 
uary 7, 1830. She died August 14, 1854. The one 
child that she left her husband was named Almira 
C. She died September 18, 1855. 

Mr. Dressor again married, January 10, 1856, the 
lady of his choice being Miss Mary E. Rankin, a 
native of this county and State, having been here 
born March 31, 1832. By this union six children 
were added to the family: Emma Alice, who 
died when an interesting baby of a year old. 
Hattie also died when young. John C., who was 
born November 6, 1856 is a graduate of the State 
University of Champaign, 111., and is now Assistant 
Cashier of the Western Bank and Trust Com- 
pany, at Piedmont, S. D. James Rufus, who was 
born April 22, 1858, was educated at the Green- 
ville High School, finishing at the State University 
at Champaign. He married Leona Conkling, and 
they have two children. He is now engaged in the 
carriage manufacturing business in Pueblo, Colo. 
William F., who was born July 16, 1864, and who 
also received the advantages of a good education, 
graduating at the Business College at Greenville, 



now looks after his father's farm. He was married 
October 25, 1892, to Miss CallieCary. Lucy J.,who 
was born March 9, 1866, is a graduate of the 
High School at Greenville, 111. and received vale- 
dictorian honors at that place. She for five years 
has been engaged~in teaching. 

Mr. Dressor is a prominent figure in the Prohi- 
bition party. He was formerly a Republican, but 
although a lifelong temperance man, he felt that 
a greater stress should be laid upon the purity of 
personal life as regarding National politics. For 
one term he was the incumbent of the oiHce of 
Associate County Judge. His father had held the 
office of Township Treasurer from the time the 
township was organized until his death, when 
Francis Dressor was elected. Our subject and his 
wife are members of the Presbyterian Church, he 
having been an Elder in the same for twenty years. 
He has also been a great Sunday-school worker and 
for the past six years has been County Superinten- 
dent of Sunday-school Conventions. He is the 
present President of the District Sunday-school 
Association and devotes much of his time to this 
work. His fine farm, which comprises three hun- 
dred acres, is the site of a beautiful home, in which 
comfort reigns supreme. 

1 OIIN PRICE, a venerable pioneer of 
Grisham Township, Montgomery County, 
111., now residing upon section 11, is 
supposed to be the oldest settler in that por- 
tion of the country. He was born in Wayne Coun- 
ty, Ky., August 22, 1816. For three-score years 
his life has been full of activity and incident. 
Thrown upon his own resources at fifteen years 
of age, he bravely faced the world, his sole capital 
a stout heart and willing hands. 

The father of our subject was drowned when 
John was but eight years old. His mother was a 
native of the South, and a woman of courage and 
resolution. She had borne five children and 

bravely shared the hardships of her husband's life. 
He died a poor man and left his family unpro- 
vided for. Overcoming all obstacles with patient 
endurance, the widow journeyed with her children 
to Illinois, locating in what is now Ilillsboro Town- 
ship. Toiling and saving to keep the wolf from 
the door, the mother yet spared a little money to 
send John to the subscription school in the neigh- 

Judge Rountree gave our subject his first em- 
ployment. The lad was handy and soon learned 
to make rails and handle the carpenter's tools. He 
made the sixteen thousand shingles that covered 
the second court house in the county. As time 
passed on he prospered and made a home of his 
own. Ellen N. Loving was the name of the lady 
he chose for a wife. She was born in Simpson 
County, Ky., March 2, 1824, and was there- 
fore but seventeen years of age when she was mar- 
ried to John Price, April 22, 1841, but she had 
grown up amid the scenes of pioneer life and un- 
derstood well the ways of the household. 

Mr. Price took his young wife to a fort3'-acre 
farm in Grisham Township, section 9. There 
was a little log house, 12x14 feet, and a little 
log stable in the rear. Only twelve acres of the 
farm were under cultivation, the rest being un- 
broken prairie. In about a year Mr. Price traded 
this property for another farm of sixty acres on 
section 22, of the same township. Upon -this farm 
our subject and his wife remained for years con- 
tented and happy. Finally they removed to their 
present location, on which there is some fine tim- 
ber. There was the usual primitive cabin on the 
land, and in this humble home the family dwelt 
until in 1855 Mr. Price built his present residence, 
hauling all the timber from Alton, a distance of 
forty miles. 

Mr. and Mrs. Price have had fourteen children, 
nine sons and five daughters. Of this large family 
eight survive: George W., of Montgomery County; 
Mary C., wife of D. S. Clotfelter, of Ellis, Kan.; 
John E., who is a widower and lives with his pa- 
rents; Thomas S., of Bond County 111.; Isaac K., 
of Mead Centre, Kan.; James E., of Donnellson. 
111.; Joseph A., of Montgomery County, and. Martin 
C., supposed to be in Arizona. 



The homestead has now two hundred and twenty- 
five acres, two hundred of which are under fence 
and much of it is highly cultivated. Mr. Price origi- 
nally owned six hundred acres, but has given each 
of his children farms, thus materially reducing 
his own holdings. Our subject began life without 
the aid of friends or money, but he has always 
been well able to care for the little ones who came 
to him, and the great pleasure of his latter days 
has been to start them on their upward way. 

No man in the Western country has a greater 
store of valuable reminiscences than the subject of 
this sketch. Past events of public and private in- 
terest are as familiar to him as household words. 
He shot deer where the town now stands, and was 
known as a skillful hunter of the early days. Mr. 
Price cast his first vote for Buchanan. For several 
years he supported the Republican ticket, then fa- 
vored the Greenback party, and now votes for the 
best man, regardless of politics. Mr. Price has been 
a Class-leader of the Methodist church for many 
years; his wife is also a valued member of the same 
persuasion, and both are interested in all religious 

B. TRAYLOR. In compiling an account 
of the different business enterprises of 
Coffeen, 111., we desire particularly to call 
attention to Mr. Traylor, who is one of 
the successful general merchants of this thrifty 
and progressive village. Since locating here he 
has conducted affairs very satisfactorily on his own 
responsibility, and owing to the excellent stock 
which he keeps, and the fair dealings all receive 
at his own hands, he has obtained a fair share of 
public favor. 

Mr. Traylor was born in East Fork Township, 
Montgomery County, 111., November 5, 1856, and 
is a son of Joel C. and Sarah (Ohmart) Trayior, 
natives respectively of Kentucky and Ohio. About 
1844 the father came to Montgomery County, 111., 
and located in East Fork Township, where he 

kept a general store for forty years. In 1846, he 
married Miss Ohmart, daughter of George Ohmart, 
who was born in the Keystone State. She came 
to Montgomery County when fourteen years of 
age, and now resides on the old home place. Mr. 
Traylor died in April, 1887. He was a Jackson ian 
Democrat and was deeply interested in the wel- 
fare of his party. For thirty years he was School 
Treasurer of the township, and was a consistent 
and worthy member of the Uuiversalist Church. 
Our subject's paternal grandparents, James and 
Nancy (Cardwell) Traylor, were natives of Virginia, 
and the latter was a cousin of John Randolph, of 
Roanoke. The great-grandfather, Humphrey Tray- 
lor, was also born in Virginia, and was a descendant 
of a prominent family in that State, and was a 
Revolutionary soldier. 

Our subject was one of thirteen children born 
to his parents, and was reared in his native place, 
receiving a good practical education in the district 
schools. At an early age he displayed much busi- 
ness acumen, no doubt inherited from his father, 
who was a very successful and popular merchant, 
and as soon as able was placed behind the counter. 
He remained with his parents until November 27, 
1879, when he was united in marriage with Miss 
Emma D. McDavid, daughter of Rev. Thomas 
McDavid, who was a prominent minister of Mont- 
gomery County. Mrs. Traylor was born in East 
Fork Township, this county, and is a lady of good 
taste and judgment. Four children have been 
born to this union, but one died in infancy. The 
others were Joel T., Frank A. and Nellie A. 

Mr. Traylor located in Coffeen, 111., in 1888, 
and directly afterward started in his present busi- 
ness, which he has carried on very successfully 
since. He carries a full supply of hats, caps, boots, 
shoes, clothing, groceries, etc., and is a pushing, 
active, energetic and enterprising gentleman, fully 
alive to the requirements of the public and ever 
anticipating their wants. He is held in high es- 
teem in the community for his social and business 
qualities. He takes a deep interest in the welfare 
of the town, and is public-spirited and liberal in 
his ideas. In politics he is thoroughly identified 
with the Democratic party, and at all times advo- 
cates its principles. He has held a number of 



local positions, prominent among them being Town- 
ship Treasurer and Collector, both of which posi- 
tions he held five years. He is a member of the 
Modern Woodmen of America at Donnellson. 

ROBERT MACK AY, one of the old settlers of 
Bond County, now residing on section 17, 
has been very successful in life and has de- 
served all that kind fortune can bestow. 
Robert Mackay was born here February 14, 
1829, and was the son of Alexander C. Mackay, a 
native of Kentucky, born March 8, 1792. The 
paternal grandfather bore Ihe immortal Scotch 
name of Walter, and was a native of Scotland, 
where he married and had several children born 
to him. He came to America and first settled in 
Virginia, but later went into Kentucky, about 1790, 
and there, near Richmond, occurred the birth of 
the father of the subject of this notice. At that 
time the Indians were very troublesome and made 
the families of the settlers feel unsafe. He died in 
Kentucky at the advanced age of eighty years. 

The father of our subject lived in Kentuck}- 
until he became a young man, and then spent 
about eight years in Alabama, and with a brother 
learned the trade of a wheelwright. After this 
he traveled for some time through Texas, Arkan- 
sas, Indian Nation, and finally located in Wayne 
County, 111., where he married. In 1825, he 
reached this place and entered eighty acres from 
the Government, in section 7, and there devel- 
oped a farm. At this time the Indians were very 
troublesome, and song and story are full of the 
tales of the savage depredations of the natives, and 
thrilling stories are told of those who escaped by 
miraculous interventions; or of the captures which 
resulted in turning white children into savages 
after a life among them. Deer were still abundant, 
and the howlings of the wolves could be heard at 
night, but oar subject never used his musket for 

Alexander Mackay worked here at his trade of 

carpenter and wheelwright, and many of the 
buildings that he erected at that time are still 
standing, testifying to the thoroughness of his 
labor. At the time of his death he owned two 
hundred and forty acres of land, although he had 
begun with nothing. The religious denomina- 
tion to which he clung was the Scotch Presbyter- 
ian, in which faith he was firm as a rock, while in 
politics he was a Whig. He was one of the vol- 
unteers who went out in the Black Hawk War, 
where he was tomahawked. 

The mother of our subject was Mary Car- 
son, and her home had been in the State of Ken- 
tucky. She became the mother of seven children, 
as follows: Mary, John, Eleanor, Robert, Alexan- 
der, William and Joseph; of these our sub- 
ject is the only remaining member. His beloved 
mother died February 26, 1844, aged forty-two 
years and twenty-two days. His father survived 
until July 14, 1856, when he died, aged sixty- 
three years, three months and twenty-eight days. 

The maternal grandfather, John Carson, was 
born in Ireland, where he married. After this event 
he came to the United States and located in the 
Carolinas, but later went into Kentucky, and later 
still into Wayne County, III. He settled here about 
1826, but subsequently removed to Barry County, 
Mo., where he died at an advanced age. By oc- 
cupation he was a farmer, though he also practiced 
medicine occasionally. Our subject was reared 
here and received the rudiments of an education 
in the pioneer log schoolhouse that every old set- 
tler remembers so well. Although this temple of 
learning was primitive in the extreme, yet here 
were taught the fundamental principles which 
could be applied in after-life. The Indians had 
not all passed away in his boyhood, and one of his 
duties in those days was to watch the sheep by 
day, and to pen them up securely at night, in order 
to protect them from the depredations of the hun- 
gry wolves, which, itseemed to his childish imagin- 
ation, howled around the cabin by night by the 
score. At the age of twenty-four years, our sub- 
ject married Miss Margaret L. Sugg, November 17, 
1853, and of this union the following children 
were born: Mary, who married J. T. Corric; George 
C.; Emily, who married John C. Jackson, Jr.; 






Eleanor J., who married Lemuel Hunter; Sarah E., 
Henry, William, Alvin, Ollie, Walter and Mattie, 
who are deceased. 

After his marriage, our subject settled here, and 
has now a farm of three hundred acres, all in one 
body, and all improved except sixty acres, which 
arc in timber. He has carried on mixed farming 
and has handled a good amount of stock of all 
kinds. He has himself done a great amount of 
grubbing and has cleared up and improved one 
hundred and fifty acres of land, but the hard work 
has broken him down and he has not been able to 
do much personally for the past five or six years. 
In politics, our subject is a Republican, and served 
his county as Commissioner from 1875 to 1878, 
and for one term was Coroner of the county. For 
a number of years our subject was Township Trus- 
tee and for twenty-five years was a School Direc- 
tor, so actively did he always work in educational 
matters. His life has been crowned with success 
because lie has earned it, and he now enjoys the 
respect and esteem of all with whom he has be- 
come acquainted. 

ON. SALMON A. PHELPS, Judge of Bond 
, County, and one of its honored and prom- 
inent residents, now residing in Greenville, 
is a native of the Empire State. He was 
born in Otsego County, June 2, 1817, and is a son 
of Joshua and Elizabeth (Peck) Phelps, who were 
natives of Connecticut. His father removed to 
New York about 1800, locating in Otsego County, 
where he engaged in farming, about nine miles 
from Cooperstown. The Phelps family is of Eng- 
lish descent, but was founded in America at an 
early day. In 1848, Joshua Phelps emigrated to 
Illinois and resided in Bond County until his 
death. The mother died in Otsego County, N. Y., 
in 1819. They had a family of nine children, but 
only two are now living, Sarah and our subject. 
Salmon A. Phelps resided on the home farm in 

his native State until ten years of age, when he 
removed with his father to the village of Coopers- 
town, where his school life commenced. He there 
remained for four years, after which he became a 
student in the academy at Bloomfield, N. J.. and 
in 1834 entered Union College at Schenectady, 
N. Y, from which he was graduated in 1838. He 
carried off the honors, being valedictorian of his 
class, which enrolled ninety-five students. This 
college was then under the leadership of Dr. Knox. 
After completing his school life, Mr. Phelps en- 
gaged in teaching in a private academy in Steuben- 
ville, Ohio. Ere leaving New York, in fact when 
but a boy, he rode on the old Vanderbilt Railroad 
from Schenectady to Albany, the first road built 
in that part of the State. On leaving Ohio, he 
became Professor in a private academy at Wood- 
ville, Miss., for a year. While attending school 
and while teaching, he devoted his leisure hours to 
the study of law, and during his residence at 
Woodville he was admitted to the Bar, in 1841, 
and continued to practice in that place for several 

Judge Phelps was married in 1841, to Miss Han- 
nah II. Bulkley, of New York, who died in 1843, 
leaving one son, Alfred C., who enlisted during 
the late war as a private in the One Hundred and 
Thirtieth Illinois Infantry. After a year's service, 
he was transferred to another company and made 
First Lieutenant. He is now an attorney-at-law 
of Denver, Colo. The Judge was again married, 
in 1845, his second union being with Miss Caroline 
Bulkley, a sister of his first wife. Unto them were 
born four children, one of whom is now deceased, 
and the mother died in 1881. George 8., the eldest 
child, was a soldier in 1864, and is a prominent 
lawyer of Leadville, Colo., and has been County 
Judge of Lake County, Colo., for a term of four 
years. Rev. Philo F. is a Presbyterian minister, 
now of Fresno, Cal., and Charles B. is engaged in 
farming among the mountains of Tennessee. 

It was in 1844 that Mr. Phelps came to Bond 
County, but he did not permanently locate here 
until the summer of the following year. He is the 
oldest legal practitioner in the village. On coming 
to this county, he purchased land in Pocahontas 
Precinct, and has always owned land in the county. 



It was not long before lie established a high repu- 
tation as a lawyer, and since that time he has 
ranked as one of the leading lawyers of the Bond 
County Bar. During his early residence here, he 
served for twelve years as Justice of the Peace, 
and was attorney for the Vandalia Railroad Com- 
pany. In 1890, he was elected County Judge, and 
by his able administration of affairs has won the 
commendations of all. His rulings are just and 
show careful study and thoroughly-weighed evi- 
dence. In politics, he is a stalwart Republican, 
and probably no citizen has done more for the 
county than he. During the Rebellion, he was a 
stanch friend to the Union, and did much toward 
raising troops and fitting them for service. His 
life has been ruled by upright and honorable prin- 
ciples. . Everywhere he goes he makes friends, and 
he is respected and loved by all who know him. 

i REWER A. HENDRICKS. Among the rep- 
resentative, thorough-going and efficient 
fSD)]|l officials of Montgomery County, 111., there 
is probably no one more deserving of men- 
tion than Mr. Hendricks, who holds the responsi- 
ble position of County Clerk. Although retiring 
and unpretentious in manner, he has always been 
a strong factor in the city, literally promotive of 
the community's welfare, and, honorable and up- 
right in all his relations with the public, the con- 
fidence in him is not misplaced. 

Like many of the representative citizens of the 
county, he is of foreign birth, born near Berlin, 
German}', July 2, 1856, and like others of that 
nationality he is industrious, frugal and warm- 
hearted. His parents were natives of the same place, 
and the same year our subject was born they came 
to America, being thirteen weeks in crossing the 
ocean. They first located in Jersey County, 111., 
remained there one year and then moved to Ma- 
coupin County, where they resided for six years. 
From* the re they moved to Montgomery County, 
Bois D'Arc Township, and there the mother died. 

Her maiden name was Mary Sunnerfeldt. The 
father is still living and resides in Virden, 111. 

Fourteen children were born to them, seven sons 
and seven daughters, five sons and four daughters 
now living. Of these children our subject is the 
tenth child and sixth son. As he was but an in- 
fant when brought to America by his parents, he 
has known no other country and is as thoroughly 
an American as though born here. He grew to 
mature years in the Sucker Stale and received his 
primary education in the district schools of Mont- 
gomery County, finishing at HillsbOro Academy, 
where he pursued his studies for three months. 
He then remained with his parents until his mar- 
riage on the 17th of May, 1882, to Miss Flora A. 
Whitlow, a native of Illinois, born in Macoupin 
County on the 31st of May, 1862, and the daugh- 
ter of William W. Whitlow, who is now a resident 
of Montgomery County, 111. 

To our subject and wife have been born an in- 
teresting family of four children, two sons and 
two daughters, as follows: Eliza May, Earl Ellis, 
Cora Lois (deceased), and Guy Curtis. Directly 
after his marriage Mr. Hendricks located in Harvel, 
Montgomery Count}', and engaged in merchandis- 
ing. Energetic, persevering and thorough-going, 
he made a complete success of this enterprise and 
continued it at that place for about four and a-half 
years. In 1886, he was elected County Clerk, and 
the same year moved to Hillsboro, where he has 
remained ever since. The duties of this office he 
discharged in such an able and satisfactory man- 
ner that he was re-elected to the same position in 

In the space allotted to his sketch it is impossi- 
ble to mention in detail all the services rendered 
by Mr. Hendricks, suffice it to say that his good 
name is above reproach and that he has won the 
confidence, respect and esteem of all who know 
him, and is one of the most popular men who has 
ever held official position in the country. While 
in Harvel Township, Mr. Heudricks held the office 
of Supervisor, Town Clerk and School Director. 
Previous to his marriage, in the winters of 1879. 
1880, 1881 and 1882 he taught school in Round 
Tree, Butler and Ra3 r mond Districts, and was un- 
usually successful as an educator. He is a mem- 



her of Montgomery Lodge No. 40, I. O. O. F., of 
Ilillsboro, and is a charter member of Calypso 
Lodge No. 226, K. P., and Modern Woodmen of 
America at Hillsboro. Mr. Hendricks is yet a 
young man in years, and his prospects for the 
future seem unusually bright. 

W. LINDBECK. The Sorento Blade, which 
is the most popular news medium of the 

pretty town of Sorento, Bond County, is 
the literary child of the enterprising firm of 
Liiidbeck & Olson, the senior member of the firm be- 
ing the gentleman to whose history we devote this 
page. Mr. Lindbcckis a native of Illinois, having 
been born at Bishop Hill, Henry County, August 
17, 1862. He is a son of Lars J. and Christina 
(Peterson) Lindbeck, and is of Swedish ancestry. 

Lars and Christina Lindbeck left the laud of 
Thor and Woden, and set out for the new land 
where legend is replaced by energy, landing in 
America in 1846, having come hither in company 
with what was known as the Bishop Hill Colony. 
This association, or colony, purchased a township 
site, but it was disorganized in 1860. 

Our subject's father was a brick mason by trade, 
and was thus employed in his place of residence. 
There, too, young Lindbeck was reared, and edu- 
cated in the public schools. On reaching manhood's 
estate, he was engaged in the lumber business at 
Bishop Hill, and was thus employed for five years, 
at the expiration of which time he sold out his in- 
terest and went to Lindon, Colo. 

Our subject's career as a journalist began with 
his advent in Lindon, where, in company with his 
brother, P. J. Lindbeck, who was a practical printer, 
he started the Lindon Rustler. While thus con- 
nected, the young man acquired a knowledge of 
the art of printing, and, richer by this knowledge, 
in 1889 he returned to Bishop Hill, and in com- 
paii3 r with Mr. O. B. Olson, under the firm name of 
Lindbeck & Olson, the}' started an independent 
sheet called the News. This they ran for two years, 

and then, in March 7of 1891, they moved the 
plant to their present field of labors, and estab- 
lished the Sorento Blade, which is also an inde- 
pendent paper. 

Mr. Lindbeck is sole manager of the Blade at the 
present time, the association~with Mr. Olson being 
in other business affairs in Bishop Hill. The office 
of the Blade is a busy place, for in addition to the 
large circulation the Blade enjoys, a large amount 
of job printing is done, for our subject is a thor- 
oughly business man, who leaves no stone un- 
turned in developing his business interests as far 
as possible. 

Mr. Lindbeck 's sister Lavinia is the wife of R. 
H. Northcott, Cashier of the State Bank of Akron, 
Colo. Our subject's own domestic happiness is 
in the keeping of a lady, who, prior to her 
marriage, was known as Miss Almeda C. Krans, 
a daughter of Peter O. Krans, a prominent busi- 
ness man of Galva, this State. Mrs. Lindbeck was 
born in Bishop Hill, September 5, 1863, and her 
marriage with our subject was celebrated October 
30, 1885. They have had four children, of whom 
three are living, and are as follows: Lester 
Anson, born November 20, 1887; Marguerite C., 
April 3, 1890; and Roy Clifford, August 20, 
1892. Fraternally, Mr. Lindbeck is a member 
of the Knights of Pythias, and also of the Modern 

ICHAEL PROBST, farmer of Witt, Mont- 
gomery County, 111., is a prominent agricul- 
turist and one of the representative men 
of the county. He and his family oc- 
cupy an assured position in the social life of the 
community, and always lend substantial aid to 
the advancement of any social, educational or 
moral enterprise that arises. Mr. Probst was born 
near Lawrenceburg, Dearborn County, Ind., April 
4, 1845, being the third in a good old-fashioned 
family of eleven children born to John and Julia 



(Kizer) Probst, the former of whom was born in 
Bavaria, Germany, but was brought to this 
country when quite young by his father, William 
Probst, locating with him on a farm in Dearborn 
County, Ind., where he breathed his last in the 
year 1858, his wife having passed away some 
years before, or when the subject of this sketch 
was about eight years of age. 

From the death of his father young Michael 
was obliged to work his own way in life, and for 
some time was a farm laborer, during which time 
he obtained but few opportunities for securing an 
education. Seven members of the above-men- 
tioned family are residing in Illinois, but the 
others are residing in Indiana, in which State 
Michael continued to make his home until 1869, 
when the fertile prairies of Illinois induced him to 
settle in this State, and for two years after locat- 
ing here he rented land in the vicinity of Witt. 
He was then a single man, and almost every cent 
that he earned was put carefully by for a "rainy 
day," and when he had accumulated a sufficient 
amount of means, he, in 1873, purchased a part 
of his now fine farm, to which he has since added 
from time to time until his estate embraces two 
hundred and forty acres of magnificent land, 
which he devotes to the raising of the usual agri- 
cultural products, as well as to the propagation 
of enough stock to successfully carry on his farm. 
His land is cultivated in a very intelligent man- 
ner, and everything about his place indicates that 
he is a man of far more than ordinary ability, 
whose views on agricultural matters are sound 
and exceedingly practical. There are excellent 
buildings upon his place, the famil3' residence is a 
neat and attractive one, well furnished and well 
supplied with many conveniences, and the barns 
and outbuildings are kept in excellent repair, 
and are characterized by the thoroughness of finish 
that distinguishes his entire place. 

Just prior to purchasing his farm in 1872, he 
married Miss Annie Hand, a daughter of Joseph 
Hand, one of the wealthiest farmers in this sec- 
tion of the county, and an Englishman by birth. 
To this union three children have been born : 
Clara, Mary, and John, all three of whom are at- 
tending the public schools. Mr. Probst is quite a 

factor in the local politics of his party, and has 
always been a strong Republican, by which party 
he was elected a member of the County Board of 
Supervisors from his township in the spring of 
1892. Mr. Probst has been very successful in all 
his undertakings, and having ever been depend- 
ent upon his own exertions, his efforts have been 
crowned with success to a gratifying degree. 
Personally an unassuming and modest man, he 
yet commands the esteem and liking of his 

J| OHN H. TODT. Germany has given us many 
of our best and most industrious citizens. 
i Of these Mr. Todt is one, being a promi- 
nent resident of Harvel Township, Mont- 
gomery County. He was born in Germany, Octo- 
ber 21, 1834, and is a son of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Miller) Todt, both of whom were natives of Ger- 
many. The father died when our subject was a 
baby, and after her bereavement the mother deter- 
mined to come to the New World and make a 
new life for herself and son. Mrs. Todt died in 
Macoupin County, May 11, 1872. 

Our subject was reared in his native land until 
he had completed his eighteenth year. It was in 
1852 that he and his mother, two sisters, one 
half-sister and one half-brother crossed the Atlan- 
tic, taking passage on a mailing-vessel. Their trip 
orer consumed nine weeks and five days, 
and the reader may be sure that they were glad to 
put foot once more on terra firma when the boat 
landed at New Orleans. They almost immediately- 
proceeded to Greene County, 111., and there took 
up the labor of life in the cultivation of a farm. 
Our subject worked for five years as a farm hand, 
receiving for his labors $12 per month and his 
board. Out of this pittance, he, with economy 
that is known only to the Germans, contrived to 
save enough to purchase some land in Macoupin 
County. There he made his home for several 
years, but came to Montgomery County in the 



spring of 1865. He has lived on his present 
farm ever since that time. 

Mr. Todt was married February 23, 1857, to 
Miss Mary Poggenpohl. His wife proved to 
be a loving helpmate in all his career. She 
presented him with seven children, four of 
whom are living; they are Herman, Frank, Eliza- 
beth and Margaret. The eldest daughter is now 
the wife of William Laugenn, and Margaret is the 
wife of John Langenn. 

Since his original purchase in this county, our 
subject has added as he has been prospered, so 
that he now owns five hundred and sixty acres of 
land. All this with the improvements his farm 
bears have been made by industry and economy on 
the part of Mr. Todt and family, for there was 
neither golden nor silver spoons at hand at the 
birth of our subject. He has, however, made the 
most of every opportunity to acquire knowledge 
that has come within his reach. His excellent judg- 
ment and good common-sense have done much for 
him, and he is greatly honored and respected by 
his town's- folk. He has served as School Trustee 
for eighteen years, and also as School Director. He 
has also been Supervisor of Harvel Township, 
and during his incumbency of that position was 
greatly interested in developing the natural re- 
sources of the locality. Politically, Mr. Todt 
casts the weight of his vote and influence with 
the Democratic party. In his church relations he 
is a Catholic. Mr. Todt was Postmaster under 
Johnson and Grant at Herndon, in this township. 

-ii ( i. i i ffij 

ILLIAM PEACH, one of the most success- 
ful and prominent farmers of this locality, 
was born in Randolph Countj', 111., Octo- 
ber 25, 1826. He has worked hard, and has ac- 
cumulated much of this world's store, and now 
owns over four hundred acres of the rich land of 
the Prairie State, from which his yields of wheat 
are so large that a stranger might ask in wonder, 

"How can beings starve, when for adequate labor 
the soil of this beautiful land yields like this?" 

The father of our subject was William Peach, 
who was a native of Newbury, Vt., and was born 
October 20, 1800; his grandfather's birth took 
place in Marblehead, Mass., May 31, 1777. The 
great-grandfather of our subject, named William, 
was one of two brothers who came from England 
in Colonial times and settled in Massachusetts. 
The grandfather was a sailor by profession, and 
when he tired of the sea, he made himself a home 
and adopted farming for the rest of his life. His 
first settlement was in 1817, at Marietta, Ohio, to 
which place he removed his family by wagon, and 
there he lived until 1820, at which time he joined 
other neighbors and moved to Illinois. The trip 
was made down the Ohio on a flat-boat, and then 
on the Mississippi until the party reached Horse 
Prairie, in Randolph County, and at this place Mr. 
Peach took up Government land and resided until 
his death, December 11, 1822. 

The father of our subject was appointed Admin- 
istrator of his father's estate, and finally settled it 
to the satisfaction of all, and he there lived until 
about 1829, when he removed into St. Clair County, 
and went to farming. At one time he owned 
five hundred acres of land, and conducted a saw- 
mill. His beginning was poor, but industry gave 
him returns, and as he was a hard-working man, 
he became very successful in age. His political 
convictions made of him an old-line Whig, and he 
took deep interest in all that went on around him 
in public life. For many years he was Justice of 
the Peace, and was considered a man of probity 
and honor. His death occurred in March. 1874, 
and he was mourned by his relatives and the mem- 
bers of the Baptist Church, of which for many 
years he had been a valued member. 

The mother of our subject wasPriseilla Simmons, 
who was a native of Maine, and was born March 
29, 1801. Her death occurred August 20, 1835, 
she having been the mother of four children: Lois, 
Rebecca, Sarah and William. The second marriage 
of Mr. Peach, Sr., which united him with Eliza- 
beth Grotts, resulted in the following children: 
Samuel, John, Charles, Elizabeth and Eliza A. The 
second wife died and a third time Mr. Peach mar- 



ried. This wife was Altnira Simmons, who was the 
sister of his first wife, but no children were born 
of this union. 

Our subject was only three or four years old 
when the family removed to St. Clair County, and 
at that time the droves of deer were familiar sights 
and the wolves were numerous enough to require 
the careful shutting of the sheep pen to keep the 
animals from the stock. An occasional Indian 
wandering over the old hunting-grounds would 
appear and beg for food, but our subject never saw 
any savage ones. Their race had been about ex- 
terminated in this section, or driven toward the 
"Western mountains, where they now occasionally 
make a feeble attempt at rebellion. The old log 
schoolhouse, which in some remote places has been 
left standing as a memento of the past, was the 
university which our subject was permitted to at- 
tend, and well does he remember the slab benches 
and the ingenious contrivance of a plank resting 
against the wall, supported by pins of wood, upon 
which the luckless little ones placed their writing, 
books. Here, with their quill pens they learned 
to form the pot-hooks, -and then the letters of the 
alphabet, and for three months in the year these 
privileges were extended. 

At the age of twenty-one, our subject was a man 
capable of managing for himself, and he took 
charge of the sawmill, and conducted it for a few 
years. He cleared up a farm and worked it for 
some time, and then his health failed, probably 
from too hard labor at too early an age. O'Fallon 
needed a general store, and this seemed a fine 
opening, and he purchased a stock and opened up 
there. For five years he conducted a successful 
business, but when the war broke out all business 
stagnated, and he sold out and returned to farm- 
ing, buying one hundred and sixty acres near 
Lebanon. This he improved and worked until 
November, 1880, when he sold and bought his 
present farm. 

Thp first marriage of Mr. Peach look place July 
12, 1849, to Miss Malinda Leach, who was a native 
of St. Clair County, 111., and six children were 
born to them, who were AVilliam (deceased), 
Alice, Theodore, Mary, Asa and Horace. His wife 
was taken away August 16, 1864, His second mar- 

riage was with Miss Elizabeth Peach, March 15, 
1866. Her birth occurred in New Hampshire, June 
3, 1828, and she came to Indiana when twenty- 
eight years old, and in 1866 came to St. Clair 
County, 111. One child, Carrie, has resulted from 
this marriage. 

Mr. Peach is a large land -owner, having two 
hundred and thirty acres here, and one hun- 
dred and seventy in Smithboro, which latter he 
rents. He has carried on mixed farming, but 
this year he rents the most of the land, upon which 
he has made grain his principal product. Al- 
though Mr. Peach is a Baptist, and his wife a Con- 
gregationalist. perfect harmony reigns, both being 
good Christian people according to their own ideas 
of right. In politics, Mr. Peach is a Republican, 
and has been very prominent in public affairs, and 
was nominated for Representative in 1890, but in 
the general defeat of the party through the State 
he did not get elected. For twenty years he has 
held some school office, and now holds a member- 
ship with the Masonic order, in which he is highly 

JAMES MARSHALL. In every condition of 
life and in every locality where the struggle 
for a livelihood is going on, where can in- 
dependence be found more faithfully por- 
trayed, or more clearly demonstrated, than in the 
life of the honest, industrious farmer? To omit 
the name of Mr. Marshall from this volume would 
be to leave out one of the most prominent and 
successful agriculturists of the county, who has 
not only thoroughly identified himself with the 
farming interests of this section, but by his pleas- 
ant, genial manner has won many friends. In 
former years, the life of the farmer was considered 
a laborious one, but in this progressive age, with 
such improvements in machinery, he can do his 
work with half the dispatch or labor as in the time 
of his father, and, in fact, work but little, if an}-, 
harder than the average man who strives to make 



a living. Besides all this he is independent, which 
is one of the much sought for conditions of life. 
Mr. Marshall is one of the successful farmers who 
have kept thoroughly apace with the times, and 
have reached the condition of life mentioned 

Our subject was born in Ohio, June 18, 1837, 
and is a son of Michael and Sarah Marshall. He 
grew to mature years in his native State and re- 
ceived his educational advantages in the common 
schools. In 1861, at the breaking out of the Civil 
War, he enlisted in Company G, Fourteenth Mis- 
souri Infantry, and operated in Missouri, Tennes- 
see and Kentucky. lie participated in the battles 
of Ft. Henry, Donelson, Shiloh, siege of Corinth 
and other engagements of minor importance. Dur- 
ing service, he became physically incapacitated and 
was honorably discharged after having served 
nearly two years. He receives a pension of $8 per 

On the first of February, 1876, Mr. Marshall 
married Miss Eliza Tapscott, who was born Octo- 
ber 22, 1847, and by her he has one son, Joseph 
E., whose birth occurred May 17, 1882. In 1859, 
Mr. Marshall came to Illinois and located in 
Jersey County, where he -remained for some time. 
Later, he came to Montgomery County and settled 
on his present farm, where he has since resided. 
He is the owner of one hundred and sixty acres, 
has it in a fine state of cultivation, and is one of 
the leading tillers of the soil in his locality. His 
home is all that a cultivated mind or a cultured 
taste could wish, and on every hand are evidences 
of thrift and industry intelligently applied. He 
and Mrs. Marshall are highly-respected members of 
society and are well known as public-spirited and 
enterprising citizens. 

Mrs. Marshall was born in Indiana and is the 
daughter of John and Phoebe A. (Woodward) Tap- 
scott, both natives of the Buckeye State. About 
1848, her parents came to Illinois, purchased a 
farm in Jersey County, and there resided for a 
number of years. Later, they moved to Warren 
County. Ohio, and there they reside at the present 
time, both over seventy years of age. Although 
well along in years, they enjoy comparatively good 
health, and are a much esteemed and honored old 

couple. Charles Tapscott, Mrs. Marshall's brother, 
lost his life in the Civil War. Her mother was 
matron during the war at Camp Dennison, near 
Cincinnati, and draws a pension of $12 per month. 
Mr. Tapscott was also nurse in a hospital during 
that trying war. 

fjL IRAM SHEPHERD. The name of this 
jll much-respected citizen and old pioneer is 
J*ft/t well known in the county, for he has been 
(g); successfully engaged in the arduous duties 
of the farm in this locality for many years, and 
now owns one of the most productive, best culti- 
vated tracts of land in the locality. He was born 
in Fillmore Township, Montgomery County, 111., 
August 18, 1830, and there his youthful days were 

His father, Pleasant Shepherd, was a native of 
the old North State and grew to manhood in that 
State. When a young man, he went to Kentucky 
and there married Miss Anna Brown, a native 
of the Old Dominion, but reared in Kentucky. 
After this union Mr. Shepherd came direct to 
Montgomery County, 111., in about the year 1827, 
and located in Fillmore Township, where he en- 
tered land from the Government. About 1832, 
he sold out and moved back to Kentucky, but 
after remaining there one winter he made his way 
back to Montgomery County, 111., and settled in 
what is now North Litchfield Township. There 
he improved a good farm and resided the re- 
mainder of his days. His death occurred in 
1834, while his wife followed him to the grave in 
1848. Her father, Richard Brown, was a native 
of Virginia and came to Illinois about 1827. 

Hiram Shepherd was one of five children, three 
sons and two daughters, two of whom died in in- 
fancy. He was reared in his native county and 
was but four years of age when his father died. 
When he was eighteen years of age, his mother 
died, and then he started out to fight life's battles 



for himself. At first he worked by the month on 
a farm, receiving $9 per month for his services, 
and continued at this occupation for two years. 
He then began farming on shares for himself. 
In 1852 a great desire came over him ,1.0 cross the 
plains to the land of gold. He started out with 
ox-teams, and went by way of Salt Lake City, 
first stopping at what was then called old Hay 
Town. After reaching the Pacific coast, he en- 
gaged in mining for about two years and in 1854 
returned via Panama and New York City on the 
"John L.Stephens" and the "Pacific." 

After reaching the Sucker State lie farmed the 
first season, then went to North Missouri, where he 
remained but a short time. In the fall he went to 
the Lone Star State, but in 1855 returned to Illi- 
nois, where he again resumed agricultural pursuits, 
following this for about two years. After this he 
engaged in the sawmill business two and a-half 
miles northeast of Litchfield and followed this 
for about two years, when he traded the mill for a 
farm in North Litchfield Township. On this 
he located and remained another two years, when 
he traded it for another farm in the same township 
In 1864 he sold this and bought the place where he 
now resides, on section 26, and has since tilled the 
soil here with substantial results. He is wide-awake 
and prosperous and has displayed excellent judg- 
ment in the management of lite affairs. All his 
property has been accumulated by honest toil 
and good management, and as a citizen and neigh- 
bor he has no superior. 

On the 21st of October, 1857, Miss Nancy A. 
Williams, a native of Washington County, 111., 
became his wife, and their union has been blessed 
by the birth of nine children, four sons and five 
daughters: Anna E., wife of George H. Barringer, 
of Fillmore, 111.; Sarah E., in the millinery business 
at Hillsboro, 111.; Mattie J., wife of John Moore, 
of Fillmore Township; John P., of Raymond 
Township; Rosa A., at home; Lillie L., wife of J. 
L. Williamson, of Fillmore Township; Charlie H., 
Frank and Edward E. 

Mr. Shepherd settled on the farm where he now 
resides in 1864, and on the farm was a little frame 
house, 16x24 feet, and a small log stable, which 
have since given place to a large two-story frame 

residence and substantial out build ings. Since 
then Mr. Shepherd has added to his land until he 
now owns two hundred and forty acres and is en- 
gaged in general farming and The 
political views of our subject have brought him in 
affiliation with the Democratic party and he is an 
earnest upholder of its principles and policy. He 
was School Director for twenty years or more and 
has also served as Highway Commissioner. He is 
a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church 
and one of the Trustees of the same. He is a man 
whose career has been above reproach and one 
whose honesty and uprightness have never been 

E. TUOHY. To those who would have 
their cupboards filled with those luxuries 
la which make a table a pleasure to sit down 
to, the name of Mr. Tuohy is very sug- 
gestive, for he is an extensive dealer in poultry 
and eggs, being the efficient manager of the house 
which was established by A. Jordan. He was born 
in Nokomis, 111., April 2, 1863, a son of Thomas 
and Sarah (Balton) Tuohy, both of whom were 
born on the green isle of Erin, but early in life 
came to America, and first located in Worcester, 
Mass. Early in the '50s, they turned their faces 
toward the setting sun and eventually located on 
the broad and fertile prairies of Illinois, and in 
1859 took up their abode in Nokomis. Here for 
twenty-five years the father was in the employ of 
the Big Four Railroad Company. He was of a 
very energetic temperament, was industrious, per- 
severing and honorable in all his transactions, and 
was respected by a large circle of friends. 

M. E. Tuohy grew to mature years in the town 
of Nokomis, and fortunately for him received a 
liberal education in the public schools, for he in- 
herited the active brain and quick wit of the Irish 
race, together with the sound judgment that made 
him grasp at each and every opportunity for bet- 



tering his financial condition, and the years that 
he spent in the acquirement of an education were 
not thrown away, as has since been proved. When 
he had attained to about the age of eighteen years, 
he followed in his father's footsteps and entered 
the employ of the Big Four Railroad Company, 
taking a position in the office at Nokomis, where 
he remained until May, 1885, making a trusted 
and efficient official. At the above-named date, 
he received a Government appointment to the 
United States Mail Service on the Vandalia Line, 
and the following year was appointed by President 
Cleveland to the position of 1'ostmaster at No- 
komis, a position for which he was well qualified 
and which he filled to the universal satisfaction 
of both political friends and opponents until the 
month of February, 1890. To show that his services 
were satisfactory, it is but necessary to state that 
while he was a Democrat, appointed to his posi- 
tion by a Democratic President, he continued to 
hold the office for a year after the Republican 
party came into power again. 

Our subject resigned the position of Postmaster 
and took upon his shoulders other duties, once 
more becoming an employe in the office of the 
above-named railroad company at Nokomis, but 
soon afterward he was elected to the position of 
Town Clerk of Nokomis,, and filled this position 
in a very efficient manner for two years. In the 
spring of 1892, he resigned this position to become 
the manager, for the extensive poultry and egg 
shipping establishment mentioned above, and of 
which he bas exclusive control. Under his able 
management, the company has met with un- 
bounded success, and the business is rapidly grow- 
ing in popularity. Mr. Tuohy is polite and atten- 
tive to his patrons, and their orders are filled with 
a promptness and accuracy that are very satisfac- 
tory. System and order prevail throughout, and 
everything about the place indicates that Mr. 
Tuohy is the right man in the right place. In 
1884, he was married to Miss Minnie Hovey, 
daughter of D. Hovey, who was for many years 
Agent of the Big Four Railroad, and to their union 
a bright little daughter has been given, who is now 
about five years of age and whom they have 
named Margery. Mr, Tuohy is a thorough busi- 


ness man, is a very agreeable and satisfactor3 r 
gentleman with whom to have business dealings, 
and in the social circles of Nokomis is highly re- 

DWIN W. DRESSOR, a prominent young 
farmer of Bond County, and the present 
Supervisor of Central Township, is located 
on a fine farm near Greenville, and is a man of 
means, intelligence and education. 

The parents of the subject of this notice were 
Nathaniel and Elizabeth Dressor, who were pio- 
neers of Bond County. The father was a native 
of the Pine Tree State, where he was born in 1825. 
The grandfather, Rufus Dressor, was a farmer by 
occupation. Our subject was born near Reno, 111., 
December 12, 1854. His education was begun in 
the best schools of the county, and at the age of 
thirteen be became a pupil of McKendree College 
at Lebanon, 111., from which, after completing the 
scientific course, he was graduated June 12, 1876. 
His studies finished, he returned to the farm, and 
on March 7, 1877, he was married to Miss Mary 
Ann Kirkland, who was born in Montgomery 
County, 111. Three children were born to this 
household, the eldest of whom, Orla E., is de- 
ceased. The surviving children are Edith Mabel 
and Blanche. 

Mrs. Mary Ann Dressor died October 21, 1887, 
and November 14, 1889, Mr. Dressor married Miss 
Lizzie Thraner, who was born in Bond County, 
III., October 10, 1859, and one child has been born 
of this marriage, Nathaniel Edwin. After his first 
.marriage, our subject located at this place, where 
he has twelve hundred acres of fine land, all in 
one bod}', with the latest improvements and in the 
highest state of cultivation. He has carried on 
mixed farming, and has raised a great number of 
all kinds of the best stock, having an enviable 
reputation throughout this locality for his fine cat- 
tie, horses and hogs. He has spared no exertion in 
order to obtain tue bes>t grades of cattle and 



secure the best of improvements on his farm. Not 
only lias he embellished his own property, but he 
has also advocated improvements throughout the 
entire township. 

Our subject is very public-spirited, and is always 
the first to favor any advanced step in the county, 
either in an agricultural or educational way. In 
his political opinions, he favors the Republican 
party, because he believes in that party can be 
found the principles best suited to the government 
of a great country like the United States. He is 
very popular in the ranks of his party, and has 
been honored by them in his election as Supervisor 
for the third term. During the first year of his 
service, he was elected Chairman of the Board, and 
so well did he perform the duties of his office that 
this year he was honored with the same office. 

The Masonic order claims our subject as one of 
its most honored members, and he has been most 
active in its meetings. He also affiliates with the 
Modern AVorktnen at Greenville. He is a man of 
independent means, and probabty has made the 
major portion of his property in shipping stock 
and grain, both of which he buys extensively and 
ships to the different cities, principally Chicago 
and Indianapolis. He is well known throughout 
the community, where he is highly esteemed. 

W T. TOWELL was born in White County, 
111., March 26, 1836, being the eldest in a 

ill family of ten children born to William M. 
and Martha (Stark) To well, of which family 
but live members are now living: William M., who 
served for three years in the civil war as a member 
of Company L, Third Illinois Cavalry, did valiant 
work for his country, and is now a resident of 
Litchfield, 111., where he is following the calling of 
a wheelwright; Samuel L.. who is now a resident 
of Kansas, also served his country in the Third 
Illinois Cavalry during the war; Charles L. resides 
in Waggoner, Montgomery County, 111.; Dora J. 

is the wife of James De Grate, of Walshville, 111.; 
James II., who served with conspicuous bravery in 
the Civil War for three years, is in the Third Cav- 
alry, and in 1867, while a member of the Kansas 
State Militia, and fighting the Indians near Ft. 
Hayes, was massacred, being literally shot to pieces, 
and was buried near that fort. 

Isaac Towell, the grandfather of the subject of 
this sketch, was born in Pennsylvania before the 
War of the Revolution, but in early life removed to 
Tennessee, where William M. Towell, the father 
of the subject of this sketch, was born in 1817. 
He was brought to Illinois in 1835 and afterwards 
became a wagon-maker and farmer of White 
County. It was on his farm that the man of 
whom we write was born and reared, his early 
scholastic training being received in the common 
schools near his home. In addition to the three 
brothers above mentioned and the father who 
went forth to battle for their country during the 
perilous times of the Civil War, none donned his 
suit of blue with greater eagerness than did the 
subject of this sketch, who did good and faithful 
service during that great struggle. They were all 
members of the Third Illinois Cavalry, and during 
the last year of the war the father serve;! as Regi- 
mental Commissary. He lived until September 
1890, and died at Walshville, Montgomery County. 
I. T. Towell answered to his country's first call for 
troops, and in April, 1861, we find his name on the 
roll of Company D, of the Seventh Illinois In- 
fantry. During this enlistment he did not leave 
the State but part of his time was spent at Cairo. 
On the 7th of August, 1862, he became a member 
of Company L, of the Third Illinois Cavalry, as a 
private and for two years thereafter his company 
was body-guard to different commanders of the 
Thirteenth Army Corps. He was in many of the 
bloodiest combats of the war, including Jackson, 
Champion Hills, Black River Bridge, siege of Vicks- 
burg, Franklin and Nashville, and followed Hood 
into Alabama. He was promoted in regular line, 
and for more than a year was Orderly-Sergeant of 
his company, with which rank he was mustered 
out of the service, May 22, 1865, and returned 
home without a scratch from any implement of 
war in the hands of a rebel. 



Since the war lie has devoted his attention to 
agricultural pursuits in the vicinity of Litchfield, 
111., and is now the owner of a magnificent farm 
in Witt Township, the result of his own good 
management. He is a Republican politically, has 
served a term as Collector, and for five years was 
a member of the County Board of Supervisors. He 
is a member of the Grand Army, and is a Master 
Mason. In 1860, he was united in marriage to 
Miss Elizabeth Chapman, a Kentuckian by birth, 
who became a resident of Montgomery County 
'early in life. To them a family of nine children 
has been given, who are as follows: John W. 
is married, and is a wheelwright at Li tch field; 
Laura is the wife of Henry Lee, an Englishman 
by birth, and a farmer of Witt Township; Mattie 
is the wife of Jacob Baucrla, a farmer of Audubon 
Township, of Montgomery County; and the follow- 
ing are at home: Nora, Ida, Eva, R. T., James E. 
and Maude. All these children were educated in 
the public schools, but Ida completed her education 
in Hillsboro Academy. Mr. Towell is one of 
nature's noblemen, and is an acquisition to the 
locality in which he resides, for he is public- 
spirited, energetic, and liberal in the use of his 

EO ESSENPREIS is one of the oldest set- 
tiers of Bond County, and one of those who 
have made much of its unwritten history. 
He came here poor, and by the energy of his char- 
acter and the perseverance of an honest man, he 
has won his way to the front rank in the wealth 
and influence of his section. 

The subject of this sketch was born in the cit}' 
of Baden, in Germany, February 2, 1827. His 
father, John P>ssenpreis, was also a native of the 
same place, and there grew up, lived his quiet, 
unostentatious life as a farmer, and died, after 
settling his family in America, at the age of sev- 
enty-three years. The mother of our subject was 
named Elizabeth Greilick, and was born in Baden, 

where she lived with her husband, the careful 
mother of nine children, and the frugal "hausfrau" 
of her home. When she had passed her seventy- 
third year her life ended, and both she and her 
husband passed away under the comforting min- 
istrations of the Roman Catholic Church. The 
family came to America, and the names of the 
children were: Mary A., Elizabeth, Anton, Sophro- 
nia, Leo, Helen, John B. and Louisa. They are 
now scattered, and their descendants are in many 

Our subject was reared on the farm in Germany 
and came to America in 1841, being then four- 
teen years old. His schooling was obtained in his 
native country, where, if the methods were old- 
fashioned they were thorough. The ocean trip of 
the Essenpreis family covered forty-seven days 
in an old sailing-vessel, and after landing they 
made their way to Madison County, 111., and there 
the father purchased a farm in the wilderness. At 
that time there were plenty of deer yet in the belts 
of timber, where they remained on account of the 
water, but our subject was no hunter, and did not 
molest them. He had a short season at school after 
coming to America, but there was too much work 
to be done, and at the age of twenty-one he took 
the responsibility of his own life upon his shoul- 

There was no difficulty then in securing work, 
and as Mr. Essenpreis was most modest in his de- 
mands, he soon found emplo3 - ment, and for six 
years worked by the month. For the first four 
years he was the possessor of $2 at the end of every 
thirty days, but when he began on his fifth year 
his wages were raised to the munificent sum of 
$8 per month. The ceremony which joined Miss 
Elizabeth Knebel to him, for better or for worse, 
took place March 31, 1850. The young lady 
was a native of Baden, Germany, and came 
to this country in 1848. She was a true and faith- 
ful wife, and the mother of seven children. Her 
death occurred in 1879, and her family were Henry, 
John, David Baptist, Anna Clara and Charles Leo, 
all of whom are deceased, while the living are 
Philip and Fritz. 

Our subject married a second time, February 2, 
1880, and his wife was Miss Emma Wise, a native 



of Bond County, 111. One child, William, has been 
added to the family by this union. After his first 
marriage, our subject located in Madison County, 
where he rented land for two years and then 
came to this county, where he bought ninety acres, 
and this was the beginning of his landed posses- 
sions. There were no improvements upon it, and 
he went to work to build a house, and to make the 
place into something like a home. As his means 
increased, he bought more land, and at the present 
time he has six hundred and forty acres, and has 
given his two eldest sons four hundred and fifty 
acres for a home of their own. Our subject has 
probably done more hard work than any man m 
Bond County. He raises stock and grain, and has 
found that the wisest plan is to raise feed and put 
it into stock and hogs, and to sell them. 

Mr. Plssenpreis moved here in 1880, and since 
that time he has lived retired and rents out his 
land. He feels that he has done enough hard work 
in his life. Both he and his estimable wife are 
members of the Roman Catholic Church, and he 
has contributed liberally of his means to the sup- 
port of the church as he has prospered. Our sub- 
ject is a Democrat now, although he voted both, 
times for Lincoln, because he was opposed to hu- 
man slavery. He is now pleasantly located at Pier- 
ron, Bond County, and is a man who commands 
and deserves the respect of the whole neighbor- 

fp^UGENE L. GREENLEAF. The gentleman 
whose name we place at the commencement 
of this sketch is the eldest of seven children 
born to Edward S. and Catherine P. Greenleaf. 
His mother bears the distinction of never having 
changed her name, she being a member of a family 
bearing the same name as her husband, although 
in no way connected. Edward S. Greenleaf was a 
native of the State of Maine, his birth occurring 
in October, 1837. When eight years old, his 
mother died, and his father sought to forget this 

bereavement in the Western country, which at that 
time was so fraught with adventures and achieve- 
ments. The grandparents of Edward S. Green- 
leaf represented old Southern families, both on 
the father's and mother's side, and the lineage of 
the family can be traced back nearly a century, at 
which time the ancestors were prominent people 
in St. Louis, Mo., and New Orleans, La. 

Edward S. Greenleaf became interested in the 
railroad business very early in life, and worked 
his way from the bottom round of the ladder until 
lie became .Superintendent of the Jacksonville & 
Southeastern Railroad, making his headquarters at 
Jacksonville. He filled this position with more 
than ordinary abilit\ r for a term of fifteen years, 
and enjoyed the reputation of being one of the 
best-posted men the company had at their com- 
mand. In 1889. Mr. Greenleaf resigned his posi- 
tion with the railroad company, and started in 
the grain business at Jacksonville. It is given to 
but few men to serve a master for a short lifetime, 
and then embark on an entirely new enterprise, 
feeling responsible to no one but themselves, and 
make a success in the new field. He of whom we 
are writing was blessed with more than ordinary 
ability for railroad work, and carried the same 
amount of ability into the field of merchandise, 
thus making a success of his undertaking. In a 
very short time after commencing as a merchant, 
Mr. Greenleaf, Sr., was recognized as one of the 
most prosperous business men in the place where 
he had been so popular and had become so well 
known as Superintendent of a railroad. 

So much of the character of an individual is 
foreshadowed in his ancestors, that the old trite 
saying, "Like father like son," is often very 
applicable. Eugene Greenleaf, with whose name 
we commenced this biography, inherited from 
his father many of the traits that made his 
life a success. He received his education at 
Jacksonville, this State, and aftei concluding that 
he had all the knowledge necessary to help him 
toward success in the business world, he turned his 
attention to railroading. AVhen only nineteen 
vears old our subject received the appointment of 
Station Agent at Reno. The labors incumbent 
upon this position were not sijftjcienl to keep him 



occupied, and ho soon became interested in the 
grain business, which he managed in connection 
with his railroad duties, and succeeded in estab- 
lishing himself as a business man. Industry and 
energy ever seek larger fields of employment, and 
our subject soon learned that one possessed of his 
executive ability could add other enterprises to 
those already undertaken. With this end in view, 
he started as a dealer in railroad ties, and became 
known throughout this portion of the State as an 
extensive dealer. He is considered one of the best 
business men in this community. His knowledge 
of affairs is extensive, and his opinions would do 
credit to one who had multiplied his years. 

Mr. Greenleaf is a stanch supporter of the Re- 
publican party, but has always been too busy with 
his business matters to give much attention to 
politics. Too much praise cannot be accorded him 
for the way in which he has built up his own busi- 
ness, and he has the good wishes of all who know 
him that he may reach the goal of his desires and 
enjoy the position which his talents and endow- 
ments have so eminently fitted him to fill. 

The surviving members of the family of our 
subject's father are his sisters, Mrs. Alexander, 
wife of William Alexander, a grain merchant of 
Jacksonville; and Martha E., Grace, Catherine, 
Edward M. and Moses, who are all receiving their 
education at Jacksonville. 

eW. JOHNSON, M. D., a very prominent 
and successful follower of the science of 
medicine, is one of Litohfield's most enter- 
prising physicians. lie is also the proprietor of 
the Central Illinois Infirmary, which institution is 
well and favorably known throughout the State. 
Mr. Johnson hails from the flowery shores of the 
celestial land of China, having been born in Hong 
Kong, May 17, 1848. However, he does not be- 
long to the Mongolian race. His father, John W. 
Johnson, was a missionary of the American Baptist 

Board of Foreign Missions, and it was during his 
stay in the city of Hong Kong that his son C. W. 
was born. 

John Johnson was born in New Hampshire in 
January, 1821, but left that State when a child 
and removed to Maine. He was a graduate of 
Amherst College, and soon after leaving that insti- 
tution he studied theology, first as a Congrega- 
tionalist, but during his course he was led to 
change his views on immersion and united with 
the Baptist Church before his studies were com- 
pleted. In the year 1847, he chose a helpmate in the 
person of Miss Anna Stevens, who was born at 
Eastport, Me., and who was slightly his junior. 
After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Johnson set 
sail for China, which was to be the scene of their 

Mr. Johnson remained in the missionary seryice 
until his death in 1872, and devoted his entire 
life to the conversion of the heathen. In 1860, 
he left Hong Kong and made Swatow his head- 
quarters, where he remained until his death. Dur- 
ing the entire time of his residence in China, he 
made only two trips to the United States. His 
was a grand, noble life, self-sacrificing and Christ- 
like. Any missionary deserves the respect and 
esteem of all people, but when a missionary is as 
good and devout a man as Mr. Johnson, no praise 
is too great. His wife, to whom he was devotedly 
attached, died when her only child, our subject, 
was born, and Mr. Johnson was left alone in a 
strange land. His body rests in the land he la- 
bored to redeem and gave his life for. Peace be 
to the ashes of such a hero. 

Our subject was sent to his mother's sister, when 
only two and one-half years old, via Liverpool to 
Amesbury, Mass., and while on the way over, the 
ship was attacked by pirates and one-half the crew 
lost. In 1859, the father made a trip to America 
and took his son back with him to China, but 
young Johnson only remained there three years. 
November 11, 1862, he set sail for the land of his 
adoption from Foil Chow, on the "Jacob Bell," an 
East Indian tea ship. When the ship had been 
out ninety-six days, they were captured by the 
rebel privateer, "Florida," and their vessel was 
burned. They were kept on the "Florida" for 



five days and tlien transferred to a Danish barque 
bound for the West Indies. After reaching the 
last-mentioned place, Johnson proceeded to the 
Bermuda Islands, thence to Halifax, Nova Scotia, 
by steamer, and from there managed to reach 
Boston, March 8, 1863, after a voyage of nearly 
four months. 

After our subject's second arrival in America, 
he entered school at Phoenix, R. I., where he re- 
mained for one year, and then completed his prep- 
aration for college at Philip's Academy, Exeter, 
and the University Grammar School in Providence, 
R. I. He then entered a business college at the 
same place, from which he was graduated in 1867. 
Afterward, he followed steamboating for one year 
and book-keeping for one half-year, at the end 
of which time he decided to devote his life to the 
physical needs of human ity, as his father had 
given his life to their spiritual needs. In accord- 
ance with this resolve, he began the study of med- 
icine in 1868, under the instruction of Dr. L. P. 
Babb, at Eastport, Me. His lectures were received 
at Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, from 
which institution he was graduated March 9, 1872. 

Upon graduation, our subject settled in East 
Machias, Me., and practiced his profession until 
the 4th of September, 1884, having built up a fine 
practice during that period. It was a country 
practice, however, and was so large that he was 
completely broken down attending to the demands 
made upon his time and skill. He therefore sold 
the good-will and devoted himself to special 
studies in his profession, serving as Chief Assist- 
ant to O. H. Allis, who had charge of the Ortho- 
pedic Department of Jefferson College. In addi- 
tion to his studies and the duties of his office, he 
carried on a practice in a large section of the city. 
There he remained until 1886, when he removed 
to Litchfield, 111., where he has built up a fine prac- 
tice, having had the confidence of the people from 
the first. 

In 1890, Dr. Johnson purchased the Infirmary 
to accommodate the large number of patients he 
had under his care. On first going to Litchfield. 
he had purchased a residence and in that endeav- 
ored to treat such patients as required his con- 
stant care, but the house soon became too small for 

his needs, and in September, 1890, he opened this 
institution. It is always crowded, and has never 
been without occupants, with the exception of ten 
days. The knowledge that Dr. Johnson has full 
control of the establishment is advertisement 
enough for it, as everyone has the fullest confi- 
dence in his skill and abilit3 r . 

On the 9th of Januarj-, 1873, our subject mar- 
ried Miss Allie Ryerson,of Lubec, Me., and succeed- 
ing years have proven his choice to be a happy one. 
One child, a son, has been born of their union, 
namely: Simeon Ryerson. Dr. Johnson is very 
prominent in his section of country, holding 
many of the important positions of different or- 
ganizations, and is identified with the American 
Medical Association, Knights of Pythias, Knights 
Templar and Eastern Star. In addition to this he 
is a member of the Board of Education, and for 
three years was a Trustee of the Maine State In- 
sane Asylum, his term of office extending from 
1883 to 1886. He is a devout member of the 
Methodist Church, to which he contributes liber- 
ally, and his name is a S3 r nonym for geniality, 
intelligence and skill. All unite in praise of so 
learned and successful a man. 

<fe CORNELIUS. The enterpris- 
. ^ ing firm composed of the two gentlemen 
as given above conducts with marked abil- 
ity the crisp and newsy sheet known as the 
daily Herald. This is also supplemented -by an 
issue called the weekl3' Herald. Under various 
managements the paper is one of the oldest es- 
tablished in the county, but under its new pro- 
prietorship it was re-christened with its present 

In March, 1888, Mr. Boulton purchased the 
plant and good-will of the sheet before issued. 
He edited it alone until 1890, when he associated 
with himself Mr. W. S. Parrott, of the Raymond 
Leader, and the two papers were consolidated. The 
first issue of the daily- dates from April 28, 1890. 



It is a seven-column quarto page and so ably is it 
edited that it meets with a flattering degree of suc- 
cess in circulation, both locally and throughout the 
county. Mr. Parrott was succeeded in the associ- 
ate editorship by Mr. Cornelius, who began work 
upon the paper January 1, 1891. Under the com- 
bined efforts of the present firm, the local and ag- 
ricultural interests have little more to desire in the 
way of news. Its editorials are timely and well 
considered,while all the local items are reproduced 
with care and exactitude. The weekly paper is 
an eight-column quarto, also having a good circu- 
lation both in Montgomery and Macoupin Coun- 

Mr. Boulton, the senior editor of the Herald, is a 
native of Boone County, Mo., where he was born 
June 29, 1854. He is a son of Jesse A. and Clara 
D. (Perrine) Boulton, both of Mason County, Ky. 
The former was born in 1817 and was, during the 
greater part of his life, engaged as a farmer. Their 
marriage took place in Kentucky, whence they re- 
moved to Missouri. They continued their agri- 
cultural interests there until removing to Virden, 
III., where Mr. Boulton still lives. He is a man 
who has always commanded the respect of his asso- 
ciates and fellow-citizens. While in Missouri, he 
held the office of County Judge, and that State 
continued to be his home until 1891. He and his 
wife, who still survives, have reared four sons and 
one daughter, also another child by a former 
marriage. The children are as follows: Mrs. 
J. H. Darneille, the eldest, of Chatham, III.; Wal- 
ter E., Payne A. and John W. The half-sister 
mentioned is now Mrs. Monroe Bateman, of Col- 
umbia, Mo. 

Our subject received his education in his native 
State and finished at the State University of Mis- 
souri, where he earned the degree of L. B. in the 
Class of '77. Three years later, he added to his 
diploma the degree of M. L. Thereafter for some 
time he was engaged in teaching in the public 
schools in Boone County, Mo., and was also in the 
Christian University at Canton, Mo. He finally 
located at Hannibal, Mo., and remained there until 
June 1, 1887, when he became editor and proprie- 
tor of the Hannibal daily and weekly Journal. At 
the date above mentioned, he disposed of his inter- 

ests in the Journal and purchased a one-half inter- 
est in the Troy (Mo.) News, which was consolidated 
with the Free Press in January of 1888. He sold out 
his interest the following August, and two months 
later came to Litchfield and associated himself as 
above narrated. Besides his journalistic interests, 
he is also a stockholder in the Litchfield Thresher 
Company. While in Missouri, he was several times 
a delegate to the State Democratic conventions 
and took an active part in politics. Socially, Mr. 
Boulton belongs to the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. In his church relations he is a member 
of the Christian organization. 

OBERT E. CORNELIUS. If so young a 
man could with propriety be called a vet- 
eran, surely Mr. Cornelius deserves that 
title as applied to his career in newspaper 
work. From the tender age of eleven years, he 
has passed through all the forms and phases of 
getting out a sheet, and has worked his way up 
from "devil" to his present position as associate 
editor and proprietor of the Litchfield daily and 
weekly Herald. 

Our subject was born May 6, 1865, in Benton, 111., 
and is a son of Robert E. and Lou (Adams) Cor- 
nelius. The father was a harness-maker by trade, 
to which the son, however, had no inclination. 
After he had received the rudiments of his educa- 
tion at Benton, he began to learn the mechanical 
part of printing in the Benton Standard office at 
the age of eleven years. He continued in that 
office for four years and then went into the office 
of the Baptist Banner at Cairo. 

Mr. Cornelius first came to Litchfield in October 
of 1889. He worked away until January 1, 1891, 
when he was offered an interest in the paper of 
which he is now half-owner. The department over 
which he has exclusive control is the mechanical 
business of the journalistic work. 

Our subject has a pleasant home, which is pre- 
sided over by a pleasant, courteous lady, who was 



known before her marriage as Miss Cora Bun-ess, 
of Benton. Their nuptials were solemnized March 
13, 1885. Two children bring gladness into their 
household and bear the suggestive names of Dot 
and Bee. Mrs. Cornelius is a daughter of Dr.W. D. 
Burress, a well-known physician of Benton. 

TEPHEN R. RICE, one of the most pros- 
perous and happy farmers in Pitman Town- 
ship, resides on his fine farm on section 19, 
and there enjoys the comforts and pleas- 
ures of middle age, which have been gained by 
his energy and persevering labor. The birth of our 
subject took place in Macoupin County, 111., March 
14, 1833. He was the son of a man whose memory 
is still green in this section, and he has grown 
up and done that father honor. 

William B. and Elizabeth (Cave) Rice were the 
parents of our subject, and both ancestral families 
came from below Mason and Dixon's Line. Will- 
iam B. Rice was a native of Kentucky and came 
into Illinois in the '30s with his family, and spent 
the first year in Sangamon County. He then de- 
cided that this was a good State to live in and 
moved to Macoupin County, and there entered 
land on the edge of a belt of timber, knowing 
that where there were trees there would be water. 
One of the most distressing wants of the pioneers 
was the lack of water, and as Mr. Rice had thought 
of that possibility, he selected his land where there 
was no fear of such a calamity. His location was 
near the site of the present village of Palmyra, 
and here he yoked up his ox-team and went to 
work breaking the laud. 

Mr. Rice became a prominent man in his lo- 
cality and served as Justice of the Peace, a very 
important position in those days, and as one of 
the pioneer school teachers of Macoupin County. 
The family that he left at the time of his death, 
in 1864, consisted of six children, four of whom 
are now living, viz: Stephen R.; Lucretia V., who 
married Daniel Chapman; John F. and Charles 

W. In his death Macoupin County lost one of 
her first settlers, and one of her strongest men. 
In early life he had been a Whig, but later be- 
came a Republican. 

Stephen Rice was reared among the scenes of 
pioneer life and early learned the use of six yoke 
of oxen and a wooden moldboard plow in break- 
ing land, and can give much information about 
the early methods of farming, because he made 
practical tests. His education was obtained in the 
subscription schools of his time, and he well remem- 
bers the log hut with its puncheon floors and slab 
seats. Human nature, especially boy nature, was 
probably the same then as now, and there was 
plenty of playing and little learning. The edu- 
cation which finally became his he gained in con- 
tact with the world, as he has always kept well 
posted on topics of general interest. 

When the time came for our subject to think of 
forming his own home, he prevailed upon Miss 
Polly A. Dalton to become his wife, and they were 
married September 21, 1854, after which she took 
up the reins of his domestic affairs, and has made 
his home in all of these years a place of peace 
and pleasantness. She still continues by his side, 
and none realizes more than he what a blessing a 
good wife can be. The birth of Mrs. Rice oc- 
curred in Morgan County, 111., February 19, 1837. 
and she is the daughter of Isham and Rebecca 
(Ray) Dalton. Her father was a native of Vir- 
ginia and her mother was born in North Carolina. 
In 1817, her parents started for Illinois when it 
was yet a Territory, and settled in Madison 
County. They resided there for a number of 
years, and then moved to Macoupin County, and 
subsequently went into Morgan County, where 
her father mainly reared his family. He finally 
returned to Macoupin County, and resided there 
until his death, in 1875, his wife living until 
1884. Three children survive: Lewis, Mrs. Jack- 
son Seymour, and Mrs. Rice. The occupation of 
Mr. Dalton was that of a brickmason and manu- 
facturer and farmer, and he was an early settler 
of the township. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Rice two children have 
been born, William H. and John B. The acres 
of which our subject is the owner amount to 






ninety-one, and this fine land lias been accumu- 
lated by the efforts of one man, assisted by a ca- 
pable and industrious wife. They are both val- 
ued and beloved members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, in which body Mr. Rice has long 
been a Class-leader, and is now a Trustee and 
Steward. For twenty-one years he has served as 
School Director, and for four years as Road Com- 
missioner of Pitman Township. 

Mr. Rice always is in the front rank when im- 
provements in the county are suggested, and the 
society of both church and neighborhood would 
seem wrong and wanting if the genial presence 
of Mr. and Mrs. Rice was withdrawn. In 1859, 
Mr. Rice located on this place and has improved 
it in every way. He is a Republican in politics 
and a good all-round man, who would be sadly 
missed by his neighbors and friends should he 
remove from this locality. 

f(2, extensi 
%J* & Edv 

JA. WEAVER is a member of the 
, extensive mercantile house of Weaver 
^J & Edwards, of Sorento. He was born 
in Cumberland County, this State, on the 22d of 
October, 1862, and is a son of A. D. and Eliza- 
beth A. (Armstrong) Weaver. But little is known 
of the ancestry of either of these families. They 
were both born in Ohio and came to Illinois about 
1840, and when our subject was but a few months 
old they located in Coles County, not far from 
Mattoon. There the father had a small farm, and, 
being a man of some learning, taught school in 
that locality for some years. He served during 
the late war in Company K, of the Fifty-fourth 
Illinois Infantry, and three of his brothers also 
served in the army. 

About 1870, the family moved to Greenville, 
Bond County, where the mother expired in 1873. 
After this young Weaver had to make his own 
way in life, his father being a man of very limited 
means. He early applied himself to securing an 

education, at the same time contributing to the 
support of his two young sisters. After he was 
twenty-one years of age, he entered the Gem City 
Business College, of Quincy, from which he grad- 
uated in 1884. He was then tendered the posi- 
tion of book-keeper for the Colchester Coal Com- 
pany. This he accepted, remaining with them for 
a year, and then resigned the position in order 
to accept that of confidential clerk to W. S. 
Dann, the merchant prince of Southern Illinois, 
and located at Greenville. This position he held 
more than four years, but our subject was not made 
of the kind of stuff that would long be content to 
work on a salary. He wanted to forge to the 
front and be a merchant prince himself. 

With this end in view, Mr. Weaver came to Sor- 
ento in 1889, and with his meagre savings, in com- 
pany with a Mr. Maxey, opened a small store. He 
was possessed of business ability and push, and 
the capital that he lacked to transact an extensive 
business was readily furnished by" parties having 
not only the money but unbounded confidence in 
the integrity and ability of this rising young busi- 
ness man. The partnership with Mr. Maxey lasted 
only a few months, when O. M. Edwards, a wealthy 
farmer living near Sorento, became the junior and 
silent partner in the firm, leaving the active trans- 
action of the business entirely to Mr. Weaver. 

The financial interests of the firm have reached 
goodly proportions and the business is steadily 
increasing. They now carry an immense stock 
of general merchandise, and one that would be a 
credit to a much larger town than is Sorento, yet 
the trade demands it, and this is largely due to 
the management of our subject in his popularity 
as a tradesman. He has ever been active in what- 
ever is for the benefit of a thriving little town, 
and many of the enterprises of the place have 
found a helpful hand in this wide-awake business 

Mr. Weaver is the eldest of a family of five 
children. His father died February 24, 1880. Of 
his brothers and sisters, Thomas lives in Oklahoma; 
John is in the employ of his brother G. A.; Laura 
, lives at Pocahontas, and Ruth in St. Louis. Mr. 
Weaver was married December 15, 1886, to Miss 
Alice M. Presgrove, who was born in Clinton 



County, 111., October 18, 1863. She is a daughter 
of B. F. Presgrove. Of the two children" that 
have blessed this union, the eldest, Vallee W., died 
when but nine months of age, August 3, 1888. The 
surviving child, Vernon A., was born August 10, 
1889. Politically, our subject comes from a strong 
Republican famity, but is himself an equally ardent 
Prohibitionist and has always been a strict temper- 
ance man. 

5 ~ Z 

REDBRICK J. PANNWITT is a fair illus- 
tration of the advanced position which the 
young men are now occupying in every 
phase of life in the United States; in fact, this 
might be called the young man 's era, for never be- 
fore has youth taken so prominent a position in 
affairs, commercial, political and governmental, as 
at the present time. Mr. Pannwitt was born in 
Mecklenburg, Germany, August 31, 1860. He is 
the son of Frederick and Mary (Haeppner) Pann- 
witt. The elder Mr. Pannwitt engaged as a farmer 
in his native land, but, seeing larger opportunities 
for his children as well as himself in the States, he 
emigrated to America in 1865. 

The Pannwitt family made their home in Chicago 
for one year. That was before the fire which came 
to the city, a blessing in disguise, and laid low the 
city by the lake so that it then bore little resem- 
blance to the great metropolis of the present time. 
From Chicago the family removed to Eflingham 
County, and located on a farm, doubtless the 
best place for bringing up a young man, and there 
our subject giew to manhood. He attended the 
district school until eighteen years of age, and 
then, considering himself equipped for the strug- 
gle of life, he determined to set out for himself, 
and accordingly went to Missouri and located at 
Bland, a country crossroads in Gasconade County. 
While here he entered a blacksmith shop in order 
to learn the trade, and gave three years of his time 
to making himself master of the business. 

In the spring of 1882, the subject of this sketch 

came to Xokomis and entered the employ of J. L. 
Freasier, with whom he continued until January 
1, 1885. lie then purchased his emploj-er's inter- 
est and continued the business in his own name. 
He has brought to it all the energy and ability of 
his nature and mind, and has been very successful 
in every effort he has thus far made. 

Immediately after establishing himself in business 
on his own account, Mr. Pannwitt was married to 
Miss Margaret C. Essmann, their marriage being 
celebrated February 24, 1885. Their home is one 
of the finest residences in Nokomis, and was built in 
1891. Mrs. Pannwitt has brought all her tact and 
taste to bear in making this an ideal home for her 
husband and child. She presides over the place 
with much grace, which shows to admirable advan- 
tage her natural alility. Mrs. Pannwitt is a native 
of Missouri. One child, Edwin F., a bright little 
boy of five years of age, gladdens the house with 
his winsome presence. Truly the family life as en- 
joyed by our subject is a very gracious one, well- 
ordered and prosperous, and bears the benediction 
of a truly religious uplifting. Mr. Pannwitt is a 
man of more than ordinary ability, deeply respec- 
ted by all who know him, and is a true type of 
the German gentleman. He is an exemplary mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church, and is a strict tem- 
perance man. Politically, he pins his faith to the 
garment of no party, but votes as he believes to be 
for the best interests of his country, independent 
of platform or local interest. 

ENRY GRUBE, a retired fnrmer residing 
in Greenville, claims Pennsylvania as the 
State of his nativity. Lancaster County 
is the place of his birth, and the date Sep- 
tember 1, 1823. He is a -son of John and Anna 
(Summy) Grube, natives of Lancaster County. 
The father was a farmer by occupation, and fol- 
lowed that business throughout his entire life. 
In 1836, he removed to Clarke County, Ohio, 
where he purchased five hundred acres of land, 



making a home thereon until his death, which oc- 
curred on the 2d of- November, 1880. His wife 
survived him for about five years, and died March 
10, 1885. The paternal grandparents of our sub- 
ject, Jacob and Susan (Wayland) Grube, were also 
born in Lancaster County. The former, who was 
of Swiss descent, was a boot and shoe maker by 
trade, but also engaged in farming. The maternal 
grandfather of our subject was Christian Summy, 
who was engaged in keeping a hotel, and also fol- 
lowed fanning. He was born in Lancaster County, 
where the birth of his wife, whose maiden name 
was Catherine Musselman, also occurred. 

The subject of this sketch had no sisters and but 
one brother, Aaron, who was 'killed when twenty 
years of age in a railroad disaster in Montgomery 
County, Ohio. Henry spent his boyhood days 
upon his father's farm, and acquired his education 
in Pennsylvania. He remained at home until 
twenty-four years of age, when was celebrated his 
marriage with Miss Margaret J. Humphreys, of 
Clarke Count}', Ohio, daughter of James and 
Catherine Humphreys. They began their domes- 
tic life upon a farm in Clarke County, and Mr. 
Grube there continued agricultural pursuits from 
1848 until 1868, when he removed to Springfield, 
Ohio, and there lived a retired life for two years. 
lie then went to Jasper County, 111., where he en- 
gaged in farming upon three hundred and forty- 
five acres of land for six months. ' Upon the expi- 
ration of that period, lie removed to Clinton 
Count}' and purchased a tract of land of one hun- 
dred and thirty-seven acres, of which fifty are situ- 
ated in this county, although it is all in one body. 
He made his home thereon from 1870 until 1878, 
when he returned to Ohio to take care of his 
parents, and remained in the Buckeye State until 
the 20th of June, 1880. He then again came to 
his farm in Illinois, and since 1887 he has been a 
resident of Greenville. He also owns one hun- 
dred and sixty-four acres in LaGrange Town- 

In 1887. Mr. Grube was called upon to mourn 
the loss of his wife, who had borne him seven chil- 
dren, four of whom are yet living: Charles H. 
married Kate Whitaker, of Crawford County, 111., 
and is engaged in the drug business; Dr. Robert 

II., a practicing physician, married Miss Margaret 
Ernshaw, of Dayton, O., and is now living in 
Pittsburgh, Pa.; Aaron C., a merchant of Fair 
Haven on Puget Sound, and George, a book agent 
for the Riverside Publishing House of St. Louis. 

Mr. Grube's second marriage was celebrated in 
1870, when Mrs. Emma L. Noe, of Grant County, 
Wis., became his wife. She is a daughter of Jo- 
seph and Mary A. Hall. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Grube are leading members of the Presbyterian 
Church, and she is one of the earnest Christian 
workers of Illinois. In the church she serves as a 
Deaconess, is a member of the Missionary Society, 
and until last year was President of the Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union of the county. Mr. 
Grube is also a warm advocate of temperance 
principles, and votes with the Prohibition party. 
He is now living a retired life, enjoying a well- 
earned rest and a handsome competence, which 
has been acquired through his industrious and 
well-directed efforts. On coming to Greenville he 
purchased an acre of land, and owns one of the 
finest homes in the city. 

)EV. HENRY BECKER, D. D., a widely 
known and highly esteemed priest of South- 
IA\ \^ ern Illinois, and for many years an arduous 
laborer in various parishes of the State, is 
now the spiritual adviser of the Roman Catholic 
Church in Hillsboro, Montgomery County, 111. 
His presence is a familiar one in scenes of sor- 
row and distress, especially among the members 
of his own congregation, but he is a public-spirited 
man, liberal in sentiment, and, desiring the mutual 
welfare of the entire community which surrounds 
him, has won the confidence and respect of all 
good citizens, irrespective of church or party affil- 

Father Becker was born in Westphalia, Ger- 
many, July 1, 185G. His father, Henry Becker, 
and his mother, Elizabeth (Behrens) Becker, were 



botli natives of the province which gave our 
subject birth. In the home of their infancy they 
passed their quiet, uneventful life, nor wished for 
change. They were the parents of five sons and 
five daughters. The little ones were early trained 
to habits of industry and thrift. When old 
enough the children went to school, and regularly 
attended the parish church, and soon the daugh- 
ters shared the mother's duties and the sons 
assisted the father in his daily work. 

Four children of this German home have passed 
away. The living sons and daughters are Sophia, 
who early consecrated her life to religious duties, 
and is now a Sister of Charity in Belgium; Anna, 
who devotes her life to the education of the 
young, and is now a teacher in the public schools 
in Germany; Elizabeth is in Minneapolis, and 
like her eldest sister has entered upon a religious 
life as a Sister of Charity; Maria is also a member 
of a religious order and a Sister of Charity in 
Namur, Belgium; Herman, a man of business in 
Chicago; and Henry, the parish priest of Hills- 

From early youth Henry Becker was a studious 
boy, of strong religious inclinations, and at the 
proper age began a course of preparation for the 
priesthood. He readily acquired the Latin tongue 
and afterward studied mental philosophy in Bel- 
gium. He then resolved to complete the higher 
course in America, which he had long before de- 
cided to make his future field of labor. Journey- 
ing safely across the Atlantic, he landed in New 
York, September 25, 1875. He tarried not long 
in the United States, but soon proceeded to his 
destination, Montreal, Canada, where he entered 
the Grand Seminary, and took the four-year 
theological course. 

Father Becker graduated with honor as Doctor 
of Theology in 1879. He was ordained priest 
December 20 of the same year, and was then as- 
signed to Illinois, Diocese of Alton. His first 
parish was in Mound City, and he also ministered 
to the needs of Metropolis, Stone Fort and Ilar- 
risburg. He remained with this charge one year 
and was then sent to Mt. Vernon, his religious 
duties also including the pastoral work in Okaw- 
ville and McLeansborough. His next parish was 

in Kaskaskia, Randolph County, the oldest settle- 
ment in the Mississippi Valley. He remained one 
year, and then on account of sickness was sent to 
Grantfort, Madison County, where he was sta- 
tioned a year. 

Our subject had now for five years faithfully 
gone his wearying round, answering with his 
cheerful presence the constant demands of acci- 
dent, sickness and death. He was over-worked 
and, finally obliged on account of his health to 
take a rest, visited the Fatherland. Old friends 
and neighbors greeted him; his father was yet 
alive, but his mother was gone from the old home 
to "a house not made with hands." At three-score 
years and ten she had entered into rest. 

In 1885, Father Becker, with health restored, 
was assigned the pastoral charge of the church at 
Vandalia, with charge also of Greenville and Ram- 
sey. In 1888 he assumed charge of the church at 
Hillsboro, and also officiated as priest at Gil- 
lespie, performing his varied duties with unabated 
energy and conscientious diligence. In 1890 he 
went again to Europe, this time journeying to 
Rome, whose grandeur and magnificence never 
cease to employ the pen and pencil of author and 

Fifty families attend the Catholic Church of 
Hillsboro and since our subject took charge he 
has aided in clearing off a debt of $700 and is now 
erecting a building (a residence for the parish 
priest) to cost $2000. Father Becker's undoubted 
business ability is of great value to the parish, 
whose religious interests are his first thought. 

;ESLEY SNELL. It will be unanimously 
conceded that the well-appointed restau- 
rant fills an important niche in the sum 
total of any town's acquisitions, and it is in such 
connection that due mention is made of the estab- 
lishment of which Mr. Snell is the proprietor. 
Tliis popular house was established about four 
years ago, and is conducted in an admirable man- 



ner, while the cooking is beyond reproach. Prices 
are moderate, and a first-class meal can be ob- 
tained for a sum within the reach of all. 

Mr. Snell was born at Stanton, 111., April 11, 
1843, to John and Elizabeth (Best) Snell, the for- 
mer of whom was born in North Carolina, and 
came to Illinois in 1823, with his father, Roger 
Snell, and settled on a farm not far from Stanton. 
On this same farm the subject of this sketch was 
born. The grandfather died at the very advanced 
age of ninety-two years, while John Snell's de- 
mise occurred on the 7th of March, 1892, at the 
age of eighty-six years. Young Snell grew up on 
the farm on which he was born, and, being next 
to the youngest in a family of nine children, re- 
ceived but a common-school education. 

When the war cloud, which had hovered over 
the country for so long a time, burst in all its 
fury, he, with two of his brothers, William and 
James, joined the Third Illinois Cavalry, and 
served three years. William was slightly wounded 
at the battle of Pea Ridge, but was otherwise un- 
injured in the service. He died in 1881, and 
James in February, 1892. Wesley Snell entered 
the service on the 7th of March, 1865, and became a 
member of Company H, Twenty-eighth Illinois 
Infantry as a recruit, and was sent to the front at 
Mobile, Ala., and at once took part in the siege of 
that place. He was with his company at the fall 
of Spanish Fort, Ft. Blakely and the fall of 
Mobile. They were in camp near the latter city 
when the news of President Lincoln's assassina- 
tion reached them. They were then sent to the 
Rio Grande in Texas, and continued to do guard 
duty in the vicinity of Brownsville, where Mr. 
Snell remained until his term of enlistment had 
expired, in March, 1866. He was discharged on 
the 7th of that month, after whicli he spent one 
year on a farm in Macoupin County, 111., then 
came to Montgomery County, and engaged in 
farming seven miles south of Nokomis, where he 
remained until 188>, when he established himself 
in business in the town, and has since successfully 
conducted his restaurant and bakery. 

The establishment of which Mr. Snell is the 
proprietor is excellent of its kind, the bread especi- 
ally being of a very superior quality, while cakes 

of all description, both ornamental and plain, are 
seen in the show-cases. In politics, Mr. Snell has 
always been a strong Republican, but has never 
aspired to public position. He married in 1868 
Miss Mary E. Bond, a native of Madison County, 
111., by whom he has a family of six children, five 
of whom are living: Lulla I.; Elizabeth E., wife of 
John E. Todd, of Mattoon, 111.; Eva E., who died 
at the age of thirteen years; Minnie, John B., and 
Essie. Mr. Snell's brother, the Rev. Asa Snell, 
has been a Methodist minister for the past thirty- 
six years, and is now located at Spring Garden. 
Mr. Snell is a well-known man of business, who 
has gained an influential and wide-spread patron- 
age through his honorable methods in dealing 
with the public, and by his energy and prompt- 
ness in filling the contracts that are given him. 

SA J. SHERBURNE is a prominent and 
enterprising farmer of Bond County and 

<K li owns one of the best-improved and most 
v)J fertile farms in this part of the State. 
Perhaps it would be difficult to find among the 
farming community a man who enjoys wider pop- 
ularity than he, and his biographical sketch will 
therefore be of interest to our readers. 

Asa J. Sherburne was born near Rochester, N. Y., 
July 11, 1827, and is the son of Henry Sherburne, 
also a native of New York, whose birth took place 
in 1799. The family is of English descent and was 
represented in this country before the Revolution- 
ary War. In his younger days, Henry Sherburne 
followed the trade of a blacksmith and engaged in 
making edged tools and in mill work. Later he 
became a merchant and dealt in notions and dry- 
goods. About 1856, he removed to Indiana and 
settled in Terre Haute, where he engaged in busi- 
ness for some years. His active labors ceased at 
the age of seventy-four years, and he passed away 
mourned not only by his family but throughout 
the entire community. He had been a valued 
member of the Methodist Church, In politics, he 



was first a Whig and a strong Abolitionist, and 
in later years became a Republican. 

The mother of our subject, Mary (Bronson) 
Sherburne, was born in New York and died at the 
age of seventy-four years. The church of her 
choice was the Methodist, in which she was long 
an active member. Mrs. Sherburne became the 
mother of nine children, eight of whom grew to 
maturity, namely: James, Jethro, Charles, Asa, 
Squire, William, Melvina and Lucy. Jane died at 
the age of eleven years. Our subject was reared 
in New York and was educated in the common 
schools of his place. At the age of sixteen, he 
left home and began the struggle of life for him- 
self. At Waterloo, N. Y., he learned the trade of 
blacksmith and worked at it until 1851, when he 
made his way to Indianapolis, Ind.. and engaged 
in work ' on the Vandalia Railroad, which was 
being built from there to Tor re Haute. When the 
road was finished, he was engaged as engineer and 
ran on that line between Indianapolis to Terre 
Haute for nineteen years, and later fron Indianap- 
olis to St. Louis for five j-ears as passenger con- 

Tiring of this life, in 1873 Mr. Sherburne left 
railroad work and bought his present farm. His 
marriage, April 30, 1854, united him to Mary 
Burton, who was born in Terre Haute, Ind., and 
four children have been born unto them, namely: 
Harry V., who married Rebecca Plumb; Cora, Mrs. 
Curtis C. Paddock; Lua E., Mrs. William II. Ebert; 
and Ned C. Our subject has two hundred and 
eighty acres of fine land, all in one body. The en- 
tire tract is in the highest state of improvement, ex- 
cept twenty acres, which he prefers to keep in tim- 
ber. His commodious residence was erected in 1881 
and is beautifully located on a high ridge, near the 
railroad on which he spent so many years. In 
1886, he built the large frame barn, which is one 
of the most substantial improvements in that 
neighborhood. Mr. Sherburne has raised a great 
deal of wheat and also much fine stock. In polit- 
ical matters, he is a Republican and his popularity 
with the party of his choice is testified by his elec- 
tion to the position of School Director, which 
oflice he has held for many years. For thirty 
years, he has been a prominent member of the 3Ia- 

sonic fraternity and is at present identified with 
the Blue Lodge, and has reached the thirty-second 
degree. The family is highly respected and its 
members have made hosts of friends among the 
residents of that portion of Illinois embraced in 
the confines of Bond County. 

ON. WILLIAM YOUNG, who for twelve 
* years administered law as Justice of the 
Peace, and who in the early '50s, before the 
organization of the township, represented 
three counties in the Legislature, now resides upon 
his farm, on section 13, Hillsboro Township, Mont- 
gomery County. Our subject well illustrates the 
homely old proverb, "Where there is a will there is 
a way." He began life with but two valuable 
possessions a horse and a saddle. The broad well- 
tilled and well-stocked farm which he now owns 
was gained by unremitting toil, patient saving and 
wise investment. 

Mr. Young was born in Maury County, Tenn., 
October 5, 1810. His father, Henry Young, was of 
Scotch descent, but a native of Pennsylvania, in 
which State he received his early training. The 
mother of our subject, Sallie Fifer, was born in 
Germany, from which country her parents emi- 
grated to America and located in South Carolina 
when she was about two years old. Henry Young 
and Sallie Fifer were married in North Carolina, 
and first settled in Roanoke County. From that 
State they removed to Kentucky, thence to Tennes- 
see, where, upon a farm about fifteen miles south 
of Columbus, their son William was born. 

The father died upon that farm at the age of 
sixty-four. His widow removed with her family 
to Montgomery County, 111., in 1830, and lived 
there until her death in her seventy-eighth year. 
John and Sallie Young were the parents of twelve, 
children, all of whom reached adult age. Of this 
large family (eight daughters and four sons) but 
three survive: Lovina, the widow of Rev. C. C. 



Aydelott, resides in Donnellson, Montgomery 
County; Harriet, the widow of J. Harder, lives in 
Perry Township; our subject is the eleventh child 
and the youngest son. His boyhood was passed in 
his native place, and he was twenty years of age 
when he came to Illinois. 

For a time Mr. Young worked by the day and 
month, but immediately following his marriage to 
Miss Jane Paisley, which event occurred March 1, 
1832, he took up land west of Donnellson and lo- 
cated upon section 21, township 7, range 4. . The 
four-hundred acre tract was a Government claim, 
and upon its broad surface not even a sod had been 
broken. A small log-house, 16x16 feet in dimen- 
sions, entirety destitute of windows, and with a 
puncheon floor," was the home of the newly-wedded 
pair. For furniture the}' had two split-bottom 
chairs, a table made of split walnut logs, and a bed- 
stead of the same. These articles were not hand- 
some, but they served their purpose and were 
highly valued by the good lady of the house. 

Mr. Young cleared the place, and made miles of 
rail fence to enclose it. He hauled his grain to St. 
Louis, the nearest market, and there exchanged it 
for groceries and other necessities of life, receiving 
according to market fluctuations from twelve and 
a-half to eighteen cents per bushel. For fifty 
years our subject remained upon that farm, but in 
1880 he bought two hundred and fifty-two acres, 
upon which he now resides, and which is under 
high cultivation. Mr. Young also owns ninety 
acres on section 24, three hundred acres in town- 
ship 7, range 3, sections 16 and 17; six hundred 
acres in township 8, range 3, sections 29, 30 and 
32. This large body of valuable land (twelve 
hundred and forty-four acres) is all situated in 
Montgomery County. A tract of two hundred and 
forty acres in Butler County, which our subject 
formerly owned, has recently been disposed of. 

Our subject was twice married. His first wife, 
who died in 1851, was the mother of nine chil- 
dren, three surviving her: John, William A. and 
Harriet M., widow of William McCulloch. All re- 
side in Montgomery County. Three of the fam- 
ily died in infancy; James J. died in 1889; Sarah 
Jane and Samuel died when they had reached 
mature years. Mr. Young's present wife was a 

native of North Carolina, and came to Mont- 
gomery County when she was sixteen years 
of age. She is the mother of three children: 
Francis H.; Anna, the wife of Charles Linx- 
willer; and Jacob, who resides with his parents. 
Mr. Young cast his first vote for Jackson and 
abides by his early convictions. As an official, he 
made an excellent Justice of the Peace, and ably 
represented the counties of Montgomery, Bond 
and Clinton in the Legislature of 1851. 


OHN P. YOUNG, the present Assessor of 
Harvel Township, is widely known and 
highly respected for his excellent business 
ability and integrity of character. His par- 
ents wire natives of Germany and in early life 
made themselves a home in Baden. In this beau- 
tiful city of the Fatherland, John P. was born 
May 19, 1839, and, being a dutiful son, he re- 
mained with his parents until nearly nineteen 
years of age. The lessons of frugality and patient 
training in habits of industry acquired in his 
childhood home gave him confidence in himself, 
and as he neared manhood, his ambition was 
aroused by the reported success of others who had 
gone to the New World. He now determined to 
emigrate to America, the Eldorado of countless 

Mr. Young's journey to the New World was 
not made in a fast-sailing steamship. He em- 
barked on a sailing-vessel which left Havre No- 
vember 24, 1858, and arrived at her destination, 
New Orleans, February 20, 1859. The three- 
month voyage gave the young German many 
hours for leisure thought and planning for the 
unknown future, and it is probable that much of 
his later success was due to this fact. The Sunny 
South did not keep the young emigrant long in 
its territory, as he soon turned his face northward, 
and in Jersey County, 111., received his first em- 
ployment in this country. Beginning as a farm 
hand, John, as he was familiarly called, worked 



steadily two years, receiving, even in the busy- 
season, only the modest sum of $15 per month. 
But the sturdy young man's wants were few, and 
having now become a true American, he was con- 
tent to wait his time. His next step upward was 
achieved in Montgomery County, where lie farmed 
on shares three years in Pitman Township. At 
the end of this time, he accepted employment 
which promised better returns at Decatur. 

Mr. Young, however, preferred his late place of 
residence, and being convinced that Montgomery 
County was his best field for work, returned there 
after a brief time, and again became a tiller of the 
soil in Pitman Township, and subsequently pro- 
prietor of eighty acres of well-improved land. In 
the meantime, about eight years after his arrival 
in America, the young farmer selected a life part- 
ner, and upon August 9, 1867, married Miss Fan- 
nie Fetir. Already a land-owner, blessed with 
health, prosperity, home and wife, the future out- 
look was even at that early day very bright. 
Seven children have blessed Mr. Young's union 
with Miss Fchr. and six of these children Frank, 
Mary, Katie, Minnie, Sophie and John are now 
living, the death of a son George being the only 
affliction this happy household has known. -Po- 
litical^, the subject of this sketch is a Democrat, 
defending his views with intelligent ability, and 
his heart is with the masses, one of his chief aims 
in life being to educate and elevate the multi- 

Mr. Young is an ardent advocate of the public- 
school system of his adopted country, and for 
several years has untiringly and conscientiously 
performed the duties of School Director. Many 
readily accept such office, neglecting the work 
which attaches to it, but the fidelity of John P. 
Young has accomplished much for the youth of 
his immediate neighborhood, and the good he has 
done will be shown in the lives of many coining 
men arid women. 

Besides the position of School Director, which 
brought him into frequent contact with the chil- 
dren both great and small, Mr. Young's appoint- 
ment as Collector of Pitman Township gave him 
a wide-spread acquaintance, For nine consecutive 
years he acceptably discharged his duties as Town- 

ship Collector, and for the past two years has been 

Mr. Young is a consistent attendant and mem- 
ber of the Roman Catholic Church. As a citizen, 
he enjoys the full confidence of his associates and 
neighbors, and pleasant indeed must be the retro- 
spect of the past. Alone in a new country, rely- 
ing solely on his own energy, he has made for 
himself a record to be envied, and has won a 
happy home and wide-spread influence, whose 
value cannot be over estimated. 

VJ. OWENS. Litchfield is a pretty city of 
homes, where the matrons do their own 
marketing and are wise in all the culinary 
arts and sciences, from selecting their roasts, vege- 
tables and cereals to concocting mysterious dishes 
that their unsuspecting husbands, fathers and 
brothers are expected to digest. In the face of 
such knowledge of these matters, the purveyor to 
these wants must be a shrewd and honest man with 
keen judgment of the needs of his customers. 
Such a one is Mr. Owens, who is proprietor of the 
grocery, meat-market, flour and feed store at the 
corner of Taylor and Chestnut Streets. He here 
has a fine place, having many modern appoint- 
ments, as the building was erected about January 
1, 1891, and he enjoys an excellent share of the 

Our subject was born in Collinsville, Madison 
County, 111., December 28, 1854. He is the son of 
J. W. and Mary A. (Jones) Owens, the former of 
whom was an early settler here, having con:e 
originally from Kentucky. Here he married his 
wife, who came hither from Liverpool, England, 
but who had received her education in London. 
Mr. Owens, Sr., has from boyhood been engaged 
in the mercantile business, and is still one of the 
most energetic business men of Collinsville. He 
adheres to the principles of the Democratic party 
and has been Justice of the Peace for twenty-four 
years, not having been out of office during that 





W. J. Owens received his education in St. Clair 
County, at Caseyville, and later attended commer- 
cial college at St. Louis. After that he was en- 
gaged as a locomotive engineer for five years on 
the Iron Mountain and Jacksonville & South East- 
ern Railroad. On severing his connection with 
the railroad company, Mr. Owens came to Litch- 
field, in March, 1889, and was placed in charge of 
the City Water Works. lie held this position for 
two years, at the same time having control of the 
Electric Light Plant. His own position was that 
of Chief Engineer, and, although he had assistance 
at each place, the responsibility for the safe opera- 
tion of both plants rested upon him. He remained 
in charge until the separation of the two plants, 
when he established himself in the business in 
which he is now interested, and in which his trade 
is ever increasing. He devotes his whole time and 
attention to his business, and the sales amount to 
about $900 per month. 

Our subject has a pleasant home in Litchfleld, 
which is presided over by his amiable and charm- 
ing wife, to whom he was married at Carlyle, this 
State, October 19, 1882. She was Miss Ada F., 
daughter of Mrs. Jacob Young. Her education 
was acquired in the High School of Carlyle. Mr. 
and Mrs. Owens are members of the Presbyterian 
Church, and our subject is identified with the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows and the Brother- 
hood of Locomotive Engineers. 

p^ OBERT WILLEFORD, a pioneer settler and 
honored residentof Ripley Township, Bond 
:*^ \\ County, is also a veteran of the Mexican 
_J) War, and a citizen of undoubted courage 
and integrity. Born in Rutherford County, Tenn., 
June 6, 1818, he was but nine years of age when 
lie came to Illinois with his family and found a 
permanent home within its boundaries. Locating 
upon the broad prairie, about seven miles west of 
Greenville, he 1ms for almost sixty-five continuous 
years been closely identified with every marked 

improvement and growing enterprise of the imme- 
diate neighborhood. As a County Commissioner 
he served with faithful ability three terms, his en- 
ergetic efforts in behalf of public interests win- 
ning him the confidence and esteem of his official 
associates and the community at large. 

The immediate ancestors of our subject were 
Virginians by birth, both his father and paternal 
grandfather having been born in the Old Domin- 
ion. Jordan Willeford, the grandfather, at the 
early age of sixteen enlisted as a soldier in the Rev- 
olutionary War, and fought nobly for God and 
liberty. Afterward returning to his birthplace, 
Hampton County, he married, settled upon a Vir- 
ginia plantation and became a slave-holder. His 
son James, born in Hampton County in 1791, was 
the father of our subject. Grandfather Willeford 
early removed to Tennessee, and there died at the 
advanced age of ninety-six years. He was a man 
of fine presence, energetic and fearless, and lived 
to witness almost a century's progress of our na- 

Robert Willeford was the eldest child born to 
James and Sally (Price) Willeford. The mother 
was a native of Virginia, and died in Tennessee in 
1826, leaving to her husband's care four little 
children, the youngest scarcely more than a babe. 
Some time after his first wife's death, James Wille- 
ford married Nancy Price, the sister of his former 
wife. The children of the first marriage were: our 
subject, Robert; Elizabeth, who married Aquilla 
Sugg, and died in October, 1883; Nancy Ellen, the 
widow of William Turner, who resides five miles 
east of Old Ripley; and James, who was born in 
1825 and died April 12, 1880. By his second mar- 
riage, James Willeford became the father of four 
children, three of whom died young, the only sur- 
vivor being Willis Willeford, a wealthy citizen 
and retired farmer of Ripley Township. The death 
of James Willeford occurred in 1862, upon the 
Illinois farm, where he had located thirty-five years 
before. He had never acquired wealth, and could 
give his children but the limited advantages of the 
early subscription and little district schools, but 
he trained them in the habits of industry and self, 
reliance, which fitted them for the battle of life. 

In common with tlie sops of other pioneers, our 



subject began hard work in early life, and while 
engaged in regular farming duties, the years went 
swiftly by, until in 1846 he enlisted in the service 
of the United States, and for one year, with gal- 
lant braveiy, fought upon the fields of Vera Cruz 
and Cerro Gordo. Having returned to his home, 
he married, July 2, 1848, Miss Malinda, a daughter 
of Daniel File, who came to Bond County from 
North Carolina in 1818. Mrs. Willeford died in 
1852. on the farm where her husband had located 
immediately following their marriage, and where 
he has lived ever since. Robert Willeford has been 
a life-long Democrat, and still takes an active inter- 
est in the conduct of public affairs. He is a promi- 
nent member of the Baptist Church, and has mate- 
rially aided in extending its religious work. 

Hon. Edward L. Willeford, one of the prominent 
agriculturists and stock-raisers of the State, and 
the only child of our subject, was born October 7, 
1850, on the homestead where he now resides. He 
received a primary education in the public schools 
and completed his course of study in a private 
academy at Greenville. At eighteen years he taught 
school, continuing in that occupation for a time, 
but soon permanently engaged in the business 
of his life general agriculture and stock-rais- 
ing. Mr. Willeford and his father own about six 
hundred acres of valuable land, and have the finest 
herd of thoroughbred short-horn cattle in the 
county. At the early age of nineteen years Ed- 
ward L. Willeford and Miss Lucy S. Davenport 
were united in marriage. Mrs. Willeford is a native 
of Montgomery County, and a daughter of very 
early settlers in the State. Mr. and Mrs. Willeford 
are the parents of six children. Francis M. is the 
wife of James A. Tabor, a farmer of Ray County, 
near Richmond, Mo.f Ella Gordon is a teacher in the 
public school; Maud married Frank Barker, and 
resides in old Ripley. Robert L., Effie and Blanche 
are at home. Ella and Robert completed their ed- 
ucation in Greenville, and the other children have 
profited by the now excellent public schools. 

In 1888, Mr. Willeford was elected by the Dem- 
ocrats to the State Legislature, and evinced so 
much ability in the discharge of his ollicial duties 
that he was placed on several importantconimittces. 

Mr. Willeford is a prominent member of the In- 

dependent Order of Odd Fellows, and is a genial 
gentleman, possessing hosts of friends. He is an 
important factor in the progressive interests of the 
county, and was one of the leaders in the estab- 
lishment of the Farmers' Central Township Mu- 
tual Insurance Company of Bond County, of which 
he is the efficient Secretary. 

kEOPOLD KNEBEL, one of the largest land- 
owners in the State of Illinois, and a well- 
known grain buyer at Pierron, is the sub- 
ject of this present writing. lie began the battle 
of life a fatherless boy at sixteen, and by the ster- 
ling traits in his character, has conquered all diffi- 
culties, and now is wealthy and respected. 

The gentleman of whom we write was born in 
Baden, Germany, November 27, 1839, a son of 
Sebastian Knebel, who was also a native of Baden. 
Before coming to America, our subject had the ad- 
vantage of six months of schooling in Germany, 
but in 1847, be, with his parents and four other 
children, started for the New World. The ocean 
trip was long and tiresome, taking fifty-six days 
to accomplish, and when the passengers were 
landed in New Orleans, they still had an eight- 
day voyage between them and St. Louis, on the 
way to their destination in Madison County, 111. 
Upon reaching Southern Illinois, Mr. Knebel 
bought land in township 5, range 8, Madison 
County, selecting one hundred and forty acres on 
the edge of some timber. 

Of course the educational advantages to be se- 
cured in such a place were not very extensive, but 
our subject attended the subscription schools, then 
held in the log schoolhouses, which were only sup- 
plied with slab benches and earthen floors, and ab- 
sorbed as much learning as did his fellow-students, 
whose opportunities were the same, and many of 
whom had come from the same land across the sea. 

The father of our subject was removed by death 
when Leopold was only twelve years old, and the 



latter was obliged to think of some wa}- in which 
he could obtain a livelihood. Labor he must, and 
so he hired out by the year, after having it put into 
the bond that he could have three months of school- 
ing. For two years he worked for board and clothes, 
and at the expiration of that time he received from 
$5 to 17 per month for two years longer. By 
the time he was sixteen, he desired to become master 
of his own wages, so hired out and worked from 
that time until he was twenty years old for from 
$8 to $10 a month. 

When twenty years of age he had saved enough 
from his rather slender salary to purchase eighty 
acres of wild prairie land, and felt enough faith in 
the future to ask Miss Caroline Walter to become 
his wife. The wedding took place March 3, 1862. 
She had had a trying experience on her way to 
America from her native place, Baden. The year 
of her departure was 1854, and at that time the 
same dread disease which of late has hung along 
our shores, the cholera, was raging along the Mis- 
sissippi. After a long trip of forty-eight days on 
the ocean, the passengers took the boat to ascend 
the Mississippi from New Orleans to St. Louis, and 
forty-eight of the passengers died on that boat. 
Water was low, and four weeks were consumed 
upon that passage up the river. She was accom- 
panied by her parents and her seven brothers and 

The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Knebel are 
Julia, Carolina, Ida, Edward L., William and 
Henr3'. Our subject settled on his farm in Madison 
Co,unty, and now has twenty-one hundred and fifty 
acres, all of which he has improved, with the ex- 
ception of thirty acres of timber. lie has owned 
more land than this, but has sold part of it off in 
lots. His income from his land now is from $5,000 
to $7,000 a year. One branch of his business is 
the buying and shipping of cattle and hogs to all 
points. lie buys all of his grain at this point, and 
has an interest in the elevator with Charles Speck- 
art, who is his son-in-law. His farming docs not 
trouble him much, as he rents. out about all of his 
land, but the time lias been when lie was a hard- 
working man. and it has been on account of his 
good management and industry that he now occu- 
pies the position that he does. 

Mr. and Mrs. Knebel are members of the Roman 
Catholic Church, and to it he gives liberally of his 
means. In his political opinions our subject is a 
Democrat, although he voted for Lincoln because 
he was opposed to slavery, as at that time that was 
the principal question of dispute. He also voted 
for Grant when he ran for President the first time. 
Since then other questions have come up upon 
which Mr. Knebel thinks the Democratic party 
takes the proper stand. He has been a delegate to 
both county and Congressional conventions. 

Mr. Knebel has seen about all of the advance- 
ment of this section. He hauled the first load of 
lumber for the beginning of the present town of 
Pierron, and built the first building on this site. 
His acquaintance is large, and he is regarded with 
respect as a man of sterling worth. 

J~~JOHN SCHWARTZLY. Some of the best 
citizens of Nokomis Township are natives 
of Germany. Their thrift and industry 
' have made this southern portion of Illinois, 

bordering as it does on both North and South, to 
blossom like the rose. The German mind is natur- 
ally of a scientific bent, and when applied to agri- 
culture it is found to be exceedingly advantage- 

Mr. Schwartzly was born in Baden, Germany, 
September 22, 1829. His father was a farmer, but 
while yet a lad our subject learned the baker's 
trade and followed that until 1857, at which time 
he came to America. Locating at Louisville, Ky., 
for two years, he was engaged in working at his 
trade and then determined to turn his attention to 
farming. He located on a good tract of land in 
Madison County, 111., not far from Alton. Life 
was not complete to the young German, away 
from the Fatherland and among strangers, without 
a home and domestic ties, and in April, 1861, he 
remedied this want by his marriage to Miss Birdie 
Shoos, a native of Madison County and of Ger- 
man parentage. In 1870, the young couple came 



to Montgomery County and located on the farm 
where they now live in Nokomis Township. 
Providence and nature have smiled upon the agri- 
cultural efforts of our subject. His farm, which 
comprises two hundred acres of land, is one of the 
best in the German settlement, and bears the finest 
of improvements, all of which he himself has 
made. Owner of a comfortable home, our subject 
is able to raise much of the necessities of life upon 
his own place, and makes it yield to him a gener- 
ous supply of what other things are necessary. 

Mr. and Mrs. Schwartzly are the parents of nine 
living children. The eldest daughter, whose given 
name is Ellen, is. the wife of Enoch Koock. The 
remaining children are all under the home roof as 
yet. They are named as follows: Frank, Louisa, 
Charles, Lewis, Rosa, Etta, Julia and Minnie. They 
are a bright and happy family of active, energetic 
young people, who are bound to make their way 
in the world. 


APT. JOHN D. DONNELL. The gentle- 
man whose sketch now claims our atten- 
/ tion has passed from the stage of life, but 
his memory is dear to his surviving friends, and a 
RECOHIJ of the prominent people who have made 
Bond County what it now is would not be com- 
plete without a notice of his life. 

John D. Donnell was born in Guilford County, 
N. C., September 8, 1817, and was brought to this 
county by his parents (see sketch of family history 
in life of William Donnell, of Greenville) when 
he was only three years old. The trip was made 
by wagon in the usual emigrant fashion. He was 
sent to the country log schoolhouse, with its primi- 
tive arrangements for accommo'dation of the pupils, 
and within its walls were to be found many chil- 
dren who have since made their names known in the 
public affairs of the State. By them this modest 
temple of learning is remembered with affection 
and the instruction received there has aided them 

in their advancement. After his early life there, 
our subject attended a good school in Hillsboro, 
111., for one year. 

At that time the land in Bond County was 
unimproved and the deer and wolves were still 
numerous. Occasionally, our subject went upon 
hunting expeditious, but life was busy then and 
he had to work hard without many play days. 
When he had reached man's estate, lie decided to 
found a home of his own and chose Miss Ann R. 
Robinson to become his wife. She was born in 
this county, December 18, 1822, and her marriage 
took place June 15, 1843, when she was twenty- 
one years old. Four children blessed this union: 
Edwin is now married and resides in Salida, Colo.; 
William J. is at home unmarried; Ann Elizabeth 
married Daniel Hair and is deceased, and Charles 
D. died in infancy. 

The father of Mrs. Donnell was Gideon Robin- 
son, a native of North Carolina, who came to this 
State in 1819, in an emigrant wagon a prairie 
schooner as it was later called. Mr. Robinson 
entered land in Central Township and built a log 
cabin in the woods, where he developed a large 
farm. He died at the age of sixty years. In his 
political belief, he was a firm Whig. The mother 
of Mrs. Donnell was Rachel Craig, a native of 
Tennessee, and four children were reared by her, 
William T., James P., Mary B. and Ann. Her 
death occurred when she was about sixty j'ears 
old. She was a member of the Methodist Church, 
and a good, kind, Christian woman. After mar- 
riage, our subject and his wife settled upon this 
farm in a snug three-roomed house and immedi- 
ately began making improvements upon the place. 
Into this happy household, the rude clarion of war 
sounded, and the husband and father shouldered 
his musket to do battle for his country. 

The enlistment of Capt. Donnell as a private in 
the One Hundred and Thirtieth Illinois Regiment 
took place in August, 1862. He was promoted 
until he reached the rank of Captain, and served 
until December, 1864, when, on account of rheu- 
matism, lie was forced to resign. Capt. Donnell was 
with Gen. Sherman in his campaigns and fought 
in the battle of Vicksburg. After his return from 
the army, he remained at home until the follow- 


.-; - - r^ss#TOR. ~ 




ing summer, when he and his brother crossed the 
plains with an ox-team to Denver. 

At the time of his decease, Capt. Donnell owned 
about five hundred acres of land. His death oc- 
curred December 18, 1872. Since that sad event, 
Mrs. Donnell and her sons have managed the farm 
and have been very successful in the work. Capt. 
Donnell was a member, with his wife, of the Pres- 
byterian Church and gave of his means to its sup- 
port. In politics, he was a Republican and upheld 
all things which seemed right in his sight. His 
good business qualities resulted in his acquiring 
wealth and particularly was he fortunate in the 
buying and shipping of cattle. He did a large 
business in that line in 1806, when he bought in 
Kansas and sold at other points. 

AMES F. BLACKWELDER, M. D., is num- 
bered among the leading physicians of this 
city, Litchfield, where he has resided since 
1871. It seems almost wonderful that so 
man}' physicians of repute should be residents of 
this one city, yet it is a fact that the medical pro- 
fession is better represented in this place than 
many others, and among them all stands pre-emi- 
nent the subject of this brief sketch. 

Dr. Blackwelder is a native son of this same 
county that he now honors with his residence, his 
birth occurring near this city, August 2, 1841. His 
father, Peter Blackwelder, was one of the pioneer 
settlers of this count}', the date of his advent in this 
region being 1832. He was born at Concord, N. C., 
September 7, 1810, but when a young man. came 
with a cousin, Alfred Blackwelder, to Illinois, and 
located near Hillsboro, but afterward removed to 
this locality, settling near the city of Litchfield. 
The journey from North Carolina was made on 
horseback, and as the young men were young and 
active, they enjoyed the trip with all the ardor of 
young venturesome men, to whom hardships were 

When the father of our subject came here, there 

were but few improvements, and he was able to 
put up a new claim for a very small sum. On this 
claim he put up a log cabin and made a home 
for the bride he brought to brighten his fireside 
for him in 1837. This lady was Mrs. Wagoner, nee 
Scherer, who was born in Greensboro, N. C., and 
came to this county at about the same time as her 
husband. This couple reared a family of the follow- 
ing children: Mary E., wife of S. Lewdwick;!. S., of 
Chicago; our subject; Mrs. S. J. Witherspoon; M. L., 
of Washington, Kan.; and G. II., of Wichita, Kan. 
Peter, the father, died about 1857, and the mother 
died in 1853, of cholera. The parents were both 
members of the Lutheran Church. 

Our subject received a good education in the 
public schools of his native county, and in the 
Hillsboro Academy, where he took an academic 
cojurse. He began the study of medicine in 1861, 
under Dr. L W. Fink, of Hillsboro, and took a 
course of lectures at the St. Louis Medical College, 
but was graduated from the Cincinnati Medical 
College in the Class of '69. During the war he 
offered his services to the United States army, and 
was appointed Assistant Surgeon on field duty and 
field hospital, and was sent with Sherman in his 
march to the sea. His next assignment was with 
the Thirty-second Illinois Regiment at Marietta, 
Ga., thep in preparation to march to the sea, and 
he was with it through almost all its whole term of 
service, John Logan, of Carlinville, being his 
Colonel. The Doctor saw a good deal of active 
service, participated in the Grand Review at Wash- 
ington, and then returned to Hillsboro, after serv- 
ing his country faithfully. 

After a shoi t residence in the last-named place, Dr. 
Blackwelder located at Moro, Madison County, 111., 
but to better his condition, he removed to Litch- 
field in June, 1871. He did not come alone, as he 
had taken unto himself a wife in the person of 
Miss Grace Frick, of Alton, 111. They were mar- 
ried October 10, 1867, and both regard that day as 
one of the happiest in their lives. Mrs. Black- 
welder was born in 1842, at Muney, Pa., and when 
but a girl removed to Alton, in about 1850. She 
is a daughter of C. H. Frick, who became a well- 
known citizen of that place, where he was the orig- 
inator of the glass works, which he first started 



with his own money, but finally induced capitalists 
to invest in and enlarge, until it is now the largest 
industry of Alton. Ever since Dr. Black welder 
came to Litchfield, he has continued in practice 
here, and now enjoys a large and lucrative income 
from the same. 

Our subject has other interests in addition to his 
practice, among which are the Building and Sav- 
ing Associations and the Threshing Machine Com- 
pany, of Litchfield, for the manufacture of thresh- 
ing machines, in both of which corporations he is 
largely interested. The Doctor served as Alder- 
man of the city for three years, but has never ac- 
cepted any other nomination, and is a member of 
the Litchfield Chapter, A. F. <fe A. M., in which or- 
der he is a prominent person. The Doctor and his 
estimable wife are worthy members of the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church of this city. To the 
union of Dr. and Mrs. Blackwelder have been born 
two children, the elder of whom, Charles H., died 
when fourteen years old. The other is named 
Fred C., and still is at home attending the High 

/pill H. HAYES. Our subject is engaged as 
full general agent for the State of Illinois for 
the Anthony & Kuhn Brewery of St. 
Louis, which company has its distributing 
depot situated on the Wabash Railroad at Litch- 
field. Mr. Hayes was born in Delaware, Ohio, No- 
vember 4, 1845. He is a son of D. S. and Ann 
(Wells) Hayes, the former being engaged in bus- 
iness at Springfield, Ohio, in early years. After 
the war, he moved to Tolono, 111., and was for 
some time engaged in the hotel business, remaining 
there until his death, which occurred in March, 
1883. His wife still survives and resides in Cham- 

Our subject is one of a family which contains 
six sons, the other five being railroad men. Four 
of them are passenger conductors and are famil- 
iarly known on the road as John C., Theo W., 

I George N. and Judson D., respectively. The fifth 
brother is a locomotive engineer, and bears the 
name of William N. Mr. Hayes has one sister, 
whose name is Sabina, now the wife of Henry 
Weiglc, of Danville. 

The original of this sketch received his early 
school training in the city of Springfield, Ohio. 
On the breaking out of the war, he enlisted in 
Company C, of the One Hundred and Twenty- 
ninth Ohio Infantiy, and later in Company K, of 
the One Hundred and Fifty-second Infantry, and 
Company E, One Hundred and Eighty-fourth 
Ohio Infantry. He joined the army July 11, 
1862, and with his regiment was sent to the Army 
of the Cumberland. With them he experienced 
all the horrors of war in the memorable campaign 
of the Shenandoah Valley. He was also at the 
battle of Lookout Mountain, that of Mission 
Ridge, Resaca, Atlanta, and, in fact, served gallantly 
until the close of the war. When peace had been 
declared, our subject, as did thousands of others 
of the Union soldiers, marched eastward to the 
National Capital, and the first reunion was held 
under the name of the Grand Review in the city 
of Washington. 

Mr. Hayes saw a service of three years in the 
Civil War, and when he came out of the fight was 
still in his minority. He came with his father to 
Tolono and engaged in business for himself until 
1870, when he moved to Irving, and in 1875 came 
to. Litchfield. 

On first locating in this city, our subject en- 
gaged in the butchering business, and in 1883 he 
took the agenc}' he now holds. His thorough 
knowledge of the country and his energy have en- 
abled him to build up an extensive trade in this 
portion of the State. The company have every 
convenience for storing their product. They have 
a very large cold storage place, which contains the 
most improved style of ice boxes and other things 
necessary to the perfect care of the brewing. Mr. 
Hayes has charge of the railroad business and 
handles about ten thousand kegs per annum. 

Our subject was united in marriage in 1868 to 
Miss Alma E. Kelley, of Delaware, Ohio. They have 
one son whose name is Arthur Howard, and who 
is at the present time taking a course of civil, 



mechanical and electrical engineering in the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. Mr. Hayes is 
a member of the Fire Department of the city and 
also belongs to the S. B. Phillips Post, G. A. R. 
He is also a Knight of Pythias, and is numbered 
among the Knights and Ladies of Honor, also the 
order of Tonti No. 343, of Litchfleld. 

RICHARD W. RIPLEY, a prominent and re- 
presentative farmer and stock-raiser of sec- 
tion 21, Pitman Township, is a native son 
of the Prairie State. He was born in St. 
Clair County, 111., November 4, 1839. On the 
maternal side of the family, our subject can trace 
his family back to a grandfather who came 
into Illinois in 1811, and was one of the first set- 
tlers in the State. He became a prominent man 
there and had charge of the first land office at Ed- 
wardsville. The mother of our subject, Martha P. 
Randel, was at that time two years of age, and she 
grew up in a pioneer family and was prepared for 
the life of her future, for the most of it was spent 
as the wife of a pioneer still farther West. The 
ancestors of the Ripley family were probably of 
Irish descent, and the father of our subject came to 
this region and entered Government land in what 
is now Madison County and resided there from 
1847 until 1855, when his bus}' life was closed. 

The members of the family of our subject who 
lived and bore their part in the upbuilding of the 
history of the State are Josiah R., now a resident 
of Staunton, 111.; Richard W.; and Mary L., who is 
now a resident of Macoupin Count}'. The mother 
and one of her brothers are yet living. Our subject 
when about eight years old, with his parents, moved 
to Macoupin County, 111., and resided there a short 
time and then, with them, removed into Madison 
County and was there reared to maturity. His 
home was on wild prairie land and his life that of 
the pioneer boy of the section and time. He at- 
tended the subscription schools of the district when 
it was possible, but there were so many duties that 

a lad of about his size could perform, that often 
his education was sadly neglected. He was deter- 
mined to gain knowledge, and embraced every op- 
portunity and finally entered college at Marshall, 
111., in the winter of 1860. 

Just at this time, the great Civil War broke out, 
and our subject, with the enthusiasm of youth, en- 
listed in Company F, Seventh Illinois Infantry, 
and served three months. He was employed on 
guard duty at Alton and Cairo and was also sent 
to Mound City. He re-enlisted when his time had 
expired, in Company L, Third Illinois Infantry, 
and was then sent to Southwest Missouri. He was 
one of the boys in blue who bore the brunt of the 
battle at Pea Ridge and was on all of the long and 
tiresome marches, and in all of the fighting in that 
campaign whose history is known to every Ameri- 
can school boy. He went through the siege of 
Vicksburg and was under Gen. Grant; he was 
subsequently in the army commanded by " Old 
Pap Thomas " at Nashville and there was mustered 
out of the army, December 16, 1864, when his term 
of service had expired. 

Tired of military life, our subject returned to 
his native State and engaged as a clerk at Staun- 
ton, 111., and remained in this employment for 
several months. He then felt like trying an agri- 
cultural life and made the venture in Madison 
County where he continued until 1871, when his 
health began to show him that a different climate 
or a change of life in some way was necessary. 
His trip to California, which occupied several 
months, was the result of this conviction, and he 
came back from the Pacific Coast much improved. 
At Staunton, 111., he opened a hardware and im- 
plement business and continued there for several 
years and subsequently became Cashier of the pri- 
vate bank of Wall, Taylor & Co., at Staunton, 111., 
and held that position for several years. 

Mr. Ripley subsequently came to Litchfield, 111., 
and engaged in the hardware and implement busi- 
ness for a time, after which he carne to Bois D'Arc 
Township and engaged in farming there for five 
years. In the year 1886, he came to Pitman 
Township and has since remained here. He was 
married, in 1872, to Sarah E. Kirkland, a native 
of Jersey County, 111., who was a daughter of 



Thomas C. Kirkland, now a resident of Litchfleld. 
Her mother was Edith Irwin. By this union there 
were born five children, Hilary T., William H., 
Nora A., Benjamin J. and Edward W. 

While living in Maeoupin County, our subject 
served as Collector for several years and for two 
years was Highway Commissioner of Pitman 
Township. In politics, Mr. Ripley is a Republican 
and is in favor of all improvements in the county. 
Mrs. Ripley is a member of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church at Waggoner and botli Mr. and Mrs. 
Ripley are prominent members of society. He is a 
member of the Order of Modern Woodmen at 
Waggoner and is now serving as Venerable Con- 
sul in Grand Prairie Camp No. 677, at Wag- 
goner, 111., and is also identified with the S. B. 
Phillips Post No. 379, G. A. R., at Li tch field, 111. 


FRANK JESTES, one of the prominent 
farmers of Shoal Creek Township, Bond 
County, and a veteran of the late war, is the 
gentleman of -whom we shall attempt a history in 
outline. Mr. Jestes was born October 14, 1841, in 
Indiana, and was one of a family of five children 
born to Garrison and Mary (Noe) Jestes. The 
other children all died when young, and when our 
subject was but a few weeks old his parents re- 
moved to the Prairie State and located in Clinton 
County, where his father died before the son was a 
year old. A year later he suffered the double loss 
of his mother. 

One's tenderest sympathies are called forth at 
the idea of a helpless child being at the mercy of a 
thoughtless, unappreciative world and without 
friends, yet such was the state of our subject in his 
earliest youth. For several years he was without 
a home, living with different people, but finally 
entered the family of William File. During this 
time he had received little or no learning, being 
denied even that birthright of an American 
citizen, a good practical business education. He 

continued to live in the File family until the break- 
ing out of the war, and on July 2, 1861, entered 
the service, joining Company D, of the Third Illi- 
nois Cavalry. 

It would be tedious to enter into a detailed ac- 
count given in chronological order of our subject's 
arm3' experience, suffice it to say that he rendered 
loyal service to the Union, and hazarded his life in 
many of the engagements that now take their place 
among the most noted of the world's battles. He 
was slightly wounded in the engagement at Pea 
Ridge, and on August 21, 1864, was taken prisoner 
by Forrest's army at Memphis, Tenn. He was in- 
carcerated in the rebel prison in Cahaba, Ala., and 
there spent eight months and twelve days. Only 
one who has endured a similar experience can ap- 
preciate the torture, privations and tediousness of 
rebel prison life. From January 1 to the 16th, 
the prison was flooded, and at no time was the 
water less than knee deep. His sufferings were 
added to in no little degree by seeing many of his 
comrades drowned. Upon entering prison Mr. 
Jestes weighed one hundred and seventy-four 
pounds, but when finally released the strong man 
was reduced to a shadow of his former self, and 
weighed but ninety-four pounds. 

After the war, for a period of two years, our 
subject was unable to do any active work, but in 
February. 1867, he purchased a part of his present 
place and has made it his home ever since. He 
now owns two hundred and eighty acres of fertile 
and well-cultivated land which bears valuable im- 
provements. The thoroughness with which all 
branches of his farm work are finished is a distinct 
characteristic of the owner. 

In June of 1865, our subject persuaded Martha 
R. Rankins to take up with him the journey of life. 
She was a daughter of James E. Rankin, one of the 
pioneers of Bond County, who had been a school 
teacher for many years and who, as far back as 
1829, had held the office of County Clerk. He 
died December 2, 1878, at the home of our subject. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jestes are the parents of eight chil- 
dren. The eldest, W. J., is the popular Postmaster of 
Sorento and is besides engaged in the furniture 
trade. He was born March 3, 1866, and in 1887 
married Miss Sallie Gill, a daughter of James Gill, 








of Mulberry Grove, this State. James E. is a clerk 
in Sorento. The other children are named as fol- 
lows: Joseph Calvin, Lemuel Franklin, AVinnie J., 
Hattie L., Sinali M., and Lula R., all of whom arc 
living at home. Mr. Jestes is a Republican, who 
never lets an opportunity slip to impress upon his 
hearers the beauty of his party platform. He is an 
enthusiastic Grand Army of the Republic man, 
whole-souled and warm-hearted, and numbers his 
friends by the host. 

^ OHN B. DENNY. After meeting the genial 
and open-hearted gentleman whose name 
adorns this page, a stranger would soon 
discern that he is a descendant of that 
race to whom wit and humor are as natural as the 
breath they draw. Mr. Denny is a farmer liv- 
ing near Sorento, but to him the calling which is 
to so many a weariness and drudgery is enliv- 
ened by versatile -humor and a sanguine disposi- 
tion. Beside his farming operations, he holds the 
position of Treasurer of the Sorento Coal Com- 
pany. It is a notable fact that the majority of 
the prominent citizens in and about Sorento are 
natives of this locality, and our subject is no ex- 
ception to what is the -general rule. 

Mr. Denny was born within half a mile of his 
present place of residence, his natal day being 
May 3, 1839. He is a son of Robert W. and 
Eleanor (Finley) Denny. Elsewhere in this vol- 
ume, in the sketch of I. H. Denny, mention has 
been made of the ancestry and various move- 
ments of our subject's parents, hence we will con- 
fine ourselves to his individual history, merely 
stating that Robert AV. Denny died about 1845, 
and that his wife survived until 1889, finally- 
passing away in Kansas, at the ripe old age of 
eighty years. 

J. B. Denny grew to manhood's estate, receiv- 
ing mainly the training of a farmer's boy. He 
had acquired a very good education for his day, 
and at the age of nineteen years began to teach 

school, devoting himself to his teaching in the 
winter and to farming in the summer. July 7, 
1861, he went into the army, joining Company E, 
of the First Illinois Cavalry. As a private he 
was in the siege of Lexington, and was slightly 
wounded in the right hand. He was also taken 
prisoner, but was paroled, and while enjoying 
this hampered freedom was discharged from the 

January 6, 1862, our subject was united in 
marriage with Miss Olive Dressor, who was born 
in Bond County. She was a daughter of Rufus 
and Tamar (Cothren) Dressor, a family of Eng- 
lish extraction. Mrs. Denny's great-grandfather 
came from the Old Country at an early date and 
settled in Massachusetts, where her grandfather 
was born. The old Bay State was also the birth- 
place of her father, Rufus Dressor. whose natal 
day was July 29, 1795. He went to Maine when 
a young man and there married Tamar Cothren, a 
lady of Scotch-English extraction, though a native 
of the Pine Tree State, her birth having occurred 
February 12, 1797. Her parents made the trip 
from Maine to Illinois, taking the overland route, 
in 1837, and her father died in this county Octo- 
ber 13, 1858. The mother survived until July 
17, 1880, when she passed away at the advanced 
age of eighty-three years. 

In 1864, Mr. Denny brought his family to the 
place where he now lives, and which immediately 
adjoins the farm where his father settled on first 
coming to the State. Here he has been exten- 
sively engaged in farming and stock- raising. He 
was one of the parties most instrumental in devel- 
oping the Sorento coal mines, and is now and has 
for many years been the Treasurer of that com- 
pany. In early life he served for four years as 
Justice of the Peace, and has been many times 
identified with the school interests. In his party 
preference he is a Republican. He is devoted to 
the interests of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and for three years was Commander of the post at 

There have been three children born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Denny. Of these Elizabeth is the wife of 
Charles Gordinier, a native of Indiana, and one 
of the stockholders in the Sorento coal mine. 



Mary Ellen is the wife of J. F. Harris, a young 
attorney at Sorento. John Oren is a student at 
the Southern Illinois College, of Enfield, this 
State. Mr. Denny does not actively operate his 
farm to any great extent, leaving it to the charge, 
for the most part, of responsible parties who carry 
out his instructions. His time is mostly given to 
the development of the coal interests and other 
financial enterprises on foot in Sorento and local- 
ity. Mr. Denny was one of the three who acted 
as Commissioner in assessing the value of the con- 
demned right of way at the time the first rail- 
road, the Vandalia Line, was run through the 
county. He was also Census Enumerator for 
Short Creek Township in 1880 and 1890. 

'OSEPH O. TANNEHILL is the popular 
proprietor of the Clover Leaf Hotel, of Cof- 
feen, 111., which is one of the best-kept and 
most popular hostel ries in the county of 
Montgomery. Mr. Tannchill was born in St. Clair 
County, near Belleville, 111., February 2, 1841, a 
son of A. J. and Mary J. (Whitside) Tannehill, 
the former of whom was born in the Blue Grass 
regions of Kentucky, and the latter in St. Clair 
County, 111. A. J. Tanneliill was taken by his 
parents to St. Clair County, 111., when he was 
about two years of age, and his father, James B. 
Tannehill, became the owner of the first gristmill 
of Belleville, as well as of the first hotel and the 
first whiskey distillery. He was born, reared and 
married in Kentucky, but was of Scotch descent. 
The maternal grandfather, William T. Whitside, 
was a Virginian, of Irish descent, and one of the 
first settlers of St. Clair Count}-, 111. He was a 
brother of 'Gen. Samuel A. Whitside, a noted pio- 
neer of the Sucker State. 

The parents of Joseph O. Tannehill were mar- 
ried within three miles of Belleville, 111., soon 
after which they located in the town, where the 
father followed the occupation of carpentering 
and building, these occupations receiving his at- 

tention for man} 7 years. His last days were spent 
in .St. Louis, where he died at the age of seventy- 
six years, his wife dying at seventy-two years of 
age, and they are now sleeping side by side in the 
Bellefontaine Cemetery at St. Louis. The}* were 
the parents of ten children, seven sons and three 
daughters, all of whom grew to mature years with the 
exception of one daughter. Those now living are: 
Joseph O.; Andrew J., of St. Louis; G. William, of 
Kansas City; Samuel A., of St. Louis; and George 
W., also of St; Louis. Those deceased are: James 
W., Mary, John, Lutica and Anna. 

Joseph O. Tannehill is the second of this family 
and was reared in St. Clair County, where he ob- 
tained a practical education in the common 
schools, and remained with and faithfully assisted 
his father until he had attained twenty-one years 
of age. He then determined to seek his fortune in 
California, and crossed the plains with a horse- 
team, via Salt Lake City, to Sacramento City, 
where he worked in a lumber yard and at mining 
and also followed the latter occupation in various 
localities for nearly two years. At the end of 
this time he returned home via Graytown to New 
York City, where he remained three days, thence 
going to St. Louis and finally to Belleville. He and 
his brother, James W., then engaged in coal-mining 
four miles east of the town, an occupation that 
received their attention for about one year. May 
12, 1864, Mr. Tannehill married Miss Sarah E. 
Blackburn, who was born in Montgomery County, 
111., a daughter of G. W. Blackburn. 

Soon after his marriage, Mr. Tannehill located 
on a farm in East Fork Township, where he tilled 
the soil for about twenty-seven years, but sold out 
in 1891, and took up his residence in Coffeen, 
where he began keeping hotel, for which business 
he has shown a remarkable aptitude. The estab- 
lishment is well patronized, as it deserves to be, 
for it is conducted in a very praiseworthy manner 
and the table is well supplied with wholesome and 
well-prepared food, and the rooms are kept very 
clean and in good order. Mr. Tannehill is part 
owner of one of the best threshing machines in 
the county, which is very completely fitted up. 
He and his wife are the parents of five daughters 
and three sons: Naomi, wife of W. O. Ma} 7 ; Mary 



A., wife of Jefferson Hill; Gustavus A., Bessie; 
Laura E., wife of William Miller, of Hillsboro, 111.; 
George W., Susan C. and Joseph W. Mr. Tanne- 
hill has always supported Democratic principles, 
but has never been very actively interested in 

OHN J. CASS, one of the honored pioneers 
of Montgomery County, and a prominent 
retired farmer, now residing in the thriving 
town of Raymond, is a native of the Buck- 
eye State. He was born in Warren County, Sep- 
tember 15, 1825, and is a son of John and Martha 
(Swallow) Cass, the former a native of Kentucky, 
and the latter of Penns3'lvania. They were of 
English and Irish extraction respectively, and 
were pioneer settlers of Ohio, having located in 
Warren County at an early date. 

In 1832 the family emigrated by team to Illinois 
and located upon the prairies of Montgomery 
County. They located in Raymond Township, 
south of the site of the village of that name, al- 
though there was no settlement at the place at 
that time, and the inhabitants of the county were 
very few. There were no tailroads; the land was 
still in its primitive condition and the work of 
progress and civilization seemed scarcely begun. 
Mr. Cass began the development of the farm on 
section 31, which our subject now owns, but was 
not long permitted to enjoy his new home, being 
called to his final rest in 1834. The mother was 
thus left with a family of seven children and with 
but limited means. She displayed great energy 
and heroism in the care of the children, whom she 
kept together, making for them a home. She was 
a lady of good education, and to help support her 
family opened a school in her own home, and thus 
had the honor of teaching the first school -in the 
township. Her death occurred in 1852. 

Our subject was the only son in the family of 
seven children, the youngest of whom was born 
after the father's death. Only three are now liv- 

ing. His sisters are: Augusta, wife of Harrison 
Mils, a farmer of Raymond Township, and Louisa, 
widow of Frank Hitehings, of the same township. 

Mr. Cass, whose name heads this record, was 
reared to manhood amid the wild scenes of front- 
ier life, and in his boyhood was early inured to the 
hard labors of the farm. He worked in the fields 
and aided his mother until her death. As a com- 
panion and helpmate on life's journey he chose 
Miss Helen Lawler, a native of White County, 111., 
and a representative of one of the early families 
of that locality. Their union was celebrated on 
the 17th of June, 1856, and unto them were born 
five children, of whom one died in infancy. The 
other four are now living: William S. is a veterin- 
ary surgeon and liveryman of Raymond; Nora 
A. is the wife of Joseph Williams, of Butler Grove 
Township; Mary was joined in wedlock with Frank 
Welshand and they reside in Litchfield; Lula B., 
who completes the family, is living with her pa- 
rents in Raymond. 

Mr. Cass followed farming throughout his busi- 
ness career, and although he started out in life 
empty-handed, has worked his way steadily up- 
ward to a position of wealth and affluence. In 
1880 he left the farm, which, however, he still 
owns, and removed to Raymond, where he is liv- 
ing retired, enjoying the rest which lie has so truly 
earned and richly deserves. He is a pleasant, ge- 
nial gentleman, who has many friends and is held 
in the highest regard throughout the community. 

USTIN MILLER, a prominent resident and 
leading agriculturist of Pitman Town- 
ship, Montgomery Count}-, successfully 
manages one of the finest farms in the 
State of Illinois. The broad acres (two hundred 
and fort}' in extent) are mostly under a high state 
of cultivation and evidence the judgment and 
knowledge of their owner. The desirable location 
of the land upon section 15 makes this a valuable 



holding and inheritance for our subject's de- 

Mr Miller is a native of Madison County, 111., 
and was born January 26, 1848. His father was 
a native Tennesseean, while his mother's birth 
took place in Illinois. His paternal grandfather 
emigrated from his native State to Illinois at a 
very early clay and was a noted pioneer of Madi- 
son County, where Madison Miller, the father of 
our subject, spent many 3'ears and where he was 
married. The father and mother of Austin Miller 
settled in Montgomery County in 1858, locating 
on a farm near the present site of Raymond vil- 
lage, but in a short time they removed to Pitman 
Township and there remained permanently. The 
father died many years ago; the mother still sur- 
vives and continues her residence upon the old 

Our subject was one of a family of seven chil- 
dren, five of whom are now living. The brothers 
and sisters are Lucinda, wife of Alexander Woods; 
Austin, Loftin R., Buford and Charles F. The pi- 
oneer father was a sturdy Democrat of the good 
old-fashioned kind. He and his wife were mem- 
bers of the Christian Church and zealous workers 
in the cause of morality and religion. The ven- 
erable widow, now nearly eighty years of age, is 
one of the oldest pioneers in her section of the 
country, and has a store of valuable and most in- 
teresting reminiscences of early days in the new 
and then rugged Wesc. Her maiden name was 
Sarah Fmley, and she came of good descent. 

Austin Miller has been a life-long farmer, and 
has three times made unbroken prairie land into 
improved and valuable farms, in each instance 
finding large returns for his skillful cultivation. 
Our subject was married March 24, 1885, to Miss 
Celia A. Haynes. This attractive lady is a native 
of Macoupin County, 111., and was born April 4, 
1860, a daughter of Martin and Phoebe (Loper) 
Ilavnes. Her father came to Macoupin County 
in early times, and when Mrs. Miller was but six 
years old her mother died; three daughters now 
survive her: Celia, Emma T. and Jennie L. 

Our subject and his wife have four children: 
John M., Charles A., Mattie E. and Daniel. 
Though yet in their early childhood they give 

promise of noble manhood and womanhood. Mr. 
Miller has had a prosperous career as a tiller of 
the soil, and aside from his valuable homestead 
owns a valuable farm of one hundred and sixty 
acres in Adams County, Neb. He is just in the 
prime of life, and, with his energy and wide knowl 
edge of agricultural work, is sure to achievt 
greater success in the future than he has in th_> 

Mr. Miller was a participant in the late Civil 
War, as, though but eighteen years old at the 
time, he gallantly answered to his country's call, 
and enlisted in Company A, One Hundred 
and Forty-ninth Illinois Infantry, January 26, 
1865, and was honorably mustered out in 1866, 
at the close of the war. During his service he 
was under Gen. Thomas and did garrison duty at 
Block-houses Nos. 7 and 8, and was at Chickamauga 
River, Dalton, Marietta and Atlanta. As he was 
then ready to serve his country with all the ardor 
of a patriotic boy, Austin Miller is to-day the 
same in spirit, a true and representative American 

j^ AMUEL M. GRUBBS. The prominent re- 
sident of Litch field, 111., whose name 
opens this article is the President of the 
First National Bank of Litchfield, to 
which prominent office he was elected in 1890. 
This bank was organized June 20, 1889, with a 
capital stock of 8100,000, with J. R. Whitney as 
President, S. M. Grubbs as Vice-president, and 
with Eli Miller as Cashier. At the following 
election, S. M. Grubbs was made President, T. C. 
Kirkland became Vice-president, and Eli Miller 
continued as Cashier, and are the present offi- 
cers. The business has been prosperous from the 
beginning, and has a surplus of $4,000. 

The gentleman who now occupies the most 
prominent position in the city of Litchfield was 
born in Hillsboro, 111., August 12, 1835. His 
father, Moody Grubbs, was a native of Kentucky, 



and in thai State lie married Cynthia A. Boono, 
who was a grandniece of the great Daniel Boone, 
the hero of tale and soug. Moody was a me- 
chanic, and he and his young wife came to this 
State at an early day and made Hillsboro their 
home. Here they lived until the death of Mr. 
Grubbs, which sad event took place when our sub- 
ject was a babe of only two years. His mother 
possessed some of the characteristics of her illus- 
trious ancestor, and kept her famity with her, car- 
ing for them until the time came when they were 
able to care for her. Our subject was reared in 
Hillsboro, went to school, and at an early age 
began to earn his own livelihood. He first be- 
came a clerk, and then went into the drug busi- 
ness on his own account for a short time, and 
then enlarged his business and became a general 
merchant. He was attentive to his business and 
his customers, and was considered a rising young 
man, but in 1865 he concluded to remove to 
Litchfleld, where he thought he could do better. 
It is this seizing of opportunities which often 
turns the scale in a man's life. He became very 
successful, as the business habits and the agreeable 
manners of his earlier years continued with him, 
and he only sold out his mercantile interests in 
1868 to engage in the banking business. The 
firm name of the association was Brewer, Seymour 
<fe Co., and when Mr. Seymour retired the firm be- 
came Brewer & Grubbs. Finally, Mr. Grubbs suc- 
ceeded Mr. Brewer, and the business was contin- 
ued as S. M. Grubbs & Co., and that continued 
until the organization of the First National Bank, 
as above stated. The First National Bank now 
owns the fine building where the business is car- 
ried on, and it is the most modern structure in 
the city. The Litchfield Library is also located in 
it, and it is the center of the commercial interests 
of the place. Our subject has been interested in 
many of the business ventures in Litchfield," and 
he owns some very valuable real estate. A busi- 
ness block on State Street is in his possession, and 
a valuable farm in the country, consisting of five 
hundred acres of valuable improved property, be- 
longs to him. He now holds the position of 
Treasurer of the Litchfield Marble Company, also 
Treasurer of the Oil City Building and Loan 

Association , and for many 3'ears has been Presi- 
dent of the Library and Heading Room, a valu- 
able acquisition to the city. In the year 1874, 
his fellow-citizens elected him to the most 
honorable position in their gift that of Mayor 
of the city. He was also made Treasurer of 
the city two terms, and served with credit and 
to the satisfaction of all. 

The marriage of Mr. Grubbs took place in Hills- 
boro, with Miss Mary Brewer, second daughter of 
Judge Brewer, of Hillsboro. Seven children were 
the result of his union, four of whom died 
in infancy; Ella married G. W. Atterberry, and 
died leaving one child, Hazel. Mamie is the wife 
of E. R. Davis, the assistant of the bank, and the 
other daughter. Lila, became the wife of E. R. 
Elliott, of this cit}'. Mrs. Grubbs died in 1888, 
and our subject married Mrs. Bettie A. (Beach) 
White, on April 30, 1890. 

Mr. Grubbs has affiliated with the prominent 
orders of a social nature in this city, and holds a 
desirable position in Litchfield Lodge No. 517, A. 
F. & A. M., and is a member also of the Knights 
of Honor. He has long been a prominent mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church, in which he is a 
Trustee and Steward. His social position in the 
city is of the highest, and in all the relations of 
life he is a man to be admired and respected. 

R. S. H. McLEAN. Few, perhaps none 
save those who have trod the arduous 
paths of the profession, can picture to 

themselves the array of attributes, physical, 
mental and moral, and the host of minor graces of 
manner and person essential to the making of a 
truly successful physician. His constitution must 
needs be of the hardiest, to withstand the constant 
shock of wind and weather, the wearing loss of 
sleep and rest, the ever-gathering load of care, 
and the insidious approach of every form of fell 
disease to which his daily round of duties mo- 
mentarily expose him, Free and broad should be 



his mind to seek in all departments of human 
knowledge some truth to guide his hand; keen 
and delicate the well-trained sense, to draw from 
nature her most treasured secrets and unlock the 
gates where ignorance and doubt have stood sen- 
tinel for ages. 

Closely approaching the ideal we have attempted 
to sketch in the above paragraph is Dr. S. H. Mc- 
Lean, one of the most prominent physicians and 
surgeons of Hillsboro, 111. He is a native-born 
resident of Montgomery County, 111., having been 
born six miles south of Hillsboro, on a farm, April 
12, 1849. His father, Robinson McLean, was born 
in the old North State, and he grew to manhood 
there. Led by the promises of the Western prairies 
of Illinois, he came direct to Montgomery County, 
and entered land from the Government. His 
father, William McLean, was a descendant of 
Scottish ancestors. Our subject's mother, whose 
maiden name was P^mma Barry, is a native of 
Kentucky, and is now residing on the old home- 
stead in Montgomery Count}'. The latter's father, 
Richard Ban-}', it is supposed was a native of 
Kentucky, and was one of the early settlers of Illi- 
nois. The parents of our subject had born to their 
union seven children, four daughters and three 
sons, all of whom grew to mature years and are 
now living. Only one is unmarried. 

Dr. McLean, the second in order of birth of the 
above-mentioned children, became familiar with 
the tedious details of farm life at an early age, and, 
like the average country boy, received his first 
educational advantages in the district schools, j 
Desiring a more complete education, he entered ' 
Hillsboro Academy and remained there during 
1867 and 1868, after which he entered Lincoln 
University at Lincoln, 111., and was graduated at 
the E. M. Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, in the I 
year 1874. The same year he located at Donnellson, 
111., and entered actively upon the practice of his 
profession. In 1877, he came to Hillsboro and 
immediately entered upon a successful career as a ] 
practitioner of the healing art. Since the year of 
1874, he has devoted his life to the highest tem- 
poral mission among men, a combat with disease 
and death, and his efficiency, skill and signal suc- 
cess in this calling are well known. 

Dr. McLean is a member of the Montgomery 
County Medical Society, and is a member of the 
Illinois State Medical and National Medical Asso- 
ciations. He is a member of Mt. Moriah Lodge 
No. 51, A. F. <fe A. M., also of Hillsboro Lodge of 
the Modern Woodmen. He is examining physi- 
cian for many of the insurance companies, and is 
President of the Pension Examining Board, which 
meets at Litchfield weekly. He is a good Repub- 
lican, and was Mayor of the city of Hillsboro in 
1887 and 1888, during the time the water works 
were established, and many other improvements 
were made. The Doctor is now Chairman of the 
Republican Central Committee of Montgomery 
County, and is a member of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church and a Trustee of the same. The Doc- 
tor selected his wife in the person of Miss Lina 
Kerr, and they were married in September, 1875. 
Mrs. McLean was born in the Buckeye State, but 
was reared in Illinois. Her parents were Robert 
and Caroline (Hughes) Kerr. Dr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Lean have one son, Benjamin O., who was born 
February 2, 1886. 

EONIDAS HARD. The Buckeye State has 
contributed to Illinois many estimable cit- 
izens, but she has contributed none more 
worthy of respect and esteem than the subject of 
Ihis sketch, who is one of the intelligent farmers 
and prominent citizens of Montgomery County. 
He keeps thoroughly abreast of the times in the 
improvements and progress made in his calling, is 
well informed on the current topics of the day, 
and converses with intelligence and judgment on 
lending subjects. He is one of those much-valued 
citizens whose constancy to the business in hand 
and whose thrift have added greatly to the value 
of the fine agricultural regions of this part of the 

Our subject was born in Scioto County, Ohio, 
September 16, 1839, and was the next youngest in 



a family of eleven children born to Jonathan and 
Sophia (White) Hard, early settlers of Ohio. 
Very little has been learned of the ancestors on 
either side, hut Mr. Hard's mother was born not 
far from the city of Boston, Mass., and his father 
in one of the Eastern States. The latter died 
when our subject was about five years of age, and 
left a widow and eleven children, nine of whom 
are yet living, and scattered through different 
States. Two served in the late war. Joseph served 
for more than four years in the First Illinois Cav- 
alry, and Fifty-fourth Illinois Infantry, and is now 
a resident of the Lone Star State; and B. S. served 
in the One Hundred and Twenty-sixth Illinois In- 
fantry, and is now living in Marion County, 

When the original of this sketch was about ten 
years of age, he came to Illinois to make his home 
witli a brother-in-law, A. Kellog, and from that 
day he had to make'his own way in life. All he 
has obtained in the way of this world's goods is 
the result of his own good fighting qualities, and 
as he had very limited educational advantages in 
his youth, much credit is due him for his success. 
When the war broke out he was anxious to enlist 
in defense of the Stars and Stripes, but his mother, 
who had also removed to Montgomery County, 
greatly objected to his going, as two of her sons 
were already in the field. However, when it was 
seen that a long struggle was inevitable, our sub- 
ject determined that he would enlist anyway, and 
on August 9, 1862, he became a member of Com- 
pany F, One Hundred and Twenty-sixth Illinois 

This regiment saw much hard service, but its 
duties were not on the battle-field much of the 
time. In all the long marches, battles, sieges, and 
skirmishes of this regiment, Mr. Hard was ever at 
his post, and no braver soldier ever trod the red 
sod of a battle-field. On Bank's expedition up 
the Red River he took a severe cold that settled 
in his eyes, and for about six years after the war 
he was almost blind. He still suffers greatly with 
his eyes, and probably will the remainder of his 
days. He was mustered out at Pine Bluff, Ark., 
July 12, 1865, and returned to Montgomery 
County, where he began tilling the soil. He was 

married in that county in 1866, to Miss Isadora 
Burk, also a native of the Buckeye State. About 
this time Mr. Hard bought his first piece of land, 
to which he added from time to time, until he 
now has a very fine large farm. He is progressive 
and advanced in his ideas on agricultural subjects, 
and his fine farm is one of the most productive 
and best cultivated in the county. His marriage 
resulted in the birth of three children, as follows: 
Ida F., wife of R. D. Stanley, a farmer in Audubon 
Township; Laura L., a young lady, is at home with 
her parents; and Leonard W., the youngest child, 
is also at home. Mr. Hard is a stanch adherent of 
Republican principles, and belongs to the Grand 
Army of the Republic, being a charter member of 
the post at Nokomis. His mother died while on a 
visit to Indiana in 1880, when eighty-four years 
of age. 

HARLES A. ROGERS. Litchfield is the 
residence citj- of many of the wealthy re- 
tired agriculturists who are exempt from 
active participation in farm interests by virtue of 
years and accumulated results of the toil of those 
years. Of these our subject was one, and his ex- 
perience as a farmer was such as' to enable him to 
spend his later years in comfort and elegance, as 
one of the most prominent citizens of Litchfield. 
In his death, which occurred September 8, 1892, 
the county lost one of its noblest citizens and most 
upright men. 

Our subject was born in Monmouth County, N. 
J., November 4, 1829. He was a son of William 
II. and Anna (Pryne) Rogers. The former had 
adopted farming as his calling, and located about 
one and one-half miles north of Jersey villc in 1829. 
About 1852, he removed to Macoupin County, 
just north of Bunker Hill, and continued to reside 
there until the time of his death. 

Charles Rogers was sent to school near Jersey- 
ville, and his knowledge of the "rule of three," 
Murray and Webster were acquired in a log school- 



house, where, although the methods of teaching 
were primitive, loyal American citizens were turned 
out after finishing their course. He remained with 
his father until of age, and September 30, 1856, 
took upon himself the obligations of married life, 
his bride being Miss Edith E. Sinclair. During 
the early part of the following year, the young 
couple came to Zanesville Township, and there 
purchased a farm comprising eighty acres of prai- 
rie land. From time to time they added to this 
original holding until they possessed three hun- 
dred acres. This was cultivated and improved 
with a good class of buildings, and made for the 
family a comfortable home until February, 1888, 
when our subject removed to Litehfield, having 
purchased a site for a home in the northeastern 
portion of the town, on the corner of Walnut and 
Taylor Streets. Here he built a fine residence, 
which is now the family home, and from the rental 
of the farm they derive a handsome income. 

Mrs. Rogers is a native of Greene County, 111., 
and was born December 18, 1836. She is a daugh- 
ter of J. and Rebecca (Parks) Sinclair. The former 
was a native of Tennessee. Our subject and his 
wife are the parents of one daughter, Rebecca, now 
the wife of E. W. Gore. They reside in Litehfield, 
and have one daughter, who is named Edith E. 
Mr. Rogers was a stanch Republican, ready to do 
anything in his power to support the principles of 
his party. He was one of the honorable and hon- 
ored men of his county, and his death is counted a 
public loss. 

AMUEL LEE. In mentioning those of 
foreign birth who have become closely as- 
sociated with the business interests of 
Montgomery County, 111., we should not 
fail to present an outline of the career of Mr. Lee, 
for he is one who has fully borne out the reputa- 
tion of that class of industrious, energetic and far- 
seeing men of English nativity who have risen to 
prominence in different portions of this country. 

Mr. Lee is at present the leading merchant of Witt, 
111., and in all the business relations of life he has 
acquitted himself with credit and honor. Person- 
ally, Mr. Lee is held in the highest esteem, is a 
man of sterling integrity, and is honored alike for 
his business and social standing. lie keeps a choice 
stock of goods, is prompt and reliable, and lias a 
large and increasing trade. Although young in 
years, he has already won an enviable reputation 
as a business man. 

Mr. Lee was born in Somersetshire, England, 
in November, 1856, and is a son of Charles Lee, 
who followed agricultural pursuits in England for 
many years. The elder Mr. Lee, thinking to bet- 
ter his condition in every way, immigrated to the 
United States in 1871, and made his way toward 
the Sucker State, settling on a farm in Macou- 
pin County. He was a man possessed of much 
energy and ambition, and was fairly successful as 
an agriculturist. Our subject was but fifteen years 
of age when he crossed the ocean to America, and 
he grew to mature years on the farm in Macoupin 
County, receiving but a limited education in the 
common schools. However, he possessed an un- 
usually good head for business, and a vast amount 
of energy, perseverance and industry, all of which 
have contributed very materially to his success. 
He assisted his father in cultivating the farm un- 
til he had reached mature years, and in 1882 came 
to Montgomery County, where he was engaged in 
tilling the soil until 1887. At this date he opened 
a general store in Witt, and here he has since been 
engaged in a very successful business. His father 
also removed to Montgomery County in 1882, and 
is now residing on his farm about two miles from 
the town. 

Our subject was united in marriage with Miss 
Delia Balsley, a daughter of a prominent farmer of 
Nokomis Township, and a native of the Prairie 
State. She is a lady of much refinement and highly 
esteemed for her many womanly virtues. One child 
has come to brighten their pleasant home, Burrell, 
a bright boy, born in the spring of 1892. In 
addition to his fine stock of goods, Mr. Lee is also 
the owner of his store building and a good resi- 
dence in Witt. lie is one of the public-spirited 
men of the town, is active in his support of all en- 




terprises tending toward the improvement and de- 
velopment of the county, gives liberally of his 
means to all churches and schools, and is one of 
the foremost men. In political matters, he is 
identified with the Democratic party, but takes no 
part in politics, and has never held an office. 

IIRISTI AN LINCK, M. D. Among the names 
held in honor in Litchfield, that which in- 
troduces these lines has for many years oc- 
cupied a prominent place. He who bears it came 
here in 1867 and has since borne an important part 
in the growth of the city, maintaining an unceas- 
ing interest in its prosperity and contributing to 
its upbuilding. Some mention of his ancestry and 
personal history will, in view of his prominence, 
be of especial interest to our readers. 

The father of our subject was a German resident 
of Wurtemberg, Germany, where Christian was 
born September 8, 1828. In his native place he 
passed his boyhood and meanwhile attended the 
schools taught in his native language. In 1846 
with his father he came to America, and located in 
the city of Baltimore, Md., where he went to school 
in order to gain a knowledge of the English lan- 
guage. He was very apt, and his quick mind was 
spurred on by the desire to b'ecome a physician, so 
that his progress was astonishing. In Baltimore 
he read medicine and took his first lectures in the 
Allopathic school, from which he was graduated in 

After practicing his profession for a time in Bal- 
timore, Dr. Linck became interested in the new 
school of IIomeopatli3 r , and in order to pursue his 
investigations thoroughly, he went to Philadelphia 
and took a course in the college of Homeopathy 
there, graduating in 1853. Next we find him in 
Virginia, where, however, he did not remain long, 
but proceeded to Ohio and practiced thero until he 
decided to visit Chicago, lie went from the latter 
city to Mexico and in 1867 lie civrae to Litchfield, 


where he has since remained, giving his attention to 
his extensive practice. His professional labors and 
good judgment have been rewarded by the acqui- 
sition of a large property, and in his lovely home 
he has all the comforts which enhance the happiness 
of life. 

Dr. Linck is a member of the Whitegross Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias, uniformed rank, and is also 
identified with the Masonic order, both in Chapter 
and Commandery. He holds membership in the 
Homeopathic Western Academy. In his political 
preference, he is a Democrat, ever loyal to party 
principles. The home of our subject is presided 
over by the lady who was once Miss Sophia Laub, 
and one child, Elizabeth, has been born into the 
household. The Doctor is an owner of considerable 
valuable real estate in this place and has done his 
share toward advancing the interests of the com- 
munity. His life has been a busy one, for he has 
always been quick to respond to the call of distress, 
and all organizations for the public weal have 
found in him a hearty supporter. He affiliates with 
the Lutheran Church, which is that of his fore- 

OSEPH M. DONNELL, a retired farmer 
I and prominent citizen of Greenville, was 
.born in Guilford County, N. C., June 16, 
1816, and is of Irish descent. The great- 
grandfather of our subject, Thomas Donnell, was 
a native of the Emerald Isle, but was forced to 
leave the country on account of religious persecu- 
tion, and in 1731, braving the dangers of an 
ocean voyage in that early day, came to America 
with seven brothers and three sisters. They set- 
tled near Philadelphia, Pa., where Thomas Don- 
nell spent the remainder of his life, d3'ing at a 
ripe old age. He came of Scotch ancestry, who 
were forced to leave their native country on ac- 
count of religious trouble, and went to the North 
of Ireland. The grand parents, John and Eliza-, 
betli (Denny) Donnell, were natives of t|ie Key. 



stone State. The former became a Major during 
the Revolutionary War and valiantly aided the 
Colonies in their struggle for independence. 

George Donnell, father of our subject, was born 
in Guilford County, N. C., July 1, 1793, and died 
April 16, 1877, at the age of eighty-three years, 
nine months and fifteen days. He established the 
first Sunday-school in Southern Illinois. This 
school was commenced on Saturda}-, when spell- 
ing, reading and writing were taught, and on 
Sunday the children were trained in Bible lessons. 
When a young man, Mr. Donnell joined the Pres- 
byterian Church under the preaching of the Rev. 
Dr. Caldwell, who for sixty years was pastor of 
the Buffalo Clnirch of Guilford County, N. C., and 
was ever a great church worker and a faithful 
Christian gentleman. He came to this county in 
1819, and located on Big Shoal Creek, seven 
miles west of Greenville. His wife was also prom- 
inent in church work, and the children all be- 
came Presbyterians. The family numbered ten 
children, six of whom are now living: Joseph M., 
William N., James M., George W., Henry C. and 
Mrs. Emily McCoy. 

Our subject was the eldest of the family and 
was three years old when his parents came to this 
county. He was educated in the subscription 
schools, where the children all studied aloud, each 
one seemingly trying to outdrown the others. He 
remained under the parental roof until twenty- 
four years of age, when his father gave him one 
hundred and fifteen acres of land, the same amount 
that he gave to all of his sons except one, who re- 
ceived his portion in money. The farm thus 
given to Joseph is located partly in La Grange and 
partly in Central Township, but he first made his 
home in La Grange. He afterward purchased other 
land in Central Township, erected a fine house, 
barns and other outbuildings, and there made his 
home until 1877, when he came to Greenville, 
where he built a beautiful and commodious resi- 
dence, on the corner of Sixth and Summer Streets, 
where he has since resided. 

Mr. Donnell was first married in 1840 to Miss 
Mary J. Morrison, of Ilillsboro, Montgomery 
County, 111., and unto them were born five chil- 
(Iron. all of vyUoin are yet living; Clarissa, the wife 

of A. C. Phelps,has the following children: Horace, 
Idell, Harlow and Enid, twins; Ada A. is the wife 
of Jacob Brown; Lenora is the wife of George N. 
Wheeler, and has a daughter, Edna; Chalmers mar- 
ried Juliet Hardin, and has two sons, Joseph 
and Chalmers; and Arthur M. The mother of 
this family died February 14, 1862, and Mr. Don- 
nell was again married, August 26, 1869, his sec- 
ond union being with Mrs. Anna F. Catlin, of 
Hay worth, McLean County, 111., a daughter of 
Amos A. and Minerva (Gary) Franklin, who were 
natives of Connecticut and came to Illinois in 
1847. The father engaged in farming until his 
death, in 1858, at the age of seventy-three years. 
His wife died in 1859, at the age of seventy-two 
years. Mrs. Donnell was the sixth in their fam- 
ily of nine children, five of whom are yet living: 
Amos A., Hannah C., Sarah F., Anna F. and Mary 
B. By her first husband, Mrs. Donnell had one 
son, Franklin I. Catlin, now a resident of Ken- 

While residing in La Grange Township, Mr. Don- 
nell served as School Director for some seventeen 
years, and was also Town Supervise!'. He is a 
Republican in politics, and both he and his wife 
are members of the Presbyterian Church, in which 
he serves as Elder. His life has been one of up- 
rightness, well worthy of emulation, and by fair 
dealing, perseverance and enterprise he has ac- 
quired a handsome property. 


IOHN WEITEKAMP, a prominent citizen of 
Pitman Township, is now serving his fellow- 
1 citizens as Highway Commissioner. He is 
a native son of the Prairie State, and one 
who has done as much as any one in his section 
for her advancement and material prosperity. 

Our subject was the eldest son of Frank and 
Theresa (Langen) Weitekamp, who were natives 
of Germany, and who came to America at an early 
day, nnd became'pioneer settlers of Greene Coiint.y, 
111, The revered father died Pecember 28, 1869, 



but his mother is living in peace and comfort in 
Christian County, in possession of her faculties 
and able to look back upon a useful life and for- 
ward to her reward in another world. 

The birth of Mr. Weitekamp took place June 13, 
1858, in Greene County, 111., and there he was 
reared until, during the Civil War, his family re- 
moved to Christian County, and there he grew to 
manhood in Ricks Township. His training was 
for an agriculturist's life, and so well did he learn 
the mysteries of soils and grains, of rainy seasons 
and drouths, with the proper means of taking ad- 
vantage of one and protective measures against 
the other, that he has made success of his farming 

The wife selected by Mr. Weitekamp combined 
in her mind and person those, qualities which 
make a good woman attractive to a quiet, sen- 
sible young man. Her name was Christena A. 
Strasser; she was the daughter of Jacob and Eliza-" 
beth Strasser, and her birth took place in New Or- 
leans, La. The wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Weide- 
kamp occurred April 18, 1882, and now four chil- 
dren have been added to the family: Henry W., 
Frederick J., Edward J. and Lena C. 

In 1886, our subject was attracted to the rich 
land that was for sale in Montgomery County, and 
he realized that here was an opportunity of a life- 
time. He came and settled in Pitman Township 
on eighty acres of land. and here he has remained 
perfectly contented to pass the remainder of his 
days in the pleasant spot where good fortune has 
placed him. When only nineteen years old, he 
was obliged to start out for himself, and went to 
work as so many other self-made men have done 
before and since, and made himself a desirable 
hand on the farm on account of his practical 
knowledge. lie had no' trouble in getting em- 
ployment, and his progress has been upward ever 

The politics of Mr. Weitekamp are of Demo- 
cratic tendencies, and he permits nothing to in- 
terfere with his casting his ballot for his favorite 
candidates. He has been honored by his fellow- 
citizens with the position of Highway Commis- 
sioner, a very important one in a county, and so 
well has lie tilled the situation that he is now serv- 

ing his second term. Our subject is one of the 
most prominent and influential members of the Ro- 
man Catholic Church, and is a man who commands 
the respect of all of his neighbors. His life has 
been one of uprightness in their midst, and he de- 
serves the esteem in which he is held. 

nent stockman and at present the Super- 
visor of Shoal Creek Township, Bond 
County, and resides one and a-balf miles east of 
Sorento. Mr. Garrison was born in Walshville 
Township, Montgomery County, this State, Sep- 
tember 14, 1853. lie was next to the youngest of 
a family of ten children born to Taylor and Susan 
(Clark) Garrison. But little can be learned of the 
antecedents of either of these families more than 
the fact that both of the parents of our subject 
were natives of the State of Tennessee and pio- 
neers in the settlement of Montgomery County, 
locating on the farm where C. W. was born and 
where his father died in 1873. 

Our subject's mother lived until August, 1891, 
when she died in Sorento at an advanced age. Of 
the eleven children there are but four living: 
Charles Wesley, who is the subject of this sketch; 
James A., who lives in Montgomery County on a 
farm not far from the old homestead, and is 
a prominent stock-raiser; Nancy M., the wife of 
W. J. Kirkland, residing on a large farm not far 
from Sorento; and Mary J., the wife of Samuel 
McRe-iken, of Sorento. 

Our subject was reared on his father's farm and 
received a fair education. His occupation has 
always been that of a farmer and stock-dealer. In 
1881, he removed to his present place of residence, 
which is a little east of Sorento, and where he is 
quite extensively engaged in raising and buying 
and shipping stock. 

Mr. Garrison has been a prominent factor in 
bringing about township organization in Bond 
County, and at the first election was nonored wjtj) 



the office of County Supervisor of his township, 
and re-elected by an increased majority on the 
Democratic ticket. As the township is strongly 
Republican, the fact of his re-election speaks vol- 
umes for his popularity with both parties. He 
conies from an old Democratic family, and has 
faithfully adhered to the political creed of his 

While living in Montgomery County, oar subject 
served on the School Board from the time he was 
twenty-one years of age until he left there. He 
was a member of the Board of Supervisors and was 
for several years Constable. Fraternally, he is a 
prominent and active Mason, also a member of the 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

Mr. Garrison was married, August 14, 1873, to 
Melissa F. Brite, a daughter of R. E. Brite, a 
prominent farmer of Missouri. Mrs. Garrison was 
born in the State of Missouri. Their four children 
are Susan Lueinda, a young lady who has had 
every advantage given her in an educational way; 
Louaua Alice, Nancy Melissa and Charles Wesley. 

among the representative and prosperous 

fanners and stock-raisers of Bois D'Arc 

Township, Montgomery County, whose biography 
it is a pleasure to give among those of honored 
citizens of this locality, is the worthy gentleman 
whose name heads this sketch. His life of useful- 
ness and industry, and his record for integrity and 
true-hearted faithfulness in all the relations of 
life, have given him a hold upon the community 
which all might well desire to share. In every- 
thing connected with the growth and prosperity 
of the county, he has taken an active interest, and 
as a tiller of the soil he stands in the foremost 
ranks. All his property has been accumulated by 
honest toil and good management, and he' has 
now one of the best farms In this section. 

State of Pennsylvania has furpished Mont- 

gomery County many excellent citizens, promi- 
nent among them being Mr. Gerhard, who was 
born in Bedford County, March 31, 1844, to the 
union of Samuel and Ann Gerhard, natives of 
Maryland. In 1844, when our subject was an in- 
fant, the parents came to the fertile prairies of 
Illinois, settling in Pike County, and there made 
their home for several years. Thence they 
removed to Cass County, and in 1862 they 
came to Montgomeiy County and settled in Pit- 
man Township. Later, they removed to Bois 
D'Arc Township, purchased a good tract of land, 
improved it and there passed the closing scenes of 
their lives, the mother dying February 9, 1876, and 
the father May 23, 1888. They were highly es- 
teemed by all, and their lives were replete with 
acts of kindness. Of their children the following 
are now living: Mrs. Eye, Mrs. Canby, Mrs. 
Witt, William K. and Lafayette M., all prosperous 
and highly-esteemed citizens. 

Like the average country boy, our subject di- 
vided his time in youth between assisting his 
father in clearing and developing the farm and 
in attending the schools of Montgomery County, 
where he secured a fair education. He was a 
farmer's bo3 r , purely and simply, doing his part of 
the necessary work about his rural home. He re- 
mained under the parental roof until grown, as- 
sisting to bring his father's farm under cultiva- 
tion, and spending his winter in school during 
that time. April 27, 1876, he was married to Miss 
Mary J. Newport, the daughter of John Newport, 
of Farmersville, one of the prominent men of the 

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Gerhard was 
blessed witli nine children, who are in the order 
of their births as follows: Otis, deceased; Nel- 
lie M., John, Henry, Chalmers, Emma, Samuel, 
Frank, and an infant daughter yet unnamed. Mr. 
Gerhard's land comprises four hundred acres, 
and is carefully tilled and cultivated. All his 
farming operations are conducted in a progressive 
and superior manner, and it needs but a glance 
over his broad acres to understand that an ex- 
perienced hand is at the helm. His records as a 
private citizen and neighbor are alike untarnished 
and in all the affairs of life lie lias bojiic himself 







in an upright manner, and is recognized as a man 
of true worth. He had very little of this world's 
goods to start with in life, and what he lias accum- 
ulated is the result of hard work and good man- 
agement on his part. His political views have 
brought him into affiliation with the Democratic 
party, and he is an earnest upholder of its princi- 
ples and policy. 


^ETER STUTLE, who owns and operates a 
fine farm of three hundred acres on sec- 
tion 11, South Litch field Township, Mont- 

jl), gomery County, is a Bohemian by birth. 
He was born on the 29th of June, 1825, in Bohe- 
mia, and was reared in a little mining town of that 
land. As soon as old enough, he began work in 
the silver mines and was thus employed until 1850. 
His parents had previously died, and with two 
brothers and three sisters he crossed the Atlantic 
to America. They landed in St. Louis, where Peter 
learned the cooper's trade, which he followed in 
that city for two years. He then removed to Col- 
linsville, Madison County, where, in company with 
his brother-in-law, he opened a cooper's shop, en- 
gaging in business in that line for some time. 

It was in 1869 that Mr. Stutle came to Mont- 
gomery County. Having acquired some capital 
through his industry and perseverance, he here 
purchased forty acres of land, constituting a part 
of his present farm, and also established a small 
cooper shop. After working all day in the fields, 
he would follow his trade at nights, many times 
until twelve or one o'clock. In this way he got a 
start, and from a small beginning he has steadily 
worked his way upward. As his financial resources 
increased, he extended the boundaries of his farm, 
until he now owns three hundred acres of rich land 
and is one of the most extensive grain and stock- 
raisers in this locality. If Peter Stutle does not 
have good grain and good stock, none can be found 
in the county. 

While a resident of Collinsville, Mr. Stutle was 

united in marriage with Annie Turney, and unto 
them have been born eight children: Joseph, the 
eldest, is a resident farmer of North Litchfield 
Township; Frank, a young man of twenty-nine 
years, is at home; Tony, aged twenty-four, is com- 
pleting his education in the Hillsboro High School; 
Albert is engaged in teaching; Eddie is at home; 
Mary is the wife of George Hancock, of California; 
Emma lives with her sister in California, and 
Annie makes her home with her aunt in St. Louis. 
In politics, Mr. Stutle is a supporter of the 
Democracy and warmly advocates its principles. 
The cause of education finds in him a valued 
friend, and he has held the office of School Direc- 
tor for man}' years. He and his wife are members 
of the Christian Church and are people of many 
excellencies of character. We see in Mr. Stutle a 
self-made man, who by enterprise, energy and well- 
directed efforts has steadily worked his way up- 
ward and gained a comfortable competence, which 
numbers him among the substantial citizens of the 

erable lady whose honored name opens this 
sketch is affectionately known in the county 
of Montgomery as "Grandma." She has so en- 
deared herself to the people among whom she has 
passed her long life, that none are more respected 
or more dearly loved than this pioneer woman. 

Catherine Fitzjarrell was born in Jefferson 
County, Tenn., November 13, 1820, and was the 
daughter of Joseph and Julia (Brown) Skeen, na- 
tives of Tennessee. Some time in the '30s, the 
family emigrated to Greene County, 111., whence, 
after residing there a short time, they removed to 
Macoupin County, and were among the very first 
settlers of that county. Her father entered Gov- 
ernment land there and the family settled down 
upon the raw prairie. The face of Nature was 
very beautiful, with flowering prairies and belts 
of forest trees by flowing streams, but there wore 



other things to think of beside th,e pleasures of the 
eye. From those unpromising fields must come 
the sustenance of the little family, and perhaps it 
was partly discouragement that caused the death of 
the father in one year from the time of the re- 
moval. The poor mother could also endure hardship 
no longer, and in three weeks more the children 
were orphans. The biographer would love to give 
to interested readers the details of the life of the 
subject of our sketch, but within the present limits 
he must be brief. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Skeen who still 
survive are as follows: John, Catherine, Henry, 
Marion, and Ellen, who is the wife of John Chisin. 
None of these children had any educational ad- 
vantages, as the}' grew to maturity in the pioneer 
times of the count}', but they all have become peo- 
ple of prominence and have conducted their lives 
and affairs with fully as much success as has at- 
tended many of a younger generation who have 
had more advantages. 

Catherine was married March 11, 1841, to Dan- 
iel K. Fitzjarrell, who was born in Ohio in April, 
1818, and was the son of Eli and Tabitha Fitzjar- 
rell. When a boy he came to Illinois with his 
parents, and the first location of the family was 
in Greene County, but later Macoupin County 
became their home. To Mr. and Mrs. Fitzjarrell 
ten children were born, and five were reared: El- 
len, the wife of Columbus Reno; Celia, Mrs. Wiley 
Hines; Joseph; Sarah. Mrs. Roach, whose husband 
is deceased; and Emma, the wife of A. Miller. 
For many years after marriage our subject resided 
in Maconpin County, but just before the Civil 
War the family moved into Montgomery Count}', 
and for several years lived on the farm now owned 
by C. H. Barton, in Pitman Township. Thence they 
moved to the farm where Mrs. Fitzjarrell now lives, 
and where, in the spring of 1863, occurred the deatli 
of Mr. Fitzjarrell, who was one of the men of a 
community who can be ill spared. He was respected 
by all, and the sterling traits in his character made 
him a man to whom all looked for guidance. He was [ 
active in the forwarding of all county interests, 
and was lamented as a kind father and husband 
and an obliging neighbor. 

Mrs. Fitzjarrell is well known among her pioneer 

neighbors and is beloved wherever known. Her 
ready sympathy is always extended to those in 
trouble, and she understands how to lighten heavy 
burdens. Her tales of pioneer life are most enter- 
taining, and all wish that she may long live to re- 
late them. She owns one hundred and fifty-eight 
and one-fourth acres of land, this being a part of 
what she and her husband worked for and earned. 
Her home is now with her daughter, Mrs. Miller, 
and four dear grandchildren here claim her care 
and affection: Francis Z., Catherine E., Ellen and 
Eli L. Another daughter, Mrs. Roach, lives on 
the farm, and in her family are two grandchildren, 
Laura E. and Arthur A., in whom "Grandma" 
Fitzjarrell renews her youth. 

E. APPLETON. The name with which we 
commence this biography is that of one of 
the oldest residents of the town of Litch- 
field. He came here in 1854, at which 
time the place had just been platted, and can 
therefore give a great many points with regard 
to the early history of the section of the country 
in which he has so long made his home. 

Mr. Appleton is a native of Hampshire. En- 
gland, his birth having occurred February 13, 
1828. He received his education in England, and 
after completing the same took up the trade of 
wagon-maker as the vocation he chose to pursue 
through life. In the year 1851, the tide of emi- 
gration from the Mother Country swept near the 
home of our subject, and he became inspired witli 
the spirit of enterprise, which soon compelled his 
departure for the United States, where the pos- 
sibilities of a prosperous future seemed to be more 
easily realized than in his native land. 

Mr. Appleton first settled at Alton, Madison 
County, 111., where he worked at his trade. 
Afterward he moved to Ridgley, where, with James 
W. Jeffries, R. W. O'Bannon and W. T. Elliott, he 
inaugurated a town, and there our subject con- 



tinned as a wagon and carriage maker, and was 
very successful in bis line. In the year 1866, he 
took a position as superintendent in a coal com- 
pan}-, and increased the business to such an extent 
that in 1875 lie assisted in incorporating a com- 
pany with $10,000 capital stock, and assumed the 
direction of same as Vice-president. For some 
time after the incorporation of this company, the 
enterprise did not prove as successful as was anti- 
cipated, but owing to the keen business manage- 
ment and excellent ability of Mr. Applcton, it 
was recognized in a few years as one of the best- 
paying concerns of its kind in that part of the 
country. Mr. Appleton is the possessor of a farm, 
and is also one of the stockholders of the Electric 
Light and Water Supply Company. 

The residence of our subject is one of the beau- 
tiful spots in the city with which he has been so 
closely allied as founder, citizen and promoter of 
its enterprises. One of the first pieces of real 
estate he owned in this locality is what is now 
known as Market House Square, which was a gift 
from Mr. Appleton to the town. He is a man of 
generous and kindly impulses, and fortune has 
crowned his efforts with success, placing him in a 
position of independence with regard to his fel- 
low-men. He is a firm believer in the doctrine of 
giving to the poor and lending to the Lord, but 
his charities are of the kind that seek no publica- 
tion, and none but the donor and recipient have 
knowledge of the many deeds of kindness that are 
somewhere recorded against his name. 

The immediate family of our subject consists of 
a wife and two children. Mrs. Appleton was Miss 
Alva E. Butt, a lady of English birth and parent- 
age, and one whose life and labors have won 
for her the hearty respect of those who know her, 
and the more loving regard of all with whom she 
is more intimately associated. Our subject's chil- 
dren are E. B. and Miss Jessie Appleton. 

When the story of the organization and early de- 
velopment of Litchfield is fitly told, the name of 
H. E. Appleton will be found among those who 
have always had the welfare of the place at heart, 
and generously aided the settlement, improvement 
and growth of Litchfield by their own exertions 
and means. It is to such men that our country 

owes her success, and the characteristics of him 
whose biography we have here sketched are the 
same personal attributes possessed by the founders 
of our Republic. 

R. H. S. SHORT is a member of that pro- 
fession which is one of the noblest to 
which a man can devote his life, and one 
which operates effectively in time of need 
in arresting and alleviating the pains and ailments 
to which the human body is heir, and one also 
which deserves the most appreciative consideration 
oh the part of the public. As a follower of this noble 
calling, the gratitude of hundreds is due to the 
skill and talent of Dr. Short, who has been an ac- 
tive practitioner in this section for many years 
and has acquired considerable prominence. He 
was born in Randolph County, N. C., May 4, 1840, 
a son of Lemuel and Mary (Haskett) Short, who 
were born, reared and married in the old North 
State, the former being a successful school teacher. 
He followed this occupation forty-four years and 
attained prominence as an educator. 

John Short, grandfather of our subject, was born 
in the North of Ireland, but was brought to Am- 
erica by his parents when about four years of age, 
and eventually became a school, music and writing 
teacher in North Carolina. He was well educated, 
and became more than ordinarily successful in his 
chosen calling. He followed this occupation for 
fifty years and lived to be eighty-seven years of 
age. Isaac Haskett, the maternal grandfather of 
the subject of this sketch, was born in North Caro- 
lina, was a farmer by occupation, and died in 
Virginia, at the patriarchal age of ninety-eight 
years. His parents were born in France. 

Lemuel Short and Mary Haskett were married in 
Randolph County, N. C., April 5. 1838, and the 
mother is still living, being now (1892) in her 
seventy-sixth year. After the death of Mr. Short, 
she became the wife of J. H. Buckmaster on the 
4th of July, 1866, but this union did not result in 



the birth of any children. Eleven children were 
born to her first marriage, seven sons and four 
daughters, namely: F. E., of Tennessee; Dr. H. S., 
the subject of this sketch; Adella J., deceased, who 
became the wife of Bennett Poland and the mo- 
ther of twelve children; Jonathan S.; Mary R., the 
wife of George Stokes, of Fayette County, 111.; 
William A., who was killed in Montana; Nerius, 
who died at the age of two years; Oliver S., of 
Fillmore, 111.; A. J., who died in 1880; Hannah L., 
who is deceased, and Frances I)., also deceased. 

Dr. H. S. Short was the second member of this 
family, and until he attained his fourteenth year 
he was a resident of the State in which he was 
born, and there commenced attending school at 
the age of four years. He also attended the dis- 
trict schools of Fayette County, 111., and the West- 
field (Ind.) High School, but upon the bursting 
of the war cloud that had so long hovered over 
the country, he, on the 3d of July, 1861, enlisted 
in the service of his country and became a mem- 
ber of Company C, Thirty-fifth Illinois Infantry, 
as a private, and took part in the following en- 
gagements: Corinth, Perryville, Stone River, and 
Chattanooga, and was with Gen. Sherman on his 
famous march to the sea. He received his dis- 
charge at Springfield, 111., September 27, 1864, and 
was mustered out there by S. S. Sumner. Three 
of his brothers also saw service in the army. After 
the close of the war, he returned to Illinois and 
began teaching school at Ramsey, and also read 
medicine with Dr. J. C. Jones. He then took a 
course of lectures in the Medical College of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, after which he practiced four years. 
He came to Fillmore July 27, 1869, and May 19, 
1873, graduated at Cincinnati from the Eclectic 
Medical Institute. He has been a member of the 
Illinois State Eclectic Medical Society since its or- 
ganization, as well as of the Montgomery County 
Medical Society. 

October 31, 1871, our subject married, at Ram- 
sey, 111., Miss Sarah M. Stokes, a native of Fayette 
County, this State, who was born on the 25th of 
October, 1851, a daughter of Byrd and Margaret 
Stokes, and their union has resulted in the birth of 
four sons and two daughters: William T., Mary 
L., Emma E., Ulysses S., Walter C. and Lemuel B. 

Mary L. is an experienced and successful school 
teacher, as is also William T., who has followed 
that occupation with good results since he was 
nineteen years of age. The Doctor has been a 
member of the Ancient Free & Accepted Masons 
since 1866, and is also a member of the Modern 
Woodmen of America, in which he is now Ex- 
amining Surgeon. He is a strong Republican and 
ran as a popular candidate for County Coroner in 
the fall of 1892. His professional career from the 
first has been one of gratifying results, for he is 
thoroughly fitted by study and experience for a 
superior physician, and has built up a reputation 
for professional skill and ability that is not merely 
local but extends over a wide range of territory. 

ENRY G. WHITEIIOUSE, one of the wide- 
i awake and enterprising young farmers of 

Montgomery County, residing on section 
29, South Litchfield Township, was born 
near Mt. Olive, in Macoupin County, 111., March 
2, 1856. His parents were William H. and Justine 
(Nobbe) Whitehouse, the former of whom had 
come to America in 1843. He was then a young 
man in limited circumstances, but by good busi- 
ness ability, enterprise and perseverance, worked 
his way steadily upward to a position of wealth 
and affluence, and at his death, in 1878, left a large 
estate. He had made several trips to Europe, hop- 
ing to benefit his health, but at length was called 
to his final rest. He left nearly three thousand 
acres of land, besides other valuable interests. In 
the family were five brothers, namely: William, 
Gottleib, Henry, Fred and Charles, though three 
are now deceased. Charles is a wealthy farmer 
residing in this county. The brothers were all 
successful business men and acquired considerable 
property, but the father gained the largest fortune 
of them all. The mother of our subject is still 

Henry G. was reared to manhood in the usual 
manner of farmer lads, and his education was ac- 



quired in the German and public schools. After 
attaining to years of maturity, he was united in 
marriage, in 1877, with Miss Ann, daughter of 
Henry Neimann, one of the substantial and repre- 
sentative farmers of this community. Six children 
grace this union, one son and five daughters, 
namely: Louis, Sophia, Augustina, Lena, Mary 
and Matilda. 

Since the death of his father, Mr. Whitehouse 
has not only looked after his own fine farm, but lias 
assisted his mother in the management of the es- 
tate, which lias not yet been divided among the 
heirs. His land is well tilled and under a high 
state of cultivation, and the many improvements 
upon his place indicate the thrift and enterprise 
of the owner, who is numbered among the leading 
agriculturists of the township. He is a prominent 
citizen and has been honored with several local 
offices, having served as Highway Commissioner, 
School Director, and for the past ten years has been 
the efficient Treasurer of South Litchfield Town- 
ship school funds. He is a leading and influential 
citizen, and has the confidence and high regard of 
a large circle of friends and acquaintances in this 
community. In political matters he is a stanch 

eAPT. P. C. WOOD. This gentleman may 
be counted among the old residents of 
Montgomery, for he was born in East Fork 
Township, August 22, 1835. His father, Thomas 
Wood, was a native of South Carolina, who was 
born in 1801, and there grew to mature years. In 
1823 he came to Bond County, 111., but only re- 
mained there until the following year,when lie made 
a settlement in Montgomery County. He located 
on section 9, where he took up land from the 
Government and built a log cabin, 18x18 feet, 
cutting the trees for the house from his farm. He 
improved his place, cleared it of the brush and 

timber with which it was covered, and there re- 
ceived his final summons in 1858. He was a sol- 
dier in the Black Hawk War. 

Our subject's paternal grandfather, Thomas 
Wood, Sr., was of English descent, and was also a 
native of the Palmetto State, where he grew to 
manhood and was married. He died in Mont- 
gomery County, 111. The mother of our subject 
bore the maiden name of Anna Ellis, and was a 
native of Kentucky, where she was born in 1805. 
She came with her parents to Bond County, Jll., 
in 1816, when but eleven years of age. Her father, 
John Ellis, was a native of North Carolina, but re- 
moved to Kentucky about 1790, and was with 
Daniel Boone at one time. After coming to Illi- 
nois, in 1816, he located in Bond County, three 
miles north of Greenville, where he built the first 
log house. He was one of the earliest settlers in 
the county, and died on the place where he had at 
first located. He was a soldier in the War of 
1812, and was a descendant of the French Hugue- 

Our subject is the second son among eight chil- 
dren, three sons and five daughters, the three sons 
being the only survivors. The mother died in 
1881. Mr. Wood's early schooling was received 
in the log schoolhouse of early times, and he as- 
sisted his father in improving the farm until his 
marriage. He selected for his wife Miss Elizabeth 
Barry, a native of Montgomery County, 111., their 
union being celebrated in 1857. She was the 
daughter of John Barry, but did not long survive 
after her marriage. She died in 1858, leaving a 
child that died a few years later. 

In 1861, Mr. Wood enlisted in Company A, 
Twelfth Illinois Infantry as a private, for three 
months. At the end of that time he re-enlisted 
in the Twenty-sixth Missouri Infantry as a private 
and was promoted first to be Corporal, then Lieu- 
tenant, and finally Captain. He was in the service 
three and one-half years, and was with Grant and 
Logan most of the time. He was slightly wounded 
twice. As an officer and a soldier, he acquitted 
himself with bravery, and was ever to be found at 
the front. He was in the battles of Corinth, luka. 
Vicksburg, and many others of minor importance. 
He was honorably discharged in 1864 and mus- 



tered out at Vicksburg, after which he returned to 
Montgomery County. 

Since then Capt. Wood has been actively en- 
gaged in tilling the soil, and has met with sub- 
stantial results in his life's work. Thorough-going 
and progressive, he has prospered in all his enter- 
prises, and is now classed among the most substan- 
tial and successful citizens. In politics, he is a 
Republican, and one of the first in the county. He 
is at present School Trustee, has been School Di- 
rector, served as Deputy Sheriff four years, and 
has held other responsible positions. Socially, he 
is a member of Hubble Post No. 403, G. A. R., of 
Hillsboro, and was also a member of the Masonic 
fraternity for some time. 

J| ACOB PAUL. It is gratifying to trace the 
| history of those of the early pioneers of 
, Montgomery County who have persevered 
1 through trials and hardships and have at 
last reached the point where they can enjoy the 
wealth and prosperity which rightly belong to 
them. In the life of the gentleman whose name 
we now give, we find such a history, and the pop- 
ularity which belongs to such a man is the just 
meed which his neighbors are glad to pay to his 
worth and work. This honored representative of 
one of the best old Eastern families is now residing 
in Bois D'Arc Township, and is one of the most 
esteemed and respected citizens of the same. He 
was born in West Virginia on the 19th of Septem- 
ber, 1815, a son of John and Keziah (Mills) Paul, 
the former a native of Pennsylvania, and the latter, 
it is supposed, of Virginia. 

Philip Paul, an uncle of our subject, was a sol- 
dier in the War of 1812. John Paul and his wife 
emigrated to Morgan County, Ind., and came down 
the Ohio River on a flat-boat to Cincinnati. Then 
with horse and wagon they went to Southern Ind- 
iana and there located, being among the early 
settlers, and there the father died about a year 
later. The youthful days of our subject were 

passed amid the scenes of pioneer life and his mus- 
cles were early hardened to the duties of the farm. 
Indians at that time were plentiful and wild game 
abounded in the wood. On account of the scarcity 
of schools, young Paul received very limited edu- 
cational advantages and is mainly self-educated. 
He has ever b en a great reader and books are his 
delight, he being enabled through that medium to 
become thoroughly posted on all important sub- 

The original of this sketch selected his wife in 
the person of Miss Ellen McLean, a native of Ken- 
tucky, and six children blessed this union, viz.: 
Frank, John, Douglas, Levi; Alice, wife of Nelson 
Darr; and Keziah, wife of Albert Taylor. A short 
time before the Tippecanoe Presidential campaign, 
Mr. Paul and wife removed to St. Clair County, 
111., and resided there a few months, after which 
he went to Missouri. Shortly afterward, he came 
to Alton, 111., and remained there until early in the 
'50s, when he located in Macoupin County; after re- 
siding there a few years he came to Montgomery 
County, settling on his present farm in Bois D'Arc 
Township. He broke the first sod on this place and 
has spent a good number of his days in developing 
and improving this fine tract of land. He is now the 
owner of two hundred acres of land, all the result 
of honest toil and industry on the part of himself 
and his worthy wife, who was a true helpmate to 
him in the trials and privation of pioneer da3'S. 
In those times, he used a wooden plow, drawn by 
oxen, in breaking the prairie. He has done much 
pioneer work, and in every public enterprise that 
had for its object the upbuilding of the county, 
he has taken a prominent part. October 4, 1892, 
he suffered a severe blow in the loss of his wife, 
who was called to the better land. 

In his political views, Mr. Paul is a stanch Dem- 
ocrat and has ever been interested in the triumphs 
of his party. In eveiy walk of life, he has acquitted 
himself in an honorable and upright manner, and 
his word is as good as his bond. His history is an 
example of what frugality, industry and integrity 
will accomplish and he enjoys a success as great as 
it is pronounced. He had two sons, Frank and 
John, who were soldiers in the Civil War. As be- 
fore stated, Mr. Paul is a Democrat and has voted 



the straight ticket with one exception and that was 
when he voted for Abraham Lincoln when he was 
nominated the second time. Mr. Paul has worked 
at man\- different occupations during his life and 
for a time was a steamboat hand on the Missis- 
sippi River. This was while he was a resident of 
Alton, 111. He is one of the oldest citizens of the 
county and is well known throughout its length 
and breadth, and has a host of warm friends. He is 
very popular with all, and we take great pleasure 
in representing him in these pages. 

ON. J. A. COMBS, one of the very promi- 
nent and widely-known residents of Mul- 
berry Grove, 111., is a familiar personage in 
the social and commercial as well as the po- 
litical circles of Mulberry Grove Township, Bond 
County, 111. He is engaged in the real-estate and 
insurance business, and holds the important office 
of Police Magistrate, and is also a Notary Public, 
having held the latter office for nineteen years. 

Our subject was born in Coles County, 111., No- 
vember 2, 1833, near the village of Ashmore. The 
father of Mr. Combs was John Combs, a man who 
was well known throughout the State. He was 
born December 20, 1810, in East Tennessee, and 
remained in the same locality until he was seven- 
teen years old, when he moved with his parents 
into Indiana, where they remained for four years. 
Here the young man began the study of medicine, 
and when the family removed to Clark Countj', 
111., he continued his studies and became a practic- 
ing physician, and followed his profession until his 
death, which occurred in Mulberry Grove, July 
13, 1851, of cholera. 

The grandfather of our subject was also a native 
of East Tennessee, and there conducted a farm 
until his enlistment in the War of 1812. The 
mother of our subject was formerly Elizabeth M. 
Mitchell, who was born in Russell County, Ky., 
January 3, 1812, and when quite young removed 
with her parents to the State of Indiana. She 

came to Coles County, 111., in 1828, while her 
death took place in Kansas, in 1866. Her father, 
John Mitchell, a native of North Carolina, resided 
near Guilford, where occurred the battle of Guil- 
ford Court House. This battle was fought on her 
grandfather's plantation, and there yet may be 
found in some of the deep furrows which the plow 
of the husbandman turns up an occasional bullet 
which long ago did its deadly work. The family 
came of that mixture of Scotch-Irish blood which 
has given the world some of its most eloquent 
men and lovely women. 

The parents of our subject reared a family of 
nine children, only six of whom grew to full ma- 
turity, and but five are now living. Of these the 
gentleman of whom we write is the eldest. His 
youngest brother, William, became prominent in 
the State of Kansas, and held the position of Judge 
of Lyon County from 1888 to 1890. The others 
of the family have become well and favorably 
known in the localities where they have lived. 

Mr. Combs of this notice came into Bond County, 
111., March 1, 1845, and to the town of Mulberry 
Grove March 2, 1846. His first school days were 
passed in Marshall, Clark County, 111., whence 
he went to the celebrated McKendree College at 
Lebanon, 111., to finish his education. He was only 
nineteen years of age when he began the manage- 
ment of his own affairs, and so determined was he 
to obtain an education, that he perseveringly 
worked his own way through a year's course at 
college. After such a preparation he found teach- 
ing a congenial employment, and for six years he 
followed it. August 21, 1859, he married Martha 
E. Buchanan, who graced his home but a few short 
years, when death claimed her for its own. She 
left three children at the time of her decease: Jen- 
nie, now Mrs. Holt, of Pocahontas; Lillie, who 
finds a home with her sister; and Ernest E., who is 
a graduate of the college at Valparaiso, Ind., and 
was elected President of the Alumni, and is now 
Principal of a school at Sorento, 111. 

The second marriage of our subject took place 
here, and the lady who became Mrs. Combs was 
Louisa A. Burke, nee Russell, a resident of this 
town. No children have resulted from this union. 
Mr. Combs is an ardent Republican and has done 



much for his party, of which he has been a mem- 
ber since its organization, and in 1869 he was 
elected to the office of Justice of the Peace and 
served until 1877; he was re-elected in May, 
1891, andlias also served one term as School Di- 
rector. He has been a Notary Public for the past 
nineteen years, and is the second oldest Notary in 
the county. His election to the Legislature to 
represent the district composed of Bond, Clinton 
and Washington Counties, took place in 1888, and 
he took an active part in the special session of 
1890, when the World's Fair question was under 

Mr. Combs served three years in the late war. 
having enlisted in Company E, Twenty-second Il- 
linois Infantry, and was in all of the principal 
battles of the war. He came out of the struggle 
without wounds, but with experiences which have 
left a lasting influence. His life has been one of 
business and he has been successful in many ways. 
Few men attain all of the heights which youth 
promises, but Mr. Combs has accomplished much 
more than many of those who started under more 
favoring circumstances. 

ON. DAVID H. ZEPP. Among the many 
l) prominent names that make up the strength 
of the Illinois Bar is that of Hon. David H. 
)j Zepp, who possesses solid, substantial tal- 
ent and is an example of what may be accom- 
plished by push and energy. He is one of those 
men. too few in number, who fully recognize the 
truth so often urged by the sages of the law, that, 
of all men, the reading and thought of the lawyer 
should be the most extended. Systematic reading 
gives a more comprehensive grasp to the mind, va- 
riety and richness to thought, and a clearer percep- 
tion of the motives of men and the principles of 
things. This he has found most essential in the 
prosecution of his professional practice. He is 
one of the prominent attorneys and capitalists of 
Nokomis, and is a true type of the self-made man. 

Born in Carroll County, Md., August 5, 1845, 
Mr. Zepp is a son of Samuel and Caroline (Zim- 
merman) Zepp. Our subject's great-grandfather, 
Leonard Zepp, was a native of Switzerland and 
came to America just at the close of the Rev- 
olutionary War. Settling in Frederick County, 
Md., he reared his family, and in that State the 
grandfather of our subject, Leonard Zepp, Jr., 
was born. The father of our subject, Samuel 
Zepp, was born in Frederick County, Md., in 1822. 
The Zimmermans were of German extraction, and 
the first one of the family to settle in America was 
our subject's great-grandfather, who located in 
Adams County, Pa., about the year 1750. In this 
county, Mrs. Zepp's father, Christian Zimmer- 
man, was born about 1780, and in 1800 he moved 
to Maryland. He settled in that part of Frederick 
County now included in Carroll County, and there 
Mrs. Zepp was born in 1824. 

Samuel Zepp and Miss Caroline Zimmerman 
were married in 1843, and on their plantation the 
original of this notice grew to manhood. He gen- 
erally attended school three or four months during 
the year, and the balance of the time was devoted 
to the arduous duties of the farm. This continued 
until he had reached his eighteenth year, when he 
started out as a school teacher in his native county. 
After teaching one term he was engaged as Prin- 
cipal of the public schools at Taueytown, Carroll 
County, Md., and the following year was made 
Superintendent of the public schools at West- 
minster, on a salary of $50 per month, that being 
the highest salary paid in the county up to that 
time. He continued in that position for two 
years, and during this time he commenced to read 
law in the office of Judge John E. Smith, with 
whom he remained two years, and in Novem- 
ber, 1868, upon motion of Judge Smith, he was 
admitted to the Bar. In the winter of 1868 and 
1869 he was Superintendent of the schools at 
Union Bridge, Md., but in May, 1869, he deter- 
mined to seek fame and fortune in the great 
West. Accordingly, he left his native heath and 
journeyed toward the Prairie State, first stopping 
at Mattoon, Coles County. When starting out for 
himself, Mr. Zepp's cash capital was by no means 
large, and when he arrived at Mattoon he was al- 



most penniless, in fact, in balancing up his cash 
account he found he had just thirteen cents. He 
was in a strange land, among strangers, and some- 
thing had to be done. 

After remaining at Mattoon for one month, he 
went to Bunker Hill, where the harvest was just 
commencing, and lie being a strong and able- 
bodied man, hired out at $3 per day, and in 
this manner accumulated considerable means. He 
began teaching school in Palmyra, Macoupin 
County, and the following harvest found him 
again in the field, for in his ambition to get a 
'start in the world he was determined, for the time, 
to do any work that would bring him money, pro- 
viding it was honorable employment. While work- 
ing in the field he learned that the Board of Educa- 
tion at Hillsboro wanted to secure a new Superin- 
tendent, and he at once went to that place to make 
application. A week later lie received word by mail 
that he had been appointed to the position at a 
salary of $80 per month for ten months. At 
the expiration of this time, or in June, 1871, 
he formed a partnership in the law business with 
T. A. Walls, a prominent attorney of Nokomis, 
but the following October his partner died and he 
succeeded to the thriving business of the office. 
His reputation as an educator caused the Board of 
Education at Nokomis to secure him as Superin- 
tendent of the public schools at this place, which 
position he occupied for one year. He was then 
out of school for two years, when they again made 
a proposition that if he would accept $125 per 
month, they would allow him to have time to at- 
tend to his law practice and be present during the 
sessions of court. This he saw fit to accept, and 
the arrangement lasted one year. Then on ac- 
count of his constantly increasing business, he was 
obliged to give up the place. 

Soon after this, or on the 8th of September, 1874, 
he was married to Miss Ella Beaver, of Westmin- 
ster, Md., who was reared, like her husband, in 
a slave State. Early in life our subject learned 
to detest the institution of human slavery, and as 
he grew older he became a pronounced Abolition- 
ist, It would be only natural therefore to expect to 
find him after the abolition of slavery a pro. 
and ardent Republican, as lie is, In 1876, 

his party, recognizing his true worth and great 
ability, elected him to the State Legislature, a po- 
sition he filled in a most satisfactory and capable 
manner. He was a member of the house when the 
great fight was made against Logan for the United 
States Senate, and, being a great admirer of the 
soldier and statesman, he supported him from 
first to last. Even when defeat stared him in the 
face he never wavered. While a member of the 
Legislature his ability was recognized by his being 
placed on many of the important committees, and 
he was Chairman of the Committee on Executive 
Departments. which brought him in contact with 
Gov. Cullom. Our subject was also a member 
of the Committee on Judicial Departments, as 
well as on the Committee on Corporations. He has 
been in all the Republican county conventions 
since be came to Montgomery County, as well as 
many of the State conventions, and has also been 
a member of the Republican Central Committee. 

In 1892, Mr. Zepp was elected a delegate to the 
National Convention at Minneapolis, and was an 
ardent supporter of Gen. Harrison for re-nomina- 
tion. As a financier he has few equals and no su- 
periors in his locality. Quick to see an opportu- 
nity, he instantly grasps it, and one incident is 
given to show this: Just prior to the resumption 
of specie payment, and when great depression in 
value spread over the land, Mr. Zepp could see 
that the depression was at its lowest point, and 
that improvement was sure to come in the near fu- 
ture. The vacant lots in Nokomis, and about two 
hundred acres of land adjoining, were for sale at 
panic prices. He saw his opportunity, and, inter- 
esting some capitalists in the scheme, they made the 
purchase, as well as a tract of four hundred acres 
of valuable land in Shelby County. The change 
came as he had predicted, and this master stroke 
brought him his fortune. In 1884 he stocked the 
large farm in Shelby County with blooded stock 
and spent two years on the farm looking after this 
interest. This was his only absence from his office 
since locating in Nokomis. About 1880, he or- 
ganized the Nokomis Building and Loan Associa- 
tion with a capital of $100,000, and has been its 
President from the start. lie is a prominent and 
enthusiastic Mason, joining the order in Maryland, 



having sent in his petition to the first meet- 
ing held after he was twenty-one years of age. 
He is a member of the Blue Lodge of Nokomis, 
of which he has been Master, Hillsboro Chapter 
and Council, and also of St. OmerCommandery at 
Litchfleld. Mr. Zepp is a true type of the South- 
ern-bred gentleman, and it is a great pleasure 
to make his acquaintance. 

NTHONY CALIHAN, a well-known and 
honored resident of Montgomery County, 
was born in the city of New York in 1841, 
of Irish parents, both of whom died when 
he was small. They came to this country from 
the land of their birth, the Isle of Erin, but were 
not here long enough to gain a foothold on the 
ladder of success, and when death called them 
hence they left their son without means and at 
the mercy of a cold world. He was separated from 
a brother at this time and has never seen or heard 
of him since. Anthony was very young at that 
time, and hardly knows what became of himself for 
some time thereafter, but supposes that he was con- 
signed to the care of a poor-house or some charitable 
institution in that great city. He soon found him- 
self botind out to one Thomas Wolston, a New 
Jersey farmer, and there he grew to mature years 
without the thoughtful and loving care of a 
mother or the wise counsels of a father. He re- 
ceired little or no education, and while his foster- 
parents were kind to him, it was not the kindness 
born of love. They well knew the warm blood in 
the veins of the Irish lad, and policy had much 
to do with the kindness that was accorded him. 

When the great Civil War came, the blood in the 
Irish boy began to tell and lie asked the consent of 
Mr Wolston to enlist in the Union service, but 
permission was refused, as the time for which he 
had been bound out had not yet expired. This 
only added fuel to the llames of his determination 
to enlist, and when President Lincoln made his 

second call for troops young Anthony took French 
leave of his foster-parents and on the 12th of 
August, 1861, his name could be found on the 
rolls of Company B. Thirty-fifth Illinois Infantry. 
He enlisted from Montgomery County, to which 
place they had moved in 1858 or 1859. His com- 
mand followed Price through Missouri, and he 
was a participant in the battle of Pea Ridge, which 
was his first general engagement. For some time 
afterward he was in Missouri and Arkansas, and 
made a forced march from Batesville to Cape 
Girardeau, a distance of two hundred and forty 
miles, in nine daj*s en route to Pittsburgh Land- 
ing, lie was in the siege of Corinth, Miss., and 
during his life as a soldier performed many acts 
of bravery, and was in all the hard marches and 
battles, including the bloody battles of Stone 
River and Tullahoma, in which his regiment par- 
ticipated. We next find him on the bloody battle- 
field of Chickamauga, where in the first day's 
fight, September 19, 1862, he was felled by a rebel 
bullet and as he lay bleeding and stunned he was 
taken prisoner. 

Behind the walls of Libby Prison, Mr Calihan 
was confined for seventeen months, during which 
time he suffered the tortures, privations and slow 
starvation for which Southern prisoners were noted. 
He was at Danville and also in that foul pen, 
Andersonville, but the greater period of his incar- 
ceration was spent in Libby. A volume could be 
filled with his reminiscences of prison life, and the 
sufferings that were crowded into those months of 
captivity were more than sufficient for a lifetime. 

When he was finally released in the spring of 
1865, he was little more than a living skeleton, 
covered with a few rags that took the place of 
clothing, and with all his teeth gone from the 
effects of scurvy. Upon receiving his discharge 
on the 22nd of April, 1865, he returned to Mont- 
gomery County, and as soon as he was able he en- 
gaged in farming, to which occupation his atten- 
tion has since been devoted. In 1868, he was 
united in marriage with Miss Lucy Kellogg, a 
native of this country, and a daughter of Alfred 
Kellogg, a prominent old settler. .Soon after his 
marriage he located on the farm on which he is 
now residing in Audubon Township, 



Mr Calihan has been the soul of honor in his 
business transactions, has carried himself in an 
upright manner throughout life, and as a result he 
has numerous friends and very few, if any, 
enemies. To himself and wife five children have 
been born r two of whom died when small. The 
others are Laura, wife of Charles Nevlin, a busi- 
ness man of Alton, 111.; Mary, who resides in No- 
komis; and Roy. a bright boy of seven years. In 
politics Mr Calihan is a hearty and most earnest 
supporter of Republican principles. He is a mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic, belonging 
to the Post at Nokomis, in which he has served as 
S. V., J. V., and in other minor offices. 

ENRY SAATHOFF. The public is always 
curious concerning men who have made a 
success in life, no matter whether that suc- 
cess may be one of rank, wealth or state, or 
a result of noble endeavor. Oftentimes this is 
an idle and impertinent curiosity, but on the other 
hand the history of one who fills his niche accept- 
ably, doing to the best of his ability that which 
fate has set before him, cannot but be a helpful 
lesson to the reader. Of such is our subject, who, 
though living the quiet life of a farmer, brings 
such thoroughness and persistent effort to bear 
in his daily vocation, that a dignity is lent to it of 
which it is sometimes unhappily bereft. 

Henry Saathoff is one of the German- American 
citizens of this locality, who was born in the king- 
dom of Hanover, December 31, 1846. He is a son 
of Heiel and Annie (Mueller) Saathoff, and is the 
fourth in order of birth of their family of eight 
children. Of these, himself and brother Ilciel are 
all that are spared. 

When our subject was only eleven years of age, 
or in 1857, the Saathoff family came to America, 
and at once proceeding Westward, settled in Mad- 
ison County, this State. After a residence of two 
years there, they removed to Montgomery County. 
As the family means were very limited, and each 

child had to contribute as much as possible to the 
common support, young Henry found but little 
time to prosecute his studies. That which he has 
was mostly acquired before his eleventh year, in 
his native country. In 1876, he lost his mother, 
and eleven years later death came and laid its rest- 
ful hand upon the heart that had beaten for him 
in paternal solicitude. 

In 1867, Mr. Saathoff was united in marriage 

' O 

with Miss Frances Keiser. She died March 10, 
1890. Of the nine children that came to gladden 
their home, five are now living. Of these, Annie 
is the wife of J. F. Whitworth, a merchant of 
prominence in Soreuto. Mary died at the age of 
fifteen years; Heiel, John, Ira and Lena are all 
prosecuting their studies here, and preparing to 
take their places as loyal American citizens. 

April 19, 1891, our subject married his present 
wife, who was a Miss Sophia Haafker, a native of 
Hanover, Germany, and a daughter of Heine and 
Mate Haafker, now of Mt. Olive, this State. Their 
one child, Lizzie, is a lovable girl baby. In 1886, 
Mr. Saathoff purchased the Central Hotel of Sor- 
ento, and for a year was its active proprietor. He 
again purchased the tine farm where he now lives, 
still, however, retaining his ownership of the hotel, 
besides having other valuable property in the 
town. Although he has for many years been a 
Democrat, he leaves to others the red tape of po- 
litical work, merely assisting his party by casting 
his straight Democratic vote at each election. 

m F. WEBER. It is with pleasure that any 
true-hearted patriot recounts the life 
history of one who saved our nation with 
devotion, and it is with reverence that we look 
upon the infirmities that have come upon these 
crippled veterans in our country's service. The 
old soldier of whom we write, and who is now 
one of the most substantial and prosperous farm- 
ers of Audubon Township, is a native of Chau- 
tauqua County, N- Y., born March 20, 1837, he 



being the eighth in order of birth of nine chil- 
dren born to Joseph and Eunice (Johnson) AVeber, 
both natives of the Empire State. The grand- 
father, Nicholas Weber, was also a native of that 
State, and was born about thirteen years prior to 
the Revolutionary War. The family is of Ger- 
man extraction, and the great-grandfather of our 
subject, no doubt, came from the Fatherland many 
years before the signing of the Declaration of In- 
dependence. The mother of our subject was of 
English extraction, but no date is before us of the 
early history of this family, or the exact time her 
forefathers came to this country. 

In 1840, when the subject of this sketch was 
but a child of three years, the parents left the 
Empire State for the great West, and traveled by 
team to the Ohio River. From there they went 
by flat-boats to Pittsburg, and by steamer to St. 
Louis, Mo., where they again took to team and 
made their way to the then wild prairies of Mont- 
gomery County, 111. The}- settled on a piece of 
unbroken land not far from the now thriving 
county seat of Montgomery County, or Hillsboro, 
and here it may be said of Mr. AVeber: 

" He chopped, he logged, he cleared his lot, 
And into many a dismal spot 
He let the light of day." 

The mother died a few years later, or when our 
subject was about seven years old, and on this farm, 
which he had labored hard to clear and develop, 
the father passed away in 1853. Of this pio- 
neer family there are now but five living the 
original of this notice, two brothers and two sis- 
ters. Jacob, the eldest, resides not far from the 
place where the family first settled, north of Hills- 
boro. He served his country faithfully in the 
Civil War. and was in the One Hundred and 
Twenty-sixth Illinois Infantry, and was discharged 
after the fall of A'icksburg on a surgeon's certifi- 
cate of disability. AA r illiam W. is a farmer living 
in this county; Harriet is the wife of Philip 
Flacker, of St. Louis, Mo.; and Julia married 
James P. Hancock, who was a member of the One 
Hundred and Twenty-sixth Illinois Infantry, and 
died at Jackson, Tenn., of typhoid fever) Ml Ho 
in service, 

Like the children of other pioneer families, our 
subject was early inured to the arduous duties of 
the farm, and was fairly educated for those days. 
For a number of years prior to the Civil War, he 
was engaged in the sawmill business, and thus we 
find him actively employed when President Lin- 
coln made his first call for troops, in April, 1861. 
He promptly tendered his services and was en- 
rolled in Company H, Ninth Illinois Infantry, and 
spent the greater part of his enlistment at Cairo. 
At the expiration of his term of enlistment, three 
mouths, he was discharged, and returned home, 
but early in the summer of 1862, he re-en- 
listed in Company F, One Hundred and Twenty- 
sixth Illinois Infantry, as a private. His command 
was at once sent to the front at Bolivar, Tenn., 
and this regiment, while one of the best in the ser- 
vice, had many duties to perform, holding the 
rebels in check, guarding forts and railroads, and 
transportations for Grant's army. It was in the 
great siege and fall of Vicksburg, and many small 
engagements and skirmishes. 

The greater part of the time was spent in Ten- 
nessee and Arkansas, and while near DuvaPs 
Bluff, in the latter State, on AVhite River, our sub- 
ject was personally in charge of a sawmill for the 
Government for about a year. The last year of 
the war his regiment was engaged in skirmishing, 
scouting, and in long marches in the State of Ar- 
kansas, and was mustered out in Pine Bluff, that 
State, July 12, 1865, and discharged at Springfield, 
111., on the 2d of the following August. He 
served his country with bravery and valor for 
more than three years, endured many hardships 
and suffered much. During his service he was 
ruptured, contracted rheumatism, and nearly lost 
his eye-sight, one eye entirely blind. 

After returning from the army he again en- 
gaged in the sawmill business, which continued 
until the fall of 1866, when he purchased the 
farm in Audubon Township, on which he has since 
resided. For six years he was a member of the 
Board of Supervisors of Montgomery County, for 
two years was Justice of the Peace, Clerk two 
terms, for three years was Commissioner, and for 
twenty-five years was Treasurer of his school dis- 
trict. He is a Grand Army uiuu, nud life-long 






Democrat. Mr. and Mrs. Weber had born to them 
nine children, seven of whom are living. One 
died when a child, and Ida died when twenty 
years of age. Laura E. is the wife of 11. Teter, of 
Fairmont, Neb.; diaries and Perry, at home; An- 
nie is a teacher in the public schools; Lulu, Hattie 
and Maud are at home. Mr. Weber has a fine 
farm of two hundred and forty acres, has good, 
substantial buildings, and is one of the representa- 
tive men of this section. 

SCHARF. Our subject has reached 
that age when the dignity of years well 
spent in active and productive labor ex- 
empts him from the weariness of toil at the pres- 
ent time. He is now recognized as one of the 
prominent and wealthy retired farmers, living at a 
pleasant distance from the busy t wn of Sorento, 
in Shoal Creek Township, Bond County. The 
town of Sorento when laid out included a part of 
what was then his farm. 

Mr. Scharf was born in the province of Schlesien, 
in the kingdom of Prussia, August 11, 1825. 
Early in life he learned the blacksmith's trade, 
which he followed in his native land until he went 
to America in 1852. After that time, he was em- 
ployed at his trade in St. Louis for four years, 
and in 1856 he purchased one hundred acres of 
land in Pleasant Prairie, Bond County, where he 
has ever since lived. 

While residing in Missouri, February 18, 1854, 
our subject was married to Augusta Lohmann, who 
is a native of Hanover, Germany. She had one 
child, who, on her mother's marriage to Mr. Scharf, 
took that name. He grew to manhood, the pride of 
his foster father. It was this child, August Scharf, 
who laid out the thriving town of Sorento. It 
was also he who organized the Sorento Coal Com- 
pany, and to his push and energy the people of 
the town are greatly indebted for the many enter- 
prises that make of it a noted commercial center. 

He had the advantages of an excellent education, 
and was a naturally brilliant and capable busi- 
ness man. His community received his constant 
attention, and everything that was possible for 
him to do that was for the interest of the town, 
he willingly sacrificed himself for, if necessary, and 
when he was cut down in the prime of life, and in 
the days of his greatest prosperity, by the fell de- 
stroyer. Death, the mourning was universal. So- 
rento felt that not only a good and noble man 
was taken from her midst, but that one of the 
mainstays of the place was removed when he was 
most needed. He died November 12, 1891, at the 
age of forty-two years. The large fortune which 
he left goes for the most part to the two other chil- 
dren that his parents reared: Thomas Scharf and 
Augusta Lohmann, the latter the wife of Charles 
Reum. A small portion of it goes to Rhoda M. 
(Cole) Scharf, to whom he was married on his 

The wife of William Scharf and the mother of 
August died January 9, 1890. They had no other 
children, but those already above mentioned re- 
ceived the tender parental care that comes only 
from great and generous hearts. Mr. Scharf is 
possessed of an ample fortune, and takes all 
the comfort he can get from these latter years of 
life. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Reum and his adopted 
son Thomas reside with him in his home adjoining 
Sorento. There is a satisfaction to the observer 
of many of the freaks of fate, in the fact that oc- 
casionally merit reaps its own reward, and pa- 
tience, perseverance and industry do not become 
so warped that the broader interests of life cannot 
be thoroughly enjoyed. 


OHN SCHLUP, one of the leading business 
men of Greenville, is there engaged in the' 
manufacture of wagons, and as this is one 
of the most important industries of tlm 
city, the proprietor well deserves representation in 
this volume. His birth occurred near Berne, Swit- 



zerland, in 1833. His father, John Schlup, Sr., 
was also a native of that country, was a wagon- 
maker by trade, and in connection therewith car- 
ried on agricultural pursuits. The family num- 
bered four children. 

Our subject attended the public schools, and at 
the age of seventeen bade good-bye to friends and 
native land, and sailed for America, landing in 
New York on the 2d of November, 1851. A 
stranger in a strange land, he was thenceforth 
dependent upon his own resources. Going to 
Ohio, he secured work in a coal mine during 
the winter, and in the following spring began 
work as a farm hand at $8 per month. After that 
summer he drove horses on the Ohio Canal until 
the autumn of 1854, when he came to Madison 
County, 111., and located in Highland, where was 
living his maternal uncle, Michael Mollet, who was 
engaged in the manufacture of wagons. His uncle 
wished him to learn the trade, and he did so, serv- 
ing an apprenticeship of two years. He then 
worked as a journeyman for a month, after which 
he bought out his uncle and carried on business 
for himself for two years. 

On the expiration of that period, Mr. Schlup 
sold and came to Bond County. He helped to lay 
out the town of Dudleyville, bought lots in the 
place, built a house and shop, and there carried on 
wagon-making until 1861, when, at the call of his 
adopted country for troops, he enlisted in Com- 
pany D, Third Illinois Cavalry. He went in as a 
private, but was discharged as a Sergeant. For 
three years, he faithfully defended the old Hag and 
the cause it represented, and, with the army of 
Gen. Curtis, participated in many battles west of 
the Mississippi. After his discharge, in 1864, he 
returned to his home, and in September of the 
same year came to Greenville. For three years he 
worked at wagon-making in the employ of others, 
and then commenced business for himself on Sec- 
ond Street, where he remained four .years, when he 
traded for the brick wagon shop on Third Street, 
his present location. The wagon shop is 24x50 
feet, the smithy and paint shops are both build- 
ings of the same dimensions, and the storage room 
is 30x36 feet. Employment is furnished some 
seven men, and he is doing an excellent business. 

In 1857, Mr. Schlup was united in marriage with 
Miss Catherine, daughter of Michael Buchter, a na- 
tive of Germany. They hare two children, Mary 
and John. The former is now the wife of William 
Gerkin, of Greenville, and their union has been 
blessed with two children. 

Mr. Schlup is independent in politics. He faith- 
fully served for two years as City Alderman, but 
has never been a politician in the sense of office- 
seeking. Socially, he is a member of the Odd Fel- 
lows society and the Grand Army of the Republic. 
Besides his business, he owns two lots and a resi- 
dence on Fifth Street. He has worked up an excel- 
lent trade, and well deserves the liberal patronage 
which he receives, for his work is done in a first- 
class manner, and he is upright and honorable in 
all his dealings. As a citizen, he is public-spirited 
and progressive, and has done much for the up- 
building and development of the best interests of 
the community. 

WILLIAM N. DONNELL, who for many 
llj years was connected with the agricultural 
y interests of this community, but is now 
living retired in Greenville, has the honor of be- 
ing a native of Bond County, and is a worthy re- 
presentative of one of the prominent pioneer 
families. He was born November 1, 1821. Two 
years previously his parents, George and Anna 
(McLean) Donnell, had come to this county from 
North Carolina. They were natives of Guilford 
County, that State, and mention is made of 
them in the sketch of Joseph Donnell, which ap- 
pears on another page of this work. On reaching 
this county they located on a farm five miles 
southwest of Greenville. 

At .one time the father was acquainted with 
every man in the county, for the settlers were few 
at that early day. Subsequently he removed to 
La Grange Township, where he purchased a farm 
of one hundred and sixty acres of timber land and 
sixty acres of prairie. Later he removed to 



Greenville, and spent the remainder of his days 
retired from labor, and died in 1877, when about 
eighty-four years of age. His wife was called to 
her final rest in 1888, at the very advanced age of 
ninety-live years. The fainity numbered ten chil- 
dren, six of whom are now living, as follows: Jo- 
seph M., William N., James M., George W., Henry 
C. and Mrs. Emily McCord. 

William Donuell spent the days of his boyhood 
and youth in the usual manner of farmer lads. 
He was educated in Hillsboro Academy, and after- 
ward engaged in teaching school for two terms. 
He took a trip to North Carolina on horseback, 
some eight hundred miles, and while on his return 
visited Gen. Jackson in Tennessee. He also heard 
Henry Clay speak for two hours in Raleigh, N. C. 
In 1847, Mr. Donnell was united in marriage with 
Miss Luticia J. White, of Greenville, daughter of 
Samuel and Cynthia White, who were pioneer 
settlers of this village. By their union have been 
born seven children: Delia, now the wife of W. C. 
Ingram, of Kansas, b} 1 whom she has three chil- 
dren, Nellie, Lotta and William; Mary E., Samuel 
H. and Calvin M., at home; Albert O., who married 
Ella Wallace; William D. and Ellen W. 

Throughout the greater part of his business 
career, Mr. Donnell engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. Entering one hundred and twenty acres of 
land from the Government, upon which not a fur- 
row had been turned or an improvement made, he 
began farming in La Grange Township, and to the 
development and cultivation of his land devoted 
his energies until he transformed it into an excel- 
lent farm. He also extended its boundaries until 
it now comprises four hundred acres. The im- 
provements upon it aie in keeping with a model 
farm, and in all its appointments the place seems 
complete. He continued to engage in the opera- 
tion of his land until 1875, when he removed to 
Greenville, in order to better educate his children, 
and has since made his home here. 

The cause of temperance has ever found in Mr. 
Donnell a warm friend, and he votes with the 
Prohibition party. He has never been an office- 
seeker, but served as Treasurer of his township for 
twenty years, a fact which indicates his personal 
popularity and the high regard in which he is 

held. He has long been a faithful member of the 
Presbyterian Church, and for thirty years has 
been one of its Elders, serving as an Elder of the 
church at Greenville for twelve years. The his- 
tory of Bond County is well known to him, and 
he is numbered among its honored early settlers. 

bB. HUBBARD, one of the old settlers and 
I prominent farmers of Bond County, resides 
. on section 6, Pleasant Mound Township. 

He is descended from patriotic ancestors, and his 
father, Peter Ilubbard, Sr., fought bravely on the 
side of the Colonists during the entire period of the 
Revolutionary War. He was a native of South 
Carolina and was there reared to manhood. After 
leaving home, he first settled in Tennessee and 
then came to Madison County, 111., in the year 
1809. Here he married Martha Gilham, who was 
also a native of South Carolina. 

In 1817 Mr. and Mrs. Ilubbard moved into Bond 
County, where he took up sixteen hundred acres 
of Government land. He was obliged to go over 
into Madison County to get men to assist in raising 
his house, as he was one of the first settlers in the 
new county, and the largest land-holder. Here he 
remained until within one year of his death, which 
event occurred when he was eighty-seven. The 
death of his wife took place when she was sixty 
years of age, and the parents lie buried on the old 
home place. Nine children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Ilubbard, eight of whom grew to maturity. 
All of these but one were born in Bond County, 
111., and four of the family are still living, three of 
them in Bond County. 

Our subject is the fourth child and third son, 
and his birth occurred in Bond County, 111., Decem- 
ber 24, 1819. He was reared in his native place 
and his education was obtained in the pioneer log 
schoolhouse, where rough slabs served for seats, one 
small window admitted light, a stick chimney held 
the logs of firewood, and the door had wooden 



hinges, from which hung the proverbial latch string. 
Our subject remained with his parents assisting on 
the farm until his marriage, October 6, 1840, when 
he was united with Miss Sarah Grigg. This lady 
was born in North Carolina, April 14, 1821, and came 
to Bond County, 111., with her father and mother 
when she was nine years old. 

The young married couple began their wedded 
life on a farm in Mulberry Grove Township, where 
the husband had entered two hundred acres of land. 
They remained there for about six years, and then 
moved to Fond du Lac County. Wis., where he en- 
gaged for about eight yeais in farming and lum- 
bering. In 1856, he again changed his location 
and moved to Marion, Linn Count}', Iowa, where 
he remained for four years, but in 1860 he moved 
his family back to Bond County and located where 
he now resides. Mr. and Mrs. Hubbard were the par- 
ents of the following children: Francis M. died at 
the age of about twenty-two years; John II. resides in 
St. Louis; Elizabeth E. died at the age of thirteen 
years; George N., lives in Greenville; and Charles B. 
and William B. reside in Smitliborough. 

Our subject-has a farm of one hundred and twen- 
ty-six acres and is now carrying on general farm- 
ing. For many years he worked at his trade of a 
carpenter, and has done considerable building in 
Bond County, many houses and barns in that lo- 
cality testifying to his skill in that line. Mr. Hub- 
bard has been a stanch Republican since the forma- 
tion of the party. He now lives one mile from the 
place where he was born, and he and his wife are 
one of four couples living in the same township 
who have been married over fifty years. 

/RANK TACKLE. One of the most note- 

worthy establishments in Nokomis, III., is 
the footwear manufactory of which Frank 
Yackle is the proprietor. He can guarantee his 
goods to his customers for superiority of material, 
workmanship, style and durability. He is well 
known for his enterprise, energy and push, and 

richly deserves the large measure of popularity 
and prosperity that he now enjoys. He was born 
in Baden, Germany, August 12, 1863, and is a son 
of Anslen and Catherine Yackle, the former of 
whom was a weaver in the Old Country, but after 
coming to America, in 1866, located at Hillsboro, 
III., where he was for some years employed in the 
woolen mills. He was a typical German in every 
respect, being industrious and honorable, and 
those who knew him had naught to say of him 
but kind words. 

Frank Yackle grew to mature years in Hillsboro, 
and until fifteen years of age had the good for- 
tune to attend the public schools of that place, 
where he proved himself a good average student, 
and made reasonable progress in his Studies. Af- 
ter lie attained his fifteenth year, he went to Louis- 
ville, Ky., to join an uncle, who was a boot and 
shoe manufacturer of that city, and enteied his 
shop for the purpose of learning the trade. Dur- 
ing the four years that he remained thus employed, 
he learned the minutest detail of the business, and 
upon leaving the establishment he could make as 
good a boot or shoe as his uncle, who had devoted 
many years to the business, and thus was a credit 
to his teacher. He at once returned to Hillsboro, 
111., where lie established himself in the same busi- 
ness on his own account, but later turned his at 
tention to the clothing business, and opened an 
establishment of some pretensions in Hillsboro, 
which he conducted with reasonable success for 
three years, at the end of which time he disposed 
of his stock of goods and began turning his atten- 
tion to other pursuits. 

On the 1st of January, 1891, he took up his resi- 
dence in Nokomis, and once more turned his at- 
tention to his former occupation of manufacturing 
boots and shoes, and founded his present reliable 
establishment. He at once secured a foremost 
place in the confidence and patronage of a dis- 
criminating public, and his unremitting energy 
and industry, as well as his upright dealing, have 
made his house a thoroughly reliable one. He 
manufactures a full and complete line of footwear 
for all ages and both sexes, from the daintiest 
French kid ball slipper to stout shoes for men and 
boys' wear, and what he does not know about the 



manufacture of boots and shoes may safely be 
said to be not worth knowing. His prices are very 
reasonable, and, as he is prompt in meeting his 
orders, his house lias deservedly become a popular 

He is a public-spirited citizen, wide-awake to the 
interests of his section, and, being a gentleman of 
pleasing address, is much esteemed. He is a mem- 
ber of the Modern Woodmen of America, and, 
having been reared in the Roman Catholic Church, 
has always clung to that faith. On the 4th of 
May, 1886, he was united in marriage with Miss 
Catherine Huber, of Perry County, Mo., by whom 
he has two bright little children, a son and daugh- 
ter: Carl Huber and Florence Adeline. 

A. LYNCH. In no line so much as in the 
liquor business has a buyer to rely so much 
on the knowledge and representations of 
the seller, therefore it is pleasant to note 
the name of a house having a special name for 
reliabilit}-. The firm of Lynch Bros, is one of the 
most prominent and reliable in the city of No- 
komis, and its members are men of enterprise and 
excellent business acumen. J. A. Lynch, the sen- 
ior member of the firm, is a native of the "Sucker 
State," born in Litchfield, Montgomery County, 
January 18, 1867, and is one of seven children 
born to Martin and Nora Lynch, now residents of 

Martin Lynch was born in the North of Ireland, 
and came to America about the year 1845, locat- 
ing at Crawfordsville, Ind., where he was engaged 
by what is now known as the Big Four Railroad 
and was for years section boss at different points 
on the line of the road. For twenty years he has 
been thus engaged at Litchfield. He is a gentle- 
man of much enterprise and ambition and from 
him our subject has no doubt inherited his good 
judgment and business ability. The seven chil- 
dren born to the marriage of this worthy man 
were in the order of their births as follows: 

Ella, wife of Adam Linck, of Litchfield; M. J., re- 
tired from business and residing at Mattoon, 111.; 
Kate is the wife of P. J. Kenary, a popular con- 
ductor on the Wabash Railroad, who resides at 
Decatur; T. M., in the liquor business at Sullivan, 
111.; J. A. (our subject); D. P., of the grain firm of F. 
A. Masher & Co., of Terre Haute, Ind., and Mary 
A., who has just graduated at the Ursuline Acad- 
emy at Litchfield, and is now residing with her 
parents at that place. 

The original of this notice was reared in Litch- 
field, and was a student in Ursuline Academy un- 
til his thirteenth year, at which age he had mas- 
tered telegraphy, picking it up at odd times. 
When fourteen years of age, he was placed in 
charge of the office at Litchfield, and, as far as we 
have been able to learn, was the youngest boy who 
had filled a like position up to that time. He was 
thoroughly familiar with the art, and continued 
in the office at Litchfield for several years. From 
there he went to Mattoon, where his brother 
was train dispatcher, entered the office, and there 
continued for some time. Subsequently he went 
to St. Louis, became assistant train dispatcher, 
holding this responsible position when but a boy, 
and remaining for some time. 

Returning to his native place he continued as 
telegraph operator until 1888, when he resigned 
his position to engage in the liquor business with 
his brother at Litchfield. In this business he re- 
mained until July, 1891, when he was again 
seized with a desire to return to his former occu- 
pation. He went to Denison, Tex., and worked 
in an office at that place for a few months but it 
soon lost its charm and he returned to Illinois. 
He resumed business with his brother in the sa- 
loon at Mattoon, where he conducted that busi- 
ness until he came to Nokomis to take charge of 
the business at that place. 

These brothers, active, enterprising and pro- 
gressive as they are, have a saloon at Sullivan, 
one at Mattoon and another at Nokomis. They 
handle the products of the best distilleries, and 
all their goods are noted for their purity and age, 
and their stock in all lines is full and complete. 
Although the history of this house in Nokomis is 
comparatively short, it has already readied a po- 



sitiori among the leading bouses in its line in that 
city, and its trade is constantly increasing in vol- 
ume. Our subject is a great favorite with the 
railroad boys and a very agreeable and genial 
young man. 

r/ILLIAM W. WHITLOW. Our subject is 
a prominent citizen of the locality in which 
he lives, and Supervisor of Ilarvel Town- 
ship, Montgomery County. He has a fine residence 
on section 21, of this township, where he carries 
on extensive farming operations. He is a native 
of Greene County, this State, and was born April 1, 
1834. His parents were Daniel and Fannie (Ray) 
Whitlow; the former was a native of Kentucky and 
the latter of North Carolina. They came to Greene 
County, 111., during the '30s. 

Our subject was the eldest son of his father's 
family. He was reared to man's estate in his 
native county and although he had not the advant- 
ages of a higher education, whatever knowledge 
he gained was due to his own efforts. He keenly 
appreciates the fact that a man with a practical as 
well as theoretical knowledge of the sciences and 
arts has greatly the advantage over one wko is 
deficient in this respect. 

Feeling that life was incomplete without a part- 
ner to share his joys and sorrows, our subject took 
unto himself a wife. He was married May 11, 1858, 
his bride being Miss Fannie E. Thomasson, a native 
of Greene County and a daughter of William 
Thomasson. This union has been blessed by the 
advent of six children, whose names areas follows: 
George E., William A., John W., Agnes, Flora and 
Eva. Agnes is the wife of John F. Aull; Flora 
married B. Hendricks, and Eva is the wife of John 

The advent of our subject into Montgomery 
County was in 1865, and at that time he settled in 
Harvel Township and that lias been his home ever 
since. He owns seven hundred and twenty acres 
of land, of which he has made an ideal farm. Every 

part is cultivated as thoroughly as possible, and 
drainage, water facilities and labor-saving devices 
are found here to perfection. All that he possesses 
he has made by his personal exertion and as can be 
seen the years that have passed have been in nowise 

For fifteen years our subject served as Highway 
Commissioner and has been re-elected year after 
year to the office of Supervisor of the township. 
In addition to these duties, he is School Treas- 
urer and his public offices occupy much of his 
time and attention. Democracy is the prin- 
ciple of politics that appeals to him most strongly. 
He seeks to enthuse his neighbors with an idea 
that improvement in any direction is for the pub- 
lic good. Fraternally he is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and serves at the 
present time as Treasurer of the lodge. 

D. HOLMES. Agriculture and stock- 
raising have formed the principal occupa- 
tion of this gentleman, and the wide-awake 
manner in which he has taken advantage 
of all methods and ideas tending to enhance the 
value of his property has had a great deal to do 
with obtaining the competence which he now en_ 
joys. Personal popularity, it cannot be denied, 
results largely from the industry, persevenin ce and 
close attention to business which a person displays 
in the management of any particular branch of 
trade, and in the case of Mr. Holmes this is cer- 
tainly true, for he has adhered so closely to the 
above-mentioned pursuits that high esteem has 
been placed upon him. He is a native-born resi- 
dent of this county, his birth having occurred in 
East Fork Township, September 5, 1847. 

His father, Joel Holmes, was a native of the 
Pine Tree State, born in the year 1813, and 
when about three years of age his father and 
mother died. He, was put out and reared in 
New York State until twenty-one years of age, 



when lie came direct to Montgomery County, 111., 
and entered the land where his son, our subject, 
now resides. He was married in this county to 
Miss Marandis D. Bennett, a native of the Old Bay 
State, who was thirteen years of age when she came 
with her parents to the Prairie State. After mar- 
riage Mr. and Mrs. Holmes located where our sub- 
ject now resides, made many improvements on the 
place and there received their final summons, the 
father dying in 1870 and the mother in 1883. 
They were honest, upright citizens, frugal arid in- 
dustrious, and were highly esteemed in the com- 
munity in which they lived. Their family con- 
sisted of six children, three sons and three daugh- 
ters, two sons and one daughter now living. 

The original of this notice was reared and edu- 
cated in his native place, and received his scholastic 
training in the log schoolhouse with no windows, 
and in Hillsboro Academy. He assisted his father 
in developing and improving the home place, and 
continued to reside under the parental roof until 
his marriage, which occurred on the 30th of Oc- 
tober, 1870, with Miss Amanda Barnett, a native 
of Franklin County, 111., born May 7, 1849, and 
the daughter of Jesse and Mary A. (Abbott) Bar- 
nett. Directly after his marriage, our subject lo- 
cated on section 2 8, East Fork Township, and there 
continued to make his home for about five years, 
after which he moved to the farm that he now 
owns. This is the old homestead, where his boy- 
hood days were spent, and here he expects to pass 
the remainder of his life. 

Mr. Holmes has made many improvements in his 
farm and now has one of the most productive 
tracts of land in the township. Beginning life 
with little capital, he has been very successful, and 
is now accounted one of the substantial men of his 
locality. His business abilities are first-class, and 
few men in this section have taken better advan- 
tage of such opportunities as have been afforded 
him. While his own interests have engrossed his 
attention to a great extent, he has never lost sight 
of the public welfare, and there are few of his fel- 
low-citizens who have been more helpful to the 
general good of the community than has Mr. M. D. 

His marriage resulted in the birth of eight chil- 

dren three daughters and five sons, as follows: 
Ilattie D. died at the age of eighteen years; Fred 
D.; Ollie S. died when two years of age; Chester 
D.; Hiram M.; Clara D. died at the age of fourteen 
months; Bertie died at the age of nineteen months, 
and Harold, died when quite small. Mr. Holmes 
owns two hundred and" forty acres of land, nearly 
all under cultivation, and is a first-class farmer and 
stock-raiser. In politics, he is a Republican. For 
twenty years he has been School Director, and both 
he and his wife are worthy members of the Presby- 
terian Church, in which he is a Trustee. 

N. WILCOX. It takes a strong 
al ' m an d steady nerve to be the undoing of 
the gift of life to even the humblest of 
God's creatures, and although the purveyors of 
the more substantial part of our daily food are 
necessarily engaged in a sanguinary business, it is 
one not enough appreciated. Mr. Wilcox, of whom 
we write, is the most prominent butcher in No- 
komis. He is a native of this State, having been 
born in Christian County, October 30, 1851. 

Edward N. is a sou of George and Elizabeth 
(Hulett) Wilcox, both of whom, however, died 
when he was but a small child. The little orphan 
was made one of the family of Mr. John Busby, a 
farmer residing in Montgomery County, 111. His 
educational advantages were but limited, but he 
had the making of a good man in him, and what 
is born in a man is sure to come out in his later 
life, irrespective of conditions or position. Mr. 
Wilcox had inherited a sturdy fiber and persistency 
that insured him success in whatever he attempted. 
His ambitions were modest, and set within what he 
was sure that he could attain. 

Our subject was engaged in farming until 1880, 
when, in company with a brother-in-law, he came 
to Nokomis, and soon became engaged in the 
butcher business. He was thus occupied for four 
years, and then, feeling the necessity of a change, 
he returned to his agricultural occupation, and was 



thus engaged until the winter of 1892. Seeing a 
lucrative opening in the business in which he had 
formerly been engaged, he re-established himself 
in Nokomis in partnership with Lewis J. Rupert, 
and they have the leading market in the town, and 
cater to the best trade. Their patrons are always 
sure of finding delicious, juicy steaks, anil roasts 
such as would gladden the heart of an English- 

Our subject's family life began in 1882, when 
he was married to Miss Lill3' D. Sleeth. Their 
pleasant home has been brightened by the advent 
of three attractive children: Yerlie, Grace and 
May. Their fond parents look eagerly into the 
future, anticipating bright destinies for their dear 

_ ' 

HERWIG. The reputation that Mr. 
Herwig enjoys is not only that of a substantial 
and progressive farmer, but of an intelligent 
man who is thoroughly posted on all public 
affairs. Although just in the prime of life, he has 
made his way to the front ranks among the ener- 
getic farmers of Montgomery County, and owing 
to the attention always paid to every minor detail, 
he has accumulated a fair share of this world's 
goods. He is now the owner of one of the finest 
farms adjoining the thriving town of Nokomis, 
and everything about his place indicates to the 
beholder that an experienced and competent hand 
is at the helm. 

Our subject was born in Cassel, Prussia, on 
the 9th of January, 1848, and was the youngest of 
three children born to the marriage of William 
and Sophia (Fulkmar) Herwig, both natives of the 
Fatherland. Our subject's brother, George, never 
came to the United States, but the sister, Dena, 
emigrated to America and married Fredrick Rohl- 
ancler. She died in Christian County, 1 11., in 1871, 
leaving two children. William Herwig, father of 
our subject, followed the pursuit of farming in 
his native country, and in addition was also en- 

gaged in wool-spinning. About 1868, he came to 
America, and located on a farm in Christian 
Count} 7 , where the mother died December 31, 1872, 
and the father in the latter part of December, 1889. 
They were highly esteemed wherever they made 
their home, and were most exemplary and honored 

The original of this notice was trained to the 
arduous duties of the farm in his native country 
and received a good, practical education there. 
In connection with farming he also worked a part 
of the time in the woolen mills with his father, 
and with him came to America in 1868. He culti- 
vated the fertile soil of the Sucker State in con- 
nection with the brick-mason's trade. For some 
time he resided in Christian Count}', and later 
purchased a good farm there, about five miles 
north of Nokomis. On that place he resided until 
1889, when he sold out and purchased his present 
farm of two hundred and forty acres adjoining the 
town of Nokomis, and now has one of the most 
productive, best-cultivated and best-improved 
farms in this section. His farming operations are 
conducted in a scientific manner and with a thor- 
ough knowledge of every detail of this industry. 
The buildings are substantial and commodious, 
and everything about the place shows him to 
be a man of more than ordinary thrift and energy. 
While he is an agriculturist of advanced ideas and 
tendencies, he does not lose sight of the stock in- 
terests, and has gained quite a local reputation as 
an extensive breeder of high-grade cattle. 

In politics, Mr. Herwig affiliates with the Re- 
publican party, and takes a deep interest in all 
political questions. He has held a number of local 
positions and discharged the duties of the same in 
a creditable and very satisfactory manner. For 
three years he was one of the Commissioners of 
Christian County, this State. In 1872, he married 
Miss Mary Teik, a native of this country, but of 
German descent. Ten children resulted from this 
union, nine of whom are living and named as fol- 
lows: Annie, William, Bertha, Johnnie, Emma, 
Dena, Henry, Mary and Lydia. Mr. Herwig and 
family are worthy members of the German Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and are liberal contribu- 
tors to the same. They are active in all good 



work, and are classed among the public-spirited 
and esteemed citizens of the county. Mr. Herwig 
is a member of the Mutual Benefit Association 
connected with his church in Chicago, and is a 
member of the Modern Woodmen of America. 

UDGE A. G. HENRY. Our subject is one 
of the venerable men of Bond County, for 
nearly seventy years have left their record 
upon his head in whitened hair. However, 
he retains his honorable position by virtue of his 
keen ability and well-preserved physical attributes. 
He is a large land-owner in the county, possessing 
at the present time something more or less than a 
thousand acres. 

Our subject was born in Bourbon County, Ky., 
February 28, 1824. He is a son of John and Bet- 
sey (Mills) Henry, natives of South Carolina and 
Kentucky, respectively. John Henry was a car- 
penter by trade, and followed his calling for a 
number of years, but finally gave it up in favor of 
farming. When a young man he was engaged at 
his trade in Kentucky. He came to Bond County, 
111., in November, 1827, and taking up Govern- 
ment land settled on Beaver Creek, where he re- 
mained until 1852, and then removed to Texas. 

Ten children made the house and home of John 
Henry and his wife a scene of busy activity. These 
were all born in Illinois except the two eldest. 
Six of them are now living, our subject being the 
eldest of the family. John Henry, while in Texas, 
was very extensively engaged in farming. He re- 
turned, however, to this county in 1859 and here 
died. His wife still survives and resides here at 
the age of ninety years, having celebrated her 
last birthday in May, 1892. 

Our subject was reared on the home farm and 
received the advantages of a fair education. After 
remaining at home until twenty-six years of age, 
he spent one year in the North. Prior to leaving 
home, he studied law and was admitted to the Bar 

in 1853. He commenced his practice in Bond 
County and has followed it ever since. In con- 
nection with his profession he has had large real- 
estate interests. As before stated, he owns one 
thousand acres of land in this county, all of which 
is under cultivation, and he also owns large tracts 
in other counties. He is one of the Directors of 
the Vandalia Railroad. The first office to which 
he was elected in this county was Justice of the 
Peace. In 1872 and 1874, he represented Bond, 
Clinton and Washington Counties in the State 

In 1848, our subject married Miss Mary Hull, 
of Bond County. She is a daughter of Benjamin 
and Lucinda (Allen) Hull, natives of Tennessee 
and Indiana, respectively. Of the two children 
born of this marriage that are still living, Eliza, 
who is now Mrs. Berry, of Pratt, Kan., is the 
mother of four children, whose names are Nellie, 
Nonie, Caroline and Henry. Lucy is Mrs. T. P. 
Morey, of Greenville. Her two children are Henry 
and Louise. 

Judge Henry lives in his own residence, which 
is a fine brick house, imposing in style and struc- 
ture. It has handsome grounds and its furnish- 
ing is characterised by the idea of comfort rather 
than of useless elegance. Judge Henry has always 
been a worker in the cause of the Republican 
party, although he can never have been said to be 
a politician, leaving that to men whose individual 
interests demanded less time than his own. 

LEE ELLIOTT. Sorento is truly of 
mushroom growth, scarce numbering in its 
history a decade, and yet so well organ- 
ized is the town as to compete successfully 
in commercial interests with many of its older 
sisters. It commands a splendid agricultural dis- 
trict and the trade enjoyed therefrom is very large. 
Our subject, Mr. Elliott, is one of the pioneer mer- 
chants of the place and is numbered among the 
most substantial men here in business. He was 



born in Grayson County, Ky., May 20, 1856, and 
is the only child of George and Lucina (Kessinger) 

Our subject's father, George Elliott, was a lineal 
descendant of Commodore J. D. Elliott, who was 
second in command under Perry in his memorable 
fight on Lake Erie in 1812, and who succeeded to 
the office in 1813, and was in command of the Phil- 
adelphia Navy Yard at the time of his death in 
1845. The Elliott family was no doubt of Scotch 
ancestry, but the date and the name of the orig- 
inal emigrant is a matter of conjecture, but his 
arrival occurred, as nearlj' as we can learn, early in 
the eighteenth century. 

The mother of our subject, Lucina Kessinger, 
was, like her husband, born in Grayson County, 
Ky. She was the third child of William L. Kes- 
singer, who was born in Hart County, Ky., and 
was the son of Joseph Kessinger. The latter in 
turn was the eldest son of one Solomon Kessin- 
ger, he being the son of Mathias Kessinger, a 
German nobleman of great prominence and 
wealth. Solomon Kessinger was born in what is 
now the province of Bavaria, near the River 
Rhine, in the united kingdom of Germany. He 
was educated by his father for a Catholic priest, 
but before taking the vows he became enamored 
with one Betsey Greenwalt, and, as the laws of 
the Roman Catholic Church forbade the marriage 
of the clergy, love, as is usual, won the day, and 
he forever renounced Catholicism, left his native 
land, fame and fortune behind, and came to 
America, where he met his betrothed at Baltimore. 
There they were married and at once went to what 
is now Hart County, Ky., whence the Kessinger 
family in America springs. 

We have given sufficient outline of the ances- 
try of the Elliott and Kessinger families to show 
the patrician blood that flows in the veins of the 
man of whom we write. He was less than a year 
old when brought to Illinois by his relatives. 
They located at Litchfield, where he was reared. 
He early applied himself to obtaining a liberal 
education, which by hard work and perseverance 
he completed at the Litchfield Seminary before he 
had reached his nineteenth year. After the close 
of his studies he was employed as a successful 

teacher in the public schools, spending three years 
of the time in Kansas. 

February 27, 1878, our subject was married to 
Miss Maggie, daughter of Isaac Bishop, a pioneer 
of Montgomery County and a veteran of the Mex- 
ican War, who died in 1863, leaving a snug 
fortune, a portion of which wns inherited by the 
daughter. After marriage, Mr. Elliott continued 
to teach, judiciously investing his earnings in land 
which brought him in quite a comfortable income. 
With the proceeds of his investment, in June, 
1882, he established himself in business at Ray- 
mond,^ the northern part of Montgomery County; 
but before he had been there long he saw a better 
Held for his young and energetic mind, for on 
what was known as Pleasant Prairie, in Bond 
County, the Jacksonville & Southeastern and 
Charleston, Neoga & St. Louis Railway Companies 
had formed a crossing. The town of Sorento was 
laid out and we find that Mr. Elliott was among 
the first to establish himself in business in the new 

Moving his stock of goods from Raymond, our 
subject came here with the determination to de- 
velop his interests in proportion with the devel- 
opment of the place. In 1884, he erected a two- 
story brick building, and therein he is now estab- 
lished in the general mercantile business. He was 
one of the original stockholders of the Sorento 
Coal Company, and for four years was a member 
of the Village Board of Trustees. His business 
interests are by no means confined to the mercan- 
tile line. He is engaged in the land, loan and 
insurance business and formerty carried on a 
heavy business in buying and selling gram, and 
also handled large quantities of railroad ties. As 
he is a Notary Public he is frequently called upon 
to look up and settle estates. Besides giving an 
able attention to these various interests, he is 
devoting much time to improving his beautiful 
suburban farm, where he is extensively engaged 
in fruit culture. He raises a good class of stock, 
having upon his farm some animals that are well 

Politically, our subject springs from a long line 
of Whig ancestors, who all became Republicans on 
the organization of the party, and with this party 



he was identified until 1884, when he joined hands 
with the Prohibitionists. Since that time he lias 
thrown all the energy and enthusiasm of his na- 
ture into the balance with his party. He is at 
present a County Central Committeeman, and 
also a local manager. He has been a life-long 
temperance advocate. In his church associations, 
he is a Methodist and no man in his locality is 
more devoted to the cause of Christianity than he. 
Greatly interested in Sunday-school work, at the 
present writing he is Township Chairman of the 
State Sunday-school Association. Modest and 
unassuming, Mr. Elliott is a man who makes 
friends with all with whom he comes in contact. 

p^HOMAS P. MOREY, who is now living re- 
tired in Greenville, was born September 27, 
1847, in Mulberry Grove, Mulberry Grove 
Township, Bond County. The Morey family is of 
English descent. The grandparents of our subject, 
David and Harriet (Campbell) Morey, were na- 
tives of Vermont and New Hampshire, respec- 
tively, and became pioneers of Knox County, Ohio, 
where the grandfather engaged in farming and also 
followed his trade of a stone mason. He was a 
member and liberal supporter of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and a highly respected citizen. 
His son, Hiram Morey, father of our subject, was a 
native of the Buckeye Stale. lie married Eliza J. 
Brown, a native of Tennessee and a daughter of 
James and Dorcas Brown, who were also natives of 
that State, but who emigrated to Fayette County, 
1 11., in an early day. The father was a farmer by oc- 
cupation and reared a large family. Hiram Morey, 
having emigrated from Ohio to Illinois, settled in 
Hond County, but was married in Fayette County, 
lie located in Mulberry Grove Township, Bond 
County, purchased land and engaged in the manu- 
facture of carriages, wagons, etc., until 1875, since 
which time he has lived retired from active busi- 

The Morey family numbered ten children, seven 

of whom arc yet living, namely: Sarah, wife of T. 
M. Sawrey, of Bond County; Thomas P., of this 
sketch; Dorcas, who became the wife of W. W. 
Willett, and died in Fayette County in 1889, at 
the age of forty years, leaving five children; 
Harriet, wife of II. Lilligh, of Bond County; 
Henrietta, wife of John W.Jones, of Bond Count}-; 
Belle, wife of F. Snodgrass, of this count}-; Dora, 
wife of W. A. Davis, and Orriu M. 

Our subject spent the days of his boyhood and 
youth quietly upon his father's farm and was edu- 
cated in the district schools. Then between the 
ages of nineteen and twenty-three years, he en- 
gaged in teaching, after which he was a student in 
McKendree College, of Lebanon, 111., for two years. 
He then became Principal of a High School in 
Sandoval, 111., and afterward was Principal of the 
schools in Mulberry Grove for a year. 

Thomas P. Morey has been prominently identi- 
fied with the public interests of the county for 
some time and is widelj' and favorably known 
throughout its borders. In 1876, he was elected 
Circuit Clerk of Bond County for a term of four 
years, and on the expiration of his term of service 
was re-elected, in 1880, and served in all for eight 
years. In 1885, he opposed Prof. Slade, President 
of Almira College, as candidate for an unexpired 
term as County Superintendent and won the elec- 
tion. In 1886, he was elected and served for a 
full term of four years as County Superintendent 
of Public Schools, since which time he has lived a 
retired life. 

September 27, 1873, Mr. Morey was united in 
marriage with Miss Ollie Borror, who died in 1878. 
In 1883, he was married to Miss Lucy A., daugh- 
ter of Judge A. G. Henry, of Greenville. Two 
children grace their union, Henry H. and Louise. 
They have a beautiful home just south of Almira,. 
College and are numbered among the prominent 
and highly-respected people of the community, the 
Professor and his wife having many friends. 

Mr. Morey is one of the most extensive land- 
owners of the county. As his financial resources 
increased, he made judicious investments and at 
one time owned some fifteen hundred acres. He 
now has one thousand acres under good improve- 
ments. In politics, he is a stalwart Republican and 



is now serving as a member of the Board of Erin- 
cation. Mr. Moroy is a fine scholarly gentleman, a 
leading and influential citizen of the county, and 
with pleasure we present this record of his life to 
our readers. 


OSEPH McCULLEY, one of the prominent 
and wealthy old settlers of this county, is 
a well-known resident of LaGrange Town- 
ship, and has seen almost all of the wonder- 
ful growth of the county. His part in the same 
lias not been small, as he came here in the early 
days when the deer still roamed over the broad 
prairie at will, and the cultivated fields were only 
brush and over-grown wilderness. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Rock- 
bridge County, Va., November 11, 1821. He was 
the sou of Frederick McCulley, who was a native 
of County Deny, Ireland, in which country he 
was also married and came to America in June, 
1819. His first settlement was in the State of 
Virginia and there he found a home until the year 
1838, when the desire came upon him to see more 
of this great country, and accordingly he moved 
his family to Alabama in 1838, but not finding 
everything congenial there he came to Mont- 
gomery County, 111., in 1841. 

Going into the wilderness at that day was a 
very serious undertaking, as Indians were still 
very numerous in the new State, and the wild an- 
imals still found a home there. But the hearts of 
those early pioneers were brave and they had 
courageous wives and daring children, and the 
long wagon journey did not appall them. Many 
long days were consumed and many were the 
eamps made at night by the roadside log fire, but 
at last the new home was reached; a farm at first 
was rented, and Mr. McCulley and family settled 
down to become residents of the great Prairie 
State. This farm which he leased and worked, is 
the Poor Farm of Montgomery Count}-. Father 

McCulley died in Bond County when he had 
reached the age of seventy-two years. He had be- 
come a Whig in his political belief, for lie was a 
man who took a deep interest in his new home as 
soon as he reached these hospitable shores. 

The mother of our subject had also been born 
among the green hills of Ireland, in County Derry, 
and after a life of much activity she died at the 
age of sixty-four years. Both she and her husband 
had been firm adherents of the Scotch-Presbyter- 
ian faith, and lived as they finally died, good, 
worthy people. Six children were left of the fam- 
ily to mourn the parents' death: Elizabeth, 
Joseph, Margaret, James, Martha and Jane. 

Our subject was reared on the farm and had 
only the educational advantages which were 
offered at the subscription schools. The old log 
house is still remembered with its slab benches and 
great wide mud and stick chimney, its door with 
wooden hinges, and the old-fashioned birch rod 
was not absent. Game was abundant for those 
who cared to hunt, and wolves were so trouble- 
some that sometimes the settlers would have to 
combine to drive them away. 

Farming was a pleasure to our subject, as the 
rich, black loam so readily returned profits, but 
the many inconveniences of pioneer life made the 
business of tilling the soil much less profitable for 
time and labor expended than at the present day. 
One great lack was the distance of the markets, 
and Mr. McCulley very often made the long trip 
to St. Louis with grain and stock and camped out 
by the way, as at least five days were required to 
make the journey. 

Our subject came here in 1846, and bought 
eighty acres of land and rented more for some 
years. He began the struggle of life with very 
little, but industry and thrift have given great re- 
turns, and now he is one of the financial pillars of 
the county. It was not until in April, 1876, that 
our subject felt himself ready to become a bene- 
dict, and at that time Miss Martha L. Mitchell 
became his wife. She was born in Missouri, 
November 15, 1840, and one child, Margaret 
L., has been born to them. The farm of our sub- 
ject consists of three hundred and twenty acres of 
land and all of it is improved, and he has become 



a dealer in stock, horses, mules, cattle, sheep and 
hogs, but considers that he lias made the most of 
his money out of mules. He has raised some grain, 
but deals mostly in stock. 

Our subject and wil'e are Presbyterians and are 
very highly regarded in the neighborhood. Mr. 
McCulley is familiarly called " Uncle Joe " by all, 
and enjoys the esteem in which he is held. In 
politics, he is a Republican, but his pleasant man- 
ner, even when disagreeing with his political op- 
ponents, never gives offense. He is a typical pio- 
neer, and as such is well known and beloved. 
Probably no man in the county has more friends 
than "Uncle Joe" McCuliey. He has gained 
much more than a competency in these long years 
of labor, but better still is the regard in which he 
is held by those who know him best. 

ARTIN V. HINKLE. The pursuits of life 
are as varied as are the tastes and capaci- 
ties of men; and it is an interesting and 
useful study to observe the degrees of 
their assimilation. Reverses in the early business 
efforts of life are often ripening in their results, 
though the experience is dear. When these occur, 
pride should be invited to the rear, and, if needs 
be, the victim should step down into the breach 
and resolutely commence again from the bottom 
of the ladder and profit by the miscarriage. Labor 
is honorable idleness is corrupting. A narrative 
of success in life may be found in the career of 
Martin V. Hinkle, who is one of the prominent, 
influential and representative farmers and stock- 
raisers of Bois D'Arc Township, Montgomery 

A successful man of affairs, a worthy citizen, 
and one of the most respected men in the county is 
Mr. Hinkle. He was born in Sangamon County, 
111., August 12, 1843, and inherits the sturdy 
traits of character of his German ancestors on the 
paternal side. His father, Jacob Hinkle, was born 
iu Pennsylvania, and the mother, whose maiden 

name was Nancy Hatchet, was a native of the Old 
Dominion. About 1818, the parents emigrated 
Westward and made a settlement in Sangamon 
County, 111., where they were among the very first 

In this new country and among utter strangers, 
Jacob Hinkle began improving his farm and culti- 
vating the rich soil which soon brought him in 
large returns. He passed his entire life in this 
county and died on the 12th of November, 1889. 
In his death the community lost one of its pioneer 
and most highly-esteemed citizens. He lived to 
be seventy-seven years of age. Of the children 
born to his marriage the following are now living: 
Elizabeth, Mrs. Galloway, a widow; John; Diana, 
wife of Michael Baker; Martin; Sarah J., wife of 
Charles Willison; Elvira; Harrison IL; Mary, 
wife of Augustus Smith; Amanda, and Laura A. 
The father was a soldier in the Black Hawk War, 
and was a worthy and exemplary member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. His widow survives 
him and is now past seventy years of age. She 
still makes her home in Sangamon County, of 
which she is one of the pioneers. 

Martin V. Hinkle was reared to man's estate in 
his native county, and inherited the best qualities 
of industry and energy from both sides of the 
house. Early in life he showed a determination 
to make his way in the world, and although his 
education was limited, he was a keen observer of 
men and things, and is mainly self-educated. He 
has been a thorough student of books during his 
entire life, and in that way has acquired a knowl- 
edge of all important subjects. 

The marriage of Mr. Hinkle to Miss Sarah E. 
Hoover, a native of Christian County, 111., oc- 
curred on the 13th of March, 1867, and three 
children were born of this union, viz.: Charles 
M., born June 15, 1868; Lula E., March 29, 1870, 
and Alpheus, July 16, 1873. Mrs. Hinkle.'s father, 
George Hoover, is a resident of Marion County, 
111. She was born August 22, 1849. After his 
marriage Mr. Hinkle resided in Sangamon County 
until the spring of 1875, since which time he has" 
been a resident of Montgomery County. He is the 
owner of nearly two hundred and twenty-five acres 
of land in Bois D' Arc Township, and is one of the 



wide-awake, thorough-going farmers and stock- 
raisers of this section. He raises a high grade of 
trotting horses, and is engaged in general mixed 
farming. He is public-spirited and is in favor of 
all movements that have for their object the ad- 
vancement of the county. His well-improved 
farm and fine residence attract the attention of 
all, and in the management of his large estate he 
has shown excellent judgment and sound sense. In 
politics, he advocates the platform of the Demo- 
cratic party. 

H. SPRADLING, a retired farmer of Mul- 
berry Grove, was born in Maury County, 
Tenn., August 1, 1828. He is the son of 
James Spradling, whose birthplace was in 
the State of Tennessee, and who was reared in 
that State and came to Bond County, 111., in 1832. 
He located in Mulberry Grove Township, where 
he took up Government land and lived in a log 
house until the time of his death, at the age of 
seventy-two years. The mother of our subject, 
Frances T. Oliver, was a member of the old Vir- 
ginian family of that name and was reared in that 
State. She attained to the age of eighty-three 
years. Mr. and Mrs. Spradling lived peaceful, 
happy lives, and died mourned by friends and 

The family of Mr. and Mrs. Spradling consisted 
of two daughters and one son, the. latter being 
our subject. Eiiierautlia is the widow of James 
Rile}- and resides in Mulberry Grove Township; 
and Frances J. is the widow of John Scgrest, of 
Mulberry Township. Our subject was the second 
child, and was four years old when he came to 
Bond County with his parents. His school ex- 
perience did not begin until he was several years 
older, when he attended the log schoolhouse of 
pioneer days, and the puncheon floor and slab 
scats of the barren little building will never be 
forgotten. Air and sunlight were unobstructed, 
because there was uo glass iu the window, aud 

the birch trees grew near, so there never was any 
difficulty concerning a proper amount of dis- 
cipline. Mr. Spradling was reared to farm work 
and became thoroughly acquainted with the re- 
quirements of the soil and the proper cultivation 
of the cereals. His mind was not much disturbed 
by the outside world, for, except at the market 
towns, there was not much communication in 
those days, with the great unknown lands east of 
the State of Illinois, where civilization reigned, 
and west of it, where there was still a wilderness. 

The neighbors in those pioneer times were 
friendly and sociable, and when our subject 
reached the age of twenty-one years there was 
no difficulty in selecting a congenial partner for 
his life journey. The lady of his choice was 
Miss Cynthia Ann Jackson, a native of Indiana, 
and the daughter of William Jackson. After his 
marriage, which took place December 30, 1849, 
our subject removed to section 25, Mulberry 
Grove Township, aud there built a log house, 
16x18 feet, for which he cut the logs himself. 
That humble abode was for a time the family 

Mr. Spradling was engaged for seven years in 
the lumber and hardware business at Mulberry 
Grove. He has a fine farm of two hundred and 
forty-three acres in Mulberry Grove Township, 
which he now rents. He also owns a farm of 
ninety acres in Fayette County, which is well 
improved with a brick house and good barns. His 
property in the village is quite valuable. Mr. 
and Mrs. Spradling became the parents of seven 
children, two daughters and five sons. John F. 
died November 25, 1881; Eliza P. is the wife of 
Joseph Call, a farmer of Faj'ette County; Will- 
iam II. is an agent and telegraph operator at Poca- 
hontas, 111.; Albert M. lives in Mulberry Grove; 
George L. is located on his father's farm in Fay- 
ette County; Laura is the wife of Frank Brown, 
who is in the lumber business in Mulberry Grove; 
Harry W. is at home. The mother of this family 
died March 31, 1883. 

Our subject started with but little means, and 
now has the satisfaction of knowing himself to be 
one of the wealthiest men in the township, and his 
money was not made in speculating, by which one 



man gets rich at the expense perhaps of a hundred 
others. He is a Republican now, although before 
the war he was a Democrat. He was deeply in- 
terested in the Underground Railroad and assisted 
man 3 - negroes to reach the land of freedom, Can- 
ada. His fellow-citizens regard him with respect 
and esteem, and have called upon him to act as 
School Director. His position in the community 
is one of prominence and importance, and he has 
done his part toward the upbuilding of Bond 

<* MLLIAM L. WOOSTER. The biography of 
\/jJ// tne successful gentleman whose name in- 
^vf/ troduces this sketch furnishes another 
instance of a poor boy who by industry and thrift 
has gained wealth and social position through his 
own unaided efforts. A prominent business man 
of Litchfield, he is also popular and well known 
throughout the surrounding coun'ry. Our sub- 
ject is a son of William C. and Mary (Gilbert) 
Wooster, honorable residents of Connecticut, 
where the father conducted a general store until 
his death, which occurred in 1863. His faithful 
wife still survives him and makes her home in 
Connecticut, where she has lived for so many 

The son of these parents, the subject of his 
sketch, was born in New Preston, March 23, 1861, 
the year memorable in history as that in which 
the great Civil Wa,r burst upon the country with 
such fuiy. When only two and one-half years of 
age, death deprived our subject of a paternal 
guide, but a devoted mother supplied the place of 
the departed parent, and young William grew to 
manhood under her gentle supervision. He re- 
ceived his education in New Preston and Wash- 
ington City, but alwa3 r s made his home in the 
former place while pursuing his studies. In 1880, 
Mr. Wooster came to Litchfield, where he first en- 
gaged as clerk in a clothing store; but ability such as 
lie possessed could not be confined to work like this 

and he soon entered the employ of the Big Four 
Railroad. As lie was unfamiliar with the work, 
he was obliged to begin with an inferior position, 
but during the last four years of the nine he was 
in their employ he was their agent. 

About that time, Mr. Wooster found a favorable 
opportunity to engage in the tile business and ac- 
cordingly entered it, but as he did not realize his 
anticipations he withdrew after six months. Next 
he formed a partnership with Capt. Kirby, which 
continued until 1889, when he withdrew and en- 
tered the employ bf the Wabash Railroad, where 
he continued for six or eight months. His next 
enterprise was the conducting of a furniture busi- 
ness with Jesse McHenry as partner for one year, 
when Mr. Wooster bought Mr. McHenry's interest 
and continued the business alone for one year. In 
1892, the Litchfield Furniture, Hardware & Imple- 
ment Company was incorporated with Mr. Woos- 
ter as President and Manager, and he withdrew 
from the furniture business to accept the respon- 
sibilities of his new position. This corporation has 
a capital stock of $12,000, and in addition to hard- 
ware and farm implements the firm deals in furni- 
ture and queensware and carries on an undertaking 
establishment. They occupy a substantial building 
two stories high, and have the largest retail store, 
not only in the city, but in this part of the county. 
The stock is new and complete and the firm gives 
employment to twelve men. 

June 12, 1883, Mr. Wooster married Miss Mary, 
daughter of William Fisher, a prominent citizen of 
Litchfield. Three children have been added to 
their family, namely: Lawrence Fisher, Grace 
Kirby and Russell Hill. Mr. Wooster is an earnest 
member of the Presbyterian Church, while his 
wife is equally devoted to the Baptist denomina- 
tion. Our subject is very prominent in Litchfield 
Lodge No. 517, F. & A. M., and has the honor 
of being its Past Master. No one in Litchfield 
has been more successful in so short a period of 
time, with no assistance from any one, than has 
Mr. Wooster. He never allowed anything to dis- 
courage him, but persevered until he has attained 
the proud position of President and Manager of 
the leading retail house in this section of the 
country. His is certainly an example to emulate. 



IABRELT BRUNKEN. Many of the fertile 

spots in our great Republic have been col- 
onized by worthy representatives of the 
German nation, and these places invariably show 
that the Teutonic element is an excellent one to 
be infused in a locality. Thrift, order, commend- 
able economy and intelligence are seen in all their 
work. Nokotnis Township, Montgomery Count}', 
is an admirably farmed district, as a result of its 
German residents, and our subject is one of them. He 
was born in Ostfriesland, Hanover, Germany, July 
14, 1839, and is a son of Frederick and Gebke 
(Landmann) Brunken, who were also natives of 
that part of Germany. The former devoted him- 
self to the cultivation of the soil and was pro- 
ficient in all the methods of the German farmer. 
On his well-cultivated tract our subject grew to 
manhood, alternating farm duties and school work, 
his development being well balanced between the 
theoretical and practical. 

After attaining to man's estate, Mr. Brunken 
followed the calling of a farmer in his native land 
until 1868, when he and his parents came to Amer- 
ica, drawn hither perhaps by the glowing accounts 
sent them of the conditions of the country by two 
brothers who had preceded them hither, Eillert 
in 1855 and Brunky in 1859. The former died 
many years ago, and the latter, after an honorable 
service in the Union army, lasting for three years, 
is now in the Soldiers' Home at Quincy, thi State. 
Another brother, Frederick Brunken, is a prosper- 
ous farmer in Christian County. 

For two months after the advent of the Brunken 
family in America, they stayed in Madison County, 
this State, and then came to Montgomery County, 
locating upon the farm where our subject has ever 
since lived. Here his mother departed this life in 
1870 and the father in 1883. Our subject has been 
very prosperous since coining to the States and 
has one of the finest and best cultivated farms in 
Nokomis Township. It comprises one hundred 
and sixty acres and bears good improvements. 

May 10, 1873, our subject married Miss Annie 
"Wattycs, also a native of Germany, and they have 
since traveled together over life's pathway most 
harmoniously, although their experience has not 
been without its pain, as in every human lot. Of 

six bright children born to them they have lost 
two. Those surviving arc: Henry, a lad of thir-- 
teen years; Lena, a girl of eleven; Annie, a child 
of eight years; and Freddie, the youngest of 
the family. Mr. and Mrs. Brunken are members 
of the Lutheran Church, in which the former is a 
Deacon. In his farming operations, our subject 
has directed his attention to that very profitable 
line, stock-raising, and has done much in encourag- 
ing the raising of finer breeds. The county in 
which he lives counts him as one of her progres- 
sive citizens, of whom she may well be proud. In 
his political preference, he is a decided Republican. 

GEORGE LYMAN, a Union soldier in the 
Civil War, and a prominent citizen now 
residing in Bois D'Arc Township, Mont- 
gomery Count} r , was born in Orange County, Vt., 
February 18, 1832. For many years he has been 
identified with the interests of Montgomery County, 
and ranks as a noticeable illustration of that in- 
domitable push and energy which characterize 
men of will and determination. Ever since his loca- 
tion within the borders of the county, he has 
been engaged in tilling the soil, and has enjoyed 
the reputation of being an intelligent and thor- 
oughly-posted man on all the current topics of 
the day. His scholastic training was received in 
the common schools of his native county, and, as 
is the case with so many of our American young 
men, his advantages in that direction were pieced 
out by observation and assimilation. He is a well- 
posted man who has read extensively. 

Mr. Lyman's parents, Abel and Esther (Bigelow) 
Lyman, were natives of New England, of English 
descent, and both were born in the Green Moun- 
tain State. Our subject comes of Revolutionary 
stock, some of his forefathers having participated 
in that struggle. The original of this notice at- 
tained his growth in Vermont, and at an early age 
became familiar with the duties necessary to carry 
on a farm. Led by the promises of the prairies of- 




Illinois, lie turned his face towards the setting sun, 
and in the year 1856 reached Illinois. For some 
time he resided in Sangamon County, but finally 
decided to move to Montgomery County, where he 
has made his home ever since. He located on his 
present farm in Bois D' Arc Township, then all 
new prairie land, and finding the soil rich and pro- 
ductive, he soon realized large returns for his in- 
dustry. To improve and cultivate his land re- 
quired years of hard labor, but his toil has been 
rewarded, and he now has one of the best-im- 
proved places of his locality. 

He owns one hundred and sixty acres of land, 
and during the years that have passed, he has 
added greatly to its value in the improvements 
that he has placed upon it. He is an intelligent 
gentleman, of superior mental attainments, who 
seeks to develop himself as well as his agricultural 
interests in the best and broadest direction. On 
the 5th of February, 1868, he married Miss Min- 
erva ,T. Collins, a native of Franklin Count}', Ohio, 
born August 11. 1839, the daughter of Isaac and 
Emma (Whitehurst) Collins, both natives of Penn- 
sylvania. She came with her parents to Sangamon 
County, 111., when seventeen years of age, and 
there both her father and mother received their 
final summons. Mr. and Mrs. Ionian's union re- 
sulted in the birth of four children: Eva, John A., 
Esther B. and Lewis T. Mrs. Lyman has three 
brothers: Jehu, John and Isaac. 

Mr. Lyman served two years as Highway Com- 
missioner of Bois D' Arc Township, and has held 
other local positions, filling all in an able and satis- 
factory manner. He takes an interest in all laud- 
able enterprises, and is public-spirited and pro- 
gressive. During the late unpleasantness between 
the North and South, he fought bravely for the 
Union, and was ever at the post of duty. He en- 
listed August 11, 1861, in Company D, Thirty- 
third Illinois Infantry, and participated in the bat- 
tles of Vicksburg, Jackson and Champion Hill. lie 
also operated in the Lone Star State, and was hon- 
orably discharged in October, 1864, atfrt now re- 
ceives a pension of $6 per month. Returning to 
Illinois, he has resided in this county since. In 
politics, he is a Republican, voting as he fought, 
and takes a decided interest in the success of his 

party. His wife is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and both are esteemed members 
of society. 

P. FULLER. Among the well-known 
and influential citizens of Fillmore Town- 
ship, Montgomery County, is the gentleman 
whose name introduces these paragraphs, 
and who is a successful farmer, using the best 
methods of fertilizing the soil and improving the 
land. He came from the Buckeye State, which 
has contributed so much of population and intel- 
ligence to Illinois, and from a parentage marked 
by strength of character and largeness of nature. 
Born in Clarke County, Ohio, March 23, 1823, he 
belongs to one of the prominent families of Vir- 
ginia, his parents, Moses and Elizabeth (Priteman) 
Fuller, being natives of that grand old State. 
They were married in Virginia, and afterward 
moVed directly to Clarke County, Ohio, where 
they were among the earliest settlers. The father 
improved three good farms in the county and there 
remained until 1840, when he thought to better 
his condition by settling in Montgomery County, 

Moses Fuller located in East Fork Township 
and there passed a long and useful life, living to 
be ninety-four years of age. The mother was 
about eighty years of age when she died. They 
were the parents of eight children, seven daugh- 
ters and a son, three of the daughters now living. 
Our subject was in his eighteenth year when he 
came to Montgomery County, and nearly all his 
schooling was received in his native State. He as- 
sisted his father in cultivating the farm and re- 
mained under the parental roof until twenty-five 
years of age. Then, on the 13th of July, 1848, he 
married Miss Mary J. Greer, a native of the Blue 
Grass State, but who was quite small when she 
came with her parents to Illinois. 

The same year of his marriage our subject set- 
tled in a log house, 18x24 feet, on the place where 



he now resides. Many years has he passed in im- 
proving and cultivating this farm, and success has 
attended his efforts, for he now owns one of the 
most productive farms in the township. He is 
thoroughly familiar with all the details of farm 
life, is progressive and enterprising, and all his 
operations are conducted in a manner showing 
.him to be a man of good judgment and sound 
sense. As the years passed by there clustered 
around his hearthstone eleven children, three of 
whom died in infancy. The others are in 
the order of their births as follows: Sarah E., 
wife of Dr. Mabry, of Iowa; Rilda C., the widow 
of William A. Snyder, of Fayette County, 111.; 
Clara, Mis. William Looney, of East Fork Town- 
ship; Mary S., wife of Price Davis, of East St. 
Louis; Laura E., at home; William M., Shelby G. 
and John E., all of whom were born in Mont- 
gomery County. 

Our subject has one hundred and sixty acres of 
good land, and in connection with agricultural 
pursuits he managed a sawmill in P^ast Fork Town- 
ship for ten years. He has ever been industrious 
and enterprising and attributes his' success to his 
industry and perseverance. In his political views, 
he is attached to the Republican party and is an 
earnest advocate of its distinctive principles. He 
has held membership in the Methodist Church for 
thirty-five years and has filled all the offices in the 
church, having served as Class-leader and Super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school during almost the 
entire length of period of his membership. He 
takes much interest in all worthy enterprises and 
they are never allowed to drag for want of sup- 
port on his part. 

Sir- -3 VAN OGAN. Among the many prominent 
jlpS] merchants of the busy town of Sorento, the 
/!_ ^ gentleman whose name appears above is 
numbered among the most energetic and ambitious, 
lie is a hardware merchant and carries a large and 

complete stock of goods. Mr. Ogan was born 
near Cumberland, in Guernsey County, Ohio, Au- 
gust 1, 1849, and was the eldest of the family of 
ten children born to Lee and Tameron (Bay) Ogan. 
Lee Ogan was born near Cumberland and was the 
eldest in a family of seven children. His father, 
Lee Ogan, Sr., together with two brothers, came 
from Scotland. The brothers settled in Tennessee 
and Lee in Ohio, where he died in 1872, at an ad- 
vanced age. 

The father of our subject was a farmer by occu- 
pation, while one of his brothers, Peter, is a prom- 
inent Baptist preacher. Of the ten children of 
whom our subject was the eldest, there are now 
living seven, as follows: Marg.iret, Angeline, Will- 
iam Jasper, Nancy J., Melinda and Lucinda, be- 
side our subject. The eldest sister is now the 
wife of John W r est and resides on a farm near the 
old homestead in Ohio. Angeline is the wife of 
Henry Walker, of St. Louis, while William is a 
farmer in Missouri, near Springfield. Nancy is 
now Mrs. John Wise, and her husband is a farmer 
near Springfield, Mo. Melinda is the wife of a 
Mr. Spratt, and Lucinda is living in single blessed- 
ness in Kansas. 

Evan Ogaii grew up as most farmer boys do, 
his duties at home interspersed with school and 
merry-making. He received a fair education and, 
equipped for the serious business of life, when 
twenty years of age, or in 1869, he started out 
to make fame and fortune in the West. He 
spent about a year in Louisiana, Mo., and finally 
settled in St. Louis, where he was engaged in the 
pump and machinery business. He remained there 
until 1875 and then located at Greenville, Bond 
County, where he was engaged in selling farm im- 
plements. He was thus occupied until 1883, when 
he came to Sorento and entered the employ of 
Cress Bros., for whom he worked one year and 
then launched into the general hardware busi- 
ness on his own account, and since that time has 
built up a large and constantly increasing busi- 

In 1891, Mr. Ogan built the large two-story 
block where he is now located. It is quite impos- 
ing in size and style of architecture and is alto- 
gether a handsome piece of property. Our subject 



has been a Republican during all his voting years. 
He was a member of the Town Board of Sorento 
when the town was incorporated and is at present 
serving as Tax Collector. In his social connections, 
the original of this sketch is u Knight of Pythias 
and is, moreover, a member of the United Wood- 
men and also of the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, holding membership with Madison Lodge 
No. 560, New Douglas. 

In 1871, our subject's parents removed to South- 
western Missouri and there the mother died about 
1884. The father is still living at the old home in 
Ohio and has reached a patriarchal age. In 1875, 
Mr. Ogan was united in marriage with Miss Sophia 
C., a daughter of Col. Benjamin Johnson, a prom- 
inent citizen of Missouri, who was one of the parties 
that opened up the iron mines at Pilot Knob, that 
State. Mrs. Ogan is a lady of marked culture and 
intelligence. She is a graduate of a St. Louis 
school and was for some years a teacher. Their 
two children are named Albert Lee and William 

s^EORGE BRAKENHOFF, a prominent and 


I ( wealthy German-American farmer of No- 
S^JI komis Township, Montgomery County, III., 
was born in Ostfriesland, Hanover, Germany, Janu- 
ary 3, 1834, one of a family of nine children, eight 
of whom are living at the present time. Two sis- 
ters still reside in the Fatherland, and another sis- 
ter is the wife of Henry Carsten, a leading citizen 
of Nokomis Township. Of the five brothers, four 
are living in Nokomis Township: George, Henry, 
Eillert and Harmon. The other brother lives in 
Terre Haute, Ind. The father of these children, 
Eillert Brakenhoff, was an agriculturist of con- 
siderable note in his native land, and died there 
many years ago. He was a man of worth, and as 
such was regarded by those who had the honor of 
his acquaintance, and who knew him intimately. 
George Brakenhoff received a fair education in 

his youth, and was reared to the healthful, thougli 
somewhat monotonous, pursuit of farming, his in- 
struction in this branch of business being received 
at the hands of his father, who thoroughly under- 
stood every detail of the calling. This life became 
somewhat distasteful to him after a time, and he 
left the plow to become a sailor, running princi 
pally on inland boats, but in 1857 he gave up this 
occupation also to come to America to seek his for- 
tune, his brother Henry having come to this country 
some years before. He located at Mt. Olive, 111., 
where the calling of an agriculturist received his 
attention until 1868, when Montgomery County 
became his home, and on a farm in Nokomis 
Township he has resided ever since. In addition 
to his first purchase of land, which was rather 
modest in extent, he has made other purchases 
from time to time, until at the present time he is 
the owner of as fine a tract of land as one need 
wish to see, comprising two hundred acres well 
tilled and neatly kept. In all of his investments, 
he has shown the test of judgment, and has so 
conducted his affairs that naught has ever been 
said derogatory to his honor as a business man. 
Since opening up his farm, he has accumulated a 
goodly fortune, which he manages with great 
judgment and keen foresight. Like all men of 
his nativity, he is progressive in his views and of 
an energetic temperament, and all of his opera- 
tions have been carried on according to the most 
advanced ideas, and have consequently resulted 
to his own good and the benefit of those with 
whom he has come in contact. He has long since 
gained the reputation of being one of the foremost 
tillers of the soil, and he has been a leader in the 
use of new and improved machinery for the saving 
of labor. 

In 1858, he married Miss Trinta Akebauer, who 
was born on German soil, and their union has re- 
sulted in the birth of a family of ten children: 
Eillert, who is now managing his father's farm; 
Annie, who is the wife of Altman Brakenhoff, a 
cousin; Gerhart married Nevada Travis, and is a 
merchant in Nokomis; Foska, who became the wife 
of Andrew Peribone, and resides at Iowaton,Iowa; 
Maggie, the wife of John Thcen,a farmer of Mont- 
gomery County; Theressaand Henry, who are liv- 



ing at home; John M.; Katie and Robert. All 
these children have had liberal educational ad- 
vantages given them, improved them, and are now 
substantial citizens of the country, an honor to 
themselves and to the parents who reared them. 
Mr. Brakenhoff is a strong Republican in his politi- 
cal views, but has never held any office except 
some small township office, such as being a mem- 
ber of the Board of Education of his district. 
In 1880, he made a trip to his native land to see his 
mother, whd was then living, but who has since 

'OSEPH T. ALEXANDER. The undertak- 
ing business is of the utmost importance to 
society, and every consideration suggests 
that its representatives shall be reliable, 
sympathetic and experienced. This vocation is 
essentially a very delicate one, and it involves 
for its successful prosecution peculiarly important 
qualifications, which but comparatively few indi- 
viduals possess. It is only by long experience 
and natural aptitude that a man is able to dis- 
charge his duty in this relation to the entire and 
unqualified satisfaction of those most directly in- 
terested. Among the prominent business men of 
Fillmore, Montgomery County, 111., stands Joseph 
T. Alexander, who, in connection with his under- 
taking business, is quite extensively engaged in 
dealing in furniture. 

Our subject was born in Fillmore Township, 
Montgomery County, this State, September 17, 
1834, and is a son of Richard Alexander, and the 
grandson of Joseph Alexander, who is supposed 
to have been born in America, but whose father 
was born in Ireland. Richard Alexander was born 
in 1810, in Tennessee, and there passed his boy- 
hood and youth. He came to Montgomery 
County, 111., when a young man, and here married 
Miss Sarah Whitten, a native of Kentucky, who 
came to Montgomery County after reaching 
womanhood. Her father, Eastern Whitten, was a 

native of the Palmetto State, and an early settler 
of Montgomery County, 111. 

After marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Alexander located 
in what is now Fillmore Township, and took up 
land during Martin Van Buren's administration. 
They made many improvements on this place, and 
resided on the same the remainder of their days. 
The father died May 12, 1874, and the mother, 
who was born in 1813, died December 19, 1853. 
They were the parents of six children, four sons 
and two daughters, three sons and one daughter 
living, as follows: Joseph T., our subject; Samuel, 
of Fillmore Township; Henry, of Minneapolis, 
Minn.; and Elizabeth, wife of John Hill, of Fill- 
more Township. Our subject, the eldest child, 
was reared in his native place, and attended school 
in a little log schoolhouse with all the rude con- 
trivances of pioneer days, having stick and mud 
chimney, puncheon floor, puncheon seats, and slabs 
for desks. All his clothing was home-made, and 
his parents tanned the leather for his boots and 
shoes. His early life was one of privation and 
hardship, and he was early initiated into the du- 
ties of the farm. 

Our subject worked out one month during his 
life, and afterward was in a general store for 
one year. Until twenty-five years of age he re- 
mained with his father, with the exception of the 
time, he taught school during the winter months, 
the summer season -being devoted to farm work. 
On May 3, 1859, he married Miss Irene Wright, a 
native of Fayette County, 111., and the daughter 
of Joseph Wright, and after this union he and his 
young wife settled on section 2, Fillmore Town- 
ship, on a piece of raw land, and in a log house, 
18x24 feet. On this farm he remained until. 1875, 
when he bought the old homestead on section 1, 
and there continued to make his home until the 
spring of 1889, when he came to Fillmore and 
embarked in his present business. To his marriage 
were born two daughters and two sons: Evelyn 
C., wife of H. L. Prater, of Sumner Count}', Kan., 
who is engaged in the grocery business; Easton 
W.; Sarah R., wife of T. II. Lane, a meichant of 
Fillmore; and Homer L., at home. Mr. Alexander 
is a Democrat in politics, and was Assessor of the 
township in 1877. He was afso Highway Com- 



missioner for six years, Township Treasurer for 
twenty-three years, and lias held other township 
offices. He is a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity, Fillmore Lodge No. 670. Mr. Alexander is 
one of the county's most prominent and popular 
business men, and lias met with substantial results 
in all his enterprises. 

ARM KEISER, who resides on section 7, 
)]) Walshville Township, is one of the most 
prominent farmers of the community, and 
one of the county's valuable citizens. A 
native of Germany, he was born in Ostfriesland, 
Hanover, October 8, 1839, and is the eldest of five 
children whose parents were John and Gesehe 
Keiser. His grandfather, Harm Keiser, came to 
America in 1850, and located in Madison County, 
111., where he died September 23, 1869, at an ad- 
vanced age. In 1854, the parents of our subject, 
with four sons and a daughter, came to America 
and sought a home on the wild prairies of the 
Mississippi Valley. The father purchased a tract 
of land in Macoupin County, but before he had 
paid for it, he died, in 1855, leaving his widow 
with a family to support and a heavy debt upon 
the home. 

Harm, being the eldest child, set to work with 
his brothers and mother to clear the home of debt, 
and this was in due time accomplished. Mrs. 
Keiser lived to enjoy the home which was thus 
preserved to her by the loving care of her sons, 
and saw all of her children occupying comfortable 
homes and respectable positions in society before 
she at length passed away, in 1890, at a ripe old 
age. Her two sons, C. J. and Andrew, are the 
wealthy bankers, millers and merchants of Mt. 
Olive. John, the other brother, operates the old 
homestead. Annie is the wife of Frank Prange, of 
Walshville Township. 

The eldest of the family, our subject, after the 
mother was provided for, purchased eighty acres 
of land for himself in 1862, which formed the 

nucleus of his present extensive possessions. Farm- 
ing has been his chief occupation, and he now 
owns eight hundred acres of valuable land, which 
yield him a golden tribute He has also been in- 
terested with his brothers in coal-mining, and for 
two years was Superintendent of the mines at Mt. 
Olive. Under his able management these becaine 
a great financial success. Mr. Keiser brings to all 
his business undertakings keen judgment, sagacity, 
enterprise and energy, qualities which are essen- 
tial to a prosperous career, and which have won 
him his extended estate. 

On the llth of July, 1863, Mr. Keiser wedded 
Miss Mary Focken, a native of Germany, who 
came with her parents to America in 1855, and 
was reared in Madison County, 111. Two sons 
and three daughters grace their union: Annie is 
now the wife of Frank Weidned, of Dorchester; 
Henry married Kathrina Walters, of Sedalia, Mo.; 
Hannah, Lydia and Albert are still under the 
parental roof. Henry was graduated from the 
Central Wesley College, of Warren ton, Mo., in 1890 
and now aids his father in the management of his 

In politics, Mr. Keiser is a stalwart Republican. 
In 1879-80, he served as a member of the County 
Board of Supervisors. He then refused re-elec- 
tion, but again, in 1887, was placed in that office, 
which he has filled continuously since with credit 
to himself and to the satisfaction of his constitu- 
ents. His long-continued service indicates his 
great personal popularity as well as the efficient 
manner in which he discharges his public duties. 
His life has been a busy and useful one, and his 
honorable, upright career has won him universal 

ETER MOOS for many years was a suc- 
cessful and prominent tiller of the soil, 
but is now retired from the active duties 
of life, and is in the enjoyment of a com- 
petency which his own excellent business qualities 



and good judgment won him. He was born on 
the extreme northern coast of Germany, Septem- 
ber 27, 1832, his parents being Peter and Doratio 
Moos, also natives of that part of the Fatherland, 
where they were highly respected. The father was 
a coppersmith and the owner of a large copper 
mill, where he manufactured copper plate for use 
in the construction of the ships that were built on 
that coast. The subject of this sketch was or- 
phaned by the death of his father when he was a 
boy of some twelve or thirteen years. Prior to 
that event he had been in school, but afterward 
he was obliged to commence the battle of life on 
his own responsibility, and he at once entered a 
sawmill for the purpose of learning the trade. 
There he continued to remain until he had at- 
tained his twenty-fifth year, or until 1852, dur- 
ing which time he acquired a most thorough and 
practical knowledge of the calling. 

Our subject then determined to seek a home 
under the shelter of the Stars and Stripes, and 
after landing upon American shores, he imme- 
diately proceeded to Lincoln, 111., where his 
brother, Christ Moos, was living. The latter had 
come to this country some eight years previous; 
he died a few years since in Lincoln. Another 
brother, John, came to America with him, and is 
now the well-known proprietor of a machine shop 
at Lincoln. For some time after his arrival in 
this country, Peter Moos experienced some very 
hard times, but, true to his nature, he continued to 
persevere, and although for the first two years he 
labored on a farm, receiving only $150 per annum 
for his services, he, with the usual thriftiness of 
his race, contrived to save some money, with which 
he rented land in Logan County, and began tilling 
the soil. There he remained until 1867, when he 
came to Montgomery County and purchased 
eighty acres of land in Nokomis Township, after 
which he worked at farming, carpentering or any- 
thing he could find to do in order to pay for his 
property. From time to time he made other pur- 
chases of land, as his judgment directed, and is 
now the owner of two hundred and forty acres of 
excellent and fertile farming land in a high state 
of cultivation. 

It is said of Mr. Moos that he built the ma- 

jority of the buildings in the German settlement 
in which he lived for so long, and the structures 
which he has put up are characterized by dura- 
bility and the substantial manner in which they 
have been erected. About 1890 he decided to lo- 
cate in the city of Nokomis, for the purpose of 
following his trade, and since that time has been 
successfully employed as a contractor and builder, 
renting his large farm. In addition to the farm he 
owns some fine property in Nokomis. His pros- 
perity dates from the time he located in Montgom- 
ery County, throughout which he is well known 
and highly respected. 

Mr. Moos was married at Lincoln, HI., in 1857, 
to Miss Christina Niscn, a native of the same part 
of Germany as that from which he came, and to 
them six children have been born: Jesse, the eld- 
est, is a carpenter in Nokomis; Mary is the wife 
of Green Taylor, a son of George Taylor, the 
Vice-president of the Nokomis National Bank, and 
resides on one of her father's farms; Peter is mar- 
ried and lives on the home farm; William is a car- 
penter and builder of Nokomis; Rena married 
Dick Frerecks, who is in business in Nokomis; and 
Eddie lives on the farm. Mr. Moos is a Demo- 
crat, but is not active in politics, and upon being 
elected to the position of Justice of the Peace at 
one time refused to serve. He and his wife are 
exemplary members of the German Lutheran 

DEED C. BARNETT is a prominent resident 
of the thriving city of Litchfield, 111., 
_ll and is the President of the Western Grain 
Company, which has its principal office at this 
place. George W. Barnett, the father of our sub- 
ject, was a native of Kentucky, and came to 
Mucoupin County at an early date and bought 
land there, paying $2.25 per acre, which land 
now commands $60 an acre. His purchase was 
of nine hundred acres, and he put it all under 



cultivation, but when the railroad crossed the 
place he marked out a town, and a post-oflice was 
established here. After this he engaged in busi- 
ness in the town, and with our subject carried on 
a general store and also dealt in lumber, grain 
and coal. 

Fred C. Barnett was born in Carlinville, 111., 
July 28, 1865, and is the son of George W. and 
Frances (Poley) Barnett. He was well educated, 
having taken a full course at the Illinois College 
at Jacksonville, III., and graduated there in the 
Class of '86. He immediately went into business 
with his father in dealing in lumber and grain, 
and the firm operated under the name of G. W. 
Barnett & Son, their place of business being in 
the village of Barnett, which place G. W. Barnett 
had founded, as above stated, and which is lo- 
cated on the J. & S. E. and L. C. & W. R. R. He 
remained with his father until March, 1891, when 
he came to this town and established the Fred C. 
Barnett Grain Company. He did a large track-buy- 
ing business, and handled large quantities of grain 
and thousands of cars. lie devoted his time to 
the enterprise and made it a great business. 

Mr. Barnett has other interests, as he is a stock- 
holder in the Threshing Machine Company, in 
the Litchfleld Paint & Color Company, the Oil 
City Building & Saving Society, and the Litch- 
field Homestead & Loan Association, the North 
& South Chicago, and also the St. Louis Safety 
& Homestead Association, of East St. Louis. 
Socially, Mr. Barnett belongs to Charter Oak 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and to St. Omer Com- 
mandery, and holds the position of Junior Warden 
in the lodge and that of Warden in the com- 
mandery. The present company with which Mr. 
Barnett is connected is doing business under the 
name of the Western Grain Company and is a 
late consolidation of the Fred C. Barnett Grain 
Company with that of the Munday Bros., and the 
capital stock is $15,000. The business is that of 
brokerage and general grain dealing. The} 7 have 
a wide experience and manage a large territory. 

Our subject is a popular man in his neighbor- 
hood, and this was illustrated when he, a strong 
Republican, was elected Supervisor in a Demo- 
cratic district. He served to the satisfaction of 

all concerned, but his commercial engagements are 
of such a nature that he would seem to hare little 
time to spend in political affairs. His religious 
connection is with the Christian Church. The fa- 
ther and mother of our subject are still living 
and, no doubt, look with pleasure on the thriving 
little village of Barnett, which has literally sprung 
up under their own eyes. Our subject was the 
first Postmaster of the place. The railroad has 
assisted the town in its growth, and the location 
of it reflects credit on the judgment of George 
W. Barnett. 

H. WITT. The State which Charles Eg- 
bert Craddock has immoitalized in her 
beautiful stones of mountain life, is the 
native State of our subject. He was born in Jef- 
ferson County, Tenn., November 24, 1834, and is 
a son of James S. and Susan (Carmikel) Witt. His 
parents were also both natives of that State. 
When our subject was a child of but three years of 
age, the family determined to come to Illinois, be- 
lieving it to possess greater advantages in an agri- 
cultural line than their own native State. 

On coming to Illinois, the Witt family settled 
in Greene County first, and that continued to be 
the family home until our subject was eighteen 
years of age. In the meantime, his mother had 
been taken away by death when he was a lad of 
thirteen. In 1852, in company with his father, he 
moved to Macoupin County, and there lived until 
1875, in which year he determined to come to 
Montgomery County. As a boy his knowledge of 
life was mostly that obtained from his rural asso- 
ciations, and although the prairies were wide and 
the climate lacked nothing in quality or quantity, 
still the lad could not be expected to assimilate 
from these advantages alone any great knowledge 
of higher educational branches. As much learn- 
ing as the average boy of his clay possessed was 
instilled in the youthful mind in the district 



schools of his locality, or rather in the subscrip- 
tion schools, for the district schools had not then 
been organized where he lived. 

December 16, 1858, a marriage was celebrated in 
Madison County, of which our subject and Miss 
Martha J. Deck were the principals. She was a 
suitable and capable companion for Mr. Witt, and 
seconded his efforts in every way she could. The 
following children were the fruit of this union: 
Warren E., who is a graduate of Blackburn Uni- 
versity; Austin E., John W., Olive J., Irene, 
Annie and Ida, ail of whom are bright young peo- 
ple with good prospects of life before them. 

Mr. Witt settled on his present farm perma- 
nently in the year 1875, and has ever since 
made it his home. He owns two hundred and 
thirty-three and one-half acres of land, a well- 
cultivated and arable tract, which bears evidence 
of the close attention given it by its owner. Mr. 
Witt has twice been honored with the election to 
the office of Supervisor of Harvel Township. He 
is a man of decided views of his own in regard to 
most of the things of life, and in his political af- 
filiation, he is a Democrat, and is ready to do any- 
thing he can for the support of his party. 

R. W. H. COOK. In a comprehensive 
work of this kind, dealing with industrial 
pursuits, sciences, arts and professions, it 
is only lit and right that the medical 
profession should be noticed. Dr. W. H. Cook, 
whose skill in the healing art is well known, 
not only throughout East Fork Township, but also 
throughout Montgomery County, was born in 
Shelby County, Ky., on the 27th of March, 1834, 
and his father, Fielding B. Cook, was also a native 
of that county, but came of a prominent Virginia 
family. The grandfather, James Cook, was born 
near Richmond, Va. The mother of our subject, 
whose maiden name was Meekee Rosebery, was born 
in Shelby County, Ky., where she passed her en- 
tire life. Her father, Charles Roseber}', was born 

in Berkeley County, Va., and was a son of Hugh 
Rosebery, a Highland Scotchman, who was in the 
Revolutionary War and who lived to be one hun- 
dred and fifteen years old. All were long-lived 
people on the mother's side. Our subject's grand- 
mother on his mother's side, Nancj' Thurston, was 
a native of Virginia, but was brought to Kentucky 
when twelve years of age. Her father, Ezekiel 
Thurston, was also a native of the Old Dominion. 

The parents of our subject were married in 
Shelby County, Ky., in 1832, and afterward lo- 
cated on a farm in the same place. There Mrs. Cook 
died in 1836, when our subject was two years old. 
Two children were born of this union, but the 
younger died. The father's second marriage was 
to Miss Susan McDonald, who bore him six chil- 
dren, five sons and one daughter. Our subject, 
the only child living of the first marriage, received 
his early schooling in the subscription schools of 
his native county, and was thirteen years of age 
when his father died. He remained with his step- 
mother until eighteen years of age, and after reach- 
ing his nineteenth year came to Putnam County, 
Ind., where he taught school and clerked in a store 
for some time. 

In 1856, he commenced the, study of medicine 
with Dr. R. B. Denny, of Fillmore, Ind., and con- 
tinued with him for about two years. During that 
time he ran a drug store, and in the spring of 1861 
lie located in Montgomery County, 111., where he 
now resides.' In 1867 he graduated from the St. 
Louis Medical College, and since then has been 
actively engaged in practicing his profession here. 
He has gained a wide reputation for what he has 
accomplished, especially in difficult cases, as he has 
carried through to success some cases which are 
considered almost miraculous. The Doctor is a 
member of the Montgomery County Medical Soci- 
ety, the District Medical Society of Central Illi- 
nois, and the Illinois State Medical Society. He 
is a member of Lodge No. 51, A. F. & A. M., of 
Ilillsboro, and has been a member of the order since 
the year 1856. He is a stanch supporter of Dem- 
ocratic principles, was twice County Coroner, and 
once Supervisor of East Fork Township. 

His marriage with Miss Elizabeth F. Robinson, 
a native of Putnam County, Ind. .occurred in 1856, 




and four children were given them. One died in 
infancy, and the other three are: Charles E., a na- 
tive of Fillmore, Ind., now a prominent lawyer 
of Greenville, Bond County, 111.; Ella J., wife of 
Joseph J. Wright, of Montgomery Count}*, 111.; 
and Melville T., a student of De Pauw Univer- 
sity, at DePauw, Ind. 

SJ MBERT H. DENNY. Our subject is one of 
the older inhabitants of Bond County, of 
ill which he is a native. He was born January 
11, 1835, upon the farm in Shoal Creek Town- 
ship where he now lives and where he carries on 
an extensive business in general farming and 
stock-raising. He is a son of Robert Wilson and 
Eleanor (Finley) Denny. Grandfather Denny 
was an Irishman by birth and when quite young 
came to America, settling in North Carolina, where 
Robert Wilson Denny was born. 

Our subject's mother was of Welsh ancestry, 
her father having emigrated from Wales and 
settled in Tennessee, but the exact time of their 
coming to this country or even the date of her birth 
is not known to us. In 1820 our subject's father 
and grandfather came to Illinois, the balance of 
the family coming hither in 1828. They first 
settled on the farm where our subject was born, 
and there both grandfather and father died, the 
latter about 1845. Mr. Denny's mother lived 
until 1889, and died in Kansas at the age of 
eighty years. 

Our subject is the eldest of a family of five 
boys, of whom four are now living, namely: J. B. 
who lives on an adjoining farm; Robert W., who 
is an extensive miner in Mexico but resides at 
Newton, Kan.; and P. B., who lives at Walshville, 
this State. All four of these men did excellent 
service in the late war. He of whom we write 
grew up on his father's farm and received the ad- 
vantages common to the agricultural class of his 
day and locality. 

July 7, 1861, Mr. Denny enlisted in the army, 

joining Company E, of the First Illinois Cavalry, 
under Capt. Paul Walters. He was taken prisoner 
at Lexington, but was released on parole. He 
was not, however, exchanged until his term of 
service was out, when he was discharged. While 
the war was still in progress, our subject married 
Miss Emily Bowen, a native of Springfield, Vt. 
She died four years later, leaving one daughter, 
Nellie R., who married Charles A Fellows, of Buf- 
falo, N. Y. 

Mr. Denny has been a farmer all his life but has 
other interests in which he has money invested 
that bring him a handsome income. He was one 
of the original stockholders in the Sorento Coal 
Company, in which he is at the present time a 
Director, lie was instrumental in getting the 
right of way for the two railroads that cross at 
Sorento, and has always given freely of bis time 
and ability to whatever cause appeared to be for 
the benefit of the community. 

The second marriage of Mr. Denny took place 
February 28, 1871, the lady of his choice being 
Miss Melinda Armstrong, of Montgomery County. 
There have been eight children born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Denny: Emily J. and Hattie May were both 
educated at the Lincoln University; James Imbert 
is now at school at Sorento, as are Pearl, Hilda 
and Fay. Marcia E. and Herschel A. are de- 

The father of Mr. Denny was a school teacher 
of some note in his day and served as County 
Commissioner and County Clerk. He was one of 
the Associate Judges of the county and for many 
years acted as Justice of the Peace. 

ENRY BRAKENHOFF is a prominent Ger- 
man-American citizen and farmer, who 
keeps abreast with the progress of the 
times, and is one who has advanced the in- 
terests of his adopted country at all times. His 
life of industry and usefulness and his record for 
integrity and true-hearted faithfulness in all the 



relations of life have given him a hold upon the 
community which all might well desire to share. 

Mr. Brakenhoff was born in Ostfriesland, Ger- 
many, May 5, 1831, and his father, Eilbert Braken- 
hoff, followed the occupation of an agriculturist in 
his native land. On this farm young Brakenhoff 
grew to a sturdy manhood, and received a fair ed- 
ucation in the common schools. Under the laws 
then existing in Germany, he would at the age of 
twenty-one years be forced into the German army, 
so not being ambitious to become a soldier, and 
not being able to obtain the consent of the king 
to leave the country until he had served his time 
in the army, he determined to leave without his 
knowledge or consent. Accordingly, in 1851, and 
before he was twenty-one years of age, he quietly 
arranged with a friend from America, then visit- 
ing in Germany, to pay his passage to the New 
World, agreeing to work for him until his ex- 
penses had been made good. 

Young Brakenhoff sailed from Bremen to Amer- 
ica, and after a seven-weeks ocean voyage landed 
in New Orleans. He proceeded at once to Alton, 
111., and there found employment in the coal 
mines, thus earning the money to pay his friend 
for expenses incurred in the trip. He continued 
in the mine for five or six years, after which he 
engaged in farming near Mt. Olive. Two years 
later he again returned to the mines and continued 
there until 1867, when he came to Montgomery 
County, purchased the farm where he has ever 
since lived, in Nokomis Township, and has met 
with unusual success in tilling the soil. For a 
number of years he has lived a retired life, and his 
sons are working and looking after the farm. 

In 1872, Mr. Brakenhoff made a trip to the 
Fatherland to see his mother and many friends, 
and enjoyed his trip immensely. However, he 
was glad to return to the land of his adoption, 
and here he has remained ever since, realizing 
that America is the best country after all. 

The original of this notice was married in 
Alton in 1854 to Miss Henrietta Carsten, a high- 
minded German lady and a sister of John Carsten, 
the wealthy grain merchant and politician of 
Nokomis. This union has resulted in the birth of 
seven children, two of whom died in infancy, 

and one, Lena, died after reaching womanhood. 
Those now living are as follows: Eilbert and 
Harmon, both bright and promising young men, 
living at home and carrying on the large farm; 
while Garrett, a member of the large mercantile 
firm of J. Waltman & Co., of Nokomis, is a thor- 
ough business man. The last-named married Miss 
Lucy Essman, of Missouri, and their daughter, 
Foska, is the wife of C. Croon, who owns a farm 
near by. The children are all industrious and in- 
telligent, and have made excellent citizens. 

Mr. Brakenhoff and wife are exemplary members 
of the German Lutheran Church, in which he is a 
Deacon, and in which he has ever been a leading 
figure. In politics, he is a strong advocate of the 
principles of the Republican party. He is one of 
the public-spirited citizens of the county, is inter- 
ested in all enterprises of a worthy nature, and no 
laudable movement is allowed to fail for want of 
support on his part. He is one of the most pop- 
ular men of the county, and a true German- 
American citizen. Such men are a credit to any 


_~ i- '. 

J] A C O B McCONATHY, a representative 
| farmer of Montgomery Count}', residing in 
Raymond Township, section 5, has the 
' honor of being a native of this State. He 

was born in Greene County, near Carrolton, Febru- 
ary 24, 1844. and is a son of Perry and Matilda 
Jane (Olverson) McConathy. The McConathy 
family is of Scotch-Irish extraction and was 
founded in America by the great-grandfather of 
our subject, who crossed the Atlantic when a 
young man and located in Kentucky in the seven- 
teenth century. Jacob now has in his possession 
a razor which was brought by his ancestor from 
the Emerald Isle. Jacob McConathy, the grand- 
father of our subject, was born in Kentucky be- 
fore the Revolutionary War and for many years 
was a leading miller of that State. 

Perry McConathy was born near Lexington, 



Ky., August 17, 1813. By trade he was a saddler. 
In 1837, he made his way in a two-wheel cart 
from Kentucky to the wild prairies of Greene 
County, 111. For a time he worked at his trade, 
but. soon located on a farm near what is now Rood- 
house, where he continued to reside until his 
death, which occurred in 1881. He was quite 
successful and accumulated considerable property. 
He was a man of sterling worth and was held in 
the highest esteem by his fellow-townsmen. For 
twenty-four years he was honored with the offices 
of Justice of the Peace and Notary Public, and 
for seven years was Assessor of his township, his 
long-continued service indicating his great popu- 
larity and the ability with which he discharged 
his public duties. Little is known concerning the 
maternal ancestry of our subject. His mother 
was born in Grayson County, Ky., January 7, 
1819, and in an early day came to Illinois. She 
is still living in Greene County. 

Jacob McConathy, whose name heads this re- 
cord, was the fifth in a family of fourteen chil- 
dren, numbering seven sons and seven daughters, 
of whom all of the former and two of the latter 
are yet living. He was retired on his father's 
farm and received but a limited education, his 
privileges being such as the common schools in 
the early days of Illinois afforded. He carried on 
farming in Greene County until 1872, when he 
came to Montgomery County and purchased the 
farm in Raymond Township on which he now 
resides. It was in 1865 that Mr. McConathy wedded 
Miss Mary J. McCracken, a native of Greene 
County and a daughter of Samuel and Mary 
(Branyan) McCracken, natives of Perry County, 
Pa., who were of Scotch descent. They located 
in Greene County, 111., in 1835. Her grandfather, 
William Branyan, served in the War of 1812. 
Her father died when she was seven years of 
age, but her mother is still living in Greene 
County at the age of seventy-three years. Unto 
Mr. and Mrs. McConathy were born nine children, 
of whom two died in childhood, but seven arc yet 
living: Charles H., Perry Milton, William Leslie, 
Cora Lula, J. Tilden, Mamie and Pearl Elizabeth. 

In politics, Mr. McConathy has always been a 
Democrat, but has never been an office-seeker. 

Socially, he is a member of the Modern Wood- 
men Society. He is a man of good business 
ability, enterprising and sagacious, and by his well- 
directed efforts has won prosperity. He is recog- 
nized as one of the successful farmers and stock- 
raisers of the community. 

, LEXANDER C. DURDY, Chairman of the 
U\\ County Board of Supervisors of Mont- 

gomery County and a prominent grain 
and elevator man of Ohlman, is a true 
type of the American self-made man. He is of 
Scotch-Irish descent and inherits the thrift and 
enterprise of the former and the wit and true 
heartedness of the latter. He was born in Wash- 
ington County, Md.,on the 6th of July, 1838, and 
was the youngest of the family of seven children 
born to James and Mary (Lindsey) Durdy. The 
first representative of .both the Durdy and Lindsey 
families in America were early settlers of Mary- 
land, where they located prior to the Revolution, 
and the grandfather of Mrs. Durdy fought in the 
war for independence. 

The father of our subject was one of those hon- 
est, hardworking men upon whom the sun of finan- 
cial prosperity never shone with any degree of 
brilliancy. In fact, he was a very poor man. In 
1850, thinking to better his condition, he removed 
with his family to St. Louis, Mo., where he soon 
afterward died, leaving a widow and a large 
family of children in very poor circumstances. 
Then it was, at the tender age of twelve years, 
that our subject was obliged to begin the battle of 
life for himself. He became an office boy for a 
large foundry in St. Louis, and about all the edu- 
cation he received he obtained while attending 
night school. However, he made good use of his 
time and acquired a good business education. 
Gradually, he advanced until he had obtained the 
position of head book-keeper, which place he re- 
tained until 1868, when he resigned to accept a 



position in the office of the Northern Missouri 
Railroad Company. However, lie remained in this 
position but a short time when he had offered to 
him at a big salary the position of salesman on the 
road for a large wholesale liquor house in St. 
Louis. This position he held continuously up to 
the year 1881, and in the meantime acquired quite 
a fortune. In the last-named year, he began look- 
ing around for a suitable location, where he could 


rear and educate his children, and finally estab- 
lished himself in the elevator business at Ohlman, 
where he has met with much success in his business 

Mr. Durdy was married in 1862 to Miss Jose- 
phine Burback, a native of St. Louis, of German 
descent, and to them have been born ten children, 
all of whom but one are living, namely: Mary E., 
wife of William Schaper, of Indianapolis, Ind.; 
Alexander C., Jr., married Miss Annie M. Best, 
daughter of Henry A. Best, one of Montgomery 
Coimty's most prominent citizens, and a wealthy 
farmer of Nokomis, who is connected witli our 
subject in the grain business; Stella, wife of E. A. 
Rice, a prominent lumber merchant of Litchfield; 
Cora T. is the wife of E. S. Umpleby, agent of the 
Big Four at Ohlman; Anna C., Florence, Eliza- 
beth, Louis Leon and Leon Cleveland. The last 
five named are still in the school room. The 
mother of our subject died in St. Louis in 1872, and 
of his brothers and sisters there are but two of the 
former and one of the latter living. Two of his 
brothers, Robert L. and James, fought bravely in 
defense of the flag during the Civil War, and the 
former received injuries in the service for which 
he received a pension of $30 per month. He is 
now a resident of Havana, Mason County, 111. 
The other brother answered to the final muster a 
number of years ago. William J., another brother, 
is a sergeant on the St. Louis police force, having 
served in that capacity for the last twenty-six 
years. Our subject's sister, Mis. James Hanson, is 
a widow and resides in St. Louis. 

In politics, Mr. Durdy has been a life-long Dem- 
ocrat, as was his father befor.e him, and has held a 
number of local olfices. For six years he has been 
a member of the Board of County Supervisors and 
is the present Chairman of the Board, a position 

he has held for four consecutive years with great 
satisfaction to his constituents and with equally as 
great credit to himself. He began at the bottom 
round of the ladder a poor orphan boy, and his 
career through life is worthy of emulation. He is 
spending the evening of his well-spent life in his 
beautiful home, where he enjoys all the comforts 
of domestic bliss and where, surrounded by a 
happy family, he can enjoy rest and quiet. 

LIZABETH ANDERSON, widow of the late 
P. M. F. Anderson, an early pioneer, a rep- 
resentative farmer, and highly respected 
citizen of Pitman Township, Montgomery County. 
111., still continues to reside upon section 23, where 
in their happy home she and her husband spent so 
many useful years. Our subject is the daughter 
of John and Jean Montgomery, and was born in 
Ayrshire, Scotland, the home of her ancestors, 
June 28, 1822. Her parents were honest, God-fear- 
ing people, humble, industrious and upright in 
character, and under their careful training their 
daughter Elizabeth grew up to womanhood. 

Our subject's parents could give her only the 
advantage of a modest education, obtainable in 
the neighborhood of their home. But Elizabeth 
grew up a bright, intelligent, blooming lass, full of 
life, energy and ambition. Her mother had care- 
fully instructed her daughter in the ways of the 
frugal household, and when in 1841, at nineteen 
yeaft of age, our subject gave her heart and hand 
to her chosen husband, Peter M. F. Anderson, she 
was a self-reliant, capable woman, well fitted to 
become a faithful and loving wife and mother. 

Mr. and Mrs. Anderson began their housekeep- 
ing in " bonnie Scotland," and prospered there as 
people must who possess hope, health, energy and 
will. The years passed on and little ones came 
into the home, bringing joy and sunshine, but they 
brought added cares as well. Anxious considera- 
tion for the future of their children determined 
our subject and her husband to emigrate to Amer- 



ica, which offered to all worthy new-comers a 
hearty welcome and an independent home. 

It was thought best that Mr. Anderson should 
go first and select the location of their future res- 
idence; he therefore bade a brief farewell to wife 
and babes and departed for the New World in 
1849. The letters he wrote home were full of^cheer 
and bright anticipation, and the presence of his 
family was only needed to make his life in Amer- 
ica a prosperous and happy one. Mrs. Anderson 
was impatient to rejoin her husband and share 
with him the new exeriences of pioneer life upon 
the broad prairies of the Western Hemisphere, and 
in 1850, with her children and the few household 
treasures which could be easily and safely trans- 
ported, she embarked for America. The journey 
was both long and tedious; the sailing-vessel made 
slow progress, and for seven weeks and four days the 
impatient passengers tossed about upon the rolling 
waves of the broad Atlantic. 

Safely landed in New York, our subject was not 
long in reaching her destination, Alton, 111. The 
reunited family made their residence in this city 
for about eight years and then removed to the 
homestead in Pitman Township. Mr. Anderson 
was a stonemason, and had also followed the trade 
of carpenter, but his farming venture was a suc- 
cessful one, and he continued an agriculturist the 
remainder of his life. When Mrs. Anderson with 
her husband and family settled upon section 23, 
the land could scarcely be called a farm. It was 
in fact unbroken prairie, upon which Mr. Ander- 
son turned the first sod. Years went on and the 
fertile soil annually yielded an abundant harvest, 
amply repaying him for all the toil and culture. 
In all the labors of the home and farm the parents 
had the willing assistance of their children, of 
whom four of the large family of twelve still 
survive: the living children are: James, John; 
Mary, wife of James Oiler, is the mother of five chil- 
dren ; and Margaret, wife of Leroy C. Franks. Chris- 
tina, wife of J. Holmes, died recently. Our subject 
and her husband gave their children all possible 
educational advantages, and had the satisfaction 
of seeing them become useful and honored citizens 
in the land of their adoption. 

Mr, and Mrs. Anderson were progressive peo- 

ple, and both took deep interest in public advance- 
ment. Mr. Anderson served efficiently as School 
Director, and his wise advice and sagacious coun- 
sel were highly appreciated by his co-laborers in 
the educational field. He was a stanch Republi- 
can, but impartial in his judgment of official 
worth. Our subject and her husband were both 
members of the Presbyterian Church. 

Peter Anderson was born March 10, 1815, in 
Perthshire, Scotland; he died in Harvel Township, 
August 17, 1866, universally regretted by the entire 
community, among whom he had spent an honored 
life. Mrs. Anderson is the grandmother of thirteen 
living children; her son Robert, who died October 
24, 1890. left Richard, Harry, James, Grace and 
Robert M. Mrs. Christina Holmes was the mother 
of Elizabeth, Margaret, Murray and an infant son. 
Happy, useful and beloved, our subject waits her 
appointed time. Her days have been long and 
varied, her interesting experience in pioneer life 
a story of the past which never fails to find ready 
listeners. That her presence may long bless her 
friends and relatives is the earnest wish of all. 

Hi l31SEli 

UGUST BROKMIER, a prosperous German - 
American, citizen who has done his part 
toward the improvement of this portion 
of the county, resides in Pitman Town- 
ship. His farm consists of one hundred and sixty- 
one acres of fine land and it shows careful, intelli- 
gent farming. 

Our subject was born in Prussia, on the 26th 
of September, 1850, and is a son of Henry and 
Frances Brokmier, natives of the same country, 
who remained there all their lives, quiet, un- 
pretentious people, who did not possess the ven- 
turesome spirit of their son. Until the age of 
eighteen, August remained at home, or, to be pre- 
cise, he passed his eighteenth birthday while on 
the ship that was bearing him to the new land, 
where he had determined to make a borne in spite 
of all obstacles, 



In the older countries of Europe, where popula- 
tion is dense, land is so valuable that nearly every 
foot is considered capable of cultivation, and that 
teaches the young men the thrifty habits which 
cling to them and become characteristics of their 
farming when they come upon the broad acres of 
Western America. The subject of this notice 
reached the United States after a nine weeks' trip 
from Bremen, and upon landing at New Orleans, 
set out for St. Louis, and soon found work in a 
chair factory. His labor proved satisfactory, and 
he continued there for a year and a-half, but his 
hope and ambition was to become a farmer, so that 
he could put into practice the methods which he 
had learned in his native country. 

When opportunity offered, he came to Mont- 
gomery County, 111., and engaged to work on a 
farm by the month, and gladly accepted $18 a 
month as good pay during the busy season. In 
this, as in his other work, he satisfied his employers, 
and kept right along until he was able to rent a 
place for himself. So well did he prosper in 
this that by the time the year 1880 came around 
he was in a position to purchase an excellent 
place of his own. He had had plenty of time to 
look about and choose a pleasant location, and 
when he came to his present place he settled here 
with his eyes open. He knew that hard work 
awaited him to make the farm what he wished it 
to be, but he did not grudge any of that. The 
one hundred and sixty-one acres he has toiled 
over until now they are a pleasure and pride to 

Mr. Brokmier has been thrice married, and 
seven children survive at this time. They are: 
Henry A., Minnie, Tena, William, Anne, Herman 
and Charles, while John and August are dead. 
Our subject is a respected member of the Lutheran 
Church of Farmersville, and has favored all of the 
improvements which have taken place in the 
county since his residence in it. He is a self-made 
man, and one whom all must regard with the 
greatest respect, as he has asked help of no man, 
but " paddled his own canoe " in the face of many 
difficulties, not the least being his imperfect 
knowledge of the language. In his own country 
he was well educated for his age, and since coming 

here he lias acquired an understanding of the 
English tongue, but having to learn it was some 
drawback to him. He compares his condition now 
with that of the poor lad who landed in St. Louis 
with only seventy-five cents in his pocket, and 
feels that his work has not been in vain, but that 
his possessions pay him for time and labor ex- 
pended to obtain them. 

Jl AMES W. ROBINSON. A privilege that but 
few are spared to enjoy is that of having 
witnessed the birth of the nineteenth cen- 
tury and to still live to join in the cele- 
bration of the fourth century of the discovery of 
this land, which is the home of freedom and equal- 
ity. Mr. Robinson is one of the rare individuals 
whose experience extends over this long space of 
years, he now being in his ninety-third year. He is 
one of the pioneers of Bond County and is as 
conversant with the history and development of 
Illinois as any man now living. He was born in Lin- 
coln County, N. C., March 14, 1800, and is a son 
of Alexander and Martha Elizabeth (White) Rob- 
inson. His father was also born in North Carolina 
and was the son of Alexander Robinson, a native 
of Ireland, who came to America in the early part 
of 1700. 

In 1812, the Robinson family went to Tennessee, 
and in 1816 our subject came to Illinois. After 
harvesting a trial crop in Madison County, he 
brought on his family and stayed one year in that 
locality. He then came to Bond County and set- 
tled on land not far from where Reno is now lo- 
cated, the land still being in the possession of our 
subject. There his parents died. Of the three 
brothers and three sisters that he had, none are 

James W. Robinson was married December 31, 
1831, to Catherine Hess, a native of the State of 
Ohio. Their companionship was of only two 
years' duration, her decease occurring July 11, 
1833. She left to her husband one son, Alexander 



S., who on reaching manhood gave his life for his 
country, dying in Libby Prison, January 20, 1864. 
Our subject again married, February 12,1835, 
his bride being Miss Polly Ann Armstrong. She 
survived until December 27, 1889, and on her 
death left two children, Mary E., the widow of 
Milton Rosebrough, who lives near Valley Falls, 
Kan., and Elvira, the wife of H. M. Ferguson, at 
whose home our subject is pleasantly passing the 
latter years of his life. Mr. Robinson inherits his 
principles in politics from a long line of Whig an- 
cestors, and has voted the Republican ticket ever 
since the organization of that party. He has been 
a life-long member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and for many years has served as Elder. Mr. 
Robinson is a vigorous and hale old gentleman 
who retains his faculties remarkably and bids fair 
to welcome in the twentieth century. 

ENRY M. FERGUSON, the son-in-lnw of 
Mr. Robinson, was born in Madison County, 
111., April 30, 1848. He is a son of Alex- 
ander and Ann Eliza (Gould) Ferguson, 
both natives of New Hampshire, who came to Mad- 
ison County, this State, in 1831. There both par- 
ents died. Mr. Ferguson was next to the young- 
est of a family of eight children, of whom four 
are now living: George, who was a Lieutenantin 
Company A, One Hundred and Twenty-second 
Illinois Infantry, is now an attache of the Agri- 
cultural Department at Washington, D. C.; Solon 
is a lumberman, located at Liberty, Ind.; Helen is 
the wife of Samuel R. Waggoner, a farmer of Mad- 
ison County. 

Mr. Ferguson was brought up on the home farm, 
receiving a good rudimentary education in the 
public schools of the vicinity. He completed his 
studies at the Mclvendree College, of Lebanon, this 
State, and was thereafter engaged in teaching for 
some years in Madison and Jersey Counties. He 
came to his present farm in the fall of 1875. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ferguson were married October 

10, 1872, Mrs. Ferguson being, as stated in her 
father's sketch, Miss Elvira Robinson. They have 
had six children, but of these three died when 
quite young. The surviving children are: Ger- 
trude, Nellie and Eugene. Originally a Republi- 
can, Mr. Ferguson has espoused the Prohibition 
cause, believing that upon the purity of this party 
does the future strength and power of our nation 
depend. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, and for seven years served as Elder. He 
is Vice-president of the Sunday-school Association. 

ANEY DAVIS, so long identified with 
the best interests of Pitman Township, yet 
lives, and will long live, in the hearts and 
emories of the friends, neighbors and 
general business community, by whom he was much 
beloved and highly respected. His biography is 
well known, but a brief recital here may still more 
firmly establish the record of his honorable, up- 
right and useful life. 

The parents of our subject, Alfred and Ann M. 
Davis, were both Southerners. Alfred Davis was 
a Tennesseean, but the promise of prosperity in the 
North caused his immigration to Illinois, where he 
and his wife settled in Macoupin County at a very 
early day. In the new home Raney Davis was 
born, October 12, 1838. Years passed by, and in 
the quiet uneventful life of the farm, the child 
grew to man's estate. Mr. Davis had no extended 
opportunities for an education, but he punctually 
attended the district schools when he could be 
spared, and lost no chance to gain the knowledge 
he coveted. Farming duties early and late en- 
grossed much of his time; hours of work were 
long and the labor often tiresome, but books or 
newspapers that came in his way were eagerly de- 
voured for the varied information and news thus 
obtained from the outside world. 

Keeping pace with his work conscientiously as a 
faithful son and bread winner, he also found time 
to learn a trade. Alfred Davis, the father, was a 



blacksmith and naturally taught his son a trade, so 
necessary in a new country. Thus, arrived at the 
age of twenty-one in his native county, our sub- 
ject found himself doubly armed for the battle of 
life. To do his best work for man and beast seemed 
to have been his earnest effort, and in the double 
avocations of farmer and blacksmith he found no 
idle time. Self-educated, mainly, he gained beside 
the anvil and in the field an insight into man3 r 
problems of life, and it was a common saying that 
no man was better _posted on the topics of the 
day than Raney Davis. 

Within the walls of his blacksmith shop, eager 
and convincing arguments for the right were lis- 
tened to with respect by friend and neighbor. The 
district school had planted the seeds of integrity 
and honor which Mr. Davis' life developed to full 
maturity. But farming and work at the anvil did 
not occupy the whole of our subject's early years. 
He found plenty of leisure to woo and win, and 
on November 21, 1861, married Miss Emeline Mc- 
Cluer, also of Macoupin County. This lady, a 
daughter of John and Hannah McCluer, was born 
in Indiana, August 15, 1840. The McCluers soon 
after removed with their infant daughter to this 
State, and thus together boy and girl they grew 
up side by side, each a favorite in the county and 
neighborhood. Into the new home just founded 
six_ children brought sunshine and joy, though 
two of them have passed beyond. Charles R., 
Bertie L., Annie M. and Albert L. still survive. 
Joseph R. and Frank died in early childhood. In 
the spring of 1861, Mr. Davis and his family re- 
moved to Montgomery County and settled on the 
farm which is still the family homestead, and began 
in the new neighborhood the life which brought 
to them both much happiness and honor. The 
land upon which Mr. Davis located was unbroken 
prairie, but his energetic management soon yielded 
him goodly crops, and the improvements of to-day 
are a monument to his skillful toil. 

As before mentioned, he continued his trade of 
a blacksmith, in which he found ready custom from 
the surrounding country. Although always a 
busy man, he yet found time to serve the public 
as Highway Commissioner of his township. He 
was also a valued member of the School Board, 

acting at times in the capacity of Clerk of the 
Board and School Director. Mr. Davis was a life- 
long Democrat, and together with his wife be- 
longed to the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which 
they were valued members. As a kind friend, ad- 
viser and public-spirited citizen, Mr. Davis was 
widely known. The entire township became 
mourners when death called him from its midst, 
May 7, 1891. 

OSEPH P. THOMPSON is a retired farmer 
living in Greenville, Bond County. A 
self-made man, by his own efforts he has 
// worked his way upward and achieved the 
success which brought him a comfortable compe- 
tence and enables him now to lay aside all busi- 
ness caies. He was born in Davidson County, 
Tenn., October 31, 1822. His grandfather, Joshua 
Thompson, was a native of Ireland, who emigrated 
to America and settled in Virginia, where William 
Thompson, the father of our subject, was born. 
The latter went to Tennessee in 1816, and mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of William Scallej^, a native 
of Tennessee, born of German parentage. 

William Thompson was engaged in farming in 
Tennessee until 1837, when he removed to Law- 
rence County, Ind., where he continued his agri- 
cultural pursuits until 1853. In that year he 
went to Missouri, where he spent the remainder of 
his life. In politics he was a Democrat, and 
knew Gen. Jackson and Zachary Taylor, becoming 
acquainted with the latter while serving as Cor- 
poral in the Black Hawk War. With some others 
he got a quantity of honey from a bee tree, and 
they presented the best of it to Gen. Taylor, who 
did not even thank them for the gift. From that 
time Mr. Thompson had not a very high regard 
for Mr. Taylor. 

We now take up the personal history of our 
subject, whose boyhood days were spent upon his 






father's farm. His education was acquired in the 
common schools, and lie afterward engaged in 
teaching in Virginia. Later, he engaged in mer- 
chandising in Indiana for four years, and in 1846 
embarked in fanning in Lawrence County, Ind., 
where he spent ten years. The year 1856 wit- 
nessed his arrival in Bond County, where he lo- 
cated near Elm Point, LaGrauge Township, and 
purchased, on July 4, one hundred and ten acres 
of land, which he developed and improved. He 
extended the boundaries of his farm until it com- 
prised over four hundred acres, and made his home 
there until 1875, when he sold out and purchased 
three hundred and forty acres elsewhere, devot- 
ing his energies to the cultivation of the latter 
tract until 1881, in which year he came to Green- 
ville. He here purchased four lots and three 
acres of land adjoining, and now has a fine home 
with beautiful surroundings. 

In 1846, Mr. Thompson wedded Miss Elvira 
Hoopingarner, of Lawrence County, Ind., and 
unto them were born six children: Thomas B., 
the eldest, married Jennie Sharp, and has three 
children, William, George and Cecil; Mary J. is 
the wife of Thomas Foster, by whom she has 
eleven children: Thomas, Joseph E., Annie, Will- 
iam, Estella, Ellen, Renna, Bevey, Blaine, Frank 
and Pearl; John M. married Miss Nancy Walker, 
and they have four children: Arthur, Pearl, 
Grace and John; Joseph P. is the next youngest; 
George F. married Rosa Williams, and has one 
son, Harold B.; and Moses E. married Isephine 
Watts, and they have two sons, Joseph T. and 
Dwight M. The children all reside in this 
county. The death of the mother occurred in 
1865. She was a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. Mr. Thompson was again married, 
in 1866, his second union being with Mrs. Per- 
melia Henderson, of Orange County, Ind. Four 
children grace this marriage: Maggie, wife of 
Shelton Jett, of Kansas; Ida, wife of Henry M. 
Blizzard; Harry M. and Elva M. at home. 

Mr. Thompson exercises his right of franchise 
in support of the Republican part}'. He served as 
Justice of the Peace for eight years, as City Ald- 
erman of Greenville, and has been honored with 
other offices. Industry and enterprise are iium- 


bered among his chief characteristics, and by his 
upright dealing and good business ability he has 
won the prosperity which has justly crowned his 

I LEY LIFE. The subject of the following 
sketch can certainly look back upon a 
busy life and feel that his labors have not 
been in vain. When success crowns any victor in 
a struggle, reward is his due, and Mr. Lipe re- 
ceives his reward in the peace and plenty which 
surround his declining years, and the rest he can 
now take after the hard fight against disadvanta- 
geous circumstances and poverty. 

The grandparents of our subject were of Ger- 
man extraction on both sides. The father bore 
the name of John Lipe, and the mother was Rachel 
Blackwelder. They were married in North Caro- 
lina, and when Wiley was ten years of age, came 
to Illinois and settled near Hillsboro, where they 
rented land and remained two years. They then 
entered Government land three-fourths of a mile 
south in Irving Township, and there they resided 
until the time of their death. Mr. Lipe was an 
old-line Whig until the formation of the Republi- 
can part}*, with which he was afterward identified. 
He held no offices, as in those days men had opinions 
without being paid for them. His religion was 
that of the Lutheran church. Some thirty years 
have passed since his death, which occurred when 
he was about sixty-six. The mother of our sub- 
ject lived to be about eighty years old, her death 
having occurred about seven years since. 

The family consisted of sixteen children, but 
seven died before the}' attained maturity. Those 
who lived were given the following names: Bar- 
bara, Nelson, Allen, Noah, Delilah, Wiley, Eliza- 
beth John and Martin. Barbara married Michael 
Hefly, of Irving Township, who died about forty 
years ago and left a large family ; afterward she mar- 
ried Michael Walchor and became the mother of two 
children who still live on the same place. Nelson, 



formerly a resident of Irving Township, married 
Nancy Hoffner, and died leaving a large family. 
Allen married LeahNeusman and both are now de- 
ceased. Noah married Elizabeth Weller, and both 
he and his wife have passed away. Delilah first 
married Tillman Hefty, and after his death she be- 
came the wife of Michael Walcher. Elizabeth, now 
residing in Irving Township, is the widow of Mil- 
ton Nusler, who died about fifteen years ago. John 
first married Louisa Lingle, four children now sur- 
viving of that union, and after her death he mar- 
ried Catherine Reinhart. His death occurred in 
1888. Martin married Sophia Bone, and both have 
passed away, but their children still live. 

Wiley Lipe was born in Cabarrus County, N. C., 
and was reared there until his tenth year. He was 
then brought to Illinois, but he found no opportu- 
nities for gaining an education in the locality 
where his parents settled. The school of stern, 
hard necessity was the only one in which he was 
educated. All of the knowledge he possesses he 
picked up as best he could, and if his intelligence 
has made him more learned than man3 r who have 
had better advantages, he deserves that much more 
credit. He remained at home until he was of age 
and then started out for himself. He took up 
forty acres of Government land, which he cleared 
and fenced, and added more land as his means per- 
mitted. As the result of his arduous work, he now 
owns one thousand acres of fertile prairie, meadow 
and timber land, which are his by the divine right 
of labor. He is an example to others, showing where 
there is the will there will be the way. 

In the fall of 1845, Mr. Lipe married Harriet 
Newell Granthain, a daughter of Thomas and Eliz- 
abeth (Christie) Granthain, but she died nine 
months after marriage. His second wife was Ma- 
ria Lingle, a native of North Carolina, and the 
daughter of John J. and Sarah (Blackwelder) 
Lingle. Her life ended May 18,1889. The rec- 
ord of her children is as follows: John, a carpen- 
ter residing at Pana, married Alice Bulkam, and 
they have two children. Joseph married Sarah Dra- 
per and they are the parents of two children. 
Harriet Newell married John Weller and has six 
children. Sarah Clarinda married Mark Miller, of 
Auburn, 111., and they have two children. Wil- 

liam Marshall lives in this township. His mar- 
riage to Belle Page has brought him eight children. 
Clark is unmarried and makes his home in Irving 
Township. Dorcas married Hade Wyman, and 
they, with their two children, reside near Auburn. 
Minerva became the wife of Thomas Miller and 
lives in Missouri, her marriage being blessed by the 
birth of three children. Frank never married, but 
died at home when twenty-three 3'ears of age. Al- 
vin married Ora Draper and they reside on an ad- 
joining farm. Wiley Adelbert died at home at 
the age of sixteen. Five children died in infancy 
and youth. 

Mr. Lipe married for his third wife Mrs. Louisa 
(Hilt) Farniss, the widow of Robert Farniss. Four 
children of her first marriage survive: Charles, 
Katie, Philip and Robert, all at home. Like his 
father, Mr. Lipe has been a Republican and he has 
never desired office. He is well known through- 
out the neighborhood and indeed enjo3'S an ex- 
tensive acquaintance in this part of the State. He 
is a consistent member of the Methodist Church, 
and is much respected in the community where his 
life has been passed. 

AXTER HAYNES, M. D. This gentleman 
is a pioneer physician of Montgomery 
County, and resides on section 20, town- 
ship 7, range 2, Fillmore Township. He 
located here in 1874, when few indications of the 
present prosperity were apparent, and has since 
been closely identified with the growth and devel- 
opment of the county. By his skill and success in 
his chosen work, he has won an excellent reputa- 
tion as a physician, and the good-will of the citi- 
zens. He was originally from Barren County, Ky., 
born December 20, 1827, the eleventh child and 
seventh son of twelve children born to Rev. Will- 
iam and Anna (Henle}') Haynes, natives, respec- 
tively, of North and South Carolina. The pater- 
nal grandfather, John Haynes, was a native of 
England, but his wife, Mary Slice, was born in 



Germany. The maternal grandfather, Timothy 
Henley, was a native of the green isle of Erin. 

The parents of our subject were married in Bar- 
ren Count}', Ky., and there remained until the fall 
of 1829, when they came to Illinois, settling in 
Morgan County. There the father followed the 
occupation of a farmer, and was also a minister in 
the Baptist Church. lie died in May, 1830, when 
forty-six years of age. The mother passed away 
in Morgan County when seventy-eight years of 
age. Their family consisted of seven sons and five 
daughters, all of whom lived to be fifty years old, 
except one, who died when fourteen years of age. 
Our subject was but two years of age when he was 
brought to Illinois by his parents, and his first 
educational advantages were leceived in the dis- 
trict schools of Morgan County. He remained un- 
der the parental roof until seventeen years of age, 
and then, in 1844, went to the Lone Star State, 
where he spent the winter. 

Returning to his home, our subject remained 
there until June, 1846, when he enlisted in Com- 
pany G, First- Illinois Infantry, for service in 
the Mexican War, under Capt. W. J. Wyatt. He 
served one year, being discharged in 1847, and 
again returned to Morgan County, 111. In 1848, 
he crossed the plains with an ox-team, but later re- 
turned to Morgan Count} r , where he was married on 
the 4th of January, 1849, to Miss Susan Bull, who 
died March 3, 1863. Five children were born to 
this union, as follows: Dr. Moses, of Fayette, 111.; 
Jane, wife of Clark Nichols, of East Fork Town- 
ship; Anna, wife of William J. Lynn, of Fill- 
more; Elizabeth, wife of P. H. Smith, of East Fork 
Township; and William, of Fillmore Township. 
Our subject's second marriage occurred on the 20th 
of January, 1864, his bride being Miss Margaret J. 
Brown. Four daughters and a son have blessed 
this union: Farie B. (deceased) was the wife of 
William Ovcreem; Hiram S. died in 1866, in in- 
fancy; Caroline S. is the wife of John L. Smith- 
deed, of Fillmore Township; Effie May married 
Stephen J. Jett, of Bond County; and Delia A. 
completes the family circle. 

In 1819, the original of this notice located on a 
farm in Macoupin County, Hi., remaining there for 
two years, and then located in Sugar Creek Grove 

of the same county, where he was engaged in farm- 
ing. In 1852, he removed to Morgan County, lo- 
cated on a farm, and after residing on the same 
until 1856 removed to Dallas County. Tex. There 
he commenced practicing medicine, remaining 
there until the following spring, when he located 
in Bates County, Mo. In connection with his 
practice, he was engaged in farming, and followed 
both until August of the same year. From there 
he removed to Kansas and settled in Bourbon 
County, where he practiced for two months. Thence 
he returned to Macoupin County, 111., where he 
practiced medicine until 1862. 

Being filled with a patriotic desire to serve his 
country's cause. Dr. Haynes enlisted under the 
Stars and Stripes, January 15, 1862, and raised a 
company of one hundred and three men, which be- 
came Company E, One Hundred and Twenty-second 
Illinois Infantry. He served as Captain for one 
j'ear and eight months, and was injured at Park- 
er's Cross Roads in December, 1862. His wife died 
about this time, and on account of that bereavement, 
and his injuries, he resigned in April, 1863. Later, 
he located in Zanesville, Montgomery County, 111., 
and was actively engaged in his practice for a 
time. Next, he located at Donnellson, in the same 
county. After remaining there two years, he lo- 
cated on a farm four miles east of that place, and 
continued his practice for eight years. He then 
disposed of that property, and removed nine miles 
east of Donnellson. Ten years later he returned 
to Donnellson, where he remained three years, and 
then settled on his present property in 1887. 

Since 1864, Dr. Haynes has been engaged in the 
active practice of his profession, and is one of the 
most popular physicians of the count}'. His prac- 
tice extended twenty-five miles in every directio^ 
and he was well known over a wide scope of terri- 
tory. He began the study of medicine when twenty- 
eight years of age in Rush Medical College, Chi- 
cago, and remained there during 1864-65. In 
1879 and 1880 he attended the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons in St. Louis, graduating in the 
latter year. He is a member of the Montgomery 
County Medical Society, and the District Medical 
Society of Central Illinois, also the State Medical 
Society. Socially, he is a member of Fillmore 



Lodge No. 270, F. <fe A. M., and is one of the most 
respected and esteemed residents of the county. 
Although he is a self-made, self-educated man, he 
has met with success in all his occupations, and is 
the owner of three hundred and sixt3 r -four and 
one-half acres of land in Fillmore Township. When 
starting out for himself, he worked by the month 
or day, and with the money thus earned he bought 
two calves. Later, he traded these for a horse, and 
in that manner he made his start in life. 

eAREY W.JENNINGS is quite a prominent 
farmer in Shoal Creek Township, Bond 
County. He was born in Johnson County, 
Ind., January 24, 1835, a son of Benoni and 
Rachael L. (McKinney) Jennings. The elder Mr. 
Jennings was of English and Welsh ancestry, but 
was born in Brown County, Ohio, in the year 1800. 
His wife was a native of the same locality, and of 
Irish ancestry. Soon after marriage they moved 
to Indiana, and in 1841 came to Coles County, 
111., and in 1844 to Bond County, locating near 
Greenville, which place continued to be their home 
for five years. 

The Jennings family, at the expiration of the 
time above named, moved to a place three miles 
north of Old Ripley. There both parents died in 
1854, having fallen victims to the cholera. Aug- 
ust 12, 1861, our subject entered the army, joining 
Company D, of the Third Illinois Cavalry, and 
was made a Corporal. He served throughout a three 
months' campaign in Missouri, and was in the fight 
at Sugar Creek and at Pea Ridge. Later, his com- 
pany was appointed as escort to Gen. Steele. Much 
of the time during Mr. Jenning's war experience 
he was sick, and was finally discharged at Spring- 
field, 111., September 5, 1864, after a service of 
three years and twenty-three days. He now draws 
a pension of $16 per month. 

The business to which the original of this 
sketch has given his undivided attention, with the 

exception of the time spent in the army, is that 
of a farmer. From 1871 to 1874 lie was in Morgan 
County, Mo., but came to Sorcnto in 1883, and 
here he has lived ever since. August 9, 1856, a 
momentous event was celebrated in our subject's 
career, that of his marriage, at which time he took 
upon himself the vow to protect and cherish as 
his wedded wife Mary E. Willey. Her father, 
Wilson W. Willey, was a Lieutenant-Colonel in 
the Mexican War. The years that have passed 
since their union have been blessed by the advent 
of seven children, five of whom are now living. 
They are William G., who resides in Sorento; 
Amanda F., the wife of Thomas P. Moss, also of 
Sorento; E. W., who is at present in Texas; George 
E., also in Sorento; and Nettie Belle, who is still 
in school. The Republican party receives the fa- 
vors which Mr. Jennings has to bestow in a polit- 
ical way, while in a social way he is a strong Grand 
Army man. 

^'OSEPHUS CAUBY has always resided in 
this State, and his principal occupation has 
been farming, although he has also held a 
number of local offices, and was Assessor of 
Bois B'Arc Township for some time. He has ever 
been identified with the best interests of Montgom- 
ery County, and ranks as a noticeable illustra- 
tion of that indomitable push and energy which 
characterize men of will and determination. In 
addition to being a successful farmer, whose opin- 
ions upon matters pertaining to agriculture carry 
with them great weight, he is a man of broad in- 
telligence, who has given much attention to ques- 
tions of public' import. At present Mr. Cauby is 
a resident of Farmersville, and is a prominent cit- 
izen of that place. 

Born in Cass County, HI., February 26, 1834, 
Mr. Cauby is the son of Joseph and Sophia 
(Simms) Cauby, the father a native of the Palmetto 
State, and the mother probably of Kentucky. 
The parents were early settlers of Illinois, where the 



father entered land from the Government. He 
was industrious and enterprising, and was promi- 
nently identified with the growth and prosperity 
of the county. By hard work and economy he 
became the owner of an excellent farm, and he 
and his excellent wife received their final sum- 
mons on the homestead where they had passed 
the best years of their lives. The youthful days 
of our subject were spent in assisting his father to 
improve and develop the farm, and as he became 
thoroughly familiar with agriculture in his youth, 
it was not to be wondered at that he should 
choose it as his calling in his life. 

The district schools of Cass County furnished 
our subject with a good practical education, but 
the principal part of his knowledge has been ob- 
tained by his own exertions. He was married on 
the 13th of April, 1856, to Miss Emaline Gerhard, 
a native of the Buckeye State, born in Montgomery 
County July 17, 1837, and the daughter of Sam- 
uel and Ann (Kardis) Gerhard, both natives of 
Maryland. At an early date, and when Mrs. 
Cauby was quite small, the parents moved to Scott 
County, 111., where they were among the pioneers, 
and where she was reared. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Cauby have been born seven children, six of 
whom are living at the present time, viz: Anne, 
wife of William Downey; Frank; Nettie, wife of 
Mathias Clow; Joseph F.; Clara, wife of George 
Browning; and William. Emma C. is deceased. 

In the spring of 1861, Mr. Cauby moved to 
Montgomery County, and settled in Bois D'Arc 
Township on a farm, where he remained until the 
spring of 1888.. He erected good buildings and 
all necessary adjuncts, has accumulated his fine 
property by industry, economy and good manage- 
ment, and is now one of Montgomery County's 
solid men and enterprising citizens. In the 
above-named year he moved to Farmersville, and 
here he has made his home up to- the present time. 
He owns one hundred and sixty acres of land, and 
is a self-made man in every sense of that term. 
For three years he served as Assessor of Bois 
D'Arc Township, and has held other positions in 
the township, filling all with ability and efficiency. 
He is highly respected, and his advice and nid in 
all enterprises regarding the advancement of his 

community are very much appreciated. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cauby are worthy members of the Baptist 
Church, and he is serving as Clerk in the same. 
They are also identified with the Missionary 
Society of the church. In politics he is a pro- 
nounced Democrat, and takes much interest in the 
triumphs of his party. 

ON. R. F. BENNETT, M. D. Should the 
inquisitive stranger ask in the city of 
Litchfield for its most prominent citizen, 
very many would mention the gentleman 
whose name opens this article. He is the present 
Mayor of the place and also is one of the leading 
physicians, having been in practice here since 

Dr. Bennett was born in Shelby County, 111., 
October 2, 1839, and was the son of William B. 
and Lavina (Curry) Bennett. The father was a 
native of Virginia, having been born near the 
picturesque city of Lynchburg, December 9, 1815. 
He received his education at Nashville, Tenn., his 
parents having located there when he was quite 
young, and came to Illinois when he had grown to 
manhood. He married in Shelby County a lady 
from Tennessee, and he still lives in Shelby County 
on a farm with his youngest son. He became a suc- 
sessful Illinois farmer and a prominent man in 
his county. He is a Republican in his politics and 
is a member of the Board of Supervisors. He and 
his wife were members of the Christian Church, 
but the former is not now living, she having died 
in 1872, at the age of fifty-six years. 

Our subject was the eldest in the family of chil- 
dren and was sent to the Moultrie County Semin- 
ary to acquire an education. This was a fine school 
and our subject improved his opportunities so that 
at the age of seventeen he was able to take charge 
of a school for himself, and for two succeeding 
years he continued a teacher. He had made up his 
mind in the meantime that he would become a 
physician, a fine, thorough one, and to that end 



he began reading under the direction of Dr. Henry, 
at Paradise, 111. He then attended lectures in 
the medical college at Cincinnati, Ohio, and was 
graduated from that place with honor in 1861. 
He had studied hard with the hope of success be- 
fore him and realized that in these later days a 
physician must very thoroughly understand his 
profession to be able to keep up with the times. 
His first field of practice was in a small town. 

Dr. Bennett was confident of his ability, and in 
1862 he came here, where he saw there would be 
many calls made upon a good phj'sician, and here 
he has remained ever since. At that time, the place 
only contained fifteen hundred people, and there is 
no one here in active practice who was here at the 
time when Dr.Bennett opened his office. He has been 
a general practitioner and has a wide experience in 
this growing city. His long country rides are now 
over, but he loved his work and even took the hard- 
ships with pleasure. His practice has been remun- 
erative, but there are more cases on his books, or 
in his memory, of medical care and advice that he 
cannot balance on the right side of his ledger than 
of those who have remembered the Doctor when 
they were well as quickly as when sickness over- 
took them. 

Dr. Bennett is a member of the Illinois State 
Eclectic Medical Society, of which he has twice been 
President. He has many interests in the city, 
has two farms, also bank stock, and real estate, 
and holds the position of President of the Oil 
City Building and Loan Association. This is a 
large local association with a capital of 81,000,000, 
which is soon to be increased to $3,000,000, and 
they are just about to pay the first series, having 
run about nine years. Our subject is one of the 
incorporators,he having taken an active part in it 
all the way through, as he has seen its advantages. 
He has been a public-spirited man and has helped 
to get the mills, shops, etc., which have made the 
place assume its thriving condition. He was 
Mayor of the city at the time the St. Louis Rail- 
road was put through here, and he is now closing 
his fifth term as Mayor. His defeat for any city 
office has yet to take place. In 1888, he was the 
Republican nominee for the State Senate, and the 
first count gave fourteen hundred votes against 

him, but the official record was only five hundred 
against him. He has been an Alderman four 
years, a member of the Board of Education for a 
number of terms, and has been President of the 
Board for two terms. His property in the city is 
principally residence property and is very valuable. 
The fraternities to which Dr. Bennett belongs 
are: Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Knights 
of Pythias, Knights of Honor, and Modern Wood- 
men of America. He is a consistent member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he has 
taken great interest for many years. He was mar- 
ried to Miss Elizabeth J. Storm, of Shelby County, 
111., the daughter of Green up Storm. They have 
two children: Harry F., who is in Chicago, having 
been recently graduated from the Northwestern 
University; and Mary. The home of Dr. Bennett 
is a model of all that a home should be, and in him 
and his family the good people of Litchfield take 
just pride. 

[,'OHN SIMON. Among those of foreign 
birth who are closely associated with the 
farming interests of Montgomery County, 
and who are early settlers of the same, we 
should not fail to present an outline of the career 
of Mr. Simon, for he has fully borne out the repu- 
tation of that class of industrious, energetic and 
thrifty men of German nativity who have risen 
to prominence in different portions of this coun- 
try. There are sterling qualities about the nation- 
ality that particularly fit them for almost any oc- 
cupation, and they have done excellent work in 
helping to develop the various resources of the 
country. Therefore it is with genuine pleasure 
that we include his sketch in this work, for he is 
not onl}- one of the pioneers of this county, but a 
man whose honesty, uprightness and sociability 
have won for him the esteem of all. 

Born in Germany, near Frankfort, October 24, 
1823, our subject is the son of George and Eliza- 



beth Simon, natives of the Fatherland, where they 
remained until 1829. At that early date they 
emigrated to the "Land of the free," and settled 
in Maryland, where they passed the remainder of 
their days. The following children were born to 
their union: John, Catherine, Caroline, Theodore, 
Mary, Louisa, Matilda and Huldah. Our subject 
was reared in Maryland, and received but a limited 
education in his youth, his advantages being very 
inferior to those of the present day. Being a great 
reader and a man of more than ordinary intelli- 
gence, he is mainly self-educated, and is as well 
informed as many who have had much better ad- 

On the 5th of September, 1844, Mr. Simon was 
united in marriage with Miss Catherine Peck, a 
native of Pennsylvania, born in Somerset County, 
March 4, 1825. She is the daughter of Henry and 
Eva Peck, natives of the Keystone State, and of 
German descent. The children born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Peck were as follows: John; Catherine, Mrs. 
Simon; Jacob, Elizabeth, Samuel, Sally, Susan and 
Henry. The four last named died after reaching 
mature years. 

Of the children born to our subject and his wife, 
the following now survive: Elizabeth, Susan, 
Sarah. Savilla, Louisa, Catherine, Lucinda, Julia, 
Alice, Jonas and George. Seven children are de- 
ceased, five sons and two daughters. In the fall 
of 1866, our subject with his family removed to 
the Prairie State and located first in Macoupin 
County, but in the spring of 1867, came to Mont- 
gomery County and settled on a farm in Bois 
I)' Arc Township, where he has resided since. 

Mr. Simon has acquired about one hundred and 
fifty-five acres of land, upon which he has since 
closely applied himself to farming and stock-rais- 
ing, and with what success may be inferred from a 
glance at his farm. His estimable wife has been a 
helpmate indeed, and has aided him in every effort. 
They settled on the raw prairie land, and Mr. 
Simon turned the first furrow on the place. He is 
a self-made man, and he and Mrs. Simon have 
reason to be proud of their energy and persever- 
ance in gathering around them so many of the com- 
forts and conveniences of life. They have wit- 
nessed almost the entire growth of the county, 

have contributed their share toward its develop- 
ment and progress, and are citizens of whom any 
community might be proud. Both are worth} 7 mem- 
bers of the German Baptist Church, and Mr. Simon 
is a Deacon in the same. During her girlhood Mrs. 
Simon attended a subscription school, and, although 
she had limited educational advantages, she is a 
thoughtful reader and observer, and an intelligent 
conversationalist. They are honorable and useful 
citizens, and an ornament to their community. 

OHN T. MADDUX is among the most enter- 
prising and deservedly successful of the 
many eminent gentlemen who devote their 
time and energies toward the material ad- 
vancement of the best interests of Hillsboro and 
Montgomery County. Few maintain a higher 
reputation for integrity and reliability, and as he 
has been a resident of Montgomery County since 
the age of three years, he is well and favorably 
known throughout its length and breadth. His 
methods are straightforward and honorable, and as 
a consequence the volume and value of his real- 
estate and insurance business are steadily enlarg- 
ing from day to day. A large part of his success is 
due to his knowledge of real-estate law, thereby 
protecting investors from imperfect titles, and giv- 
ing them confidence that money invested through 
his office is not only profitable, but safe. 

Our subject was born in Greenville, Bond 
County, 111., April 5, 1833. His father, John Mad- 
dux, was a native of Kentucky, as was also the 
grandfather, John Maddux, Sr. The father of our 
subject was born in the year 1798, grew to man- 
hood in his native State, and was there married to 
Miss Rebecca White, who was born and reared in 
the Blue Grass State. After marriage, the parents 
remained in Kentucky until about 1830, when they 
removed to the Sucker Stale, locating in Green- 
ville, Bond County. They removed from there to 
Hillsboro, 111., in 1836, and in that place passed 
the closing scenes of their lives, the father dying 



at the age of fifty-six, and the mother at the age 
of eighty-two. He was a private in the Black 
Hawk War. 

Six children were the fruits of the above-men- 
tioned union, two sons and four daughters, five of 
whom grew to mature years, and three are still 
living, our subject and two sisters, viz: A. Jane, 
wife of Thomas Standing, of Hillsboro; and Eve- 
line' P., the widow of M. J. Blockburger. Our sub- 
ject was the youngest member of the family, and, 
as before stated, was but three years of age when 
his parents brought him to Montgomery County. 
As a consequence, all his recollections are of this 
county. He received the rudiments of his educa- 
tion in the public schools of Hillsboro, and finished 
his studies in the Hillsboro Academy. In 1853, he 
commenced clerking in a general store for James 
Glenn, and continued as clerk f"or three years. In 
1857, he was appointed by the Governor as Mail 
Agent on the now Big Four Railroad, running 
from Terre Haute, Ind., to St. Louis, and held that 
position for one year, when he resigned, being 
elected County Clerk of Montgomery County. He 
filled that position with much efficiency for four 

In 1862, our subject enlisted in Company C, 
Seventieth Illinois Infantry, and was made Captain 
of his company, which numbered one hundred and 
one men. He was at Camp Butler for one hun- 
dred days, and was out six months, guarding 
prisoners most of the time. At the end of that 
time he returned home, and was Deputy Circuit 
Clerk for one 3'ear. In 1865, he engaged in the 
general merchandising business in Hillsboro, and 
carried this on very successfully for two and one- 
half years, when he sold out and embarked in 
the real-estate, brokerage and insurance business, 
which he has since continued. He was elected the 
first Mayor of the city of Hillsboro, and held that 
position one 3 r ear, his administration being marked 
by the decided improvements made in the city dur- 
ing his incumbency. He has been a member of the 
Council many terms. He is a Knight Templar in 
the Masonic fraternity, and is a member of Hills- 
boro Lodge No. 51, Chapter of the same in Hills- 
boro and of Litehfield, K. T., No. 30. 

Mr. Maddux was married on the 26th of Jan- 

uary, 1860, to Miss Mary F. Sammons, a native of 
Lewis County, N. Y., and they have had but one 
child, Elsie E., who died at the age of twelve 
years. Mr. and Mrs. Maddux have a very pleasant 
home in Hillsboro, are deeply interested in the de- 
velopment and progress of the city, and are uni- 
versally respected. 

J1 OSEPH M. BAKER. The learned professions 
I have many disciples who aspire to honor 
j and dignity in their chosen fields, and all, 
' with greater or less reason, expect their 
efforts to be crowned with success. He of whom 
we have the pleasure of attempting a short bio- 
graphical sketch, is one of the many to woo the 
fickle goddess of fortune before the Bench and 
Bar. Nor does he aspire without cause, for nature 
has gifted him generously with those qualities 
that make themselves felt in the legal profession. 
He has much of the mesmeric power that, in plead- 
ing a case, can make Judge and jury see the case 
from his own standpoint. 

Mr. Baker is a product of the Prairie State, born 
in Grisham Township, Montgomery County, Oc- 
tober 5, 1866, and is the son of Rev. William P. 
and Margaret J. (McLean) Baker, both natives of 
the Sucker State, the father born in Macon, and 
the mother in Montgomery County. The grand- 
father of our subject, William D. Baker, was born 
in the old North State and was a farmer by occu- 
pation. He inherited much of the thrift, enter- 
prise and courage of his Scotch ancestors. His 
wife, who is the daughter of a Revolutionary sol- 
dier, is still living and is ninety-two years of age. 
Our subject's maternal grandfather, Joseph Me 
Lean, was born in North Carolina and was a prom- 
inent man for his time and day. 

Rev. William P. Baker, father of our subject, 
became a prominent minister in the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church. lie and his wife are now 
residing at Hillsboro, and are prominently iden- 
tified with all worthy enterprises. They are much- 

or THE 




esteemed citizens and Mr. Baker takes a deep in- 
terest in his noble calling. Mr. Baker is now liv- 
ing with his second wife. To his first union were 
born two children, a son and daughter: William C., 
deceased; and Ora D., the wife of G. H. Donnell, 
of the State of Washington. The second union 
also resulted in the birth of a son and daughter: 
our subject and Mary J., the latter at home. 

The original of this notice, the eldest child by 
the second marriage, improved his chances in the 
district schools until fifteen years of age, when he 
entered Hillsboro Academy, and graduated from 
that institution in 1885. After this he commenced 
the study of law, but at the same time began 
teaching school and followed this profession for 
three years. He studied law in the office of Hon. 
J. M. Truitt, and remained with him for two 
years. In 1889, he was admitted to the Bar before 
the Supreme Court of the State and has practiced 
his profession in Hillsboro since. Although among 
the younger members of the Bar, he is not only 
a lawyer of ability, but is also painstaking and in- 
dustrious in preparing his cases and guarding the 
interests of his clients with great care. 

As a lawyer, he combines ability and a thorough 
training in legal principles with industry and 
close application, and enjoys general esteem as a 
scholarly young man, a valuable counsellor and a 
useful and influential citizen. He is public-spirited 
and enterprising, giving his hearty support to all 
worthy movements, and is a worthy member of the 
Presbyterian Church. In his political affiliations 
he is a stanch Republican. 

[/GUN N. PRICKETT. Our subject is a 
farmer living near Sorento and a veteran 
of the late war. He was born in Bond 
County, near Greenville, December 24, 
1826, and was the second oldest of a family of 
four children born to John and Anna (Holbrook) 
Prickett. The latter was born in Georgia April 
8, 1801, and died December 30, 1885. Mr. Prickett, 

Sr., was also a native of Georgia and came to 
Illinois in an early day, but died when our sub- 
ject was a lad of, seven years of age. Mrs. Prickett 
again married, her second husband being John E. 

Of the four children born to our subject's par- 
ents, James R. is in Washington, and Jacob T. in 
Litchfield, this State; Thomas W. Evans, a half- 
brother of our subject, lives near by. He is also 
a veteran of the late war, having served in the 
One Hundred and Fiftieth Illinois Infantry. John 
N. was reared on the home farm, and there learned 
many things besides the rudiments of the educa- 
tion which he received in the district school. He 
was engaged for a number of years as a teacher in 
the schools of the locality. September 5, 1861, 
he entered the army, joining Company A (an in- 
dependent company of sharpshooters), which was 
attached to the Twenty-sixth Missouri Infantiy. 
This company was for a time body-guard to Gen. 
Fremont. They took part in the battles of luka 
and Corinth. After the latter engagement our 
subject was taken sick with a complication of dis- 
eases and was for a long time in a hospital at 
St. Louis, from which he was finally discharged 
January 6, 1863. 

February 3, 1865, Mr. Prickett had so far re- 
covered that he again enlisted in Company G, 
One Hundred and Fiftieth Illinois Infantry, hav- 
ing a commission as Orderly-Sergeant. He was 
afterward promoted to the post of First Lieuten- 
ant of his company, and served until January 
30, 1866, when he received his honorable discharge 
at Camp Butler, at Springfield, 111. 

After our subject returned from the army, he 
took unto himself the duties and obligations of 
married life, his bride being Miss Julia A. Denny, 
a sister of O. C. and E. W. Denny, whose family 
came to Illinois in pioneer days. Mrs. Julia 
Prickett died January 18, 1878, leaving three 
children, one of whom died in infancy. Willie 
S. married Miss. Nellie M. Linxwiler; Addie lives 
with her father. Our subject again married, June 
9, 1881, his present wife having been Miss Nancy S. 
Wilej', who was born in Montgomery Count}', 
where her parents were early settlers, coming 
hither from Kentucky. Her father, James Wiley, 


was born in Lincoln County, Ky., and her mother 
in Buncombe County, N. C. The decease of both 
took place in Montgomery County. Mr. Prickett 
is a strong Republican and is a practical exponent 
in his agricultural interests of the benefit reaped 
from the policy of that party. His associations 
and reunions at various times with the Grand 
Army of the Republic have given him great pleas- 
ure. For many years he was engaged in teach- 
ing. He now lives on his farm, still retaining 
enougli of its active management to be a pleasant 
occupation for him. 

'AMES H. COX. It is the fad of the day 
to assume that a newspaper, and especially 
a political organ, must be the popular edu- 
cator. This is doubtless true, and as with 
educators of other sorts, the editor and maker of a 
live, newsy sheet must be up and doing. It is an 
easy matter in these days of ''patent insides" and 
"scissoring" of the bright things from the metropol- 
itan sheets, to make up an ordinary paper, but to 
know how to add its proper spice of local fact and 
fancy so that it will appeal to its own public and 
be indeed a cyclopedia of grateful knowledge, is 
another thing. Our subject, however, who is the 
editor and proprietor of the Daily JVewis, a bright, 
original little sheet published in Litchfield, has 
shown that he has all the necessary attributes to 
edit a well-printed local sheet. 

Mr. Cox was born at Denison, Tex., September 
26, 1867, a son of A. M. and Virinda (Hobbs) Cox. 
He was brought up, as one might say, in a print- 
ing office, his father before him having been en- 
gaged in the printing business. Mr. Cox, Sr., was 
originally from New Jersey, and his wife from Vir- 
ginia. They were both persons well adapted to 
the training of a precocious young mind having 
aspirations for something really effective in the 
line of work to which it was directed. 

Young Cox received the early part of his ed- 

ucation in his native place, but when he was ten 
years of age his parents moved to Bunker Hill, 
111., and a year later came to Litchfield, where the 
lad finished his educational course In 1880, he 
turned his attention wholly to newspaper work, 
including the mechanical part as well as the com- 
piling of the literary portion and news items. He 
was first, engaged in the Monitor office, where he 
remained for two years. Following his connec- 
tion with this paper was an engagement of two and 
a-half years with the Mt. Olive Herald. 

Newspaper men are proverbially restless crea- 
tures, always longing to see and know more of the 
great world, and this spirit for traveling is ren- 
dered easy by the fact that a compositor can make 
a living in any portion of the country. Mr. Cox 
determined to see something of the South, and 
worked his way through many of the large cities, 
gaining, beside the pleasure incident to travel, a 
knowledge of the methods used in different pub- 
lishing houses. He spent some time in Louisiana 
and Texas, and thence went East. In all his travel, 
however, he kept a tender remembrance and a 
loyal feeling for the place of his rearing and adop- 
tion, and finally came back to Litchfield. For a 
short time after his return to this town, our sub- 
ject was engaged in the restaurant business. Ap- 
ril 12, 1890, however, he purchased the Daily News, 
which had been established by Mr. F. M. Roberts 
in 1885. It is a seven-column folio, with a pop- 
ular circulation in the city and county, and is the 
oldest daily paper in the county. Mr. Cox spares 
no means or pains to make it acceptable to the 


111 born in Rowan County, N. C., May 3, 
111 M^ 1831. He is the son of John J. and Sarah 
(Blackwelder) Lingle, who were natives of North 
Carolina, of English and German extraction. John 
J. was a farmer and his ancestors in North Caro- 
lina carried on agricultural pursuits there and 



took part in the Revolutionary War. He died in 
the old North State when our subject was three 
and one-half years of age, but his wife survived 
him until 1860 and died in this county. She mar- 
ried George Carriker in North Carolina and they 
moved into this township in 1842, where her second 
husband died about 1850. 

The brothers and sisters of our subject were as 
follows: Monroe married Lucinda Blackwelder 
and lives in Cabarrus County, N. C., but his wife 
died in 1888 and left one child; Alfred Wiley 
married Elizabeth Carriker and moved into South- 
ern Illinois, but he was killed in the war while 
performing his duty in Sturgis' Raid at Pittsburg 
Landing, and left four children; Reuben married 
Katie Wilhelm and is a farmer in Pulaski County, 
111., and has a family of seven children; Matthew, 
a minister in the Lutheran Church now living at 
Olney. 111., married Sophia Scherer, who at her 
death left two children; Selina married Henry 
Spangle, lives at Mattoon and has four children; 
Maria, who was the wife of Wiley Lipe and died in 
May, 1889, at the age of sixty-two; Louisa mar- 
ried John G. Lipe and died July 16, 1889, leaving 
five children: Joseph died April 16, 1862; and 
Jacob, who married Mary Lipe, lives in Irving 
Township and has three children. 

Our subject was reared in North Carolina until 
he had reached eleven and a-half years of age, 
when he was sent to the subscription school and 
gained a good foundation there. He was brought 
to this State in 1842, by his mother and step- 
father, and the family settled in Roundtree Town- 
ship and there our subject remained until he had 
attained his majority. He was not satisfied with 
his surroundings, and in March, 1852, went to 
California to try his fortune and remained away 
for two years, when he returned to Roundtree 
Township. In 1855 he went to North Carolina, 
his native State, but came back to Illinois in 1856, 
and worked for eight or nine years at the carpen- 
ter's trade. When the war broke out he enlisted 
for three months in Company H, Ninth Illinois 
Infantry, and remained until his time expired, 
but he found a soldier's life did not agree with 
him, so he returned to his work as a carpenter. In 
1862, he purchased fifty acres of land, which he 

added to until he finally had four hundred and 
seventy. His choice for a wife was Miss Catherine 
Lipe and the marriage was performed March 20, 
1862. She was the daughter of Allen and Leah 
(Nussmann) Lipe and was born in Irving Township. 
Her parents both died in Roundtree Township. 
Eight children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Lingle, 
as follows: Albert died when only a year old; 
Forrest married Ada Chamber and lives in this 
town; May married Jacob Snyder, a farmer; Belle 
remains single; Orville, Grace, Alma and Hubert 
are at home. 

Mr. Liugle is a Republican in his political belief, 
and has been true to party and has desired no of- 
fices. He is a valued member of the Lutheran 
Church, which he supports and attends. He has 
carried on a system of mixed farming and has 
been very successful and is a man much respected 
in his neighborhood. 

F. FILE. The pleasant little town of 
Sorcnto, which is notable for its phenomenal 
growth, is the place of residence of a num- 
ber of retired farmers, who have accumu- 
lated a handsome competency in their calling, and 
have settled here to spend the halcyon days of the 
late summer of life. Our subject is a notable 
member of this class and has a very attractive 

John F. File was born in Ripley Precinct, Bond 
County, July 13, 1832. He is a son of George 
and Mary (Lyttaker) File, and was the third boy 
and fifth child in order of birth of a family num- 
bering fourteen children, namely: Henry, Peter, 
Elizabeth, Margaret, Moses E., Catherine, George, 
Sarah Melinda, Nancy E., Amanda, Hester, James 
N. and Susan, beside our subject. Some of these 
children are now deceased. The survivors are 
honored and respected citizens of the locality in 
which they live. 

As to the ancestry of the File and Lyttaker 
families, but little is known bej^ond the fact that 



they were both of old Pennsylvania Dutch stock, 
who in an early day emigrated to North Carolina. 
There the father of our subject was born in Oc- 
tober, 1798. His mother was born in Tennessee in 
1808. In 1822, Mr. File came to Illinois, settling 
in Bond County, where he took up land, but for 
many years he was engaged in the distilling busi- 
ness. He died in Ripley Township in 1857. After 
his first prospecting tour in Illinois, in 1822, he 
returned to Tennessee and married our subject's 
mother. After a life spent in good works, this 
noble woman died in March, 1878, at the age of 
seventy years. 

John File grew up on his father's farm, receiv- 
ing such education as was furnished in the com- 
mon schools of the day. March 17, 1853, he was 
married to Miss Barsheba Willey, who was the eld- 
est of six children born to Willis and. Frances 
(Mills) Willey, both natives of Nashville, Tenn., 
where the former was for many years a large slave- 
holder. The family early came to Illinois and 
located in Bond County, where his business as a 
farmer was only interrupted by his experience in 
the Mexican War. He went out with a Captain's 
commission and came back as a Colonel. He died 
in 1858, and his wife followed him in 1866. Mrs. 
File was born in Pocahontas Township, in 1836. 

Our subject and his wife have been the parents 
of nine children, as follows: Columbus was 
killed when but fifteen years of age, by being 
kicked by a horse; Mary F. is the wife of Hiram 
Chestnut, a farmer who served four years in the 
late war in the Third Illinois Cavalry; George W. 
lives in Greenville; Carey F. lives in Sorento; 
Emma J. is the wife of John Stafford, and resides 
in Sorento; Lemuel is a clerk in the hardware 
store of S. C. Cress, of Sorento; John F., Jr., Henry 
A. and Lula live at home. 

February 25, 1864, Mr. File entered the army, 
joining Company E, of the Third Illinois Cavalry. 
He entered the ranks at St. Louis and thence went 
to Memphis, afterward to Helena, Ark., then to 
Little Rock; in fact, was with the regiment in all 
their expeditions, fights and campaigns, including 
the expedition from Ft. Snelling, Mo., to Devil's 
Lake, Dak., and was mustered out of service at 
Ft. Snelling, October 10, 1865. On returning 

from the war, our subject rejoined his family in 
Ripley Township, and resumed farming operations. 
In 1867, he was appointed Deputy Sheriff of the 
county, and filled the office for seven years. He 
also served as Supervisor of his township, mean- 
time continuing his fanning until 1890, when he 
moved to Sorento, where he has since resided. He 
has a small suburban farm which claims some of 
his time and attention. He is a strong Republican 
in politics, and is an equally ardent member of the 
Grand Arm}-. He receives a pension of $10 per 

eOL. PAUL WALTER. Prominent among 
the active enterprises of a city like Hills- 
boro the livery business occupies neces- 
sarily an important place, contributing as it 
does to the pleasure, convenience and necessi- 
ties of the community. Among the most noted 
establishments of this class is that conducted by 
Col. Paul Walter, it being one of the most popular 
ones in the city. The Colonel is a native of North 
Carolina, born in Cabarrus County, October 3, 

His grandfather, Paul Walter, was born in Ger- 
many and came to America when a young man. 
He served in the Revolutionary War and was 
wounded four times. His son, Nicholas Walter, 
the father of our subject, was born in the Old 
North State, grew to manhood there, and learned 
the millwright's trade. He was married in his na- 
tive State, to Miss Catherine Goodman, a native 
of France, who came to America with her parents 
when a child. They located in North Carolina 
and there Mrs. Walter grew to womanhood. After 
marriage, this worthy couple located in Cabarrus 
County, N. C., and there the father passed away in 
the year 1825. After his death, or in 1838, his 
widow came to Montgomery County, 111., and lo- 
cated on a farm north of Hillsboro, where she 
passed the remainder of her days. They were the 
parents of eight children, four sons and four 



daughters, all of whom grew up. married, and be- 
came the heads of families. Only one beside our 
subject is now living, Henry J., of Ilillsboro. 

Our subject is the youngest of this family and 
was seventeen years of age when he came to Mont- 
gomery County, 111. His first schooling was in 
North Carolina and after coming to Montgomery 
County, he attended the schools of the same. He 
remained with his mother and assisted on the farm 
until February 1, 1844, when he was married to 
Miss Emaline Scott, a native of North Carolina 
and the daughter of Alexander Scott, also of the Old 
North State. The fruits of this union were eight 
children, four sons and four daughters, as follows: 
George A., W. Scott, Marcilla, Illinois, Susan, 
Miller, Estella and James. Following his marriage, 
Mr. Walter located on a farm eight miles north of 
Ilillsboro and was engaged in general farming un- 
til 1850, when he was seized with the gold fever. 
He crossed the plains to California, via Salt Lake 
City, with teams, and was a resident of that Stale 
for four years. He returned by way of the Isth- 
mus to New Orleans and thence to his home. 

Two months later. Mr. Walter returned to Cali- 
fornia and two years later returned to the East via, 
the Isthmus and New York City. During his two 
trips to the Gold State, he made $48,000. In the 
year 1861, he enlisted in Company E, First Illinois 
Cavalry, as a private and was made Captain of his 
compan_y. He was in service two years and took 
a prominent part in many of the leading engage- 
ments. He was taken prisoner by Gen. Price and 
afterward paroled. He then re-enlisted and was 
discharged on special order. Returning to the 
farm, he continued to till the soil until 1867, when 
lie located in Ilillsboro, where in connection with 
the livery business lie embarked in the elevator 
and grain business, lie is not in the grain busi- 
ness at the present time, but devotes his whole 
time and attention to the livery business, of which 
he has made a complete success. 

In politics, our subject is a strong adherent of 
the principles of the Republican party and was 
Mayor of Hillsboro in 1873 and 1874. He was 
also Alderman for many 3'ears and lias been promi- 
nently identified with all movements of note. He 
is a member of the Masonic fraternity, Mt. Moriah 

Lodge No. 51, Hillsboro, and is a member of the 
Frank 1). Hubbell Post No. 304, G. A. R., being 
the first commander of the same. 

;ILLIAM KOCH, a retired lumber man of 
Greenville, is a native of Klein, Ruden, 
Germany. He was born March 22, 1822, 
and is a sou of Christian and Fredericka (Macke) 
Koch, natives of Brunswick, Germany. His father 
was an extensive farmer of that country and he 
and his wife spent their entire lives in their native 
land. They had a family of eight children, of 
whom three came to America. Of these Jacob 
located in Vandalia, 111., and died in Tazewell 
County; Christian was a resident of Vandalia, 111., 
until his death; and William. 

We now take up the personal history of our sub- 
ject, who was educated in his native land and re- 
mained on the home farm until his immigration to 
America in 1849. He crossed the Atlantic' in a 
sailing-vessel and after a tempestuous vo3'age of 
twelve weeks, landed in New Orleans and from 
there came up the river to St. Louis and on to 
Vandalia, 111., where his brother Christian was liv- 
ing. Two years afterward he purchased two hun- 
dred acres of land northwest of Vandalia and em- 
barked in farming, and made his home upon that 
farm for about twenty years. He then sold that 
tract and purchased two hundred acres of wild land 
near Vandalia, which he transformed into rich and 
fertile fields and improved with good buildings, 
etc. Subsequently, he again sold out, and after a 
short residence in Vandalia came to Greenville and 
embarked in the lumber business with J. C. Gerichs. 
This partnership continued for twelve years and 
they did a large volume of business over an ex- 
tended territory. 

Mr. Koch was married in Vandalia in 1851 to 
Miss Mary J. Walter, who died in that city. In 
1869, he was again married, his second union being 
with Miss Minnie Stoll, who departed this life in 
1883. Mr. Koch has no children of his own but 



has reared three: John Walter, who came to him 
when eighteen months old and under his roof grew 
to manhood, and two nieces Carrie and Maggie 
Sonnmann, who have lived with him from the 
ages of fourteen and six years respectively. 

In connection with his other business interests, 
Mr. Koch purchased one hundred and sixty acres 
of land just south of the city and another tract of 
sixty acres which he has improved and has under 
a high state of cultivation. He has a fine flock of 
Shropshire sheep 011 the farm and owns besides a 
large amount of other stock. He laid out the Koch 
Addition to Greenville, in the southwest part of 
the city, and has been a prominent and influential 
citizen, who takes a commendable interest in all 
that pertains to the welfare of the community and 
its upbuilding. 

In politics Mr. Koch is a Republican and has held 
the office of Alderman for six years, for one year 
was City Treasurer, and has been one of the Direc- 
tors of the School Board for seven years. The 
prompt and faithful manner in which he ever dis- 
charges his public duties has led to his frequent 
re-eleclions, and won him the commendation of all 
concerned. He is a faithful member of the Christian 
Church in which he serves as a Deacon. His home 
is a fine residence in Waits Addition, and the owner 
is recognized not only as one of the wealthy but as 
one of the prominent and valued citizens of this 
community. His life has been an honorable and 
upright one, which lias gained him the confidence 
and respect of all witli whom he has been brought 
in contact. 

>ILLIAM A. SHUPING is a member of the 
firm of Dixon <fe Shuping, who are exten- 
sive dealers of grain at Witt, 111. This 
firm is well and favorably known throughout this 
section of the country, has an unquestioned credit, 
and is considered quite a factor in the market. 
Mr. Shuping was born near Salisbury, N. C., 
March 16, 1849, a son of Andrew and Polly (Cense) 

Shuping, and knows but little of the ancestry or 
early history of his family further than the fact 
that they were natives of the old North State, 
where the father was an extensive and well-to-do 
planter. There is but little doubt that the Sliup- 
ings were early settlers of Pennsylvania, and might 
be termed of Dutch extraction. Andrew Shuping 
and his son Henry espoused the Confederate cause 
at the opening of the Civil War and were in every 
sense of the word Southern sympathisers and loyal 
to Southern interests and institutions. The father 
is still living in North Carolina, and the son Henry 
is a resident of Sunnier County, Kan. 

On the typical old Southern plantation belong- 
ing to his father, the subject of this sketch was 
reared, but in his youth was deprived of advantages 
for securing an education, save what the common 
schools afforded, but in these he managed to ac- 
quire a practical knowledge of the common 
branches. His early life was healthy, happy and 
free from care, but at the age of twenty-one, or in 
1870, he took upon his shoulders the burden of his 
own support, and began his independent career as 
a tiller of the soil in Montgomery County, 111. 
This honorable and useful employment occupied his 
undivided attention for a few years, after which 
he turned his attention to the business of grain 
buying in the town of Witt, where he has built up 
a reputation for honesty and fair dealing which 
has gone far toward making him the successful 
man of business that lie is. 

Mr. Shuping is personally held in the highest 
esteem, and is honored alike for his business quali- 
fications and social standing. He is a fine financier 
and holds the confidence of the best grain houses 
of his section. His career bears evidence of his 
personal worth and he is one of the leading social 
factors of the place, conspicuous for his promptness 
and energy. Through energetic management the 
house has become a well-known and well-conducted 
one and the well-ordered premises are supplied 
with all requisite facilities, which enable them to 
offer special advantages to customers. 

Mr. Shuping wooed and won for his wife Mrs. 
Ellen (Holmes) Anderson, their union being cele- 
brated in .January, 1886. .Mrs. Shuping was born 
in England but was brought to the United States 



by her parents when a child, and in this country 
was reared to womanhood. This union has proved 
a very happy one but has not resulted in the birth 
of any children. Mr. Shaping lias always supported 
Democratic principles and candidates, in which re- 
spect he follows in the footsteps of his worthy 
father. He has thoroughly identified himself with 
the section in which he resides, and all moral pub- 
lic measures which commend themselves to his ex- 
cellent judgment find in him a hearty and liberal 

JOHN REISER. This influential farmer of 
Montgomery County, like many of the other 
prominent citizens, is of foreign birth, born 
in Ostfriesland, Hanover, Germany, June 3, 

1 842. He is the fifth in order of birth among seven 
children born to J. H. and Johanna (Juergena) 
Reiser, both natives of the Fatherland. The father 
was a man of great mental ability and was well 
educated. He was a powerful debater, a deep rea- 
soner and thinker, and for many years a promi- 
nent school teacher in his native land. At the 
time of the birth of our subject, he had retired to 
a farm, and on this the boyhood days of the latter 
were passed. 

Young Reiser attended the schools of his native 
country until 1851, at which date the family emi- 
grated to Ameiica, sailing from Bremen to New 
Orleans, the trip occupying fifty-one days. After 
touching American soil, the family proceeded at 
once to the Prairie Stale and located on a farm 
near Alton, Madison County, where they tilled the 
soil for two years. From there they removed to 
Macoupin County and located near what is now 
Mt. Olive. Here the father purchased his first land 
in the States. He was industrious and progressive 
and was fairly successful in his undertaking. 

The advantages for receiving an education were 
not the best for our subject in the locality where his 
parents had settled, and it being the desire of the 

elder Mr. Reiser that his son should be a minister, 
John was under his father's tutelage preparing for 
college. In 1863, he entered the Concordia Col- 
lege of St. Louis and there diligently prosecuted 
his studies for one year. Then it was that he 
thought the time had come for him to do something 
in defense of the flag of his adopted country, and, 
leaving his books and college life, he tendered his 
services to the Union. October 12, 1864, we find his 
name on the rolls of Company E, One Hundred and 
Forty-fourth Illinois Infantry,as a private. He was 
mustered in at Alton, and about thirtj' of his com- 
pany, including himself, were detached, mounted, 
and sent on an expedition through Central Illinois 
for the purpose of breaking up Copperhead camps 
that were being formed in different sections. 

After a number of months in this line of duty, 
and having accomplished their mission, the men 
returned to Alton, but were soon sent to St. Louis 
where for some months our subject was engaged in 
escorting and guarding prisoners, doing garrison 
duty, and guarding bridges through Missouri. The 
company had received orders and was about to 
embark for Memphis from St. Louis when the word 
came that Gen. Lee had surrendered. They were 
then held in St. Louis until the first part of July, 
when they were ordered to be discharged. This 
occurrence took place on the 25th of July. As 
stated above, Mr. Reiser had entered the ranks as a 
private, but he was promoted to be Corporal, then 
Commissary Sergeant, later to Orderly Sergeant, 
and was acting Second Lieutenant at the time of 
his discharge. During the time he was in the army, 
his father had died, and upon his return to the 
parental roof he was unable to resume his studies 
at the college, being obliged to take charge of his 
father's estate. 

In the spring of 1869, Mr. Reiser came to Mont- 
gomery County and located on the farm where he 
now lives, in Roundtree Township. This he had 
purchased about two years previousl}', giving f>9 
per acre. He has been successful in all his under- 
takings and has acquired a comfortable competence. 
For a number of years past, he has not been act- 
ivety engaged in farming, preferring to rent his 
land, and is now enjoying the fruits of his labor. 
I He is a man of sound sense and good judgment, 



and his counsel and advice are much sought after 
among his people. Much of his time is devoted to 
the settling of estates, etc. He has ever been a 
Republican in politics and his first Presidential 
vote was cast for Abraham Lincoln. Mr. Keiser 
has held the office of Township Clerk three years, 
Supervisor three years, and has served as Highway 
Commissioner. Ever active in educational matters, 
he has been one of the Board of School Trustees 
for years. He is also an active worker in the Ger- 
man Lutheran Church, of which he has been a life- 
long member and Superintendent of the Sunday- 
school since it was first organized. For twelve 
years, he has been President of the Church Board, 
and for many years served as its Secretary. He 
is a strong advocate of temperance and is a total 

Mr. Keiser selected his wife in the person of 
Miss Hilka, daughter of Cornelius Croon, a promi- 
nent German farmer of Christian County, who 
died in 1872. Mrs. Keiser died in 1879, leaving 
two children of three born to them, one having 
died in infancy. Miss Johanna is a young lady of 
good education and keeps house for her father. 
Cornelius, a boy of thirteen, is a studious, intelli- 
gent lad, and is now attending school. The 
mother of our subject died on the 23d of Septem- 
ber, 1889, when eighty-two years of age. Of her 
seven children but two are now living, our subject 
and Martin, a wealthy farmer of Christian County, 
111. Harbert, who was a successful school teacher 
residing at Mt. Olive, died August 1, 1892. 

vtr^MERY C. JONES, M. D. The eminent 
\\rfi physician whose name introduces this 
/*' -3 sketch impresses even those who meet him 
in a casual way as a man who has drifted easily 
and naturally into the medical profession, who 
realizes that he has made no mistake in the choice 
of his vocation, and who feels thoroughly at home 
in the position which he occupies. This first 
impression deepens with a more intimate acquaint- 

ance, and familiarity with the history of his life 
leads to the unbiased and impartial view, that the 
splendid success which he has achieved is the 
logical sequence of talent rightly used, together 
with energy and industry never misapplied. Dr. 
Jones has found in the study and practice of med- 
icine an occupation more congenial to his tastes 
than anything else could possibly have been; he 
could not have taken up any other calling with- 
out doing violence to the dominant instincts of 
his nature, and he is devoted above all else to his 

Dr. Emery C. Jones was born in Owen County, 
Ind., November 7, 1853, and in that State he was 
reared to mature years. His parents, Jesse and 
Sarah (Crow) Jones, were natives of Indiana, and 
the mother is still a resident of Owen County. 
Our subject received his primary education in the 
schools of Spencer, Ind.. and supplemented this by 
attending the Valparaiso Normal School during 
the greater part of three years. He pursued what 
is called the Teachers' Course, both classical and 
scientific, at different periods for about four terms, 
and afterward taught in the public schools of 
Owen County, Ind. When about twent3'-three 
years of age, he began reading medicine with Drs. 
Evans and Matson, of Greencastle, Ind., and re- 
mained with them for about one year. Believ- 
ing in the profession and feeling himself fitted to 
meet the requirements, none of the numerous ob- 
stacles which he found from time to time in his 
pathway were allowed to more than temporarily 
check his progress towards the goal of his ambi- 

In the year 1878, our subject entered Jefferson 
Medical College at Philadelphia, and attended one 
preliminary and one regular course. Afterward, 
he entered the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of Louisville, Ky.,and was graduated from 
that institution in 1880. During the same year, 
he came to Montgomery County, 111., and located 
where he now resides. In 1889, he took the full 
course, post-graduate, at the Medical School of 
New York City, and afterward returned to Mont- 
gomery County, where he entered upon his work 
thoroughly equipped and fully prepared to meet 
any professional demands that might be made 






upon him. This is attested by the fact that suc- 
cess attended his efforts from the start, and, al- 
though practically a self-made man, he has won 
an honorable position among the professional men 
of the county. 

The original of this notice is a member of 
Macoupin County Medical Society and his name 
occupies a prominent place on the rolls of the 
medical men of Montgomery and surrounding 
counties. He married Miss Henrietta Terry, 
daughter of Robert and Ann (Morell) Terry, both 
natives of Macoupin County, 111. To Dr. and 
Mrs. Jones have been born two children, Mabel 
(deceased), and Lola. The Doctor is the owner of 
one hundred and fifteen acres of land and is one 
of the substantial and progressive men of the 
county. In politics, he is an ardent Republican 
and is now serving as Central Committeeman of' 
the county. Socially, he is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity at Virden, 111. 

JOHN NEWPORT. Montgomery County 
has won an enviable reputation as a prosper- 
ous farming community, and this reputa- 
_ tion has been acquired through the enter- 
prise and energy of such agriculturists as Mr. 
Newport. He has been, prominently identified 
with the development of the county and with its 
advancement in every worthy particular, and has 
discharged the duties of a number of township of- 
fices in a very satisfactory and creditable manner. 
He was Supervisor of Bois D' Arc Township for a 
number of years, and is one of the most useful men 
of the community. A prominent and useful citi- 
zen, the county owes its prosperity to just such 
men as he. 

Mr. Newport claims Ohio as his native State, and 
was born in Preble County, September 30,1824. 
He is the son of Thomas and Sarah (Biggs) New- 
port, natives of Pennsylvania. One of his uncles, 
lames T. Newport,was a Captain in the War of 1812. 
Our subject was reared to mature years in his na- 


tive State, and from an early age has been engaged 
in tilling the soil, an occupation which has brought 
him substantial returns. He secured a good prac- 
tical education in the public schools of Preble 
County, and later he attended private schools 
there, thus securing a good education for his time 
and day. For fifteen 3 r ears afterward he engaged 
in teaching school, principally in Preble County, 
but he also taught in Morgan, Sangamon and Pike 
Counties, III. 

About 1854, Mr. Newport located in the Prairie 
State, and in the spring of 1868 he came to Mont- 
gomery County, settling on a farm in Bois D' Arc 
Township, where he improved one hundred and 
sixty acres of land. At that time his farm was all 
prairie land, but he went to work with much energy 
and soon had it under cultivation. As the years 
passed away many improvements were made, until 
now this farm is one of the model estates of the 
county. On this, Mr. Newport resided until De- 
cember, 1891, when he removed to Farmersville, 
and there he has resided since. For several years 
he served as Justice of the Peace and School 
Trustee and discharged the duties incumbent upon 
these positions in a very satisfactory and capable 
mam(|r. He also served as Supervisor of Bois D' 
Arc Township for three years, and during the last 
year he was in that position he served as Chairman 
of the Board. 

On the 29th of March, 1855, Miss Elizabeth M. 
McCormick, a native of Nicholas County, Ky., born 
September 9. 1831, and the daughter of John and 
Jane W. (Lockridge) McCormick, became the wife 
of our subject. Her parents were born in the Blue 
Grass State, and her grandfather McCormick, who 
was a gunsmith b3' trade, it is said, made guns for 
the Revolutionary soldiers. Her uncle, Walter 
McCormick, was a soldier in the War of 1812. 
When three years of age, Mrs. Newport came with 
her parents to Morgan County, 111., and there 
grew to womanhood. She received her education 
in this county and subsequentlj' taught school for 
a time. For two terms she attended the Presbyter- 
ian College at Jacksonville, and is a lady of much 
more than average intelligence. Three children 
have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Newport, as fol- 
lows: Mary J., wife of Lafayette Gerhard; Clial- 




mers L., and Emma V., wife of James McCormick. 
These children have been well educated and are 
prominent and useful citizens. 

In his political views our subject is a stanch 
Republican, and takes much interest in political 
matters. He and his wife are classed among the 
intelligent members of society, are well known 
throughout the county, and are highly esteemed 
by every one. Mrs. Newport is identified with the 
Presbyterian Church, and devotes much of her 
time to charitable and worthy enterprises; 

EWIS W. JORDAN. The gentleman whose 
name is at the head of this sketch is one 
of the old settlers of Harvel Township, and 
his fine farm located on section 8 shows that he ' 
has given to it the constant care of years. Mr. 
Jordan is a native of Maryland and was there 
born April 28, 1833. He is a son of William and 
Catherine (Ruminel) Jordan, the former a native 
of Pennsylvania and the latter of Maryland. At 
a very early age he, in company with his parents, 
migrated to Trumbull County, Ohio; that con- 
tinued to be the family home for several years 
and then they came to Greene County, this 
State, making the exodus in 1843. After a resi- 
dence there of one year, the family moved to 
Montgomery County and settled on the farm on 
which our subject now lives, in Harvel Township. 
Our subject's father, William Jordan, entered 
one hundred and twenty acres of land from the 
Government at the time of coming here, paying 
for it $1.25 per acre. He also had a soldier's 
grant of forty acres, having served in the War of 
1812. At that time the country was one vast 
rolling prairie, unbroken for miles by the plow 
and having but few landmarks beside those placed 
by nature. The nearest dwelling was a distance 
of four miles. Much of the family history has ' 
already been given in the sketch of Alplieus C. 
Jordan, a younger brother of our subject, and for 
a more minute and detailed account of the same 
we refer the reader to it, 

After completing a course at the district school, 
our subject was sent to the High School of 
Greene County. Although he received what was at 
that time a fair education, it would at the present 
time be lightly considered. However, natural 
ability has greatly aided our subject in covering 
the defects that are to be found in the old system 
of education. 

Mr. Jordan was married on the 28th of May, 
1863, Miss Mary F. Russell becoming his wife. 
She was a native of the Hoosier State and a 
daughter of Thomas and Sarah Russell, now resi- 
dents of Montgomery Count}'. By this marriage 
he has become the father of nine children. Of 
these Albert W. is deceased. Following him are 
Thomas W., Lewis R., David D.; Florence, wife of 
David Bonnett; Edna, Ethel, Rebecca and Alma. 
Although the size of his family has required the 
most constant efforts in order to provide for all 
their dail}' wants, it certainly has had its charms, 
and home would not be home without the merry 
banter in which the children indulge. Our sub- 
ject is the owner of one hundred and three acres 
of land, all of which is under a high degree of 

With few advantages other than what he has 
himself made, Mr. Jordan is a highly respected 
and honorable man. Politically the tenets of the 
Republican party appeal to his sense of justice and 
equity. He has been a close observer of the 
growth of this portion of the State for many years 
and can recall many typical scenes and business 

M. HARTSOCK. Up to a comparatively 
recent date no important change had been 
made in milling machinery invented and 
brought into use about the time of the adoption 
of the Federal constitution by Oliver Evans, of 
Pennsylvania. But in this as in other de- 
partments of industry American inventive gen- 



ius saw opportunity for improvement, and as 
a result the gradual reduction process, or, sis it 
is known, the roller system, was introduced. 
This has produced so great a change that at 
the present day this system is adopted by all 
leading and prosperous mills in the countiy. 
Among those milling enterprises which have se- 
cured cons picuousn ess on account of the uniform 
excellence of their products, we notice especially 
the Nokomis Roller Mills, whose proprietor, L. M. 
Hartsock, is one of the representative business 
men of the place. 

Mr. Hartsock was born near Johnsville, Fred- 
erick County, Md., November 9, 1841, and is 
a son of Nicholas Hartsock, who was a native of 
the Keystone State, but an early settler of Fred- 
erick County, Md. The latter was a farmer 
but also followed the trade of a mason. When 
but four years of age our subject was left an or- 
phan, and as a consequence he knows very little 
of his ancestors on either side. When his mother 
died he was sent among strangers and grew to 
rugged manhood on a farm, receiving very little 
schooling, perhaps one or two months in a 3'ear, 
and that by going a distance of two and a-half 
miles each day to school. Under these circumstances 
his early life was not a pleasant or happy one. 

When eighteen years of age, young Hartsock 
entered a flouring mill near Middleburg, Md., to 
learn the trade of a miller, and there he remained 
for about two years and a-half. After this he en- 
tered a mill at New Windsor, where he was fore- 
man for about a year. After this he came to Illi- 
nois, was employed in a mill at Staunton for a year, 
then in 1867 he rented a mill at Bunker Hill, 111., 
and operated it for one year. From there he went 
to Waterloo and was one of a company that oper- 
ated a mill, and it was a "Waterloo" indeed, for the 
great decline in wheat, from $2.50 to 90 cents per 
bushel, caused a suspension and the loss of all 
he had. Not daunted in the least he went to 
work again, and from that time until the spring of 
1872 he worked in different mills. At that date 
he came to Nokomis to work in the mill of E. A. 
Cooley & Co., but in 1873 this firm failed and the 
mill was shut down. 

Soon after, however, Mr. Hartsock and a Mr. 

Ilobson made arrangements to rent and oper- 
ate the mill, and later on they purchased 
the plant. They prospered from the start and 
the partnership continued until the death of 
Mr. Ilobson in 1883, at which time our subject 
became the sole proprietor. In 1888 the old mill 
burned down and in 1889 Mr. Hartsock in com- 
pany with B. F. McGrew completed the fine, new 
one hundred and fifty barrel roller mill, of which 
he is sole proprietor, having purchased his partner's 
interest in January. 1892. He has quite a large 
trade from New England and New York as well as a 
large direct export business. After the many misfor- 
tunes of early youth, Mr. Hartsock is well deserv- 
ing the large degree of prosperity he is now en- 
joying. All he has accumulated is the result of 
his own good, energetic qualities, and he is now 
very comfortably off in life. In politics, he has 
ever been a Republican, and socially he is a Mas- 
ter and Chapter Mason. He married in 1868 
Miss Frances A. Cooley, a native of Indiana, and 
this union has been blessed by the birth of four 
children: Margaret at home; Arthur L., in his 
father's mills; Robert L. and Ethel, both now at- 
tending the public schools. 

ASCAL C. ABELL. A plain statement of 
the facts embraced in the life of Mr. Abell, 
a man well and favorably known to the 
Jl\ people of Montgomery County, is all that 
we profess to be able to give in this volume. Yet, 
upon examination of these facts, there will be 
found the career of one whose entire course 
through the world has been marked by great hon- 
esty and fidelity of purpose. He has followed the 
active and industrious life of a fanner all his life, 
and has met with substantial results in this occu- 
pation, owning now a fine farm in Witt Township. 
Our subject was the eldest of a family of seven 
children, his birth occurring not far from Spring- 
field, Sangamon County, 1 11., May 15, 1834. His par- 
ents, J. II. and Adeline (Derly) Abell, were natives 



of Kentucky and Tennessee, respectively. The 
great-grandfather of our subject was a native of 
Wales, and came to America at a period antedat- 
ing the Revolutionary War. He settled in Vir- 
ginia, and there the grandfather of our subject, 
Joshua Abell, was born. J. II. Abell was born in 
1801, and came to Illinois in 1827, locating on the 
then wild prairies of Sangamon County. Fie was 
one of the pioneers of the county, and was very 
active in its improvement. In 1840, he came to 
Montgomery Country, and for some time was en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits. His death occurred 
on a farm in Bond County in 1863. He was a 
man whose uprightness and honesty of purpose 
were well known, and who was universally re- 
spected. His wife was the daughter of Jehu Derly, 
who came to Sangamon County, 111., before the 
Black Hawk War, and who had a brother killed in 
that war. 

Pascal C. Abell grew to manhood, as did the 
sons of other pioneer settlers, with but limited 
educational advantages, but being naturally an 
apt scholar, he obtained a fair knowledge of the 
different branches, and even now, when nearly 
sixty years of age, he can in a very short space of 
time memorize a chapter in the Bible. During the 
fore part of the late war he was fanning in Bond 
County, and on the 26th of November, 1864, he 
enlisted in Company D, Forty-seventh Illinois In- 
fantry, as a private, and was at once sent to the 
front. He was on many hard marches, and was on 
garrison dutj" most of the time. He was on de- 
tached duty at the fall of Ft. Blakely, on the 
march from Mobile to Montgomery, and suffered 
greatly during this trying period, being obliged 
to march and sleep in the rain. He contracted a 
chronic disease, from which he still suffers. 

Our subject was discharged at Montgomery, 
Ala., November 27, 1865, and returned to his farm 
in Bond County, where he made his home until 
1867. In that year he came to the place where he 
now lives, in Witt Township, and here he has a 
productive and well-cultivated farm. He has ac- 
cumulated a snug fortune by his industry and strict 
adherence to his chosen calling, has a comfortable 
and attractive home, and is surrounded by all the 
comforts and conveniences of life. In his politi- 

cal views, he supports the Democratic party, and 
has held a number of local positions. He was a 
member of the County Board of Supervisors for 
eight years, Justice of the Peace for two terms, 
Assessor of his township, and for thirteen years 
was a School Trustee. He is a member of Nokomis 
Post, G. A. R. 

On the 14th of January, 1855, our subject mar- 
ried Miss P. M. Lynn, who was born in Fayette 
County, 111., and they have had three children, one 
of whom died when a child; Albert Jefferson mar- 
ried Miss Sarah F. Harris, and is in business at Fill- 
more, this State; and Mary Ronta Belle became 
the wife of R. J. Fish, a farmer of Fayette County. 


ESSE McADAMS. This name is one of the 
oldest and most honored in Bond County) 
111.- It was borne by the grandfather of 
our subject, who was one of the very first 
settlers and did much for the early development 
of this part of the State. Our subject is the owner 
of over one hundred acres of fine land, and is a 
worthy representative of his ancestor. 

The name of Jesse was bestowed upon our sub- 
ject at the time of his birth, April 28, 1847, on this 
farm, that being the family name, his father and 
grandfather having borne it. Both the father and 
grandfather were natives of Kentucky, although 
the latter's immediate ancestors had come to this 
country from Scotland and Ireland. In the new 
territory opened for settlement, where the Indian, 
wolf and deer still found a home, came the family 
of Grandfather McAdams in a great wagon, with 
their household effects, to settle on the tract of 
Government land which he had taken up. A log 
cabin was erected on the edge of the timber on 
what now is section 34, in this township, and in 
this lonely spot the pioneer life went on. Here 
was developed a fine farm, but under many diffi- 
culties. There were no roads at that time, and 
often the Indian trails were dangerous and almost 
impassable, but the produce had to be marketed 



at St. Louis, a distance of four days' travel, and 
from this place had to come the luxuries which 
the pioneers seldom allowed themselves. The 
precious ''store tea," which in sickness took the 
place of sassafras or sage, was one of the coveted 
articles which it was difficult to procure. 

The rugged old man who braved so many dan- 
gers and paved the way for the footsteps of his de- 
scendants, was supported by a faith that taught him 
to labor and live righteously, and his reward 
would come in another world. A firm Presbyterian, 
his house was given to the members of that belief 
who had settled near enough to attend services 
when some missionary came into the neighborhood. 
In his political faith he was a Democrat, and the 
principles of that party were ever dear to him. 

The father of our subject had his experience of 
pioneer life, as he was only a boy when he was 
brought into the new country to find a home. He 
learned the carpenter's trade, and some of the 
large buildings now standing in Greenville testify 
to his workmanship. His amusement in youth was 
to shoot deer as they fled by his home, and never 
was there any scarcity of game in the house, as his 
musket was often used for the pleasure of hunting. 
Like his father, he grew into a man of great firm- 
ness of character, and although he was a peaceable 
citizen he insisted always on his rights. At his 
death, at the age of forty-five years, he was the 
owner of four hundred acres of land. The mother 
of our subject, was Elizabeth Williamson, who was 
a native of Bowling Green, Ky., and came here 
with her Grandfather McAdams. She became the 
mother of nine children, of whom four are yet 
living, namely: Nancy, Catherine, Hiram and Jesse. 
She died when over seventy years of age, in the 
faith of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, of 
which she had been a consistent member for many 

Our subject was reared on the farm and at- 
tended the log schoolhouse which was nearest his 
home, and there he learned all that the teacher 
could impart. There were not manj' luxuries in 
the school buildings of that day, but upon the slab 
benches sat many of the lads who became in after 
years the most prominent and powerful men in 
the State. The loss of his father our subject did 

not realize, as he was only a baby of five months. 
At the age of fifteen years he had to go out to bat- 
tle with the world by himself, and his first attempt 
at work was by the day, and then he began farm- 
ing upon the home place. On June 21, 1868, he 
was united in marriage with Miss Louisa Long, 
whose death occurred one year later. His second 
marriage took place October 7, 1872, when Miss 
Leonora Durant became his wife. She was born 
in Ohio, near the city of Columbus. 

Our subject is a man of means, owning a farm 
of one hundred and twenty-five acres of land, all 
of which is improved except six acres, which he 
has in timber. He has been a grain farmer and 
has handled stock also. The present neat frame 
residence was built in 1879 and here he has made 
a great many improvements. Both Mr. McAdams 
and his wife are members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church of Greenville. In politics, he is a Pro- 
hibitionist, and believes that in that reformatory 
party lies the redemption of the country. The 
Modern Woodmen is the order with which he has 
connected himself, and in this body at Greenville 
he is regarded with much esteem. 

OBERT BLACKBURN. A history of any 
community, large or small, is made up to a 
greater or less extent of the lives of its 
citizens, and it is apparent to any intelli- 
gent observer that the history of Montgomer}' 
County is only such as has been made by those 
who have been identified with its development 
from an early period. Among that class of pio- 
neers we cannot fail to make mention of Robert 
Blackburn, for his residence within the borders of 
the county has extended over a period of fifty- 
four years, and he has been so prominently asso- 
ciated with its material progress and development, 
that it is but just to number him among the hon- 
ored few now living who were brave enough to 
open the way for civilization. The occupation of 



a farmer has been his calling, and his career from 
an humble beginning in life to the present posi- 
tion which lie occupies is one of honorable ascent, 
and reflects great credit upon him. He was born 
in Loudoun County, Ya., March 29, 1818, a son of 
Thomas and Sarah (Ball) Blackburn, who were 
born, reared and married in the Old Dominion, 
the mother's death occurring when the subject of 
this sketch was eighteen months old. The father 
was called from life at Dayton, Ohio, when about 
seventy -three years old. 

The parents of our subject had ten children 
five sons and five daughters all of whom grew to 
maturity, married and reared families. Of this 
family only three sons are now living, and Robert 
is the youngest. He came with a brother to Mont- 
gomery County, III., in 1838, and after remaining 
with him for about three years began to do for 
himself. On the 1st of March, 1846, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Sarah Ann, daughter of William and 
Margaret (Bodkin) Fuller. She was born in Clarke 
County, Ohio, January 2,1826, and was there reared 
and educated. 

Mr. Blackburn located on the farm where he 
now resides immediately after his marriage, at 
which time there were no improvements whatever 
on the place. He at once built a frame house 
containing three rooms, and made other substan- 
tial and valuable improvements, and at the pres- 
ent time it would be difficult to find a neater or 
better tilled farm of one hundred and sixty acres 
than that of which he is the owner. Besides this 
land, he owns forty acres of land in East Fork 
Township, making in all two hundred acres, and 
some valuable houses and lots in Ilillsboro. lie 
was in debt when he started out in life for him- 
self, but by continued application, push and econ- 
omy he soon discharged his obligations. He and 
his worthy wife are the parents of one child, a son, 
William L., who is residing at Grant's Pass, Ore. 

Mr. Blackburn has found a profitable source of 
revenue in the cultivation of the rich soil of Illi- 
nois, but could hardly fail to succeed as an agri- 
culturist, for from the very first he was carefully 
taught every detail connected witli farming. In 
the conduct of his estate he has given each por- 
tion of the work his personal attention, and the 

care and method ever exercised have contributed 
to place him among the foremost farmers of the 
vicinity, as he is one of its most intelligent citi- 
zens. Politically, he has always supported Repub- 
lican principles, and for many years has been a 
member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 
of which he was at one time Deacon. 

W. YOUNG. The agricultural inter- 
ests of Montgomery County are ably repre- 
sented by the subject of this sketch, a man 
whose life has been passed in the calling 
which now receives his attention. He is a native- 
born resident of the county, his birth occurring on 
the 18th of July, 1834, and has witnessed the 
complete growth of the country. He has ever 
been an active supporter of all laudable enterprises 
and is one of the county's best men. He is a son 
of William Young, who for many years was one 
of the esteemed and respected citizens of Monl- 
gomeiy County. 

Our subject was the second in order of birth of 
the children born to his parents and passed his 
boyhood and youth in his native county, assisting 
his father in cultivating the soil, thus becoming 
familiar with all the details of farm life at an 
early age. Like the majority of country boys, he 
received his education in the district school and 
remained witli his parents until twenty-one years 
of age. At that age he began business for him- 
self, but worked the farm for his father, and 
bought stock, traded horses, branching out as a 
stock-dealer. In March, 1864, he was married to 
Miss Mary E. Brown, a native of East Fork Town- 
ship, Montgomery County, and the daughter of 
Harrison Brown. 

Following his marriage, our subject located on 
the farm where he now lives. He is now the 
owner of six hundred, and twenty-seven acres of 
land, all under cultivation except a portion which 
is in pasture. On this place he has a neat resi- 
dence and substantial outbuildings. He has ever 



been identified with the best interests of tlie 
count} 7 , and his intelligence, enterprise and many 
estimable qualities have acquired for him a popu- 
larity not derived from any factitious circum- 
stance, but a spontaneous and permanent tribute 
to his merit. He ships stock to all parts of the 
country, and annually sends out seventy-five car- 
loads of cattle, horses and hogs. At the present 
time, he has ninety-five head of cattle and many 
horses and hogs. He is the oldest stock-buyer in 
the county, and ships largely to Buffalo, St. Louis, 
Pittsburgh and Cleveland. He ships about twenty 
carloads of hay per year, and is one of the most 
thorough-going, wide-awake agriculturists of his 
section. His present residence, a two-story frame 
building, was erected in 1870, and everything 
about the place indicates that a practiced hand is 
at the helm. 

Mr. and Mrs. Young were the parents of three 
sons and one daughter, as follows: William H., 
Clement (deceased), Gertie and Orvil B. The 
three surviving children are at home. Mr. Young 
has passed his entire life in this county, and here, 
surrounded by peace and plenty, and with his 
children near, he will pass the remainder of his days. 
He and his wife have contributed liberally to all 
worthy enterprises and are among the most influ- 
ential and respected citizens in the community. 
In politics, he is a Democrat, and a strong sup- 
porter of his party. He has held many public 
offices, among them those of Supervisor of East 
Fork Township and School Director. He is a 
member of Donnellson Lodge No. 255, A. F. & 
A. M., and takes an active interest in that order. 

EORGE H. MUELLER, a wealthy and well- 
II < known farmer of Raymond, Montgomery 
^|[ County, was born in Frankfort on-the- 
Main, Germany, April 7, 1836, and is a son of 
John Frederick and Dorothea Mueller. The lat- 
ter's father was a gardener, and died about a 
month before the birth of our subject. George is 

the youngest of six children, five sons and a 
daughter, who, with one exception, are yet living. 

Our subject attended school in his native land 
until fourteen years of age, and, being an apt 
scholar, acquired a good education. He was then 
apprenticed to the blacksmith's trade, and served a 
term of three years, after which he followed that 
occupation for a year in his native land. In 1854 
he came to America and joined his brother, John 
Fred, who had preceded him some five years, and was 
living on a farm near Belleville, 111. George 
worked in his employ for three years, and upon 
the expiration of that time went to St. Louis and 
worked at his trade in a carriage factory for some 
years. There we find him at the breaking out of 
the Civil War, but at the first call of his adopted 
country for troops he promptly responded, and on 
the 22d of April, 1861, his name was enrolled 
among the boys in blue of Company G, First 
Missouri Volunteer Infantry. 

Two days later Mr. Mueller was commissioned 
Sergeant of his company. He participated in the 
bloody battle of Wilson's Creek, where the regi- 
ment suffered greatly. The troops then returned 
to St. Louis, and were re-organized as the First 
Missouri Artillery. Mr. Mueller took part in the 
Fremont campaign through Missouri. He also 
participated in the battle of New Madrid, the 
capture of Island No. 10, and was in the siege of 
Corinth, the battles of Perrysville, Nashville and 
Chickamauga, and was in Starvation Camp at 
Chattanooga from September 19, 1863, until June 
10, 1864, when he was discharged, having served 
three years. During all this time he was ever at 
his post. Never for one day was he off duty dur- 
ing the whole time of his service. The last year 
he held the olHce of Quartermaster Sergeant. 

After his discharge Mr. Mueller procured a pass- 
port and made a visit to his native country, 
where he remained until the spring of 1865, when 
he once more came to Illinois and again worked 
on his brother's farm for three years. On the 22d 
of April, 1869, he married Miss Christina Lottz, a 
German lady. Three children have been born of 
their union: John Fred, George Henry and Annie 
Maggie, aged, respectively, twenty-two, twenty- 
one and twenty years, all of whom are still under 



the parental roof. The Mueller household is the 
abode of hospitality, and the members of the 
family rank high in social circles. 

Immediately after his marriage Mr. Mueller 
began farming on his own account near Carlin- 
ville, where he remained for one year, and then 
he rented a farm in Zanesville, Montgomery 
County, where he resided until 1879, in which 
year he came to Raymond and purchased the fine 
and extensive farm on which he now resides. He 
is one of the leading farmers and stock-raisers of 
the community, and has been very successful in 
his efforts, until now he is numbered among the 
county's most prominent and substantial citizens. 
In politics he was identified with the Republican 
party until about two years ago, when he joined 
the Democracy. He and his family are members 
of the German Lutheran Church. 

ifDOLPHE BREUCHAUD is a dealer in 
7 I grain and coal in Greenville, Bond 
County, and one of its leading business 
men. For a number of years he has 
been connected with its interests and the com- 
munity recognizes in him one of its best citizens. 
He is widely known throughout the county and 
we feel assured that this record of his life will 
prove of interest to many of our readers. 

Mr. Breuchaud was born in Switzerland, March 
3, 1833, and is a son of David and Mary (Cuche) 
Breuchaud, who were also natives of Switzerland. 
The grandfather, Samuel Breuchaud, was also born 
in that country, but his ancestors were of French 
lineage, having been driven from France on ac- 
count of religious persecutions. David Breuchaud 
immigrated with his family to America in the year 
1849, landing in New Orleans, whence he made 
his way up the river to Illinois. He located first 
in Highland, Madison County, where he engaged 
in farming, having purchased one hundred and 
eighty acres of partially improved land. He 

made his home upon that farm until 1865, then 
sold out and came to Bond Count}-, and located 
in Greenville, where he lived retired until his 
death in 1888, at the age of eighty-two years. The 
mother died in Madison County at the age of 
fifty-eight years. They had a family of seven 
sons and five daughters, of whom ten are yet liv- 

Adolphe Breuchaud, whose name heads this rec- 
ord, was highly educated in Switzerland; he also at- 
tended college in Germany for a year, and during 
vacations engaged in teaching. He was sixteen 
years of age when he came with his parents to 
America. During the first five years of his ar- 
rival he worked at farming, and after locating in 
Greenville followed any occupation that he could 
secure, whereby he might earn an honest dollar. 
He also learned the trades of a carpenter, brick- 
layer and plasterer and afterward engaged in bus- 
iness as a contractor and builder. He was very 
successful in this line and often employed as many 
as ten men. For fourteen years he carried on 
business as a contractor, and many of the build- 
ings in this city and surrounding country stand as 
monuments to his handiwork and enterprise. 

It was in 1855 that Mr. Breuchaud was united 
in marriage to Miss Rose Giron, of Switzerland, 
and unto them have been born four sons and a 
daughter, as follows: Henry, John, Robert, Dud- 
ley and Ada. The family is one of prominence 
in this community and its members rank high in 
social circles. 

In 1870 Mr. Breuchaud began dealing in grain, 
and in 1880 purchased two and three-fourths 
acres of land bordering on the Vandalia Railroad, 
where he built an elevator, and then purchased 
another, for $3,500, after which he spent about 
$1,500 in repairs. These are run by a forty-horse 
power engine and have a capacity of eighty 
thousand bushels of wheat. He is doing an excel- 
lent business and furnishes employment to four 
men besides his two sons. He has built a fine of- 
fice on Main Street and in addition to this and 
his home property owns a farm which he rents. 
In politics he is a stalwart Republican, and is a 
member of the Plymouth Church. Mr. Breuchaud 
is truly a self-made man, who by his own indus- 




trious efforts and strict attention to business has 
steadily worked his way upward to a position of 
wealth and affluence. He is a man of unswerving 
honesty, whose word is as good as his bond, 
and the confidence of the entire community is 

>i ' i i 1H 


P eace f u l agricultural life which our subject 
now leads there is little suggestion of the 
military deeds of merit by which he earned his 
Captain's commission; only in the title will the 
stranger know that he is a veteran of the late war. 
Mr. Sanders was born in Maryland, January 18, 
1830. He was the eldest of a family of nine chil- 
dren born to Henry L. and Mary (Hall) Sanders. 
Our subject's father was of German ancestrj r 
and was born in Maryland, May 5, 1810. His 
maternal grandfather served in the War of 1812, 
and was also in the battle of New Orleans. His 
mother, Mary Hall, was of Irish extraction. Aside 
from these brief facts but little is known of the 
early history of these families. In 1837, when 
our subject was a boy of but seven years, his par- 
ents made their way to Illinois and settled in what 
is now Jersey County. There young Sanders 
grew up much the same in his habits and the 
manner of rearing as other farmer lads. The in- 
tervals of attendance at school were filled with 
farm duties and such pioneer sports as the fertile 
minds of the young people of that ilay could sug- 
gest. Of his brothers and sisters only three are liv- 
ing. They are: Samuel K., who served in the late 
war for three years, and who now lives in Cali- 
fornia; Jesse \V., who gave his country one year's 
service, and who lives now at Atwater, 111.; and 
Sarah A., who is the wife of John B. Kirkland, of 

About 1850, our subject's parents with their 
household effects and their children went to Mont- 
gomery County and located on the farm where T. 
T. Smith now lives, two miles southwest of the 
village of AValshville. There the parents died, the 

father February 28, 1863, and the mother January 
8, 1864, both deaths occurring while the Captain 
was fighting for the honor of the country which 
his forefathers had fought to organize as a free and 
independent nation. It was on the above-named 
farm in Walshville that our subject was tilling 
the soil when the war broke out. On the first call 
for troops, he tendered his services, but as so many 
eagerly sprang forward in answer to the three 
months' call, some were rejected and he was 
among the number. On the second call, August 
2, 1861, we find his name on the roll of Company 
L, of the Third Illinois Cavalry, Col. E. A. Carr's 
regiment, and was at once made Quartermaster- 
Sergeant, and in October, 1862, was promoted to 
the office of Orderly-Sergeant. Later, he was 
commissioned Second Lieutenant and in June, 
1863, he was advanced to First Lieutenant, and in 
May, 1865, he was promoted to the rank of Cap- 
tain of his company. 

Capt. Sanders was with Gen. Fremont in the 
Southwest in the fall of 1861, and with Gen. 
Curtis' army at Pea Ridge in March, 1862. He 
was detached from his regiment with part of his 
company in Central Missouri from July to Octo- 
ber, 1862, and with the command of Col. S. H. 
Boyd was engaged in scouting with Gen. Sher- 
man's army in his attack on and defeat of Hayes 
Bluff in the rear of Vicksburg. In January, 1863, 
he was detailed in his company as escort for Head- 
quarters, Thirteenth Army Corps, where he re- 
mained through the siege and capture of Vicks- 
burg and Jackson, Miss., and the battles of Champ- 
ion Hills and Black River Bridge. He was with 
Gen. Banks' army in Louisiana from October, 
1863, to January, 1864, and at Memphis, Tenn., 
when Gen. Forrest made his memorable raid. After 
going with his command to Ft. Snelling in the 
Northwest and from there on the Devil's Lake ex- 
pedition in Dakota, he was finally discharged, 
October 10, 1865, after having served his country 
with marked distinction for more than four years. 

August 13, 1863, while home on a leave of 
absence from the army, our subject was married to 
Miss Eveline Maryman, who was a native of this 
State. Of the seven children born of this union 
six are now living. Marcia A. died when two 



years of age; Nora B. is engaged in the millinery 
business at Salem, 111.; William Chalmers is a grad- 
uate of the Jacksonville Business College and is 
now a book-keeper in the Deaf and Dumb Insti- 
tute of that place; Mary A. is a teacher in the 
public school of Sorento and also teaches music, 
being a fine performer; Clara A., Rufus H. and 
Eunice E. are now being educated in the Sorento 

For twenty years after the war, Capt. Sanders 
was book-keeper for a large flouring mill in Car- 
lyle, this State. He came to Sorento in 1886, and 
here has a very pleasant home. He owns a farm 
of about one hundred and eighty-seven acres in 
Clinton County. Political^', he was reared an 
Abolitionist and is now a strong Republican. Na- 
turally, he is greatly interested in the Grand 
Army of the Republic. In church relations, he is 
an exemplary Baptist and is a life member of the 
American Baptist Publication Society, which has 
headquarteis at Philadelphia. Throughout his 
life, he has been an advocate of temperance 
principles, which lie supports both by example and 

A. BLACK, M. D. The gentleman whose 
sketch now claims our attention is one of the 
most successful physicians of the county, 
where he has lived and labored for so many 
years. The birth of Dr. Black took place near 
Salem, Marion County, 111., July 2, 1835. He is 
the son of Willis H. Black, who was a native of 
Kentucky, born in Barren County, June 8, 1806. 
He was reared in Tennessee and came to Illinois 
some time in the '20s and located in Clinton 
County, where he married the mother of our 
subject. She was Emilia Hensley, a native of 
Kentucky, born in Hopkins County, June 13, 18l"4. 
Her parents brought her to Illinois when she was 
but a small child. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was a 
native of Kentucky, and his maternal grandfather, 

Joseph Hensley, left no record of his birth. The 
father of our subject was killed in Marion County, 
111., January 22, 1864, while attempting to arrest 
deserters, and the mother passed from earth Feb- 
ruary 8, 1892. They were the parents of a large 
family, namely: Joseph F.; Eliza, the widow of 
George Journey, of Hays City, Kan.; Lucy, the 
wife of James M. Crowell, of Shelby, Ala.; 
Thomas C., of Shelby, Ala.; Mary, the wife of 
Charles F. Norris, of Clinton County, 111., are 
those now living beside our subject; and those 
who have passed away are: Margaret D. Will- 
iams, Julia E. Baird, Elizabeth A.; Robert W., who 
died at the age of one year and eight months; and 
Willis H., Jr., who died when one month old. 

Our subject is the eldest sou and second child, 
and was reared in his native place and received his 
first schooling at the district schoolhouse and then 
went to college at Salem. At the age of twenty- 
one Mr. Black began the life of a teacher, and 
after three terms of teaching he began the study 
of medicine under the guidance of Dr. William 
Hill, now of Bloomington, 111. This was in 1857, 
and our subject remained with him until 1860, 
when he located in the town of Keenville, Wayne 
County, 111. The next year came the call for 
troops and he enlisted in Company D, Forty-ninth 
Illinois Infantry, as a private, but January 1> 
1863, he was put on duty as Assistant Surgeon, 
which position he held until September, 1865. He 
was through the battles of Ft. Donelson, Shiloh, 
siege of Corinth, Little Rock, Pleasant Hill, and 
many other of the minor battles and long marches 
which were harder to endure than the real danger 
of the pitched battle. The last engagement in 
which Dr. Black took part was the battle of Nash- 
ville. During the Red River campaign, there 
were forty days when the regiment was under fire 
without ceasing. 

After the war, our subject returned to Salem, 
and remained until October, 1865, and then 
located at Fillmore, in Montgomery County. He 
remained there for two years, but he came to Mul- 
berry Grove in 1867, where he remained until 
1871, when he saw a better opening in Fairview 
and located here. His marriage to Miss M. J. 
Mood}- took place March 15, 1865. She is a 



native of Indiana, and is the daughter of John 
D. Moody. Dr. and Mrs. Black are the parents of 
seven living children: Ellen II., the wife of 
John B. Defrees, of Logan County, 111.; Jennie A., 
Mary L., John II., Julia G., Frank B. and Emilia M. 
Dr. Black is a Republican in his political opin- 
ions, and believes in expressing them whenever 
he thinks he can accomplish good by so doing. 
He has been Assessor of Pleasant Mound Township 
and is School Treasurer of the same, and also a 
valued member of Colby Post No. 301, G. A. R., 
at Greenville, 111. 

LPHEUS C. JORDAN. Harvel Township, 
Montgomery County, is favorably located 
in the midst of a wonderfully fertile tract, 
that yields a rich return for the attention 
given it by industrious farmers. A drive through 
this township will show that all of its inhabitants 
are well-to-do, if not wealthy. Our subject is one 
of the fortunate possessors of a fine farm located 
in this section, his farm being on section 6, and it 
is conspicuous for the improvements that are found 
upon it. 

Mr. Jordan is a native of Trumbull Count}', 
Ohio, and was born January 10, 1841, a sort of 
William and Catherine (Rummel) Jordan. The 
former was a native of the Quaker State and the 
latter came from Maryland. In the fall of 1844, 
our subject's parents emigrated to Greene County, 
111., from Ohio. The country was comparatively 
wild at that time and the advantages were very 
few. There was a large family of children to be 
reared and educated, who, at the same time, had 
to contribute their quota to the common family 
support. Of these but five are living at the pres- 
ent time. The children were: William F., de- 
ceased; Mrs. Angelica Robley, a widow; Cyrus, 
a resident of Montgomery County; Lewis W., also 
of Montgomery; Catherine E., who is the widow 
of H. A. Collier, a resident of Parsons, Kan.; and 
our subject. 

In 1853, Alpheus Jordan moved to Macoupin 
County in company with his parents, and in 1854 
they removed to Montgomery County and settled 
in Harvel Township, on section 8, and were the 
first settlers there. The nearest dwelling to them 
was four miles distant. Their home was made on 
the unbroken prairie, and one of the brothers of 
our subject turned the first furrow on the farm. 
Alpheus was then but fourteen years old, though 
his training before that time had been amid pio- 
neer scenes, and as the years were passed lie was 
made to feel the responsibility of a pioneer's life, 
and to know that upon him as well as others 
rested the making of the country. His school 
days were passed in the district schools of the vi- 
cinity and his advantages were limited. Perhaps 
his war experience gave him as much of a stimulus 
as any tiling else for a more extended knowledge. 

Mr. Jordan enlisted in Company D, of the Thir- 
ty-third Illinois Infantry, in August of 1861, and 
with his regiment was detailed to duty in the army 
of the Southwest. He was a participant in the bat- 
tles of Fredericktown, Mo., and Champion Hills and 
was at the siege of Vicksburg. In the last-named 
fight he was twice slightly wounded. He also 
fought in minor engagements, and after this hon- 
orable service was discharged, August 26, 1864. 

After leaving the army our subject returned to 
Montgomery County. He felt that the making of 
his domestic life was before him, and with this end 
in view besought Miss Marcia C. Creswell to be- 
come his wife, and they were married August 6, 
1874. The lady is a native of the Prairie State. 
Mr. and Mrs. Jordan are the parents of eight chil- 
dren, whose names are, Alpheus C., Jr., Robert P., 
Ethel D., Alice C., Frederick, Blanche F., Grace 
and Lula Inne. They are a small community in 
themselves and their difference in disposition and 
temperament makes a pleasing social life. 

Our subject owns one hundred and sixty acres 
of land, which is all under a high state of cultiva- 
tion. Politically, he pins his faith to the garment 
of no party, being thoroughly independent in his 
ideas both of government and governors. Educa- 
tional matters that tend toward advancement in 
methods have always received his hearty endorse- 
ment when the adoption of the new offered any ad- 



vantage over the old methods. Mr. Jordan was 
honored during the year 1879 by being elected as 
Supervisor of Harvel Township. During the time 
that he held this office, ho discharged his duties to 
the entire satisfaction of his constituents. He is 
identified with the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Asso- 


JOHN WOLTMANN. There is in the devel- 
opment of a successful life a principle which 
is a lesson to every man, a lesson leading to 
^ higher and more honorable positions than 
the ordinary. Let a man be industriously ambi- 
tious, and honorable in his ambitions, and he will 
rise, whether having the prestige of family or the ob- 
scurity of poverty. These reflections are called 
forth by the study of the life of John Woltmann, 
who is one of the most enterprising and prosperous 
merchants of Nokomis. 

Mr. Woltmann is a German by birth and educa- 
tion, and was born at Norden, on the North Sea, 
August 27, 1858. Although young in years, he 
has accumulated considerable property, and not 
only is he a very successful business man, but one 
whose career has ever been upright and honorable. 
His father, Arnedt Woltmann, for nearly thirty 
years a miller in the Fatherland, was a man of ex- 
cellent judgment and great honesty. Our subject 
inherited much of his enterprise and industry from 
his father, and early in life became desirous of get- 
ting a liberal education. When ten years old lie was 
possessed of more zeal than the majority of boys 
at that age, and was inclined to spend too much 
time with his books. In 1868, he came with his 
parents to the New World and settled with them 
at Nokomis, 111., where he pursued his studies 
closely and with much earnestness, his aim being 
to become a preacher in the Lutheran Church, of 
which he and his parents were adherents. 

At the age of nineteen years, young Woltmann 
was delving in the classics in Concordia University, 
Springfield. He continued there for two years, 

when his health failed, and he was compelled to 
give up his studies and the cherished plan of be- 
coming a minister. He tried teaching the German 
language in the public schools for a time, as well 
as instructing a private class, but this proved too 
trying upon his weak constitution and was aban- 
doned. Afterward he began clerking in the store 
of Charles Auwater, of Nokomis, but he was not 
long contented with a clerkship, and early in 1882 
he established himself in the grocery business on a 
small scale. From the start his business prospered, 
until now he is the head of one of the leading 
general stores in the thriving town of Nokomis. 

For three successive j'ears Mr. Woltmann was a 
member of the Town Board and has held other 
local positions. In all these he has discharged the 
duties in a very satisfactory manner and is compe- 
tent to fill almost anj r position. In politics, he is 
a strong supporter of Democratic principles, and 
his vote has ever been cast with that party. He is 
an exemplary member of the Lutheran Church, a 
liberal contributor to its interests, and an earnest 
advocate of all good work. In him the community 
has a faithful and unswerving friend, ever alert to 
serve its best interests, and one who can be relied 
upon at all times. He is a man of more than the 
ordinary intelligence, and is a representative citi- 
zen of the county. He was married in the fall of 
1884 to Miss Minnie Nantkes, the daughter of a 
prominent and wealthy farmer, and they have two 
children, Arnold and Jesse. 

^p^l A. SIHLER, M. D. Probably no physician 
jl| , in the vicinity of Litchfield is more thor- 
^^4! oughly equipped for his profession than is 
the gentleman whose name heads this sketch. His 
studies have been widely extended, and prosecuted 
under exceptional advantages. He asks no odds 
of ancestors, rank or position to lend color to his 
ability in his chosen profession. The writer, aside 
from the knowledge of his professional skill, knows 
but the barest facts concerning his career. 



Dr. Sihler was bora at Simeoe, Ontario, May 28, 
1862. He was educated at Colegate Institute at 
Siracoe, and distinguished himself in such a man- 
ner as to encourage him to enter the professional 
life that he lias chosen. He prosecuted his med- 
ical studies at Magill Medical University, receiving 
his sheepskin with the Class of '83. After com- 
pleting his studies, he spent one 3 r ear in Germany, 
and there had access to the laboratories of the 
special scientists. Thus equipped, and with an ex- 
tended knowledge of pathological and biological 
subjects, lie has settled in the midst of the Litch- 
fleld community, ready to alleviate such human 
suffering as should present itself to his attention. 

APT. MICHAEL OHLMAN. This in brief 
is the sketch of a man whose present sub- 
stantial position in life has been reached 
entirely through his own perseverance, and the 
facts connected with his operations and their re- 
sults only show what a person with courage and 
enlightened -views can accomplish. His reputation 
for honesty and integrity has been tried and not 
found wanting; his financial ability has been more 
than once put to the test, but never without credit 
to himself; his social qualities are well known and 
appreciated, and he has hosts of friends, whose 
confidence and esteem are his highest eulogium. 
He is a wealthy farmer of Audubon Township, 
Montgomery County, and is an important factor in 
Third Party politics. 

Born in Strausberg (then in the domain of France 
but now in the German empire) in September, 1822, 
our subject is a son of Michael and Gertrude Ohl- 
man, with whom he emigrated to America in 1832. 
The} 7 landed at Baltimore, Md., and as the little 
means the father had accumulated had been used 
in the journey to this country, he was at once 
compelled to look about him for employment. 
Soon afterward, he and his son, the subject of this 
sketch, who was then a lad of ten years, obtained 
work at breaking stone for the paving of the streets 

in Washington, D. C. In this way, they saved a 
small amount of money, and, being anxious to reach 
the West, purchased a poor old broken-down stage 
horse and a rickety old wagon, into which all their 
earthly possessions were loaded, and started out 
on their Westward journey. At Wheeling, W. Va., 
their horse died and other means of travel had to 
be found. They built a flatboat, in which they 
loaded their goods, and after many hardships and 
trials reached Cairo, where they stayed for a short 
time, but eventually they removed to St. Louis, 
where the father and young Michael labored until 

By this time, they had accumulated consider- 
able means, and with it Mr. Olilman purchased a 
large tract of land in Missouri, on which Michael 
labored cheerfully and faithfully until he was 
seventeen years of age, when he began working on 
flatboats on the Mississippi River. At the end of 
two years, he commenced to work on steamboats, 
and was promoted until he became pilot of one 
of the boats. He was economical in his expendi- 
tures, and although he had little or no education 
he had an object in life, and he invested his money 
judiciously in river-boat stock and in time be- 
came the owner and commander of the " Star of 
the West." With this boat, a small fortune was 
made, but it was finally sunk in the river. Later, 
after spending a large amount of money, it was 
raised and refitted, only to be burned a short time 

Subsequently, Mr. Ohlman became commander 
of the "D. A. January." in which he owned a five- 
eighths interest, and for five years commanded it 
and did a most successful business. With this 
boat alone, it is said, he made a fortune. He sailed 
it on the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, and dur- 
ing the first part of the Civil War his profits were 
enormous. In 1862, he secured a contract from 
the Government, but the operation of a private 
boat at this time, on account of its doubtful nature, 
was a risky calling and a proposition was made to 
sell it to the Government, which was accepted. 

Capt. Ohlman then came to Montgomery County 
and made large investments of his fortune in land, 
and here he has quietly lived ever since. He has 
one of the finest farms in this section of the coun- 



try. His estate comprises about eight hundred 
acres, and upon it he has a beautiful mansion, from 
which a fine view of the country can be had for 
many miles around. Mr. Ohlman has not been ac- 
tively engaged in farming for many years, but has 
placed the management of his magnificent estate 
in the hands of his sons, while he looks after the 
finances. He was reared a Democrat, but some 
three 3'ears ago cast his lot with the Third or 
People's Party, and has devoted much of his time 
and money in furthering the interests of what he 
believes to be the coining great party. He attends 
all of the conventions of his party, and his voice is 
often heard in its councils. Starting in life with 
little or no education, he has been a close student 
and but few men in his locality are more thought- 
ful readers or better posted on the general topics 
of the day than is he. 

Capt. Ohlman was married in 1859 to Miss 
Theresa Buebach, who was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, of German parents. Their union resulted 
in the birth of nine children, six of whom are liv- 
ing: Cecil, who is the wife of Alfred Wyand, of 
Pana, 111.; William, who is a graduate of the St. 
Louis University, also of Notre Dame of South 
Bend, Ind.; Ida, who is the wife of Joseph W. 
Wild, the talented newspaper editor of Nokomis; 
Alexander and James, who are in charge of the 
farming and stock-raising interests of their fa- 
ther's large estate; Lizzie, an intelligent young 
lady, is now receiving her education. 

THEODORE ROGERS, JR., is a native of the 
county and State in which he has found a 
permanent home. In Pitman Township, 
Montgomery Count}', he owns one hundred and 
twenty acres of fine farming land on section 15. 
Upon this place he resides, devoting his attention 
to the cultivation of the soil and the proper im- 
provement of the farm. 

Mr. Rogers was born in Montgomery County, 

111., December 13, 1848. He is a son of Hardin 
and Martha (Hamilton) Rogers, both of whom 
were natives of the State of Kentucky. Hardin 
Rogers came to Montgomery County, and at an 
early day settled in what is now known as Pitman 
Township. His judgment told him that the best 
place on which to locate would be upon the edge 
of some timber land, for in such a location there 
would always be water, and the scarcity of that 
article was one of the most distressing features in 
pioneer life in the Prairie State. The family home 
was in the wilderness in a cabin made of logs, and 
there the children were reared, meanwhile endur- 
ing all the privations incident to life in a newly- 
settled country. 

The surviving children of this family are as fol- 
lows: Anthony; LaFayctte; Lucinda, the widow of 
Millard Wood; and Theodore. In spite of the 
difficulties of their early lives, these children be- 
came honored members of society and performed 
the duties required of them in as efficient a man- 
ner as do many of those who have had more ad- 
vantages and fewer obstacles to struggle against. 
The beloved father of this family, Hardin Rogers, 
was removed by death when our subject was only 
five years old. He was one of the most respected 
of the early settlers of the township and his death 
was deeply lamented by his family and neighbors. 
The mother of our subject is now in her seventy- 
eighth year and is living on the same farm to 
which she came with her husband in those early 
days. Although deprived of his assistance and 
companionship, she has managed the estate with 
good judgment and has reared her family in com- 
fort. She is one of the venerable pioneer women 
of the State and her reminiscences of those early 
davs are both interesting and instructive. She is 
a faithful member of the Christian Church. 

Theodore Rogers, our subject, is a young and 
enterprising man, one of the foremost in his sec- 
tion of country. He keeps himself well posted on 
all public affairs and votes with the great Republi- 
can party, which he regards as the friend of the 
manufacturer, the consumer and the laborer alike. 
His early ed'ucational advantages were very lim- 
ited, although he embraced every opportunity that 
came in his way to acquire knowledge. Mont- 



gomery County has become noted throughout the 
State for its fine farms and solid, successful busi- 
ness men. and among the latter the majority have 
made themselves what they are, and Mr. Rogers is 
no exception to the rule, as he can regard with 
pardonable pride the success which has attended 
his efforts. His one hundred and twenty acres 
show the result of intelligent cultivation, and his 
large barnyard, filled with sleek, well-fed cattle, 
testifies to his prosperity, while fences and neat 
outbuildings, which are kept in good repair, indi- 
cate that he is a man who believes that nothing 
adds to the prosperous look of a farm like a proper 
regard for appearance. 


history of a newspaper reminds one of the 
appearance of an actor on the stage. AV hat- 
ever may be the individual joy or grief, the cause 
thereof must be suppressed. Deatli may be lurk- 
ing in the home of the vivacious comedian, but 
the audience demand smiles and jests in return 
for their money. The personality of the editor ap- 
pears but little in the sheet, though there is the 
under-current of influence that individualizes the 
paper. AVhat would the Globe-Democrat have 
been without Grady, the Tribune without Greeley, 
the Courier-Journal without AVatterson? So the 
individuality of the proprietors is shown in the 
sheet, the history of which we shall touch upon 

The Free Press was born, so to speak, in July, 
1878. It was originally a small advertising sheet, 
but not long after was enlarged and flung to the 
breeze as a popular newspaper educator, and an 
advocate of the Democratic principles. The Press 
was the first to appear before the public. Its edi- 
tor, Mr. Hulbert, later purchased the Nokomis 
Gazette, which had been established some eight 
years previously, and consolidated the two under 
the name of the Free Press Gazette, and the whole 
was launched on the sea of independent politics, 
and as such has since been conducted, 

In 1880, Mr. Hulbert, who is a far-sighted news- 
paper man, realizing that there was a large and 
continually growing population of German-read- 
ing people in his locality, started a German sheet 
with the suggestive name of the Deutsch Amerikaner. 
The fortunes of these papers are so closely united 
with the history of its editors that we here give a 
brief biographical sketch of each. 

E. M. Hulbert of the firm of Hulbert & AVild, the 
wide-awake editor and publishers of the Free Press 
Gazette and Deutsch Amerikaner, was born at Pitts- 
field, Pike County, 111., July 22,1858. He is the 
only son of AV. M. and Laura (Tooley) Hulbert. 
His father is a native of the old Bay State, having 
been born near Boston. He was one of the early 
settlers in Pike County, having located there more 
than forty years ago. For many years he was en- 
gaged largely in the manufacture of brick, and at 
this writing (1892) is living near Nokomis, where 
he owns a farm. He came to this county about 
1864. Mr. Hulbert's mother was a native of New 
York, who passed from this life when our subject 
was a lad of nine years of age. His father con- 
tracted a second marriage and young Hulbert 
grew up on the home farm much as do other 
farmer boys, receiving a fair education in the pub- 
lic schools of Nomokis. 

Early in his boyhood days our subject displayed 
a great taste for the printing business, and when 
but thirteen years of age became possessed of a 
toy press, which he kept in his sleeping room at 
home. His love for the business grew with him, 
and at eighteen he enterprisingly established the 
Nokomis Free Press, which was received as has 
been above stated. Upon the establishment of the 
Deutsch Amerikaner he associated with himself 
Joseph AV. Wild, a thorough German scholar, and 
then it was that he purchased and brought to No- 
komis the first power press ever used in Montgom- 
ery County, and the new addition proved to be a 
winning card in his fast-increasing business. Some 
eight years later he disposed of a half -interest in 
the entire plant to Mr. AVild, and at the same time 
the firm took up, in addition to their newspaper 
business, the real-estate and insurance business, 
which they have carried on with marked finan- 
cial success. 



Mr. Hulbert is in every sense of the word a 
thorough business man, which has been attested 
by the growth of his incipient boyhood love of 
printing into his present large interests. Aside 
from his newspaper, real-estate and insurance bus- 
inesses, he is one of the Directors in the Nokomis 
Building & Loan Association. Socially, he is gen- 
ial and affable, but he appears to the best advan- 
tage when on, his own ground, that of a business 

In 1878, Mr. Hulbert married Miss May L. Wet- 
more now a native of Madison County, and 
daughter of R. E. Wetmore, a prominent fanner in 
South Dakota. The home circle of our subject m- 
includes three bright children, whose names are as 
follows: Winifred, Walter R. and Gertrude. Fra- 
ternally, Mr. Hulbert is a prominent member of 
the Odd Fellows and is also a Knight of Pythias. 

1 OSEPH W. WILD, the associate editor of 
the Free Press Gazette and Deutscli Ameri- 
kaner, was born near Bayfield, in Huron 
County, Ontario, Canada, on the 6th of 
March, 1856. He is the elder of the two chil- 
dren born to Joseph and Crescentia (Vogt) 
Wild, both of whom were born in German}', the 
former in Baden and the latter in Wuertenberg. 
During the revolt in 1848, while still in his native 
land, our subject's father identified himself with 
the Revolutionists, and like many others of his 
countrymen found that ^America was a genial 
country in which to take refuge, and in 1848 he 
located on a farm in Huron County, Ontario, where 
he still lives. 

Our subject was but three years of age when be- 
reft of his mother. His baby sister, one year 
younger, is now the wife of Herman Kaupp, of St. 
Louis. His father again married and reared an 
additional family of three boys and eight girls. 
Young Wild grew up on his father's farm, receiv- 
ing a very fair education until sixteen vears of 
age. He was then seized with the desire to learn 

the printer's trade and finally got his father's con- 
sent to enter the office of the Berliner Journal in 
Berlin, Canada, the same being owned and edited 
by an uncle, John Motz. 

With his uncle as preceptor, Mr. Wild mastered 
the art of printing, and remained in the Journal 
office until 1879, when he determined to seek fame 
and fortune in the United States, so turned his 
steps Westward. .He worked for a time in a news- 
paper office in Detroit, thence went to St. Louis, 
where he was employed in a job office until he 
came to Nokomis, in the spring of 1881, to take 
charge of the editorial department of the Deutscli 
Amerikaner, which had a short time previously 
been established by his present partner. As above 
stated, he became a partner eight years later. Mr. 
Wild is a very energetic business man and has 
done his full share in making the large newspaper 
the success that it is, and also in conducting the 
real-estate and insurance business of the firm. 
Personally, he is a whole-souled man, hale-fellow- 
well-met with the best of all classes of people, and 
a general favorite with everyone in his locality. 

September 14, 1886, Mr. Wild was united in 
mairiage with Miss Ida M., daughter of a wealthy 
and retired steamboat captain, Michael Ohlman. 
Two bright children have been the result of this 
union, Olivia T. and Ionia E. Our subject was 
born and reared, and is a strong adherent of, the 
Roman Catholic faith. He is one of the charter 
members of the Catholic Knights of Illinois, a 
Catholic organization of Nokomis. 

,ILLIAM SIDES. Although the develop- 
ment of the Northern twin Carolina has 
been so comparatively slow that its na- 
tives have seemed to merit the nickname, "The 
Tiir Heels," facetiously given them during the war 
of the Rebellion by a witty native of Massachu- 
setts, still during the last decade the rich mineral 
sub-stratus have called attention to the State, and 




have added wonderfully to its enterprise and 
growth. It is a mystical, beautiful land, whose 
Eastern shore is washed by the blue Atlantic, the 
Western boundary lined with mountains whose 
pine-clad domes are wreathed in the low-hanging 
clouds. Happy are the conditions of life in such 
a land, happy the man who is born there, and this 
was the native State of our subject, William Sides. 

In 1847, occurred the birth of our subject. His 
parents were Mathias and Sarah (Boss) Sides, the 
former being a farmer and cooper. W.hen our 
young hero was but a sturdy lad of four years, his 
parents determined to remove to Illinois, and lo- 
cated on a farm near the city of Nokomis, in Mont- 
gomery County. Like so many of the men who 
form the brawn and sinew of our national life, 
young Sides grew up in rural life. He received 
but a common-school education, but such as it was, 
it tended in the right direction to develop his 
natural fibre. 

On the breaking out of the Civil War, the sub- 
ject of our sketch was a youth full of fire and pa- 
triotism. Although his parents strongly objected to 
his leaving home with military intent, his heart 
was on the battlefield, and in imagination he was 
the hero of many a battle. He yielded to parental 
authority for some time, but when the State's neces- 
s'ity was felt, and call after call came for volun- 
teers, he could no longer brook delay, and took the 
case into his own hands and ran away from home. 
May 22, 1864, we find him enrolled in Company 
C, of the One Hundred and Forty-third Illinois 
Infantry, and he was mustered in as a private at 
Mattoon, whence the company with which he was 
was sent to Cairo, this State, thence to Memphis, 
Tenn. While in the last-named city, Mr. Sides was 
detailed to do guard duty for a time. He was then 
sent to Helena, Ark., where lie remained until his 
time expired, and he was mustered out of service 
at Mattoon, September 26, 1864. 

Although our subject's military service extended 
over only four months, such was the exposure and 
privation to which he was subjected that his health 
was shattered, and for a time his life hung by a 
slender thread. On recuperating he engaged in 
farming until 1888, when he sold his agricultural 
interests and came to Nokomis, where he has since 


engaged in the general mercantile business, and is 
at the present time a prominent merchant in this 

Mr. Sides was united in marriage in the year 
1876, at which time Miss Alice Wells became 
his wife. Mrs. Sides is a native of the Buck- 
eye State, and she is a capable and attractive 
woman, who has been a loving helpmate to her 
husband. Their family comprises seven children, 
whose names are: Clarence, Bertie E., Willie. Tru- 
die, Maudie, Stella and Laura. Mr. Sides keeps up 
his relations with his war comrades, and is a de- 
voted member of the Grand Arm 3' of the Republic. 
Politically, he is an ardent admirer of the beauty 
of the principles of the Republican party, and Har- 
rison, McKinley and Blaine are in his estimation 
as much heroes in this time of peace, as were the 
generals on the battlefield. Mr. Sides is one of 
the ablest and stanches! citizens of Nokomis. 

/ AMES F. Will T WORTH. The head of the 
very extensive mercantile house of J. F. 
Whitwoith & Company at Sorento, and one 
of the prominent merchants in that place, 
was born at Mulberry Grove, Bond County, this 
State, December 18, 1856. He was the sixth in 
order of" birth of a family of nine children that 
were at the same time the comfort and care of 
their fond parents, Marcus L. and Jane (White) 

Marcus L. Whitworth was born near Nashville, 
Tenn., December 12, 1822, and was the second of 
a family of ten children, four 003-8 and six girls. 
The ancestry of the Whitworth family can easily 
be traced back in the history of the country for 
more than two centuries. Great-grandfather Whit- 
worth emigrated with a brother from Lancaster, 
England, the place of their nativity, and first settled 
in Maryland, but soon moved to Tennessee and 
located land not far from Nashville. There John 
Whitworth, the father of Marcus L., was born, grew 
to manhood, and was an extensive land and slave 
owner. The old homestead where John Whitworth 



first settled, and where John, Jr., was born and 
died, is still in the Whitworth family. 

Our subject belongs to a family the members 
of which form a brilliant galaxy of social and 
financial lights. The surviving members who still 
reside in the South are men of large wealth and 
prominence. The father of our subject was reared 
on the home plantation, and there received a 
liberal education. For many years lie was a slave- 
holder, but whether from dislike of the institution 
of slavery or not, we cannot tell, he left his native 
State and came to Illinois in 1846. 

Marcus L. spent some time in White County, 
where he became acquainted with Jane White, the 
sixteen-year-old daughter of William and Nancy 
White, prominent and wealthy farmers of that 
count}'. The following year they were married, 
the groom taking his young bride to Nashville, 
where they resided until 1854, when they returned 
to White County. The following year they located 
near Mulberry Grove, where the}' purchased and 
improved a farm, and where the father died in 
February of 1880. 

Briefly we have given an outline of the ante- 
cedents of the man whose history is the basis of 
this sketch. That of his brothers and sisters is 
very briefly as follows; Sarah is the widow of 
Henry Parrott, who died in 1889; Martha is the 
wife of Edward Moss, a farmer in Arkansas; 
Marcus L., Jr., is a farmer in Bond County; Mary 
is the wife of William N. Anthony, also a farmer in 
Bond Count}'; Florence is the wife of Walter W. 
Mitchell, the junior member of the firm of which 
our subject is the head. 

The original of our sketch grew to maturity on 
the home farm and received a fair education. He 
must have made rapid strides in his boyhood days, 
for at the age of fifteen years we find him teaching 
school, and at the age of eighteen a student at the 
Shurtleff College of Upper Alton. After completing 
his education he went to Kansas and was success- 
fully engaged in stock business for two years. He 
then returned to Illinois and was for two years en- 
gaged in farming, and afterward he established him- 
self in the mercantile business in Sorento, where he 
has built up one of the largest mercantile houses in 
Bond County, 

Success has seemed to force itself upon our 
subject, for while he is a business man of more 
than ordinary ability, his advancement has been 
most marked among other positions of trust that 
he has held. He is now the Mayor of the town, 
and is ever active in the upbuilding of the place. 
Mr Whitworth was married in August of 1887 to 
Miss Annie (Saathoff), daughter of Henry Saathoff, 
a wealthy German-American who now lives near 
Sorento. They have two children: Delia, a bright 
girl of four summers, and George J., who is two 
years of age. 

M OSEPH McKINNEY. We take pleasure in 
presenting to the readers of this volume a 
history in outline of the gentleman whose 
name appears above, and who was for 
years a prominent and much-esteemed resident 
of Harvel Township, Montgomery County. Mr. 
McKinney was a native of that good old South- 
ern State which has produced so many noted 
men among statesmen and orators. He was born 
in Virginia, October 10, 1815. 

Mr. McKinney came to Illinois among the ear- 
liest settlers that were here. Jt is doubtful, how- 
ever, whether he did, at that early day, much pio- 
neer work, for he was but a little chap of four 
years of age when he came here with his parents, 
they having made the journey hither with horses 
and wagon. He was soon, however, inducted into, 
the mysteries and methods of pioneer agricultural 
life. They settled first in Jersey County, and 
there our subject grew to manhood. He was true 
to his calling, and devoted himself to that through- 
out a long and useful life. 

While still a resident of Jersey County, the origi- 
nal of this sketch married Nancy Thornton. 
This union was productive of four children, three 
of whom still survive. They are: James, John and 
Charlotte. In the fall of 1871, the f amity moved 
to Montgomery County, and settled upon the farm 
that they still occupy. Bereft of his first wife, he 



contracted a second marriage, which was solem- 
nized in March. 1861. His bride was Miss Eliza- 
beth A. Pettit, a native of Burlington County, 
N. J., where she was born January 2, 1835. She 
was a daughter of Joseph and Sarah Pettit, also 
natives of New Jersey. From this marriage seven 
children were born. Their names are: Joseph F., 
George D., Rosetta, Lizzie 8., Mary M., William H. 
and Zeddie R. 

Mr. McKinney departed this life February 5, 
1881, having almost completed the three-score 
years and ten generally allotted to man. He was 
greatly respected by all who knew him, having led 
an upright, honorable and useful life. His estate 
comprised eighty acres of land, upon which the 
family now resides. He was a kind husband and 
loving, indulgent father, and enjoyed the confi- 
dence of his neighbors and townsmen. For years 
the principles of the Democratic party had been 
held dear by him. Mrs. McKinney, when twenty- 
five years of age, came to Sangamon County, mak- 
ing that her residence for a short time, then came 
to Montgomer3' County witli her husband, and 
has since lived a contented and useful life. She 
is a devoted member of the Christian Church, and 
one of the women whom the community delights 
to honor. 

0*% ANGRATZ BOLL, ex-Postmaster of Green- 
l) ville. who is now living retired, is one of 

f the worthy citizens that German}' has fur- 
Jj, -nished Bond County. He was born in Ba- 
den, May 10, 1826, and is a son of John and Lib- 
erata (Weigerly) Boll, also natives of German}', 
where the father was an extensive farmer. 

Our subject was one of five children, and the 
only one who grew to maturity. He was highly 
educated in his native land, both in literary studies 
and in music. He followed farming until 1854, 
when he bade good-bye to the scenes of his child- 
hood and crossed the Atlantic. He had been pre- 
viously married on the 24th of August, 1849, to 

Miss Veronica Jehle, and unto them were born 
three children, Emma, William- and August, with 
whom they started to America, but the last-named, 
a babe of eighteen months, died while en route, 
and was buried in the sea. They reached New 
York October 29, 1854, and at once started for St. 
Louis. While on the way the trunks, valued at 
$300, were lost, and no settlement was ever made 
for them. 

After two weeks spent in St. Louis, Mr. Boll lo- 
cated in Highland, 111., where he engaged in the 
manufacture of boots and shoes for three months. 
He then removed to Pocahontas, where he re- 
mained for three years. While there he worked 
at his trade for a year, after which he taught 
music and German, and was also engaged !n farm- 
ing. The year 1857 witnessed his arrival in 
Greenville, where he accepted a position with Col. 
Reed, a manufacturer of boots and shoes, with 
whom he remained a trusted employe for eight 
years, and, during the Colonel's absence in the 
army, was foreman in the business. In 1866, he 
purchased a stock of boots and shoes, and also car- 
ried on boot and shoe making until the 17th of 
September, 1870, when he was appointed Post- 
master of Greenville by President Grant. He 
filled the office acceptably for almost twelve years, 
and resigned on the 14th of February, 1882. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Boll have been born five 
children, of whom Emma is the eldest; Julia is 
wife of Frank Heger. formerly Cashier in Hoile's 
Bank, but now head book-keeper in a bank in 
Denver, Colo.; Fannie married Theodore Roth, n 
merchant of Smithborough, and died May 9, 1892; 
August, connected with the St. Louis Republic; 
and William, one of the proprietors of the Sun, 
published in Red Oak, Montgomery County, Iowa. 
In connection with Charles Clark, the latter also 
founded the Sun, of Greenville. 

On retiring from office, Mr. Boll, with his wife, 
made a trip to Europe. They spent six months in 
travel, visiting the principal cities and points in 
the Old World, and during their absence Mr. Boll 
\v:i> a correspondent of the Greenville Sun. He 
has also been a correspondent of a St. Louis paper. 
In politics, he is a Democrat, while in religious 
faith both he and his wife are members of the RQ. 



man Catholic Church, in which he serves as organ- 
ist. They have a beautiful home on Harris Ave- 
nue. Mr. Boll also owns several residences and a 
business house in this city. He is a man of ster- 
ling worth and strict integrity, alike true to every 
public and private trust. He has been the archi- 
tect of his own fortune, and has built wisely and 
well, gaining for himself a handsome competence, 
which places him among the substantial citizens 
of the community. 

I OHN J. SUTTON, Justice of the Peace and 
one of the representative and highly re- 
spected citizens of Greenville, was born in 
the city of Brotherly Love, on the 16th of 
April, 1832. The family is of English origin. 
The grandparents, Edmund and Jane (Richardson) 
Sutton, came to America in 1820, and located in 
Pennsylvania. The grandfather was a farmer, but 
in later years lived a retired life, making his home 
in the city of Philadelphia. Himself and wife 
were members of the Society of Friends. They 
had a family of eleven children, nine of whom 
grew to manhood and womanhood, 

Robert Sutton, father of our subject, was born 
in England, and came with his parents to this 
country. He resided first in Philadelphia, and 
married Hannah Stockdale, daughter of John Stock- 
dale, a farmer and stock dealer, who spent his en- 
tire life in his native land. His family numbered 
twelve children. Mrs. Sutton crossed the briny 
deep in 1818. After their marriage they located 
on a farm in Philadelphia County, where the father 
of our subject carried on agricultural pursuits for 
a period of five years. He then removed to Bucks 
County, where he followed farming until 1840, 
which year witnessed his arrival in St. Louis 
County, Mo. He there followed his chosen occu- 
pation until 1845, when he became a resident of 
Clinton County, 111., and there he remained until 
his death, which occurred in 1873, His wife sur- 

vived him several years and was called to the home 
beyond in 1882. He was a Republican in politics, 
and witli the Presbyterian Church both held mem- 
bership. Their family numbered four children, 
but our subject has only one brother now living, 
Edmund, a resident of St. Louis. 

John J. Sutton, whose name heads this record, 
quietly spent the days of his boyhood upon his 
father's farm, and his education was acquired in 
Bucks County, Pa., supplemented by about six 
months' attendance at the common schools in Clin- 
ton County, 111. He remained at home aiding in 
the labors of the farm until after his parents' 
death, and then assumed its management, carrying 
on operations along that line until 1884, when he 
removed to Greenville and was elected to his pres- 
ent office, the duties of which he has discharged 
with a promptness and fidelity that have won him 
the commendation of all concerned. 

Mr. Sutton has purchased city property in the 
east part of the town, and, besides this, owns a one 
hundred and sixty acre farm in Clinton County, 
and other land in Madison County. In politics, 
he is a stalwart Republican, and has ably filled the 
offices of Supervisor, Town Collector, School 
Trustee and School Director. He was also Justice 
of the Peace for three and a-half years in Clinton 
County. He is a faithful member and Trustee of 
the Presbyterian Church, is a stalwart advocate of 
temperance principles and is an honorable, upright 
man, who takes an active interest in all that per- 
tains to the welfare of the community and its up- 
building. He is a valued citizen, and one well 
deserving representation in this volume. 

S. D. ROBERTS, who died September 17, 
1892, was one of the old settlers of Bond 
4i \\\ County, and resided on section 3, Mulberry 
rove Township. He was one of the most 
prominent farmers of the county, and has had a 
life full of interest. 

Our subject was born in Henry County, Ky., Sep- 





tember 15, 1822, the same year his father, who was 
one of the early settlers of the county, made his 
advent into it. The latter was born in Bardstown, 
Ky., in the year 1780, and he was reared in this 
place. After he came to Illinois, he settled on land 
which he obtained from the Government, but did 
not make that place a permanent home. He only 
remained there for about two years, and then went 
into Montgomery County and located at Vanbur- 
ensberg, where lie remained for many years. The 
first marriage of Mr. Roberts took place in Ken- 
tuck}', and his wife bore the maiden name of Sarah 
Simmons. She was a native of Henry County, Ky., 
where she was reared, and died after her removal 
into Montgomery County. She was the noble 
mother of thirteen children, and all of these grew 
to maturity. All of them married with one ex- 
ception, and reared families, and these have spread 
over the country and everywhere have borne the 
name without reproach. 


Nokomis, has a patronage that is large and 
constantly on the increase, which desirable 
state of affairs has been brought about by 
a thorough knowledge of his profession, prompt- 
ness in filling his engagements, and the painstaking 
and careful manner in which he performs all his 
work. He keeps a full line of dental supplies, fully 
equal to the requirements of that progressive pro- 
fession, including all the most improved apparatus 
and materials, and all his dealings are character- 
ized by fair and honorable methods. 

Our subject was born in Knox County, Ind., 
March 2, 1864, the son of Col. John H. E. and Bar- 
bara (Hrouillette) Sprinkle, whose ancestors became 
residents of this country during the early Colonial 
times, but history is a little vague as to the exact 
time that they came, or where they came from. 
It is, however, known that Henry Sprinkle, the 
grandfather, was born near Hagerstown, Washing- 
ton County, Md., in 1757, and in 1807 was mar- 

ried to Elizabeth Ernst. He was the owner of a 
large plantation and became an extensive slave- 
holder. He lived to the ripe old age of ninety 
years, dying in 1851. 

Col. Sprinkle, the father of the subject of this 
sketch, was born in Wythe County, Va., in 1822, 
and in 1845 went to Knox County, Ind., to take 
up his residence on land purchased by his father 
from the Shakers in 1835. He became a very 
prominent and wealthy farmer in that section of 
country. He was a life-long Democrat, and under 
the administration of President Buchanan held 
an appointment in the United States Land Office, 
and later was Disbursing Agent under the same 
President, as well as a United States Marshal. He 
is now living retired in Vincennes, Ind. He was 
married to Miss Barbara, a daughter of Capt. Pierre 
Brouillette, a prominent and early French settler 
and a great admirer of Gen. Harrison. The mother 
was born in Vincennes, Ind., in 1821, and died in 
1890, at the old home. A brother of our subject, 
Welcome B., is a prominent physician of Oaktown, 
Ind. It was on his father's farm that Dr. Sprinkle 
first saw the light of day, and there his early life 
was spent in attending the public schools. At the 
age of seventeen he entered the High School of 
Dayton, Ohio, from which he was graduated three 
years later with honors. 

Our subject then began the study of dentistry 
under Dr. T. B. Jirard. of Vincennes, Ind., and in 
1882 became principal demonstrator at the New 
York College of Dental Surgery, from which he 
was graduated in 1884. In 1885, he was graduated 
from the Indiana Dental College, and soon after- 
ward began practicing his chosen profession at 
Carlisle, Ind., but at the expiration of one year 
came to Nokomis, reaching this city in the month 
of March, 1886. He is a post-graduate of the 
Dental Association of the United States, is a mem- 
ber in good standing of the Illinois State Dental 
Association, as well as of the Dental Protective Asso- 
ciation of the United States. He has been success- 
ful in his practice, and has a fine suite of rooms, 
which are fitted up in a tasteful and elegant man- 
ner. An educated and polished gentleman, he is 
a general favorite in social and professional circles 
and is an enterprising citizen, of whom the people 



of Nokomis may well feel proud. His local prac- 
tice is very large, as is also his practice from ad- 
joining counties, and he is considered to be one 
of the most popular of dental practitioners. 

GS. UPSTONE. For a number of years past 
the city of Nokomis lias been noted far and 
wide for its excellent mercantile establish- 
ments, and particularly that conducted by Mr. Up- 
stone, who is one of the first-class business men of 
the place. In his active career through life he has 
gained to an unlimited extent the confidence and 
esteem always awarded integrity, honor and in- 
dustry, and is now one of the foremost men of the 
county. He is progressive in his ideas, pleasing 
and courteous in his manner, and well understands 
how to suit the desires and wishes of his patrons. 
He is now President of the Town Board, and is 
active in his support of all laudable enterprises. 

Mr. Upstone is a Canadian by birth, having 
been born in Button Township, Brome County, 
Province of Quebec, Canada, near the Vermont 
line, in 1835, and is of English-Scotch ancestry. 
His father, John Upstone, was born in London, 
England, and his mother, Jane (Sinclair) Upstone, 
was a native of Edinburgh, Scotland. The parents 
emigrated to Canada in 1832, and in that country 
the father followed the occupation of a farmer. 
Young Upstone was reared to the arduous duties 
of the farm, and as lie had to labor most assidu- 
ously during his youth, his education received 
very little attention. When eight years of age 
his mother died, and he grew up deprived of the 
loving care and helpful words of that parent. His 
early life was one of hardship and privation, but 
he was possessed of much determination, great 
energy, and an unusual amount of enterprise. 

Upon the breaking out of the Civil War, our 
subject was in Ripley County, Ind., and when the 
tocsin of war sounded, he was filled with patriotism 
for his adopted land* so on the 3d of June, 1861, 

he donned his suit of blue, shouldered his musket, 
and enlisted in Company G, Thirteenth Indiana 
Infantry, as a private. He was mustered in at 
Indianapolis and was at once sent to Virginia. 
Soon afterward he participated in the battle of 
Rich Mountain, in that State, and here had his 
first taste of fire from the enemy. After this he 
was on guard duty and engaged in skirmish- 
ing in Maryland until his command was plunged 
into the battle of Winchester. Following this the 
command marched up the Shenandoah Vallej-, and 
crossed the mountai ns into the Luray Valley, where 
he and a number of his companions were detached 
from the regiment and sent back to the Shenan- 
doah Valley, the objective point being Winchester. 
The}- were surprised at Kerntown, May 23, 1862, 
by a detachment of cavalry from Gen. Bank's 
army, and taken prisoner, being conveyed to that 
death trap, Belle Island. Here our subject suffered 
the horrors of starvation to such an extent, that 
when released in September he was a physical 
wreck and weighed butone hundred pounds, when 
he had entered a strong man, weighing one hun- 
dred and ninety pounds. After his return, he 
was sent to Parole Camp, at Annapolis, and there 
remained until exchanged. When able to join his 
regiment, which at that time was at Suffolk, Va., 
his health was so blattered by his life in the Rebel 
prison, that he was not able to stand the hardships 
of war further, and upon a surgeon's certificate of 
disability (the physician saving lie could not live 
thirty days), he returned to his home in Indiana. 
He soon regained health and strength, however, 
and determined to again enter the service. 

On the loth of July, 1864. our subject enlisted in 
the Mississippi Squadron of the United States 
navy, and was assigned to duty on the " Fair 
Play No. 17," of the Mississippi Squadron. He 
held the commission of Master Mate, which is 
equal to the rank of Second Lieutenant in the 
army, and was in service on the lower Missis- 
sippi, Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers. After the 
surrender of Gen. Lee, our subject went up the 
Red River to Shreveport, with his command, and 
there Gen. Dick Taylor surrendered to them. In 
all the expeditions Mr. Upstone was ever active in 
the performance of his duty, and displayed much 



bravery and faithfulness. After the surrender of 
Dick Taylor, the squadron was ordered to Cairo, 
July 23, 1865, and there our subject was dis- 
charged on the 27th of August of that year. 

Soon afterward Mr. Upstone came to Nokomis. 
111., worked on a farm for a short time, and then 
spent two years in the South. In the years 1869- 
70, he served as Superintendent of the farm at the 
Illinois Industrial University, and while there he 
met with an accident that nearly cost him his life, 
and from which he was laid up for more than a 
year. After recovering, he engaged in the drug 
business in Nokomis, and since then he has been a 
prominent factor in business circles, owning at 
present a large general store. He is a prominent 
member of Cottingham Post No. 236, G. A. R., 
having been one of the charter members, one of 
its first officers, and in 1889, its Commander. A 
stalwart Republican in his political views, he is no 
small factor in local politics, in which he has 
always been a leader. He has filled many of the 
local offices, among them being Assessor and Col- 
lector, while at the present time he is President of 
the Town Board. A good business man, a shrewd 
politician and a very pleasant gentleman, it is a 
pleasure to meet or have any dealings with him. 

Mr. Upstone was married on the 1st of Jan- 
ary, 1870, to Miss Catherine Day, a native of the 
Buckeye State, and they have one child, a daugh- 
ter named Martha, a charming young lady in her 

ON. ,1. M. TRU1TT. The Bar of Mont- 
gomery County has furnished to the State 
and nation some of their ablest legislators, 
congressmen, senators and executive offi- 
cers, and consists of men who will take rank with 
the best in the land in all that constitutes talent, 
forensic and advisory. Among its prominent 
members stands Hon. J. M. Truitt, who is a 
gentleman of rare attainments, and a citizen of 
whom any State might well be proud. He is a 
logical reasoner, and in debate is forcible, decisive in 

statement, and is possessed of magnetic eloquence, 
which renders his declamation of the most con- 
vincing order. In the zenith of his manhood, his 
days will doubtless be long multiplied, and his 
fame grow brighter in the minds of his neighbors, 
who are ever ready to do him honor. 

Born in Trimble County, Ky., February 28, 1842, 
our subject was the son of Samuel and Cynthia A. 
(Carr) Truitt, the father a native of Henry 
County, Ky., born December 28, 1818, and the 
mother born in Indiana in 1818 also. The elder Mr. 
Truitt followed the occupation of a farmer, and 
became very successful in his chosen calling. He 
was of English descent, and the mother is sup- 
posed to be of Scotch origin. She is still living. 
Of the seven children born to this worthy couple, 
one daughter and six sons, two died in infancy. 
Our subject, who is second in order of birth of the 
above-mentioned children, was but three years of 
age when he was broght by his parents to Greene 
County, 111. His first educational advantages were 
received in the subscription school at Fayette, 
that county, and he remained at home assisting 
his father on the farm until 1862, when he en- 
listed to fight for the Old Flag. 

Our subject joined Company B, One Hundred 
and Seventeenth Illinois Infantry as a private, 
and shortly afterward was promoted to Orderly 
Sergeant, which position he held for two years. 
He was then promoted to the rank of Second Lieu- 
tenant, and served in that capacity until the close 
of the war. He was in many severe battles, in- 
cluding Ft. Blakely, and fought bravely for the 
Union. He was honorably discharged and mus- 
tered out at Springfield, 111., August 5, 1865, and 
subsequently spent some time at McKendree Col- 
lege, of Lebanon, 111. In 1866 he came to Hills- 
boro, and commenced studying law with Judge J. 
J. Phillips, with whom he remained until 1872. 
He was then elected to the Twenty-eighth General 
Assembly, and represented his count3' in that 
body for two years. 

Following this Mr. Truitt returned to Hillsboro, 
and has practiced his profession here ever since. 
He is the owner of one of the finest libraries in 
the State. In 1876 he was one of the electors of 
the Republican party, and in 1880 was Repub- 



lican Elector-at-Large of the State, and in 1880 
and 1884 was a delegate to the National Republi- 
can Convention. Mr. Truitt is one of the oldest 
members of the Grand Army of the Republic in 
the State, and belongs to the F. D. Hubbel Post 
No. 403, of which lie has been Commander. He 
is also a member of Lodge No. 51, A. F. <fe 
A. M. at Hillsboro, and takes an interest in this or- 
ganization. He is one of the most prominent ; 
men of the county, and in every walk of life has 
conducted himself with honor and renown. His 
practice is highly remunerative, and he enjoys the 
enviable reputation with court, counsel and 
client, of a practitioner scrupulously accurate in 
statement and in every action or position gov- 
erned by the nicest sense of professional honor. 
On October 1, 1867, he married MissJennie Black- 
man, a native of Hillsboro, born May 6, 1847, and 
the daughter of George and Hannah J. Blackmail. 
Mr. and Mrs. Truitt are the parents of two chil- 
dren, viz.: Ida and Earl B. 

/,.., BEL STELL RANDOLPH has passed the 
i-\\ uneventful life of a farmer, and has con- 

tinued steadily to pursue "the even tenor 
of his way," and is now classed among 
the prosperous farmers of Montgomery County. 
His farm is located in the midst of one of the 
finest agricultural centers of this county, and his 
laud is conceded to be among the best in the 
vicinity; and this is saying not a little, for on 
every hand may be seen superior farms, whose 
appearance denotes thrift and prosperity. He is 
one of the early pioneers of Bois D'Arc Town- 
ship and a representative citizen, giving his 
hearty support to all enterprises for the good of 
the community. 

Our subject was born in Somerset County, N. 
J., on the 5th of August, 1831, and his j 
parents, Lewis and Mar}' (Compton) Randolph, 
were also natives of that State. In 1837, the 
parents emigrated to what is now Jersey County, 
111., of which they were among the early settlers 

The father survived until October 8, 1892, when, 
mourned by all who knew him, he passed to his 
final rest. His death removed a pioneer of Illi- 
nois and an upright, kind-hearted man. In Jer- 
sey County our subject grew to manhood, and as 
he was trained to the arduous duties of the farm 
at an early age, it was but natural, perhaps, that, 
when starting out for himself, he should choose 
agricultural pursuits as his occupation in life. 
He first cultivated the soil with a wooden plow, 
and at one time drove as many as ten yoke of 
oxen to break the sod. His early schooling was 
received in the primitive log schoolhouse of those 
days, and although he had not the advantages 
offered at the present time, he improved every 
moment and became thoroughly familiar with all 
the branches then taught. He has since been a 
great observer and reader, is well posted on all 
important subjects, and is mainly self-educated. 

Lewis Randolph entered one section of land 
with a Mexican laud warrant in what is now Bois 
D'Arc Township, and in 1855 he sent our sub- 
ject here to plant Bois D'Arc hedge around it. In 
1860, the latter came here and located on his pres- 
ent farm, where he has remained ever since. He 
owns two hundred acres of land, one hundred 
and sixty acres in Montgomery County, and has 
devoted his energies to putting his farm in good 
tillable condition. June 9, 1869, Mr. Randolph 
was wedded to Miss Minerva Edwards, a native of 
Sciota, Ohio, born October 27, 1838, and the 
daughter of Andrew and Mary (Darlington) Ed- 
wards, the former a native of Pennsylvania and 
the latter of Ohio. In 1848, she moved with her 
parents to Jersey County, 111., where they were 
among the first settlers. She was reared to 
womanhood in that county, and is one of four 
children, now living, born to her parents, the 
others being Henry, William and George. 

Mr. Randolph is one of the five children, now 
living, born to his parents : Abel; Harriet, wife 
of T. Moore; Catherine, wife of James Clopp; 
Ruth and Peter. An elder sister, Almira, and a 
younger brother, Moore, are deceased. Unto Mr. 
and Mrs. Randolph one son has been born, Henry 
M. In his political views, Mr. Randolph supports 
the principles of the Republican party, and takes 


,v d! -' * 

A/'/.: : -. 


: ; XV A 

r _ ^ 

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Ot T 





a deep interest in local polities. He is held in 
high esteem by the entire community, and enjoys 
the distinction to which an old settler is entitled. 
He is active in all worthy enterprises that have 
for their object the upbuilding of the county, and 
is a public-spirited citizen. lie and his wife hold 
membership in the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and are active meml>ers in the same. They take 
much interest in social circles, and are esteemed in 
the community in which they reside. By indus- 
try and good management they have gathered 
around them many of the comforts and conven- 
iences of life, and can now sit down and enjoy 
the fruits of their labor. Their long lives have 
been replete with good deeds, and no residents of 
the county are more highly respected. 

ypILLIAM WEBSTER, Every comm un ity has 
among its citizens a few men of recognized 
^"^ influence and ability, who by their system- 
atic and thorough method of work attain to a suc- 
cess which is justly deserved. That a lifetime 
spent in the pursuit of one's calling will result in 
substantial success, especially if perseverance and 
energy are applied, is found to be true in the case 
of Mr. Webster, who from boyhood has given the 
occupation of agriculture the principal part of his 
attention. He is now a resident of Nokomis Town- 
ship, Montgomery County. A native of England, 
he was born in Yorkshire, near Bradford, in 1827. 
The parents of our subject, George and Martha 
(Gath) Webster, were natives of England, and 
the father followed the occupation of a wheel- 
wright. In 1841, the latter emigrated to America 
and located at Shelby ville, Ind., where he engaged 
in the manufacture of wagons. He also owned a 
farm near that place, and was engaged both as a 
farmer and a manufacturer for many years. He 
accumulated considerable property and was a man 
of much enterprise and ambition. His death oc- 
curred at Shelbyville, Ind., in 1874, his wife hav- 
ing passed away a few years prior to his demise. 
Of their children, James is a prominent physician 
at Colfax, Ind., and Charles F. is a civil engineer 

at Indianapolis. The eldest son, William, was 
fairly educated for his day, but when quite young 
was obliged to take the management of his father's 
farm, on which he worked until 1851, when he 
came to Illinois. After reaching this State, he lo- 
cated on a farm near Cherry Valley, Winnebago 
County, and after remaining there for a year and 
a-lialf, he went to Iowa, where he was engaged in 
farming for about five years. He subsequently 
spent one year in Missouri, and in 1860 crossed 
the plains to Denver, Colo. 

Shortly afterward, Mr. Webster returned to Illi- 
nois, located in Madison County, and on the 13th 
of August, 1862, enlisted in Company K, Eightieth 
Illinois Infantry, as a private. He was sent to the 
front at Louisville, Ky., where his regiment joined 
the Army of the Cumberland under Gen. McCook. 
He was first under fire at Perryville, Ky., and 
for three years was in active service, fighting 
bravely for his country. For some time after the 
battle of Perryville he was on guard duty at Mun- 
fordville and engaged in scouting after Morgan's 
army. He spent the winter of 1862-63 at Mun- 
fordville and, after participating in the battle of 
Milton, in the spring of 1863 he started with 
Strait's brigade on a campaign through Tenn- 
essee and Georgia. At Rome, Ga., he was taken 
sick and was sent to the hospital at Nashville, 
which accounts for the fact that he was not taken 
prisoner with his regiment. He rejoined his reg- 
iment after it had been exchanged and returned to 
Nashville. Later, he took an active part in the 
battle of Mission Ridge, being in the Eleventh 
Army Corps, under Gen. Howard, and afterward 
went with Gen. Sherman's command to Kuoxville, 
to relieve Gen. Burnside, who was being besieged 
by Longstreet. 

After remaining in Chattanooga during the win- 
ter of 1863-64, the army started on the Atlanta Cam- 
paign in the spring of the following year, and our 
subject participated in all the battles of that noted 
campaign, among them those of Dalton, Resaca, 
Marietta and the fall of Atlanta. On his return 
to Nashville, he fi.ught in the battles of Pulaski 
and Franklin. Afterward the army was re-organ- 
ized and his regiment was assigned to the Third 
Brigade, First Division, Fourth Army Corps. He 



accompanied Gen. Sherman on his raid into North 
Carolina, and while at Greenville heard of the 
assassination of President Lincoln. He was soon 
ordered to Camp Ilarker at Nashville, and there 
remained uutil mustered out June 10, 1865. He 
was discharged at Springfield on the 19th of the 
same month. 

After the war, Mr. Webster remained in Mad- 
ison County, 111., until the spring of 1866, then he 
came to Montgomery County and was engaged in 
farming near Litchfield for eleven years. In 1877, 
he came to Nokomis Township and has here been 
engaged in tilling the soil ever since. He has 
met with substantial results in this occupa- 
tion and is now the owner of a fine farm of 
nearly five hundred acres, all in a high state of 
cultivation. He is one of the highly respected, 
influential and wealthy farmers of his community. 
He was married in Indiana, in 1848, to Miss Olivia 
Smith, a native of the Hoosier State, and the 
daughter of Jonas and Abigail Smith, the father a 
prominent farmer of that State. Their union was 
blessed by the birth of the following-named chil- 
dren: G. W., a successful attorney of Nokomis; 
G. H., a farmer of Nokomis Township and a prom- 
inent factor in local politics; and Walter, also a 
farmer in Nokomis Township. The mother of these 
children died in Iowa in 1856. 

The second marriage of Mr. Webster occurred in 
1858 and united him with Rachel Wallace, who 
died March 20, 1889, leaving four children, as fol- 
lows: Clara, who married D. Bote, a farmer by 
occupation; Jessie, the wife of C. H. Rhine, who 
resides on one of Mr. Webster's farms; Orpha, who 
married Charles Sullivan, a farmer of Roundtree 
Township, and Minnie, who resides at home. Polit- 
ically, Mr. Webster is now and has always been a 
stanch Republican. 

1 LEAZAR H. WHITE, a prominent farmer 
of Bond County, resides on his two hun- 
/i 1 ^ dred and more acres of fine land two miles 
northwest of Greenville, 111. The subject of this 

sketch was born where he now lives, October 5, 
1835, and was the sou of John B. White, who was 
a native of Rutherford Count3 r , N. C. 

Thomas White, our subject's grandfather, was a 
native of the old North Stale, and was of Irish 
birth, and became a teacher and farmer in North 
Carolina. He made two trips north on horseback 
prospecting and looking out fine land in the State, 
and in 1820 he brought his family by wagon and 
located on section 9 in this township, where he 
entered three hundred and twenty acres of land. 
He was one of the first settlers and built a log 
cabin here. 

The red men became his familiar visitors, 
and among them Mr. White found many who pos- 
sessed fine traits of character. Deer and wolves 
abounded in the country, and wil'd turkeys flew 
over the streams, but as he was no hunter he 
did not pursue any of the wild creatures for sport. 
During the summers he farmed, and when the 
months of deep winter settled down over the land 
he taught school. He was the first teacher in 
Bond County, and at that time all of the schools 
were on the subscription plan. Mr. White was a 
giant in size and strength, weighing three hun- 
dred and thirty-three pounds, and he accomplished 
much in his life. His demise occurred at the age 
of seventy-six years, and in him the Presbyterian 
Church lost a member who had always performed 
his full duty. In politics, he was a Whig and 
later became a Republican. 

The father of our subject came here when about 
thirty years of age, and here found the lady who 
became his wife. He settled upon the present farm, 
built a log house, and developed the farm and be- 
came the owner of two hundred and seventy-five 
acres. His stock was considered fine, and he car- 
ried on his farming in a careful manner. In the 
eighty-fourth year of his age he passed away, hav- 
ing been a member in good standing in the Pres- 
byterian Church. In politics, he was a Republi- 
can, and h:id been a Whig in his earlier days. 

The mother of our subject was Margaret Robi- 
son, a native of North Carolina, who came here 
with her parents when but a little girl and settled 
in Madison County, near Edwardsville. She was 
the mother of eight children: Mary, now Mrs. 



Elam; Thomas W., deceased; Boriah R.; Harriet, 
now Mrs. Robison; John M., ileceased; Samuel E.; 
James A., deceased; and Eleazar II. The mother 
had been a member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and her neighbors and family missed a good, kind 
woman when she was called away at the age of 
forty -six years. 

Our subject was reared on the home place on 
which he now resides, and was educated in the 
pioneer schoolhouse, and remembers the slab 
benches, and big wide chimney made of mud and 
sticks. In his day, deer and wolves were still seen 
in great numbers around his home, and one of the 
duties of the young boys in the families was to 
carefully close the sheep pens, as the wolves did 
not tire of mutton if the boys sometimes did. At 
the death of his father, our subject took the home- 
stead, and later was married to Mrs. Harriet A. 
Goodson, who was born in this township. Four 
children were born to them: Ida E., John B., Hat- 
tie A. and George W. 

John Goodson, Mrs. White's father, was born 
in Logan Count}', Ky., on the 7th of March, 
1801, and his father was William Goodson, a 
native of New England, who, with his father, was 
an early settler of Logan County, Ky. There Mrs. 
Goodson 's father married, and moved to this county 
in 1826. The trip was made by wagon and all 
camped by the roadside at night by a fire of logs. 
One night the fire grew low, and while they were 
all asleep a panther crept up and was just about to 
spring upon the baby, when its father awoke and 
snatched a firebrand and drove the animal away. 
This child lived to become the mother of sixteen 

The land which Mr. Goodson entered he lived 
upon until the time of his death, which occurred in 
1863, when he was about sixty-two years old. He 
was a Cumberland Presbyterian and services were 
held in his house. The father of Mrs. White married 
in Kentucky, and had three children when he came 
to Illinois in 1826. At that time, lie entered land 
on the southeast quarter of section 27, in this 
township, and there built a log house and worked 
very hard. At the time of his death, he owned 
four hundred acres of land, which he had obtained 
by good management. In his politics, he was a 

Democrat before the war, but during that struggle 
he became a Republican. A man of sound judg- 
ment and great foresight, he predicted many things 
at the outbreak of the war which came to pass 
afterward. He was a member of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church. 

The mother of Mrs. White was Elizabeth Perry, 
who was born in Logan County, Ky., June 7, 1800. 
She became the mother of twelve children, eleven 
of whom she reared to maturity. She had em- 
braced the faith of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church and died September 15, 1844. The land 
which is owned by our subject comprises two hun- 
dred and one and one-half acres, all of which is 
contained in one body and is mostly improved. 
He has successfully combined grain and stock-rais- 
ing and has bred some very tine horses. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. White belong to the Presbyterian Church, 
in which the whole family far back has taken great 
interest. Formerly our subject was a Republican, 
but he now affiliates with the People's partv, and 
at present is acceptably filling the office of School 

f ,l LBERT F. GWYN. Our subject is a prom- 
Ol incnt merchant of Sorento, and to him be- 

longs the credit of starting the first store 
in the town. He is a native of Bond 
County, and was born not far from his present 
place of residence, March 5, 1842, being next to 
the eldest in a family of five children, comprising 
three sons and two daughters, that were born to 
Alexander and Cinderella (McCaslin) Gwyn. Of 
this family there are but two now living, our sub- 
ject and his eldest brother, William T., who resides 
at Peru, Kan. 

Alexander Gwyn was born in Maur County, 
Tenn., in 1809. His father, whose name was also 
Alexander, was born in the same place in 1785. 
Mrs. Alexander Gwyn was a native of Princeton, 
Ky., and she and her husband came to the Prairie' 



State about 1830, and located in Bond Count}-, 
where Mr. Gwyn died in 1851. The original of 
this sketch was reared on a farm and received a 
fair education. On the breaking out of the Civil 
War lie enlisted in the service of his country as a 
private in Company I, of the Sixth Illinois Cav- 
alry, joining his company October 2, 1861. 

It would be a long and tedious tale to attempt 
to follow Mr. Gwyn minutely through his more 
than four years of brilliant service. We will, 
however, give the more important events that 
transpired. He was in the forty-eight days' siege 
at Port Hudson and his regiment was the first to 
enter Port Hudson. He then campaigned through 
Alabama, Middle and Western Tennessee, and 
fought Hood at Florence, Ala.; he was in the bat- 
tle of Nashville, and also in that hottest of battles 
Franklin; and was on the memorable Grierson 
Raid, which stationed at LaGrange a detachment 
of one hundred and twenty-five detailed men, of 
whom our subject was one. They were sent in 
advance to locate the enemy, and after riding all 
day through the mud and rain, worn out, wet and 
hungry, they wrapped themselves in their blankets, 
and on March 29, 1863, laid down on the cold, 
wet ground to rest. While sleeping they were 
surprised by a murderous band of rebels, who out- 
numbered them three to one. As their deadly fire 
was poured upon the sleeping soldiers, the latter 
sprang to their feet, and, though it would have 
been the natural impulse under such circumstances 
to turn and run, they held their ground, and 
after a desperate fight completely defeated the 

We give herewith the order issued by the Com- 
manding General on this occasion, and which 
fully explains itself: 
' Headquarters First Division, 

Sixteenth Army Corps, 

LAGRANGE, TENS., April 2, 1863. 

"General Order No. 46, by direction of Maj. 
Gen. S. A. Hurlbut, commanding Sixteenth Army 

"The General commanding the First Division 
returns thanks to the cavalry which, under 
the command of Lieut.-Col. Loomis, of the 
Sixth Illinois Cavalry, so gallantly repulsed an 

attack made upon them at midnight, by a rebel 
force outnumbering them threefold, near Kelmont, 
Tenn., on the 29th of March, 1863. By such de- 
termined fighting glory is won, and we cannot 
think-of our brave men springing from their slum- 
ber, aroused by a murderous volley, and rushing 
upon the foe and routing him, without a thrill of 
pride. Well does our country merit such glorious 
service, and may all our troops loyally render it 
wherever opportunity may be afforded. It is 
hereby ordered that a copy of this order be ad- 
dressed to each commissioned and non-commis- 
sioned officer and private who participated in the 
affair referred to, as evidence of his bravery and 
good conduct. 

" By command of Brig.-Gen. William Soule 
Smith, commanding First Division. 

" To Private Alfred F. Gwyn, Company I, of the 
Sixth Illinois Cavalry." 

In fact, it has been stated, in an order issued by 
the commanding officer, that this cavalry accom- 
plished feats that were not thought possible for 
cavalry to do; that they never attacked a fort they 
did not take, and never defended a line they did 
not hold. For more than a year our subject never 
had a tent or other shelter. He endured such 
privations for more than four years that his coun- 
try might be saved. He was finally discharged, 
November 24, 1865. 

Mr. Gwyn was married in 1864, while home on 
on his veteran's furlough, his bride being Miss 
Lydia A. Curlee, From this union two children 
have been born: Nellie, the wife of W. D. Wirt, 
who is Mr. Gwyn's partner in business; and Jessie, 
a young lady who is now completing her educa- 
tion. The subject of this sketch resumed his 
farming operations after returning from the war, 
and continued to be thus employed until 1871, at 
which time he turned his attention to the mercan- 
tile business, and located at Elm Point, where he 
remained for six years. The succeeding five 
years, or from 1876 to 1882, he was in business at 
Hillsboro. In 1882, when the town of Sorento 
was being laid out, he was the first on the ground. 
He built the first building and sold the first goods 
from the place, and also was the first Postmaster. 
He has ever been an ardent Republican, and is a 



member in high standing of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. Fraternally, he is a member of the 
Modern Woodmen. At the present time of writ- 
ing(1892) Mr.Kjrvryn is completing the finest resi- 
dence in Sorento. Here he expects to pass the 
evening of life surrounded by his family. 

ON. ,1. B. LANE is ranked among the rep- 
resentative citizens of Montgomery County, 
and there is probably no one more de- 
serving of mention than he, for his resi- 
dence within its borders lias extended over a con- 
siderable portion of his life. During this time he 
has served in various official capacities and always 
with such satisfactory results that naught but 
words of commendation have been bestowed upon 
him. He was born in Cheshire County, N. H., 
September 10, 1826, a son of Dr. T. L. Lane, who 
was born in Marlborougli, N. II., September 1, 1800. 
He attended school at Groton, Mass., and at Han- 
over, N. H., and graduated from an educational 
institution of the latter place in 1824. 

For the practice of his profession Dr. Lane first 
located in Sullivan, N. H., in 1825, but removed 
from there in 1832 to Lunenburgh, Vt., where he 
remained two years. Gilsum, N. H., next became 
his home, where he remained until 1838, and from 
there removed to Daysville, 111., and in 1841 be- 
came a resident of Fillmore, where he was called 
from life September 1, 1849. His father, Capt. 
John Lane, was born in Lunenburgh, Mass., and 
obtained his title in the Revolutionary War, in 
which he was a courageous and faithful soldier. 
He was of English descent. The wife of Dr. T. L. 
Lane was Miss Roxanna Harvey, a native of Mass- 
achusetts, where she was born August 2, 1802. 

The maternal grandfather, lumber Harvey, was 
born in the old Bay State in 1755, and during the 
Revolutionary War attained to the rank of Sergeant 
He was of English lineage. Dr. T. L. Lane and 
Roxanna Harvey were married at Marlborougli, 
N. H., October 25, 1825, and became the parents of 

two sons and two daughters: J. B., the subject of 
this sketch, who is the eldest of the family; 
Jane A., born November 25, 1828, died May 6, 
1836; Timothy was born April 2, 1830, and died 
April 20, 1832; and Mary J., born December 15,- 
1837, the wife of Andrew J.Richmond, of Oregon. 
J. B. Lane remained with his father and mother 
until their respective deaths, and in 1860 started 
a store in what was Old Fillmore, of which place 
he was appointed Postmaster in 1854, and very 
efficiently filled the position until Cleveland's ad- 
ministration, when he was displaced. Upon the 
election of Harrison, his son took the office. The 
town of Fillmore is built on the farm which was 
owned by Mr. Lane, and it was owing to his exer- 
tions that the village was founded. He was first 
married on the 9th of March, 1848, to Miss Sarah 
Harris, who died July 4, 1851, having borne her 
husband a son, Timothy, who is a resident of Fill- 
more. Mr. Lane's second marriage was celebrated 
on the 3rd of February, 1852, Rachel S. Bost, a 
daughter of Jacob and Margaret (Cress) Bost, be- 
coming his wife. She was born in Cabarrus County, 
N. C., and at the age of seven years became a res- 
dent of Montgomery County, 111., where she has 
since resided. 

This union resulted in the birth of seven chil- 
dren: Margaret is the wife of Rev. Hiram L. Greg- 
orys minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and a resident of California; Torrance H. is associ- 
ated with his father in the mercantile business; 
Augusta F., widow of George W. Lewey, is assis- 
tant in the post-office at Fillmore; Ora E., a suc- 
cessful farmer, resides at Fillmore; Carrie M. and 
Ella L. are at home. Mr. Lane is the owner of 
four hundred acres of land in and adjoining the 
village of Fillmore, where he and his son conduct 
a large general mercantile establishment. They 
keep a large and well-selected stock of goods, 
which they dispose of at very reasonable rates, and 
their efforts to please their patrons, their genial 
and cordial manners and upright business methods 
have made their house a very popular and liber- 
ally patronized one. 

Mr. Lane is a pronounced Republican, and on 
that ticket was elected Associate Judge in 1869. 
During his four years of service in that position jus- 



tice was meted out with an impartial hand, and 
decisions were made after careful and painstaking 
study of the evidence adduced. He was also a 
popular and intelligent Justice of the Peace and 
adjusted the difficulties of his neighbors in a, man- 
ner very satisfactory to all concerned. Mr. Lane 
was at ono time the owner of six hundred acres of 
land, but gave each of his boys considerable real- 
estate, and was also very liberal with his daughters. 
He is a prominent citizen of his own township, 
and is respected and esteemed for his sterling in- 
tegrity, sound judgment, broad intelligence and 
progressive ideas. 

MINDRUP. Agriculture has one 
of its most energetic representatives among 
the German population of Nokorois Town- 
ship, Montgomery County, in the gentleman whose 
name appears at the head of this sketch. A prosperous 
and progressive farmer, Mr. Mindrup is a native of 
Germany, having been born in Oslerland, December 
6, 1836. His father was a farmer, with all the ideas of 
thrift and industry common and necessary to the 
German agriculturist. Our subject was reared on the 
home farm, and in the intervals of duties incident 
to a farmer lad, he received a common-school ed- 
ucation, which was, however, very different from 
the education received by the boys of to-da3 r . 

Our subject's parents both passed away in their 
native land, and when young Mindrup had reached 
his majority he emigrated to America, his advent 
hither taking place in 1857. He at once proceeded 
to Illinois, and located on a farm near Mount Olive, 
in Macoupin County. There he continued until 
1868, when he came to this county and purchased 
eighty acres of land in Nokomis Township. When 
all that thrift and energy could do was done for 
this small tract, and it had been made to blossom 
like the rose, he later added a larger tract to the 
original purchase. 

A home procured, our subject cast about for the 
right woman to give it indeed a home atmosphere, 

Miss Lena Husman proved to be his heart's choice, 
and they were united in marriage March 2, 1865. 
She also was of German birth and parentage. 
Nine children have taken their place in the pleas- 
ant home, in which kindness and appreciation are 
the chief characteristics. A great affliction was 
laid upon the eldest son, whose name is Harmon. 
When but two years of age, the child had a severe 
illness, and as a result of this he lost the power of 
speech and hearing. He is now a student in the 
deaf and dumb school at Jacksonville, 111., and his 
progress there is gratifying to himself and parents. 
The other children are still at home, and are 
named as follows: Lizzie, PYederikie, Richard, An- 
nie, Henry, Otto, Etta and Lena. The older children 
are receiving every advantage afforded by the 
public schools of their vicinity for a thorough and 
practical education, and will doubtless take their 
places as respected citizens in the localities chosen 
for their homes. Mr. Mindrup is an ardent ad- 
herent of the Republican party in theory, but 
takes but little active interest in politics, aside 
from casting his vote. 

OHN S. HALL, a very prominent fanner of 
Pleasant Mound Township, Bond County, 
111., was born in Jefferson County, Va., 
within eight miles of Charleston, Jaiuiary 
17,1813. His present home is located on section 
7, in Pleasant Mound, where he has a farm of four 
hundred and fifty acres and a house beautifully 
placed on a gravel bank in the midst of a natural 

The father of our subject was Joshua M. Hall, a 
native of Jefferson County, Va., born in 1780. He 
was a farmer and also a boatman on the Potomac, 
and died in his native county at the age of fifty- 
eight years. Ilis father was of English extraction 
and bore the same name as himself. The mother 
of our subject was Charlotte (Strider) Hall, and 
was a native of the same county and State as 
her husband. She lived to be but fifty-nine years 



old. Her father was Isaac Strider, a native of Ger- 
man}', who was one of the early settlers of the 
State of Virginia. The family of Mr. and Mrs. 
Hall consisted of six children, all of whom grew 
to maturity, married, and reared families that are 
now scattered over the United States. 

Our subject is the third child and oldest son of 
his parents' family. He was reared and educated 
in his native place and received a common-school 
education. In 1831, he came to Bond County, 111., 
and bought the farm where he now resides, but re- 
turned to Virginia in February, 1832, though in 
the following year he came back, traveling on 
horseback and by stage and river. In February, 
1837, he married Miss Jane M., the daughter of 
Middleton Smith, who was also born in Virginia, 
in Morgan County. Mrs. Hall reached Bond 
County, 111., in 1833, with her parents. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hall were the parents of eight children, of whom 
six were daughters and two sons. They are: 
Sarah V., deceased wife of Eugene Seymour; Mary 
O., wife of E. P. McMurran, who is Postmaster 
at Smithborough; Charlotte, wife of E. V. Gaskins, 
of Zion Township, Bond County; John S., residing 
near his father; Ellen A., wife of Thomas Milton, 
of Montgomery County, 111.; William C., residing 
in Greenville; Emma, wife of O. E. Bennett, a com- 
mercial traveler; and Frances I., wife of Gilbert 
Guller, of Smithborough. All of our subject's 
children were born on the farm where he now re- 
sides, and they have all been happily married and 
he is now the proud grandfather of eight children. 

Our subject has a farm of four hundred and 
fifty acres, almost all of which is fenced and culti- 
vated. When he located on this place it was all 
wild land, and it must be a great satisfaction to 
him to see how his efforts have been rewarded. 
Fields of waving grain and nodding corn have 
taken the place of the wilderness that first pre- 
sented itself to his gaze when he made his trip 
herein 1831. He lias found it most profitable to 
lie n general farmer, and has made considerable 
money in the raising of fine stock. His first Pres- 
idential vote was cast for William Henry Harrison 
in 1836, and in 1840 he again voted the same 
ticket, and has been a Whig and a Republican ever 
since. He has held the ollice of School Director 

for a number of years. At one time he owned 
six hundred acres of land- in the county, but now 
finds that four hundred and fifty are quite as much 
as he cares to manage. He is well known and is 
highly regarded as one of the old settlers of the 

Yj=!SDWARD IIOOG, wholesale and retail 

|W| dealer in flour, feed, hides and wool, con- 

jl =^ ducting his business at the corner of State 

and Edwards Streets, Litchfield, is a man of fine 

character and excellent business habits, and is 

regarded as an active factor in extending the 

commercial interests of the city. He is of pioneer 

antecedents, his father being one of the early 

settlers of this State. 

The parents of our subject were Constantino and 
Charlotta (Muiemann) Hoog. The senior Mr. 
Hoog was born in Baden-Baden, Germany, about 
sixty-five years ago, and when quite a young man 
emigrated to this country and settled at Staunton, 
111. From Staunton he removed to Carlinville, 
where he married, and afterward moved to Litch- 
field, in the year !So5. He was one of the oldest 
merchants doing business on State Street, and had 
represented the Second Ward as Alderman for two 
successive terms, and filled the position with honor 
to himself and satisfaction to his constituency. 
The family of Constantino Hoog and his wife con- 
sisted of five children: Our subject; Anna; Lena, 
wife of Edwin Austin; Ida, a school teacher at 
Mt. Olive; and Lottie, who remains at home. 

Our subject received his education at the 
High Schools of Litchfield and Jones' Com- 
mercial College of St. Louis. He first embarked 
on his business career by opening a store where 
he dealt in hides and wool, succeeding his 
father in this line. lie made a success of this 
venture from the first, and soon added flour and 
feed departments, and thus built up a large trade 
in the vicinity of Litchfield. He is also a stock- 
holder in the Litchfield Hotel Company, 



On the 23d of October, 1884, our subject mar- 
ried Miss Minnie Johnson, daughter of Mr. W. H. 
Johnson, a business man of this city. Miss John- 
son was born in Carlinville. They have one child 
living, Arthur Valentine, whose birthday occurs 
on Valentine's Day. Waldo, the younger child, 
died on the first anniversary of his birthday. 

Mr. Hoog has built a fine home on the corner of 
State and Burr Streets, where he has resided for 
the past two years. He occupies a rising position 
among the foremost young men in Litchficld, is 
very popular and wields quite an influence in 
social and fraternal circles. He is likewise held in 
good repute by the citizens in general, for his hon- 
orable character and energetic nature. 

AYFIELD TRUITT, well known as a suc- 
cessful farmer of Montgomery County, 
IS was born at Carlton, Trimble County, Ky., 
November 2, 1839, and is the son of Sam- 
uel and Cynthia A. (Colbert) Truitt. The father 
of our subject was born December 28, 1818, in 
Kentucky, into which State his father had come 
from Virginia, becoming one of the early settlers 
there. The mother of our subject was also a Ken- 
tuckian, and was born March 16, 1818. The father 
was a farmer by occupation, and moved his family 
into Illinois iu 1842. He settled near Fayette, 
Greene County, on a farm, and continued there un- 
til the gold fever of 1849 struck the country, when 
he went to California. He went with a party from 
Alton, and remained about two years, but, believ- 
ing that Illinois was a better State, he returned to 
Greene County. In November, 1851, he moved 
into Montgomery County, where he settled on a 
farm four miles west of Ilillsboro. 

When the Bee Line Railroad was being con- 
structed, our subject's father had a contract to 
grade a mile between Butler and Litchfield. but he 
died in February, 1863. He steadfastly refused to 
accept any office but that of School Director, and 
was a man greatly respected. The mother of our 

subject married for a second husband Richard Col- 
bert, and after his death she married Edward Gun- 
newalt. She still lives. The children born to the 
parents of our subject were as follows: Warren, who 
now represents the Government as United States 
District Judge at Alaska, went to Oregon in 1870, 
and there began the practice of law. He is married 
and has two children. J. M. lives in Hillsboro, 111.; 
Cynthia Ann died in infancy; Russell resides in 
Walla Walla, Wash., where he practices medicine; 
and Oliver H. died when young. 

Our subject was reared on a farm, and attended 
the country school, beside which he had the ad- 
vantage of two terms at Ilillsboro. He remained 
with his parents until he had reached his twenty- 
first year, and then he married Frances E. McAdams, 
October 3, 1861. She was the daughter of Thomas 
and Mary McAdams, and was born and reared 
about five miles south of Hillsboro. At her death, 
which occurred April 23, 1869, she left three 
children. James M. lives in Roodhouse and is 
an engineer on the Chicago & Alton Railroad. 
He married Belle Stone, and has two children. 
Thomas has gone West, and is now engaged in 
mining in Montana; and Francis died in infancy. 
Our subject married a second time, his wife being 
Margaret E., the daughter of Jacob and Mary 
Kessinger, natives of Kentucky. Three children, 
William M., Elmer and Lester, have been born of 
this union. 

Mr. Truilt has been a prominent man in his dis- 
trict. He has held the office of Supervisor since 
1884, with the exception of one year. His early 
teaching had made him a Democrat, but in 1872 he 
saw occasion to look at public matters in a dif- 
ferent light, and he has been a Republican since. 
While serving as Supervisor, he has had charge of 
the most important committees. He was Chair- 
man of the Committee on Public Buildings one 
year, and is now a member of the Finance Com- 
mittee. He has been a member of the Township 
Central Committee for five years. For three years 
he was Highway Commissioner in Bois D'Arc 

After his marriage, our subject farmed the home 
place west of Ilillsboro, and remained there until 
1867, at which time he sold out and moved south 


Of I HE 



of Hillsboro. He went to Missouri and Kansas in 
the fall of 1870-71, and when lie returned he lo- 
cated on a farm in Montgomery County, remain- 
ing there from 1872 until 1878. He then settled 
on liis present farm, where he has three hundred 
acres of finely improved land. The place is farmed 
by himself and his brother, J. M. Truitt, in partner- 
ship. These gentlemen are well known and highly 
connected throughout the county. 

eHARLES WHITEHOUSE, who resides on 
section 7, Walshville Township, is one of 
the most extensive land-owners of Mont- 
gomery County, and is widely known throughout 
this part of the State. He well deserves represen- 
tation in this volume, and with pleasure we pre- 
sent to our readers this record of his life. He was 
born in the kingdom of Prussia, Germany, Decem- 
ber 14, 1833, and is the youngest in a family of 
five sons and one daughter born unto William 
and Margaretta (Elsbein) Whitehouse. In the 
Fatherland the name was spelled Whiteliaus. Our 
subject was reared to manhood upon the farm 
and was educated in accoidance with the laws of 
his native land. 

In 1853, when at the age of twenty years, 
Charles Whitehouse determined to seek his fortune 
in the New World, whither four of his brothers 
had preceded him. The family name was changed 
by William for his neighbors began calling him 
Whitehouse, and he soon found it necessary to 
assume that name, which the other brothers also 
took. The name of Whitehouse is now known 
for miles in ail directions, for the members of the 
family have mounted far up the ladder of fame 
and fortune. William, who died many years ago, 
left a vast estate of nearly three thousand acres 
of as fine land as can be found in Illinois, 
and to ttiis his heirs are constantly adding. 

After coming to this country, our subject 
worked as a farm hand for about four years and 


then purchased eighty acres of land in Macoupin 
County. Five years later he purchased the farm 
on which he now resides. As his financial resources 
have increased, he has made other purchases, until 
at this writing his landed possessions aggregate 
nine hundred and twenty acres. He has not only 
been a successful farmer, but has also won pros- 
perity as a land speculator and coal operator. 

In 1856, Mr. Whitehouse was married to Miss 
Fuge Arkabauer. She died in 1887, leaving five 
children, namely: Martha, wife of Fred Neimann, 
Jr., a wealthy young farmer; Annie, at home; 
and Harmon and Charles, who manage the fa- 
ther's farm. Hannah is deceased. Mr. Whitehouse 
was a second time married, in 1888, the lady of 
his choice being Mrs. Annie (Johnson) Arkebauer, 
a native of Hanover, Germany. They are prom- 
inent and highly respected people, who hold an 
enviable position in social circles. 

In addition to his farming interests, Mr. White- 
house has been connected with the opening up of 
various coal mines in this Iocalit3 r . He is a man of 
superior business ability and, with a fertile mind 
directing industrious hands, he has achieved suc- 
cess. In politics, he is a Republican. He served 
for one term as Town Supervisor, and was again 
nominated, but the election proved a tie and in 
casting lots Mr. Whitehouse was the loser. He 
has never been an office-seeker, for he prefers to 
devote his entire attention to his large property, 
which he personally oversees, although he takes 
no active part in the work. He is a member of 
the German Lutheran Church and for many years 
was one of its officers. 

illOMAS M. JETT. "Some men are born 
great, some achieve greatness, and some 
have greatness thrust upon them." The 
subject of this sketch is one of those men who 
achieve their own success. Most of our public 
men, and men who have legitimately grown rich, 
are men of intelligence, integrity and perseverance. 



Of this class Mr. Jett is an honored member. He 
is intensely patriotic and American in sentiment; 
a representative man of his type, in full sympathy 
with the progress of the times. 

Thomas M. Jett was born near Greenville, Bond 
County, 111., May 1, 1862. His father, Stephen J. 
Jett, was a native of Virginia, though he came with 
his parents to Illinois at a very early age, so that 
the most interesting memories of his childhood are 
connected with his home in the Sucker State. 

Mr. Jett, the grandfather of our subject, was an 
extensive planter in the Old Dominion and 
owned a great many slaves. The mother of our 
subject was born in North Carolina in 1829. Her 
maiden name was Nancy Booher. Her father, John 
Booher. was among the earty settlers of Mont- 
gomery County, 111. Thus we learn that two of 
the Old Colony States are represented in our sub- 
ject and that he traces his lineage from the brave 
men and women whose stout hearts and noble deeds 
"made and preserved us a nation." 

Stephen J. Jett was a prosperous farmer, doing 
much to advance the interests of agriculture in his 
vicinity, hence, the early life of our subject was 
spent on the farm. He attended the common 
school of his neighborhood, laying well the 
foundations for the liberal education which he 
later secured in college at Valparaiso, Ind., gradu- 
ating from the scientific department of that insti- 
tution with high honor in 1884. From his earliest 
years, he was a favorite with his associates, and his 
quick, intellect and studious habits, together with a 
frank and friendly manner, won for him many a 
bright prophecy in regard to his future. 

After his graduation, our subject became a 
teacher in the public schools of both Bond and 
Montgomery Counties, during which time he com- 
menced to read law, and in March, 1885, he be- 
came a student in the ollice of Judge Phillips, of 
llillsboro. In June, 1887, he was admitted to the 
Bar and soon after located at Nokomis, where he 
first hung out his shingle. It was not long before 
his logic, eloquence and ability attracted the atten- 
tion of his brother attorneys and the citizens of 
Montgomery County, and in the spring of 1889 lie 
was brought to the front by his party and elected 
to the responsible office of State's Attorney for that 

county, the duties of which office he lias performed 
for the past three years to the great satisfaction of 
his constituents and much credit to himself. Dur- 
ing the convention in the spring of 1892, he was 
renominated for another four-year term with but 
little or no opposition. 

Mr. Jett selected his life companion in the per- 
son of Miss Mollie Clotfelter, and their marriage 
was celebrated on the 24th of December, 1889. 
One child, Ross W., has been born to this union. 
Mrs. Jett's father, James W. Clotfelter, is a promi- 
nent farmer and stock-raiser of Hillsboro. Like 
his father and grandfather before him, Thomas M. 
Jett is an enthusiastic Democrat, and a leader in 
their councils. He is a prominent member of the 
Masonic fraternity, also a member of the Knights 
of Pythias, and one of the county's most energetic, 
and thorough-going citizens. He is a man of fine 
personal appearance, and magnetic influence. A 
bright future is opening before him. He is in the 
prime of life mentally as well as in his physical 
health. From his past record, we judge that what- 
ever may betide him in the future, there will be no 
occasion to doubt his honesty of purpose and de- 
votion to duty. Logical in thought, terse in 
speech, pleasant in address, when he speaks he 
wins respect and commands attention. Illinois has 
no brighter or more genial man than Thomas M. 

JAMES C. WHITE, a prominent farmer and 
an old settler of La Grange Township, is 
i the owner of three hundred and thirty-five 
acres of land in Bond County, and is a 
man well and favorably known. The ancestors of 
our subject were among those pioneers who came 
into the State from Virginia and Kentucky, where 
their names are yet well represented. 

James White was the father of our subject and 
his native State was Kentucky, and from there 
also came Stephen White, the grandfather, who 
in that section carried on the various employments 
of carpentering, tanning and farming. He made 



the journey into the wilderness in 1817, by wagon, 
and took up one hundred and sixty acres of land 
on suction 25, in this township, and here he died 
five years later. The father of our subject came 
here in 1822 and entered forty acres and here 
liuilt a log house, and raised and cribbed a crop of 
corn, after which, having thus proved the fertility 
of the soil, he returned to Kentucky and brought 
his family here in the spring of 1823. 

At that time the Indians had not all departed 
for other hunting-grounds, and deer and wolves 
still remained, and, if they could have thought, 
no doubt their opinions of the invading strangers 
would have been no more flattering than were 
those of the noble red men. At this place 
James White developed a small farm, but died 
in the year 1844, at the age of fifty-four years. 
The mother of our subject was Nancy Owens, and 
she was born in Rockingham County, Va., where 
she was reared and became the mother of eight 
children, viz: Clayborn M., Shelton M., John II., 
Fannie M., Stephen R., Ambrose H., James C. and 
Catherine J. The mother died here in 1853, at 
the age of sixty-five y ears, both she and her 
husband having been consistent members of the 
church which Alexander Campbell gave his life- 
time to establish. Mr. White was a Democrat, as 
had been his ancestors. 

The maternal grandfather of our subject was 
Mason Owens, who was a native of Virginia and 
served for seven years in the Revolutionary War, 
which he entered at the age of sixteen as a drum- 
mer boy. After the struggle was over he 
learned the trade of a wheelwright, as he possessed 
mechanical genius and could fashion almost any- 
thing, and also carried on farming. He was one 
of the early settlers of Kentucky, and also of 
Montgomery County, 111., where he died at the 
age of eighty-six years. 

Our subject was reared on the farm where his 
birth took place March 11, 1826. His school days 
were spent in the old log schoolhouse which 
he needs no artist to paint and hang on his wall. 
He remembers well the long walk to reach there, 
and the rough slab seats, the wide chimney of 
sticks, the one window covered with greased 
paper, and the latch string hanging oul, which old 

custom has been taken in modern days for a sym- 
bol of hospitality. His school days were few, for 
the cattle had to be closely watched, and he was 
the one to assist in caring for the stock. At one 
time, our subject remembers seeing a herd of deer, 
numbering forty-five, feeding with his neighbor's 
cattle, and the wolves were so bold that unless 
the pigs and sheep were carefully guarded they 
would not only take tribute, but could be depended 
upon to carry off the proverbial lion's share. 

As soon as he was regarded in the family as of 
enough account to be trusted to make a bargain, 
our subject was sent to St. Louis to sell wheat 
and hogs, which he hauled all the way, making 
the trip in five days, which necessitated a camp- 
ing out on the way. These trips were usually 
made by several farmers at the same time, as their 
numbers were a protection against savages and 
wild beasts. At the age of eighteen years, our 
subject began working for himself, and lie received 
fifty cents per day. This was preliminary to his 
marriage, which took place December 16, 1852, 
when he espoused Nancy J. Wood, who was born 
in this township April 12, 1831. Her people were 
very early settlers here, and a sketch of her fam- 
ily appears below. 

The father of Mrs. White was Charles Wood, and 
her grandfather was Thomas Wood, and both weie 
natives of South Carolina, of German descent. The 
ancestors came to this country in Colonial times. 
The grandfather was a farmer and miller, who re- 
moved to this county about 1829, and died here 
at an advanced age. The father of Mrs. White 
was a mechanical genius and could work at the 
carpenter's trade, take a hand at bricklaying, 
or make a piece of furniture; in fact, he must have 
been a man who would have proved himself a per- 
fect mine of usefulness in a pioneer settlement. 
His arrival here was in a two-wheeled cart, in 
which he came across the mountains, being two 
months on the way, and camping out during the 
nights. He reached here in 1826. 

Mr. Wood reached this county with $40, and 
he then took up eighty acres of Government land 
and later took eighty more, and, as lie prospered, he 
took more until he finally owned over one thousand 
acres. lie built a log cabin and settled on section 



29, in this township, where he farmed very exten- 
sively and raised great numbers of cattle, sheep 
and hogs. Just at this time, he was drafted into 
the army for the Black. Hawk War, but before he 
started the war ended. At that time deer and 
wolves were plentiful, and thousands of prairie 
chickens flew over the land. No game laws were 
necessary at that time. Mr. Wood was not much 
of a hunter for sport, but he could use his rifle 
with good effect when he so desired, and many 
were the hungry wolves prowling around his high 
sheep pen who bit the dust from a shot from that 
same rifle. 

There were several small stores in the neighbor- 
hood, but Mr. Wood was obliged to haul all of 
his produce to St. Louis over Indian trails, 
the trip often requiring five days to accomplish. 
His death took place when he was sixty-nine 
years of age. The mother of Mrs. White was 
Sarah McCormick, who was born in Scotland and 
came to America with her parents when a child. 
She reared eight children, as follows: Caroline, 
Eli, Ezra, Nancy Jane, David (deceased), John, 
Sarah A. and Ira. The mother died at the ripe 
age of sixty-nine, a good and noble woman, and 
a member of the Baptist Church. Mr. Wood 
had been a strong Abolitionist, notwithstanding 
the fact that he had been reared in South Caro- 
lina, the first State to secede in the late war. 

Mrs. White was reared here and attended the 
same kind of school in which her husband re- 
ceived the rudiments of his education. After 
marriage, Mr. and Mrs. White settled in the home 
place and lived there until 1860, when they re- 
moved here. This was not Government land, but 
Mr. White has made all of the improvements and 
lias now three hundred and thirty-five acres of 
fine fertile land. He carries on a system of mixed 
farming and also handles some stock, although 
he now rents almost all his land, as he does not 
desire to pass his latter days in toil. He is a 
carpenter by trade and has done some building. 
His home residence is a comfortable large frame 
house, which he built in 1860. 

In politics, Mr. White is a Democrat and be- 
lieves in the principles taught by that great party. 
Mrs. White is a good, kind woman, a consistent 

member of the Church of Christ. This worthy 
couple have never had any children of their own, 
but under the safe shelter of their roof and by 
their fireside twenty-seven friendless little ones 
have found a welcome and a home. No words of the 
biographer could place this good man and woman 
more favorably before the public, and this RKCOKD 
is proud to show to the future this example of 
true Christianity. "Inasmuch as ye have done it 
unto the least of these, ye have done it unto 

.IIOMAS T. BAKER, D. D. S., is a popular 
young dentist, who is located at the corner 
of State and Kirkharu Streets, in Litchfield. 
He has been in business here since 1889, and has a 
constantly increasing practice. The State of Ken- 
tucky was the home of his parents, William T. and 
Mar}' (Hough) Baker, who came to Illinois a num- 
ber of years ago, but the father died when Thomas 
T. was an infant. Our subject was born in this 
city, July 26, 1866, and this has since been his 
home, where he has been known as a manly boy, 
an ambitious student, and now a successful profes- 
sional man. He has shown energy and persever- 
ance, and his home people have shown by their 
patronage that they have every confidence in his 
skill and ability. 

Mr. Baker was educated in the schools of this 
place, and was graduated from the High School in 
1885. He lost no time in the choice of a profes- 
sion, but immediately entered the office of Dr. 
Barefoot, and remained with him for three years. 
He took his first course of lectures in Indianapolis, 
and later attended the Missouri Dental College, at 
St. Louis, from which he was graduated in the 
Class of '90. Upon his return, he immediately be- 
gan to practice his profession. He entered into 
partnership with Dr. W. A. Alexander, and the 
firm continued until 1890, when Dr. Baker bought 
out his partner's interest, and now continues the 
business with -a student assistant. He has built up 
a large and lucrative practice, and has all of the 



appliances which render the labor of a dentist one 
of relief instead of one of pain. His work com- 
pares favorably with that of older practitioners, 
and what he has not yet learned by experience, he 
overbalances by his new methods and late discov- 
eries of science. 

Our subject has always been interested in music, 
and is now a member of the band. He is also iden- 
tified with the order of the Knights of Pythias. He 
is considered one of the desirable members of the 
social circles of Litchfleld, and one who will make 
his mark in his profession. 

L. SETTLEMIRE is the enterpris- 
ing and popular proprietor of the Wabash 
Elevator, which is located north of the de- 
pot in Litchfleld. His father, David O. Settlemire, 
was born in Cape Girardeau, Mo., and came to Jer- 
sey County, 111'., in his boyhood, when the country 
was as yet unsettled. Amid pioneer surroundings 
lie there grew to maturity, and on starting out in 
life for himself, he became a mechanic. Later, he 
went to Carlinville, and engaged in the grain busi- 
ness. While at Gillespie he established a mill, and 
conducted both lines from 1860 until 1867, when 
he sold out and embarked in the grain business at 
this place. He built an elevator here that has a 
capacity of twenty-five thousand bushels of grain. 
Mr. Settlemire 's marriage occurred at Carlinville, 
the bride being Miss Sarah J. Adams, who is still liv- 
ing. To them were born two children, our subject, 
and lola E., who became the wife of W. A. Aruthers, 
of the Mt. Vernon Car Company. David O. Settle- 
mire was one of the organizers of the Car Company, 
and for ten or twelve years was the President of 
what was called the Litchfleld Car Company. In 
April, 1890, he established the Mt. Vernon Car 
Works, in which he is the main stockholder, :ind 
of which he has been President. He has been a 
very active and progressive man in the locality, 
and has done much to make the city what it is. He 

has always been interested in the grain and eleva- 
tor business, but January 1, 1892, he sold this busi- 
ness to his son George, and now gives his time en- 
tirely to the Mt. Vernon Car Company. 

The birth of our subject took place July 26, 
1851, and after completing his education in the 
schools of this city, he immediately went into busi- 
ness. The grain business was not new to him, as 
he had been acquainted with elevators all of his 
life, and he took entire charge of the one built by 
liis father. He does an extensive business, and 
ships to Eastern and Southern markets, while his 
trade in the local market is also large. 

The marriage of Mr. Settlemire took place in 
November, 1887, when he was united in marriage 
with Miss Ella E., daughter of Hon. P. B. Updyke, 
who is an old and respected citizen of this place. 
Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Set- 
tlemire: David P. and Wilber Linn. The family 
of which Mr. Settlemire is a member has been 
identified with the progress of the nation through 
several generations. His life has been such as to 
add lustre to the honored name he bears, and he has 
acquired prosperity by close industry and the ex- 
ercise of excellent judgment. 

POSTER F. WAIT, a prominent farmer of 
Bond County, was born in Central Town- 
ship, November 14, 1837. He is also one 
of the brave veterans of the late war. His father 
came to this State in 1818 and became one of the 
most prominent men of his times. The family his- 
tory is given in full in the sketch of Henry W.Wait, 
of this township. Our subject was reared upon the 
farm and was educated in the early schools of the 
time and place, but at the age of twenty-one he 
became a student at the University at Burlington, 
Iowa, and took a course in book-keeping and some 
literary studies also. Two years were pleasantly 
spent here, but in May, 1864, he entered Compaq- 
F, One Hundred and Thirty-fifth Illinois Infantry, 
and was mustered into the service of the Union 



army at Mattoon, 111. He did service in Missouri, 
on the Iron Mountain Railway and in St. Louis, 
doing guard duty, and was mustered out October 
1, 1864. 

The marriage of our subject took place June 10, 
1863, when Miss Margaret Corrie became his wife. 
She was born in this county March 13, 1843, and 
seven children have been the result of her union 
with Mr. Wait. Four of these are living, as fol- 
lows: Sarah L. married Austin W. Grant and lives 
in Tulare County, Cal.; Mabel V., lone C. aud 
Lillian B. are at home. William F., George L. 
and Foster are deceased. 

After his marriage, our subject settled on a place 
near the home farm, and in 1865 removed to Mad- 
ion County, where he remained upon a farm his 
father owned until 1868, when he returned to the 
old home farm and settled there. He now possesses 
two hundred and fourteen acres, all in one body 
and all improved. He carries on mixed farming 
and has become known as a breeder of fine stock. 
His improvements have all been substantial ones 
and those which add to the value of a place. 

In his political opinions our subject is a Repub- 
lican and is always very outspoken upon the sub- 
jects of public interest. His relationship with 
the Grand Army Post in Greenville is very 
pleasant, and his position in the county is one of 
esteem, both on account of his own admirable 
qualities and also on account of his family rela- 

J~~ OSEPH BIGHAM. The oldest members of 
a community are doubly entitled to the re- 
spect and esteem of their neighbors when 
their long lives have been replete with acts 
of kindness, and their whole career marked by 
integrity and uprightness. The time-honored and 
respected gentleman whose name appears at the 
head of this sketch makes his home on section 20, 
East Fork Township, Montgomery Count}'. His 
native home was in Hagerstown, Washington 

County, Md., where he was born January 27, 
1804. His father, Joseph Bigham, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, and his father, Hugh Bigham, was 
also born in the Keystone State, of Irish parentage. 
Our subject's great-grandfather, Bryan Bigham, 
was born on the Green Isle of Erin, and came to 
America at a period antedating the Revolutionary 

Joseph Bigham, father of our subject, selected 
his wife in the person of Miss Elizabeth Eenbich,a 
native of Pennsylvania and the daughter of Chris- 
topher Eenbich, who was of German descent. Our 
subject was one of a family of children born to 
this union, and was reared in his native count}', 
receiving a fair education in the common schools. 
When fourteen years of age, he began learning the 
shoemaker's trade and followed this for many 
years. Industrious, enterprising and progressive 
he prospered in his chosen calling and became one 
of the substantial men of his locality. 

Our subject was married the first time in Wash- 
ington County, Md., in 1830, to Miss Mary 
A. Kcrshner, who was born in that county and 
State, and to them were born seven children, 
named in the order of their births as follows: 
Samuel K. and Mary A., deceased; Emannel K., 
born in Maryland in January, 1835, and married 
Miss Laura M. McGahey, who with his wife now 
resides on the farm with our subject; Catherine J. 
E., the wife of Louis Tice, of Greenville, 111.; James 
H., of Kansas; Charles II., of Bond County, 111.; 
and John W., of Arkansas. Mr. Bigham's second 
marriage was with Adelia Paisley, who bore him 
one daughter, S. M., who is now the wife of Harri- 
son Hanner. The children now living have pros- 
pered in their various occupations and are highly 
esteemed in whatever community they make their 

Mr. Bigham came to Montgomery County, 111., 
in 1845, and took up land from the Government. 
Although the land was wild upon which he settled, 
and the implements he used to cultivate his land 
rude and unhandy, the soil was rich, and as the 
work of clearing progressed and the crops were put 
in, it yielded a rich return. Now, when well along 
in years, this worthy gentleman has a good farm 
of two hundred acres all under cultivation, and 



eighty acres of timber, and can now sit down and 
enjoy the fruit of his labor. For many years lie 
has been identified with the interests of Mont- 
gomery County and in him the community lias a 
faithful and unswerving friend, ever alert to serve 
its best interest and generous in his contributions 
toward every movement tending to the general 

Mr. Bigham's pleasant residence is a home in- 
deed, and is at once a monument and a reward 
of patient continuance in well-doing, hard toil and 
sober living. He ranks as a noticeable illustration 
of that indomitable push and energy which char- 
acterize men of will and determination. His first 
Presidential vote was cast for Jackson, but he is 
now a stanch Republican. 


OHN W. ROSE, the efficient and capable 
Clerk of the city of Litchfield, has occupied 
his present office for the past ten years, and 
during the entire time has given entire satis- 

Mr. Rose was born in Grisham Township, near 
the present site of Donnellson, October 16, 1847, 
and has the honor of being the son of two worthy 
people, Henry and Leah (Meisenheimer) Rose, the 
former of whom was one of the early settlers of the 
county, having come from his native State, Ken- 
tucky. His good wife was a native of North 
Carolina and both were of German descent. These 
two parents died when their son, our subject, was 
still quite young, the father passing away when 
John was only three years old, and the mother 
leaving the little helpless fellow a year later. 

This child, who was destined to be our subject, 
grew to manhood in his native county and received 
a good common-school education. During this 
time he had no permanent home, but he was a 
plucky fellow and never allowed anything to dis- 
courage him. Desiring more of an education than 
was afforded by the public schools, he earned suf- 

ficient money to carry him through a course at 
Lincoln University, Lincoln, III. After finishing 
his course he returned to his native place and en- 
gaged in school teaching, following this avocation 
for twelve years, from 1868 to 1881, although not 
all the time in Illinois, as he was at Independence, 
Kan., from 1872 to 1874, teaching in the city 
schools. During all of his experience as a teacher 
he gave entire satisfaction, and the educational in- 
terests lost a valuable advocate and promoter 
when Mr. Rose abandoned that pursuit to respond 
to the call of his city. 

In 1883 the City Council appointed Mr. Rose, 
without regard to politics, to fill a vacancy in the 
position of Clerk. So creditably did he serve, that 
he was elected the following year for a full term 
and has been re-elected ever since. It would be 
impossible to find any one who could fill the posi- 
tion in any more creditable manner than this in- 
telligent gentleman does. Upon his appointment 
to office Mr. Rose concluded to represent several 
insurance firms, and now is the agent of twelve of 
the best corporations of that nature. In addition 
to the very fine business he is attending to in 
that line, he deals in real estate, and is a Notary 
Public, although he only aims to carry on the in- 
surance business in addition to the duties of his 
office. By virtue of his office of Notary Public he 
is able to do conveyancing. 

Mr. Rose is a member of Charter Oak Lodge, A. 
F. and A. M.; Elliott Chapter and St. Omer Com- 
mandery, and has been the Master of the lodge for 
five years. He was honored in 1883 by be- 
ing appointed Deputy Grand Lecturer for the State 
of Illinois. In 1890 Mr. Rose was appointed Grand 
Examiner by Grand Master John M. Pierson, of 
Godfrey, which honorable and important position 
he still retains. In politics lie upholds the 
principles of Democracy, but his wife just as ar- 
dently sustains the principles of the Republican 

Mr. Rose married Miss Mary J. Green, the daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Amanda Green, of Raymond 
Township. This lady first saw the light of day in 
Fail-field County, Ohio. The day that saw these 
two people made one was October 20, 1870, and 
since that time fourchildreu have come to brighten 



their home, but two died in infancy; those sur- 
viving are: Pearl J. and Mabel. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rose are prominent members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, of which Mr. Rose is Secretary 
and Treasurer of the Board of Stewards. Mrs. Rose 
is a Director in the Litchfield Library Association 
and also is one of the Grand Officers of the Order 
of the Eastern Star, a connection of the Masonic 

Such people as these make a city important in a 
county, and if all the citizens of Litchfield had its 
interests as much at heart as Mr. Rose and his 
estimable and capable wife, the city would soon be 
one of the first in this portion of the State. 

~^} -C ' T 

\fOHN BURKHARDT. We who have been 
born under the most advantageous circum- 
stances of American life, enjoying the prin- 
ciples and freedom secured to us under 
our republican form of Government, feel a pecu- 
liar fraternity for representatives of the Swiss 
nation, that republic which is now the oldest in 
existence, and we feel a pride in the stories of Tell 
and the loyal mountaineers who would yield no 
obeisance to the Austrians. The farmer of whom 
we write, and who now resides in the town of So- 
rento, was born in Switzerland, Canton of Berne, 
November 17, 1841. 

John Burkhardt is a son of Peter and Kate 
(Martin) Burkhardt. His father, who was an hotel- 
keeper in the Old Country, died when he was but 
a child of three years, after which he became 
an inmate of an uncle's home. Up to his sixteenth 
year he attended school, and there gained a good 
practical education. When but a boy, he entered 
a clothing house in order to learn the business, and 
with the restlessness of youth he determined to 
seek new fields in which to make his fortune. In 
1857 he came to America, borrowing the money 
to pay his expenses. He at once proceeded to Bond 
County, and here remained for two years; then, in 
1859, he crossed the plains to Pike's Peak, thence 

going to California. There he engaged in the min- 
ing business for five years, and made a small for- 
tune, but, as was often the case, he was finalty left 
with but a mere pittance, having been beaten out 
of his earnings by his partners. Sickening of camp 
life, he returned to Bond County via the Isthmus 
and New York, and was for a time employed on a 
farm, and then became proprietor of a cider fac- 
tory, in which he made some monej'. 

Our subject finally purchased forty acres of 
land adjoining the town of Greenville. This he 
sold, with a handsome profit, at $100 per acre. In 
1876, he married Miss Augusta Siemens, daughter 
of the late Christian Siemens, of Sorento, and im- 
mediately after the marriage the couple settled on 
a large farm near Greenville. Mr. Burkhardt was 
engaged in agricultural work until 1883, when he 
came to Sorento and built the large hotel known 
as The Southern, and which he still owns. This he 
ran until a year ago, when he went to live on a 
fine farm inherited by his wife at her father's death. 
Since coming here he has rented his hotel prop- 
erty, which brings him a comfortable income. 

Of the seven children born to Mr. and Mrs. Burk- 
hardt, only five are living: Johnnie, Ida, Arthur, 
Albert and Winnie. All are being educated in the 
schools at Sorento. Robert E. and Estella W. are 
deceased. Mr. Burkhardt is a Republican of the 
most pronounced kind. Socially, he is identified 
with the Modern Woodmen. In church matters, 
he and his family attend the German-Lutheran 



w,iijLji*\ni. k5-L^\_/ik. A ii 10 prominent 
wealthy German-American farmer of Bond 

County is located in La Grange Township 
on a fine farm, which his own untiring industry 
has gained for him. He was born in the prov- 
ince of Hanover, Germany, March 4, 1830. After 
attending the common schools of his native 
place, at the age of fourteen he commenced to 
learn the tailor's trade, to which he served an ap- 
prenticeship of four years. 






According to the custom of his country, Mr. 
Sieck worked for three years as a journeyman, 
and then resolved to come to America. The city 
of Baltimore was reached July 3, 1853, after 
which he proceeded to Washington, D. C., and 
there worked at his trade as a journeyman for 
about six years. Meanwhile he saved enough 
money to purchase a tailor shop in that city, a 
fact which spoke well for his thrift and economy. 
His money, amounting to some $30, which he had 
saved for a beginning in the New World, was 
stolen from him on the way over, and he was 
in a penniless condition when he reached these 

The tailoring business which our subject con- 
ducted in Washington was very successful, and he 
had a large and lucrative trade, numbering among 
his patrons some of the best-dressed public men 
of the day Jefferson Davis, Stephen A. Douglas, 
and many senators, congressmen and members of 
the marine corps. 

Our subject was married in the city of Washing- 
ton to Miss Catherine Kaiser, who was born in the 
province of Hesse, Germany, and came to Amer- 
ica in 1851. Thej' became the parents of six chil- 
dren, as follows: Louise, August, William J., 
Sabrina (Mrs. White), Henry and Charley. In 
1880, our subject sold out his business in Wash- 
ington and, coining West to Illinois, bought his 
present farm of three hundred and fifty-five acres, 
which he made his home. He has spent several 
thousand dollars in improvements here and has 
one of the finest farms in the county. His stock 
and horses bring him profitable returns, and he 
sells many hogs. His land, in the perfect state of 
cultivation to which he has brought it, yields 
large crops of grain. 

Our subject was reared a Lutheran and still 
belongs to that church, and has always liberally 
contributed to its support. In his political opin- 
ions, he is a Republican, having earl}' decided 
that the principles enunciated by that party were 
most in accordance with his views. Although 
still cherishing a warm feeling for his native land, 
he has become thoroughly Americanized. His 
fellow-citizens have several times elected him 
Road Commissioner, and so popular is he with his 

neighbors that in 1888 he was offered the nomi- 
nation of Representative, but he would not accept. 
Among the residents of the township none are 
more highly regarded for the sterling traits of 
character which make up a good citizen, kind 
neighbor and Christian man, than the original of 
this sketch. He has shown what one man can 
accomplish by hard work and close attention to 
whatever he may have in hand, and what man 
has done there is always a chance for man to do 

/p... F. WEAVER, a prominent citizen of No- 
LM komis, 111., was born in Madison County, 

(B this State, near Edwardsville, September 
8, 1838, a son of John and Anna Marian 
(Handshy) Weaver, and a grandson of John 
Weaver, who came to America from Switzerland in 
1804, settling in Fan-field County, Ohio, near Lan- 
caster. Here John Weaver, the father of the subject 
of this sketch, was born in 1816, his father having 
died just prior to his birth. Henry Handshy, the 
grandfather on the mother's side, also came from 
Switzerland, in 1808, and located at Harper's Ferry, 
Md., where his daughter, Anna Mariah, was born 
in 1811. In 1833, she became a resident of Madi- 
son County, 111., and the following year Mr. 
Weaver located there, their marriage taking place 
in 1836. The mother died on the 4th of July, 
1891, at the advanced age of eighty years, but the 
father is still a resident of Madison Count}', near 
where he settled more than half a century ago. He 
has now attained the age of seventy-six years. 

A. F. Weaver was born and reared on a farm, 
and grew up as did other farmers' boys, attending 
school and tilling the soil until his seventeenth 
year, at which time he entered the Ohio Wesleyan 
University, at Delaware, Ohio, from which he was 
graduated in 1861. On the 9th of August, 1862, 
his name could be found on the rolls of Company 
D, One Hundred and Seventeenth Illinois Infan- 
try, as a Sergeant, and he at once went to Memphis, 



Term., where his regiment did guard and picket 
duty for nearly a year and one-half, but during 
this time several trips were made to the interior 
and valuable service was rendered to the Union 
army. They went to Helena, Ark., also to Holly 
Springs, and during the siege of Vicksburg were on 
the ground, but were held in reserve, and were not 
actively engaged in the campaign. The army was 
re-organized at Vicksburg in January, 1864, and 
Mr. Weaver's regiment was attached to the Third 
Brigade, Third Division of the Sixteenth Army 
Corps, commanded by Gen. A. J. Smith. He was 
in the expedition led by Gen. Sherman in Feb- 
ruary, 1864, against Meridian, Miss., and was a 
participant in several severe skirmishes, quite a 
severe battle being fought near Jackson, Miss. The 
enemy were driven out of Meridian, and the place 
was captured, and after destroying the railroads 
and other property, they returned to Vicksburg 
early in March, and then the command to which 
he belonged was sent down to the river to join 
Gen. Banks in an expedition up the Red River. 
They were to meet him at Alexandria, but (inding 
the river blockaded they disembarked at Simsport, 
and marched across the country to the rear of Ft. 
De Rusy, where they engaged the enemy and cap- 
tured the lort and some twelve or fourteen pieces 
of artillery, together with a number of prisoners 
and a large amount of commissary stores. They 
then proceeded to Alexandria, where they were 
soon joined by Banks and his army, after which 
they proceeded up the river and marched in the 
direction of Shreveport, La. 

Mr. Weaver's brigade guarded the rear of 
Bunks' army, and on the 8th of April engaged the 
enemy at Mansfield, after which it covered Banks' 
retreat down the river, beating back the enemy at 
Yellow Bayou and other points. This expedition 
lasted for seventy-six days, and during sixty-six 
days of this time his command was under the ene- 
my's fire. They next started on an expedition 
under Gen. Smith to Tupelo, Miss., where they 
met and defeated Forrest's army, after which they 
went to Memphis, and a short time later started 
for Holly Springs, thence went South to Ox- 
ford. They were soon ordered back to Memphis, 
and up the river to Cairo, thence to St. Louis, af- 

ter which they were in different parts of Missouri 
looking after the rebels under Gen. Price. They 
met him at Franklin, drove him out of the place, 
and followed him across the State, then gave up 
the chase and returned to St. Louis. They then 
took passage on board boats for Nashville, to join 
Gen. Thomas, where they arrived December 1, 
1864, and on the 15th they attacked Gen. Hood, 
the command to which Mr. Weaver belonged mak- 
ing the advance; the first shot from the rebels' 
guns passed directly under Mr. Weaver's foot as 
he was in the act of taking a step. The second 
day's fight resulted in the routing of Hood, after 
which they camped at Eastport, Miss., fora month, 
and about the 1st of February, 1865, they em- 
barked on transports for Cairo, from which they 
went to New Orleans. In that city they camped 
on the old battleground of New Orleans of the 
War of 1812, and in the latter part of March they 
joined Gen. Can by at Mobile Bay, and assisted him 
in destroying Spanish Fort and Ft. Blakely. They 
next went to Montgomery, Ala., but after two 
days' marching received the joyful news that Lee 
had surrendered. They then went to Montgomery, 
where they remained until July 16, 1865, when 
they were ordered to Springfield to be mustered 
out, and on August 10 were discharged. 

Our subject at once returned to Madison County, 
III., and the following January, 1866, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Martha A. Dunn, of Zanesville, Ohio, 
after which he farmed in that county for two 
years. Since then he has been a resident of Mont- 
gomery County, and is the owner of a good farm 
near Nokomis, which he tilled for about fifteen 
years, then removed to town and opened a mer- 
cantile establishment, but retired from this busi- 
ness, and for the past two years has been engaged 
in the insurance business in addition to looking 
after his farm, which consists of two hundred 
and forty acres. He owns sixty acres near No- 
komis, where his fine residence is located. He has 
been a life-long Democrat, and has filled a number 
of local offices. He is a Mason, and for many 
years has been Secretary of his lodge. He and his 
wife became the parents of the following children: 
Lorena, wife of G. \V. Churchill, Jr., of Godfrey, 
111.; Winnie, Dunn, Hattie, Earl and Harry. Two 



children died in infancy. Mr. Weaver is a well- 
known and highly honored man of business, and 
his upright walk through life has won him numer- 
ous friends. His war record was a very honorable 
and clean one, and naught has ever been said de- 
rogatory to his honor. Dunn, a boy of fifteen 
years, has been attending school since the age of 
six years, and during that time has been absent six 
days, and never tardy. Hattie has a record equally 
good during her seven years of school-life she has 
been absent five days, and tardy once. 

R. GUM, a retired farmer of Bond County, 
111., and now a valued resident of Old Rip- 
ley, has devoted almost his entire life to 
the successful cultivation of the Western 
prairies, and has watched with eager and intelli- 
gent interest the growth and upward progress of 
the neighborhood and county which have been his 
home for over fifty years. Born July 10, 1822, 
our subject was but two years old when his 
parents emigrated from his birthplace, Colum- 
bus, Ohio, and settled in Madison County, Ind., 
in 1824. 

Mrs. Isaac Gum, the mother of our subject, was 
of Scotch descent, but as she died when the son, J. 
R., of whom we write was very young, he never 
learned much of her early history or antecedents. 
His father, Isaac Gum, was a native of Virginia, 
and a pioneer settler in Ohio. His wife had shared 
his home and with him experienced many cares and 
the privations of frontier life, and when, after 
years of faithful devotion, she died in 1825, her 
death was indeed an irreparable loss. The father 
remained with his children in Indiana for a num- 
ber of years, but in 1839 he located with his fam- 
ily in Illinois, settling in Bond County, where he 
died in 1848. 

Our subject was one of a family of nineteen 
children, of whom but five are now surviving. 
Sarah, the widow of Charles Wall, resides in Rip- 
ley Township. Catherine, who married a man of 

the same name, but no relation of the family, is 
the wifeof Lemuel Gum, and lives near St. Joseph, 
Mo. Elizabeth is the wife of James Jones, a suc- 
cessful farmer of Madison County, 111. Perry is 
now a citizen of Alton. Our subject, J. R., was 
among the youngest of the large family of brothers 
and sisters. He had but very limited advantages 
for an education, and is mainly a self-made man. 
The occupation of his life has confined him to a daily 
round of general agricultural duties, and through 
unflagging industry and patient toil he has won 
an independence, and now makes his home in Old 
Ripley with his sons. 

In 1845, J. R. Gum and Alvina File were united 
in marriage. The wifeof our subject was a daugh- 
ter of Daniel File, an early settler of the county. 
Mrs. Gum, who was a highly esteemed lady, died 
in 1878, after becoming the mother of five chil- 
dren, three of whom are yet living and reside 
within easy distance of the old homestead. Sarah 
Jane is the wife of Elisha Ray, a well-known and 
prosperous farmer in Ripley. Isaac, the present 
Tax Collector of the Township, a prominent factor 
in local politics and a successful business man, was 
born June 14, 1858. He received a good educa- 
tion in the public schools of the county, and about 
five years ago he bought an interest in the mer- 
cantile business with his brother E. R. at Old Rip- 
ley. After a time, other affairs requiring his at- 
tention, he disposed of his share of the business to 
E. R., who became sole proprietor of the store. 
Isaac is politically a strong Democrat, and has held 
his present official position of Tax Collector for 
three terms, discharging the duties of his office 
with prompt fidelity and energetic service. In 
1879, he was married to Miss Elizabeth A. Ray, a 
native of the town of Ripley. Mr. and Mrs. Isaac 
Gum are the parents of a bright young girl, Alice 

E. R. Gum, a leading merchant and progressive 
citizen of Old Ripley, is the youngest son of our 
subject, and was born Februaiy 24, 1863, the 
last child to come into the family group. He re- 
mained on the farm with his father long after his 
mother's death, and was twenty-five years old 
when, in 1888, he entered into the mercantile 
business at Old Ripley with his brother. He had 



well improved the advantages of study in the pub- 
lic schools and engaged with efficient ability in 
the duties of mercantile life. Continuing his in- 
terests in the store in Old Ripley, he also managed 
a store at Alton Junction for a time, but when he 
became the sole owner of his present prosperous 
establishment, he disposed of his interest at Alton 
Junction. Now, giving his undivided time to his 
large and rapidly increasing business, he finds but 
little leisure, yet, taking a deep interest in local 
and National affairs, is widely known as a pro- 
gressive citizen. 

July 3, 1887, E. R. Gum and Miss Rosella Peter- 
son were united in marriage, and are now the 
happy parents of two promising children, Mabel 
and Clarence E. A lovely little infant, Florence, 
died at the age of five months in the spring of 1892. 
Mrs. Gum is the daughter of Daniel Peterson, an old 
settler of the county, and was herself born within 
its boundaries. This attractive lady has a wide ac- 
quaintance and many friends. 

The Gum family represents a long line of sturdy 
Whigs and Democrats, but E. R. Gum has departed 
from the paths of his ancestors and affiliates with 
the Republicans. 

APT. EDWIN T. SAMMONS, the genial 
and popular Postmaster of Hillsboro, 111., 
and for many years a prominent builder 
and contractor of the township, was born in 
Montgomery County, N. Y., March 12, 1835. 
He was the youngest of a large family who 
were in moderate circumstances, and he was early 
taught the value of time and money. His fa- 
ther was by trade both tanner and miller. He was a 
resolute, capable man, anxious to provide for his 
children and gave them the benefit of the public 

John Sammons was, like his son, a native of 
New York State, but the blood of Old England 
coursed through his veins, as his forefathers were 
born and bred in the Queen's dominions. The 

mother of our subject was also of English descent, 
as her father, Benjamin Standring, was an English- 
man by birth. He was a thorough machinist, and es- 
pecially understood the manufacture of various 
machines for factory use, and built the first card- 
ing machine ever made in America. His home 
was in Bridgeport, Mass., in which place his 
daughter Emma was born. 

Miss Emma was married to John Sammons in 
New York State. The young couple settled in 
Montgomery County, and were blessed with a 
large family of bright, healthy children. Six sons 
and Bve daughters came into the home and all 
grew up to adult age. Four brothers and three 
sisters are now left of the family group that once 
clustered around the fireside. The names of these 
children are: Benjamin, John C., Leonard, Edwin; 
Eliza, the widow of William Bedell; Mary F., the 
wife of John T. Maddux; and Catherine, widow 
of B. F. Hallock. 

Edwin T. was only a little fellow when his par- 
ents removed to Lewis County, N. Y. Here Ed- 
win attended school regularly through his boyhood. 
When about seventeen years of age he learned 
the trade of a carpenter, and having served a three 
years' apprenticeship determined to seek a more 
lucrative field of labor. June 14, 1854, was the 
date of his arrival in Hillsboro, 111., where he 
soon found ready employment as a contractor and 
builder. Our subject steadily prospered in his 
new home, and on August 6, 1855, wedded Miss 
Elizabeth F. Boone, a native of the town and a 
general favorite with a large circle of friends. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sammons have two living children, 
Mary and Ida, while their only son, Frank, is de- 
ceased. From the early part of 1854, our subject 
devoted himself untiringly to business, which he 
was rapidly extending, when, in 1862, the Govern- 
ment made its most earnest appeals for more vol- 
unteers. National existence was doubly imper- 
illed, and our subject's patriotic heart echoed the 
nation's cry. He responded to his country's call 
without further delay, and enlisted in Company 
D, One Hundred and Twenty-sixth Illinois In- 
fantry as a private. There were sad hearts in 
Hillsboro when this regiment marched away 
and was shortly after ordered to the front. Fa- 



there, brothers, sons and neighbors from Mont- 
gomery and adjacent counties had enlisted under 
its banner and many never returned. Mr. Sam- 
inons participated in many a gallant engagement 
and in common with all the brave boys suffered 
privations, but he escaped the flying bullets 
of the enemy, the capture and the prison-pen. 
Fearless by nature and. prompt in action, he re- 
ceived well-deserved promotion, advancing stead- 
ily from the ranks, and served as Orderly Sergeant, 
Second Lieutenant, afterward First Lieutenant, 
and finally, in 1864, was promoted to the Cap- 
taincy of Company D, and was mustered out in 
1865 at the head of the company. 

The war ended, Capt. Sammons returned to 
his home and resumed business. Our subject 
wears the insignia of the Grand Army the bronze 
button many of which are seen all over tbe 
land, and his heart is as Io3 r al and true as it 
was thirty years ago. Mr. Sammons is a Republi- 
can and was appointed Postmaster two years ago. 
The duties of his office have been discharged in a 
most acceptable manner, and he numbers his 
friends by the score. 

IMEON W. HUBBARD, a prominent farmer 
and a man well known all over the county, 
is the subject of the present sketch. He 
was born on his present farm August 7, 
1842, and his father was Philip Hubbard, who was a 
native of North Carolina, and his grandfather also, 
as far as known, was a native of the old North State. 
The family were originally from England, and the 
grandfather died here. 


The father of our subject came here when the 
country was unsettled, in 1827, having made the 
journey by wagon. He entered land just west of 
this farm, and here built a log cabin, and lived in 
it witli only a ground floor. Later, he sold this 
place, and entered his present farm from the Gov- 
ernment, and upon this he built a log house. This 
was a rude dwelling, but it was comfortable with 

the hewed puncheon floor, and open fireplace with 
its mud and stick chimney. The Indians were nu- 
merous and were often seen, and deer and wolves 
were abundant, and the latter could be heard at 
night, and very often killed the sheep of the 

Almost all of the trading was done in St. Louis, 
and very small was the sum received for the pro- 
duce. Mr. Hubbard owned and mostly developed 
two hundred and ninety acres of land, was a hard 
worker, and one who was always busy. Later, he 
hauled the most of the, goods to the Greenville 
stores, and he was the one who hauled the stone 
for the old Methodist Church from St. Louis. He 
died at the age of sixty-five years, his death 
occurring January 14, 1862. He was a Democrat 
in his politics, and voted with that party. 

The mother of our subject was Emily Smith- 
wick, who was a native of North Carolina. She 
reared eight out of her eleven children: Eliza, now 

I Mrs. Smith; John M.; Elizabeth, now Mrs. Gerry; 
John R.; Melvina, now Mrs. Etzler; Albert; Sim- 

I eon; and Emily. The mother is still living in her 
eighty-ninth year. She endured all of the hard- 
ships of pioneer life, and when younger spun all 
of the clothes worn by her family. 

Our subject was reared here on the farm, and at- 
tended the pioneer log schoolhouse, with its slab 
benches with the pin legs, and obtained what edu- 
cation he could in this primitive dwelling, as the 
terms were very short in those days. He remem- 
bers seeing deer and wolves in his boyhood, and has 
made the trip to St. Louis with grain many times. 
His father died when he was nineteen years of 
age, and the whole management of the farm fell 
upon his young shoulders. Finally, he bought the 
rights of the other heirs,and became sole owner. 
The marriage of Mr. Hubbard took place March 

; 30, 1864, to Margaret E.Floyd, who was born in 
Mills Township, in this county, and one child was 
bom to them, Ollie,who is the wife of George Grube. 
Mr. Hubbard has two hundred and eleven acres of 
improved land, and has carried on mixed farming 
and stock-raising. He has bought and shipped 
stock for the past twent\ r -five years. His places of 
shipment are Chicago and Indianapolis. He is 

: well known all over the county, and has been a 



witness of the most of the development that has 
taken place. Mrs. Hubbard is a member of the 
Methodist Church and an excellent Iad3 r . 

In politics, Mr. Hubbard is a Democrat, and was 
a candidate for Sheriff of Bond County in 1886, 
and, although the county was four hundred votes 
Republican, our subject was defeated by only one 
hundred and seven votes. He has served as School 
Trustee for three terms, and is a man well thought 
of in his neighborhood. His farm and house are 
in fine condition and show prosperity upon the 
face of them. 

jfclLLIAM C. GRACEY, an influential and 
prosperous agriculturist of Shoal Creek 
Township, Bond County, 111., resides upon 
a highly-cultivated farm, so located that it com- 
mands a fine view of the surrounding country and 
the adjoining town of Soreuto. The handsome 
residence, pleasantly located upon an eminence, is 
most attractive, and with its well-kept grounds 
and acres rich in harvest, suggests the wise and 
thrifty management of its energetic owner. On 
a farm in Bond County, a few miles west of Green- 
ville, our subject was born, February 19, 1835, 
the seventh of a family of ten children. 

The father and mother were William and Isa- 
bella (Harris) Gracey, the former born in 1788 in 
North Carolina, but whose father was a native of 
Ireland,who had immigrated to America long before 
the Revolutionary War, in which he took a prom- 
inent part, serving witli distinction in the struggle 
for independence and National liberty. The ma- 
ternal grandfather of our subject was a Scotch- 
man, and he too arrived in the New World before 
the troublous days of '76, and early became a 
law-abiding citizen of the United States. William 
Gracey, the father of our subject, was the young- 
est of three brothers, John and Joseph being his 

In 1823, John, who was an ambitious man, 

journeyed to Illinois, to see if the reports of the 
advantages which this State was said to offer 
settlers were true. He was pleased with the soil 
and climate, and the next year, 1823, the remain- 
der of tiic family followed him here, the venera- 
ble grandfather accompanying them to their new 
home. John settled in Madison County, where he 
resided until the day of his death. The other 
members of the family located in Bond County, 
near Greenville, upon the homestead afterward 
the birthplace of William C. Grandfather Gracey 
passed peacefully away in 1825, and in 1839 
his son, the fathej' of our subject, also died. His 
wife survived him until March, 1839, and Uncle 
Joseph, who was a vigorous man, lived to remove 
to Macoupin County in 1862, and died there four 
years later. 

The brothers and sisters who gathered together 
in the old homestead were Harvey Rush, the eld- 
est, who died when he was twenty-one years of 
age; Rachael D., now residing near Dallas, Tex., 
married William McGahey, who died during 
the Civil War while at the front caring for his 
soldier son, who was sick in the hospital in which 
the father himself, struck down by sudden illness, 
breathed his last; Margaret, who married William 
Robinson, and died two years later, leaving one 
child; Mary, who married Jefferson McCormack, 
died after four years of wedded life, and left no 
issue; Marcus D. Lafayette, a ranchman, wealthy 
and energetic, who lives near Dallas, Tex.; Casper 
Grundy, also a resident of Dallas, Tex.; Emory, 
also an influential ranchman, located in the same 
vicinity; Isabella, the wife of William Senter. 
who died in Texas, leaving three children. The 
youngest sister was scalded to death, when only 
two years of age, by pulling down a pot of boiling 
coffee from the stove. The youngest brother was 
a Captain in the Confederate army during the 
late war. 

After the death of his father, Mr. Gracey went 
to Macoupin County to live, and in 1854 married 
Miss Sarah J., daughter of James and Margaret 
(McLean) McGahey, who settled in Illinois in 
1826, having removed hither from their native 
State, North Carolina. Mr. Gracey finally returned 
to Bond County, with his wife, and is located 



on the valuable homestead where he and his fam- 
ily now reside. Mr. and Mrs. Gracey have had 
five children: Edward P., a prominent lumber 
merchant of Soreuto; James R., a prosperous 
stock-raiser, residing in Hall County, Tex.; Ada 
A., the wife of Dr. N. H. Jackson, a well-known 
physician of Greenville; Dora, the widow of Her- 
111:111 Siemens; and Delia Mary, a teacher in the 
public schools of Sorento, and a graduate of 
Almira College, in Greenville, 111. These sons 
and daughters of our subject all occup}' honorable 
and influential positions, and have the respect and 
confidence of the conmunity in which they 
were raised and carefully trained to become useful 
and upright citizens. 

William Gracey, his ancestors and descendants, 
were and are stanch Democrats, and although not 
politicians, in the ordinary acceptation of the 
term, are all interested in the conduct of public 
office, both National and local. Mr. Gracey is a 
valued member of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, and together with his family has mate- 
rially aided in extending the good work and influ- 
ence of the organization. 

H. HKNSEN. Although quite a young 
man, this gentleman already has consider- 
able weight in the community where he re- 
sides, a fact which is easily accounted for 
by his strong principles, his active interest in the 
welfare of all around him, and the pleasant man- 
ners which are the crowning charm of a fine 

Mr. Henscn was born in Hamburg, Germany, 
March 22, 1860. He is the son of Frederick and 
Hannah llensen, who came to the United States in 
1868, and settled in Henry County, this State, 
where he received his education. Aftei leaving 
school, our subject learned the trade of a butcher, 
and from that occupation drifted into the poultry 
business, and from that has built up a large whole- 
sale and cold-storage business. Success has un- 

doubtedly crowned this gentleman's efforts, as the 
receipts of last years business prove, the amount 
being $365,000. He gives employment in the win- 
ter time to about two hundred men and boys, and 
the different branches of his large enterprise are 
at Virden, Carlinville, Carrollton, Palmyra, Jersey- 
viile, Raymond, Bunker Hill. Shipman, Litch field 
and Roodhouse. 

Our subject has built up this extensive business 
within the last eight years, and commenced this 
enterprise with a capital of $250. To say that he 
has made a big success but faintly expresses the 
idea, for few men can see such encouraging re- 
sults from the labor of a lifetime, let alone the 
work of eight years. Mr. Hensen finds time to 
engage in other enterprises as well as the business 
above referred to, and is a member of the Litch- 
fleld Hotel Company. In social life, he is a member 
of the Knights of Pythias and the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows. For many years he has been 
interested in the Litchfield Fire Department, and 
is now foreman of Hose Company No. 1. 

On the 25th of February, 1887, our subject be- 
came united in marriage with Maria C. Gable, of 
Gillespie, 111., and their family now consists of 
two children, Blanche Irene and Warren Harold. 

In politics, Mr. Hensen has always been a Demo- 
crat, and takes great interest in the success of his 
party. At the same time, he extends to those who 
differ from him in political faith that toleration 
which he demands for himself. As a business 
man, he has been successful beyond the ordinary 
lot of man, and enjoys the reputation of being 
clear-headed. He is deliberate in his judgments, 
a good judge of men, and universally esteemed 
for his integrity and social qualities. A marked 
characteristic is his faculty of adapting himself to 
circumstances, and a rule of his life is to make the 
best of everything. He is a man of even tem- 
perament, and, while prosperity has never caused 
him to be elated overmuch, his nature is too sturdy 
to permit of his being cast down by misfortune 
and disappointments. In his business and pri- 
vate relations, he has sustained a manliness of 
character that has won for him universal confi- 
dence and esteem. Notwithstanding his success 
while yet young, he has none of the pretense of a 



vain man and none of the hesitancy of a weak 
one, but moves about his business with the fullest 
consciousness of his ability to manage and con- 
duct it in detail. 

JM. WEBER is the popular editor of the 
Nokomis Journal, a paper that is published 
in the interests of the Republican party and 
wields a wide-spread influence in the local 
politics of Montgomery County. This paper is up 
to the times, and its editorial department is well 
conducted, and is noted for the able manner in 
which the general topics of the day are handled. 
Mr. Weber was born in Walshville, Montgomery 
County, 111., May 28, 1869, the eldest of three chil- 
dren born to A. J. and Mary A. (Gunter) Weber, 
the former of whom was also born in this county, 
to which section the grandfather, M. J. Weber, had 
come at a very early date. Young Weber grew up 
very much the same as did other farmers' boys, 
and received his initiatory training in the common 
schools, but he finished his studies at Irving. His 
father was for some years a machinist, but is now a 
contractor and builder in Litchfield. 

When quite a lad, our subject became enamored 
of the printing business, and persuaded his father 
to buy him a small p